The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to within 80km (50 miles) of the Colombian border in the states of Zulia, Tachira and Apure. The FCO advise against all but essential travel to the remainder of Tachira state. Drug traffickers and illegal armed groups are active in these states and there is a risk of kidnapping. See Crime

The Venezuelan government has closed the border with Colombia in the Venezuelan states of Tachira, Zulia, Apure and Amazonas until further notice due to concerns about security and smuggling. Special measures have been implemented in border municipalities in these states which include restrictions on the right to free movement, assembly and protest.

There is a high threat from violent crime and kidnapping throughout Venezuela. Take care at all times, including when arriving in the country. See Crime

Political demonstrations have taken place in Caracas and most major cities. Some have resulted in injuries and deaths. Further protests are likely in the run up to parliamentary elections on 6 December. You should remain alert and avoid any large gatherings. See Political situation

There is an underlying threat from terrorism. See Terrorism

The Overseas Business Risk service offers information and advice for British companies operating overseas on how to manage political, economic, and business security-related risks.

Take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel. With effect from 18 December 2013, the Venezuelan Government has made it obligatory for all people travelling to Venezuela to hold travel and medical insurance.