The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to the districts of Ramadi and Fallujah in Anbar province. There are reports of clashes between security forces and militants in parts of Anbar province, including heavy fighting in Fallujah.

The FCO advise against all but essential travel to the rest of Iraq, except the Kurdistan region.

If you intend to travel to those parts of Iraq to which the FCO advise against all but essential travel, you should employ a professional security company and take all necessary security precautions. See Local travel.

You should avoid any demonstrations or large gatherings of people. If you become aware of any nearby violence, leave the area immediately.

There is a high threat of terrorism including kidnapping. There was a marked increase in the number of terrorist attacks across Iraq in 2013. While terrorist incidents are less frequent in the Kurdistan region, there have been attacks in September and December 2013, and in January 2014. See Terrorism.

The threat of terrorist activity is likely to increase in the run up to national elections, which are scheduled to take place on 30 April. You should remain vigilant in the run up to elections and during the election period.

Foreign journalists have been banned from entering al Anbar province unless they have specific approval from the relevant authorities (including the Iraqi Ministry of Defence and the Anbar Operations Command Centre). International and local journalists have previously been detained in Iraq due to allegations of inadequate paperwork. Journalists should exercise extreme caution and take adequate security measures.

Seek local advice before travelling to the remote areas bordering Turkey, where there have been incidents of shelling, unexploded ordnance and mines. See Kurdistan Region.

Armed groups operate along the border between Iraq and Syria, which has led to violent incidents at some border crossings.

The British Embassy in Baghdad and the British Consulate-General in Erbil are able to offer limited consular assistance only.

Take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel.

You must get a visa before you travel. You can apply for a visa at Iraqi missions overseas, contact the Iraqi Embassy in London.

If you’re only travelling to the Kurdistan Region, you can get a visa on arrival, but this will not be valid for the rest of Iraq.

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