Official information British people moving to and living in Slovakia need to know, including residency, healthcare and driving.
EU exit: what you need to know
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There will be no change to the rights and status of UK nationals living in Slovakia while the UK remains in the EU.
While the government continues to negotiate EU exit, you should:
Before you go
See our travel advice for Slovakia and sign up for up-to-date information on local laws and customs, safety and emergencies.
Visas and residency
See entry requirements for Slovakia in our travel advice.
The UK and EU have agreed the full legal text of the draft Withdrawal Agreement in principle. The agreement on citizens’ rights will allow UK nationals to stay in their Member State of residence after the UK leaves the EU on 29 March 2019.
In the event of changes to residency rules or registration processes after 29 March 2019, we will update this page as soon as information is available.
See our travel advice for Slovakia.
The NHS has information about healthcare for British people living in and visiting Slovakia.
You need a free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) to get emergency medical treatment during temporary stays in EU countries. You also need comprehensive travel insurance to cover anything not covered by your EHIC.
Health insurance is compulsory in Slovakia and there are 3 insurance companies you can use:
Your employer will pay contributions to your health insurance on your behalf.
You need to take your insurance card when visiting a doctor – find English-speaking doctors in Slovakia.
You should also check your prescriptions are legal in Slovakia.
S1 form – healthcare paid for by the UK
You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in Slovakia and get an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit.
You need to apply for a S1 form – contact the Department for Work and Pensions’ International Pensions Centre.
When you get your S1 form, register it with your local social security office before you register with your GP surgery and get a medical card.
Working in Slovakia
Some jobs may require a UK criminal records check (known as a DBS check).
Your employer must notify the local labour office within 7 working days of you starting your job.
Slovakia and the UK have a double taxation convention to prevent income being taxed in both countries. We recommend you get professional advice on paying tax in Slovakia.
You may be able to pay National Insurance while abroad in order to protect your State Pension and entitlement to other benefits and allowances.
If you have worked in Slovakia, you should claim your pension by submitting a written application to your local social security office – see old-age pensions.
If you haven’t worked in Slovakia, you should claim your UK state pension by contacting the International Pension Centre.
If you’ve worked in several EU countries, see state pensions abroad.
Life certificates for UK state pensions
If you get a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible – your payments may be suspended if you don’t.
Find out which UK benefits you might be able to get while you’re abroad and how to claim them.
Many income-related benefits such as Pension Credit and Housing Benefit can’t be paid if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.
You may be eligible to claim some Slovakian social security benefits.
Driving in Slovakia
If you’re resident in Slovakia, you can vote in local municipal and European Parliamentary Elections.
See travelling with pets.
UK nationals will still be able to travel to and from the UK with a pet (cat, dog or ferret) when the UK leaves the EU, but the rules will change. See pet travel to Europe after EU Brexit for more information.
As well as the European emergency number 112, Slovakia also has:
- 150 – fire and rescue
- 155 – emergency medical service
- 158 – police
If you need urgent help, contact the British embassy in Bratislava.
Accommodation and buying property
Other useful information
- English-speaking lawyers in Slovakia
- Translators and interpreters in Slovakia
- Notary services for Slovakia
Returning to the UK
You need to return your residence card to your local foreign police department when you leave Slovakia.
To move your pension to the UK, contact the International Pension Centre.
Please note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Slovakian authorities. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.