Guidance

Passport rules for travel to Europe

Find out if you need to renew your passport before you travel to Europe and which countries the new rules apply to.

If you or a family member are a UK national resident in an EU country or an EFTA country (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), the changes to passport rules may not apply. Read further guidance on the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office’s ‘Living in’ guides.

You need to have at least 6 months left on an adult or child passport to travel to most countries in Europe (not including Ireland).

If you renewed your current passport before the previous one expired, extra months may have been added to its expiry date. Any extra months on your passport over 10 years may not count towards the 6 months needed.

You need to renew your passport before travelling if you do not have enough time left on your passport.

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Countries this applies to

The new rules apply for travel to and between most countries in Europe. These are:

  • Andorra
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Monaco
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • San Marino
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Vatican City

Do not book travel unless your passport meets the entry requirements of the country you’re travelling to.

Travel to other EU countries

The new rules do not apply when travelling to Ireland.

Applying for a new passport

If your passport doesn’t meet the new rules, you need to apply for a new passport before travelling to the countries affected.

Make sure you apply in plenty of time. If you need to, you can apply to get a passport urgently.

Published 20 October 2020