Summary

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The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to Syria. British nationals in Syria should leave by any practical means. The UK has suspended all services of the British Embassy in Damascus and all diplomatic staff have been withdrawn from Syria. The FCO is not able to provide consular services.

The situation remains extremely volatile and dangerous. There’s widespread fighting throughout Syria, including around Damascus and its suburbs. Full scale military operations involving the use of small arms, tanks, artillery and aircraft are ongoing. Estimates suggest that over 470,000 people have been killed in the Syria conflict, including over 55,000 children.

The Syrian regime does not exercise control of large parts of Syria, notably in the north, south and east of the country. Some areas of eastern Syria remain under the effective control of Daesh (formerly referred to as ISIL), which is fiercely hostile to the United Kingdom.

A number of chemical weapons attacks have taken place across Syria. The OPCW - UN Joint Investigative Mechanism (JIM) confirmed that the regime used chemical weapons in Syria on 3 occasions during 2014 and 2015 and that Daesh used sulphur mustard in Marea in 2015. The JIM also concluded on 26 October 2017 that the Syrian regime used sarin nerve agent against the people of Khan Sheikhoun (April 2017) and that Daesh had carried out a sulphur mustard attack on Um Hosh in northern Aleppo region (September 2017).

Fighting has caused the temporary suspension of commercial flights, closed roads, impeded access to land border crossing points and led to the closure of some border crossings.

Terrorists are very likely to try to carry out attacks in Syria. See Terrorism. Continued attacks across Syria including in major cities, have left large numbers of people dead or injured.

There is a very high threat of kidnapping throughout Syria. There have been a number of kidnappings, including of British nationals and other Westerners, including by Daesh (formerly referred to as ISIL).

If you choose to travel to Syria against FCO advice, you should make sure you and any dependents have valid exit stamps on your travel documents if you need one and take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance.

If you’re abroad and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the nearest British embassy, consulate or high commission which will be outside Syria.