General elections took place in October 2018. There is an increased risk of political and social unrest following the result, particularly in the border region with Venezuela where tensions are running high over immigration. On 17 and 18 August 2018, demonstrations in the city of Pacaraima turned violent with the crowds attacking refugee dwellings and property. See Demonstrations and civil unrest

On 16 February 2018, President Temer signed a decree putting the army in charge of security in Rio de Janeiro city and state. The police and army now both fall under the command of an army general. The army has previously been involved in security for the 2016 Olympics and since August 2017 in operations around some favelas. You are likely to see a police and military presence on the streets.

Levels of crime including violent crime are high, particularly in major cities. You should be particularly vigilant before and during the festive and Carnival periods. Bank card fraud is common. See Crime

The security situation is many favelas (shanty towns) is unpredictable, particularly in Rio de Janeiro. Any visit to a favela can be dangerous. We recommend that you avoid these areas in all cities, including ‘favela tours’ marketed to tourists and any accommodation, restaurants or bars advertised as being within a favela. See Favelas

185,858 British nationals visited Brazil in 2017. Despite high crime levels, most visits are trouble free.

There has been an increase in reported cases of yellow fever, particularly in the states of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais. You should take steps to avoid mosquito bites and check the requirement for vaccination. See Health

UK health authorities have classified Brazil as having a risk of Zika virus transmission. Cases of dengue fever have also been reported, especially in the south-east and central-west of Brazil and cases of Chikungunya virus have been confirmed. You should take steps to avoid mosquito bites. For more information and advice, visit the website of the National Travel Health Network and Centre. See Health

Protests take place regularly across Brazil and often without warning. Roads and public transport are frequently severely disrupted. Avoid areas where demonstrations are taking place, monitor local media and follow the advice from the local authorities.

Brazil’s land border with Venezuela may be closed at short notice. You should monitor local media for updates and advice.

Terrorist attacks in Brazil can’t be ruled out. See Terrorism

If you’re a single parent or guardian travelling with a child, you may need additional documentation. See Entry requirements

Drug trafficking is widespread in Brazil, and incurs severe penalties. See Local laws and customs

The Overseas Business Risk service offers information and advice for British companies operating overseas on how to manage political, economic, and business security-related risks.

Take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel. The Money Advice Service can help you to consider the type of insurance you need. It is a free and independent service set up by government.

If you’re abroad and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the nearest British embassy, consulate or high commission.