Entry requirements

This page reflects the UK government’s understanding of current rules for people travelling on a full ‘British Citizen’ passport, for the most common types of travel.

The authorities in Slovakia set and enforce entry rules. For further information contact their embassy, high commission or consulate. You may also check with your transport provider or travel company to make sure your passport and travel documents meet their requirements.

If you are travelling to Slovakia for work, read the guidance on visas and permits as the rules have changed since 1 January 2021.

Entry rules in response to coronavirus

Entry to Slovakia

There are travel restrictions for travellers from the UK and most other countries. The Slovak Government may change its entry requirements at short notice. Direct flights from the UK are permitted, and regular services have resumed.

New entry requirements

Entry is now permitted for fully vaccinated travellers from the UK regardless of any close connection to Slovakia (see below for definition of fully vaccinated and the additional requirements).

If you are travelling directly from the UK or any other non-Schengen country to Slovakia, UK nationals may enter if fully vaccinated with an EU-approved vaccine. UK nationals who are not fully vaccinated may only enter if you are one of the following:

  • a resident in Slovakia
  • a close relative of a resident or of a Slovak citizen (i.e. spouse, minor child or parent of a minor child)
  • commercial transport personnel
  • a student studying in Slovakia
  • you fall under certain limited exemptions

The above restriction does not apply to UK nationals who enter Slovakia via the internal Schengen borders with neighbouring Hungary, the Czech Republic, Austria or Poland, or by air from any country in the Schengen area.

For full details of the criteria to enter Slovakia and the definition of a close relative, see the Slovak Ministry of Interior website or the International Organisation for Migration information pages.

Everyone aged over 12 years and 2 months arriving from all countries by all means of transport must register in advance of travel by completing the “Ehranica” form on the Slovak government’s website. After registering, you will receive a confirmation which you should show at the border and carry with you during your stay, in case the authorities ask to see it.

Additional requirements for entry to Slovakia by air

  • All air passengers must complete the Slovak government’s Passenger Locator Form, in addition to the Ehranica form. You should carry a printed confirmation with you to show airline or border officials
  • If you arrive by air from the UK or another country not listed in Annex 1 of the relevant Slovak government decree (in Slovak only), you must also be able to show a negative PCR test result no older than 72 hours, regardless of your vaccination status. Children under 12 years and 2 months do not need to show a negative PCR test result

Definition of a fully vaccinated individual

The Slovak government defines a person as being fully vaccinated if they have been vaccinated with a vaccine approved by the European Medicines Agency, i.e Pfizer/BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca or Johnson & Johnson and:

  • for two-dose vaccines: 14 days have passed since receiving the second dose (but no more than one year)
  • for one-dose vaccines: 21 days have passed since receiving the vaccine (but no more than one year)
  • 14 days have passed since receiving the first vaccine dose of any vaccine within 180 days of recovering from COVID-19 (but no more than one year)

Fully vaccinated people must be able to show a certificate proving their vaccination status in Slovak or English.

Demonstrating your COVID-19 status

Slovakia will accept an EU Digital COVID Certificate or a certificate issued by a third country (including the UK), which must contain the following: name, surname, date of birth, name of the vaccine and its manufacturer, number of doses received and the date of the administration of the last dose. The certificate must be stamped by the designated national authority or electronically verifiable and must be in English.

Slovakia will accept the UK’s proof of COVID-19 recovery and vaccination record. Your NHS appointment card from vaccination centres is not designed to be used as proof of vaccination and should not be used to demonstrate your vaccine status.

Self-isolation requirements

Unless you qualify for one of the exemptions below, everyone entering Slovakia must self-isolate for 10 days. You may be able to end your self-isolation earlier by taking a test.

You can end your self-isolation earlier if you receive a negative PCR test result taken in Slovakia. You can take the test free-of-charge on the fifth day of self-isolation at the earliest. You need to book the test on the Slovak government website. Children under 12 years and 2 months who do not display any COVID-19 symptoms can end their self-isolation at the same time as everyone else in their household. Those in the same household must also self-isolate until everyone’s self-isolation period is completed.

Exemptions from the requirement to self-isolate include:

  • fully vaccinated people, as defined by the Slovak government
  • people who work in Slovakia and are either resident in an EU country, Iceland, Norway, Lichtenstein, Switzerland or Ukraine (if you reside in Ukraine within 100km of the Slovak border)
  • people who are a resident in Slovakia but working in either an EU country, Iceland, Norway, Lichtenstein, Switzerland or Ukraine. (They must have spent the previous 14 days only in these countries. If they are older than 12 years and 2 months, they must be able to show a negative PCR test no older than 7 days)
  • students resident in neighbouring countries studying in Slovakia or residents of Slovakia who are studying in a neighbouring country. (If they are older than 12 years and 2 months, they must be able to show a negative PCR or antigen test no older than 7 days)
  • those who are transiting Slovakia, taking someone to/from an airport in a neighbouring country, working on freight transport, funeral and/or medical personnel, military and/or diplomatic personnel, attending funerals, or caring for close relatives

For full details of the new entry requirements valid from 19 July, see the Slovak government decree (in Slovak only) and the website of the Slovak Interior Ministry (in Slovak only).

Cross border workers

The definition of a cross-border commuter from a neighbouring country includes those living within 100km of the nearest border crossing with Slovakia. Full details are on the Slovak government website.

Unvaccinated cross-border workers must pre-register on the Slovak government’s website. They are exempted from self-isolation if they can show a negative PCR test not older than seven days and evidence from their employer that they are cross-border commuters.

For fully vaccinated cross-border workers, registration on the Slovak government’s website is valid for 6 months. They do not need to enter self-isolation and they do not need to show a negative PCR test result. For more information, see the Slovak Ministry of Interior website.

Re-entering Slovakia after taking someone to an international airport in a neighbouring country

People taking others to and from international airports in the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary and Austria do not have to self-isolate on their return to Slovakia, but must register in advance on the Slovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs website (in Slovak only) and show at the Slovak border confirmation of this registration and a copy of the passenger’s plane ticket. No stops are allowed, apart from those to refuel and the time the passenger needs to get in or out of the vehicle refuelling.

Transiting Slovakia

You can transit Slovakia as long as your transit journey is less than 8 hours and you do not stop other than to refuel, or if you do not leave the airport premises. From 9 July, you must use selected routes for transit as outlined on the Slovak government website (an English translation starts on page 11).

You should also check the entry requirements for the relevant neighbouring countries on your route on FCDO Travel Advice.

Transport

Slovakia’s international airports at Bratislava, Kosice and Poprad are operational with flights to certain permitted destinations.

Border crossings

Most major routes between Slovakia and Austria, Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic are open with spot checks at the borders.

Full border checks remain in place with Ukraine. For more information on crossing the border with Ukraine, see the Slovak Foreign Ministry website (in Slovak only).

Neighbouring countries can change their entry requirements at short notice. You should check the FCDO Travel Advice for all countries on your route.

Regular entry requirements

Visas

The rules for travelling or working in European countries changed on 1 January 2021:

  • you can travel to countries in the Schengen area for up to 90 days in any 180-day period without a visa. This applies if you travel as a tourist, to visit family or friends, to attend business meetings, cultural or sports events, or for short-term studies or training.
  • if you are travelling to Slovakia and other Schengen countries without a visa, make sure your whole visit is within the 90 day limit. Visits to Schengen countries within the previous 180 days before you travel count towards your 90 days.
  • to stay longer, to work or study, for business travel or for other reasons, you will need to meet the Slovak government’s entry requirements. Check with the Slovak Embassy what type of visa and/or work permit you may need
  • if you stay in Slovakia with a residence permit or long-stay visa, this does not count towards your 90-day visa-free limit

Any time you spent in Slovakia or other Schengen countries before 1 January 2021 does not count towards your 90-day visa-free limit.

At Slovak border control, you may need to use separate lanes from EU, EEA and Swiss citizens when queueing. Your passport may be stamped on entry and exit. You may also need to:

  • show a return or onward ticket
  • show you have enough money for your stay

There are separate requirements for those who are resident in Slovakia. If you are resident in Slovakia, you should carry proof of residence as well as your valid passport when you travel. For further information on these requirements, see our Living in Slovakia guide.

Passport validity  

Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip, and renew your passport if you do not have enough time left on it.

Make sure your passport is:

  • valid for at least 3 months after the day you plan to leave Slovakia, or any other Schengen country
  • less than 10 years old

The 3 months you need when leaving a country must be within 10 years of the passport issue date.

If you renewed your current passport before the previous one expired, extra months may have been added to its expiry date. Any extra months on your passport over 10 years may not count towards the minimum 3 months needed.

Make sure your passport is in a presentable state before you travel. The Slovak authorities can refuse entry if your passport is worn or damaged, or looks as if it’s been tampered with.

Registering with the Slovak authorities

If you plan to stay in Slovakia for a longer period of time, you should register with the police within 3 days of arrival. You’ll need your passport, 2 photographs and proof of accommodation. You’ll have an option to apply for a Slovak ‘green card’, which can be used as proof of your ID, while your passport is kept in a safe place. Visit the website of Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic for further information.

UK Emergency Travel Documents

UK Emergency Travel Documents (ETDs) are accepted for entry, airside transit and exit from Slovakia. They are also accepted for a return to Slovakia if you normally live there.

Travelling with pets

You cannot use the existing pet passport scheme. Instead, you’ll need an animal health certificate (AHC) for your pet. Allow at least 1 month to arrange this and relevant vaccinations.

Follow the guidance for taking your pet dog, cat or ferret abroad.

If your pet passport was issued in an EU Member State, it remains valid for travel to Slovakia.

See the Slovak Financial Administration guidance on travelling from the UK to Slovakia with pets (in Slovak only).