Official information for UK nationals living in or moving to Sweden, including guidance on residency, healthcare and passports.
What you should do
- register as a resident in Sweden
You should follow the advice of the Swedish Government and your local authority. You can also read our Sweden travel advice for our latest guidance.
For information on getting a COVID-19 vaccine as a UK national in Sweden see our coronavirus travel advice.
Stay up to date
The Withdrawal Agreement
If you were legally resident in Sweden before 1 January 2021, your rights will be protected by the Withdrawal Agreement. You must apply for a new residence status by 30 September 2021 to secure your rights.
You should also read our guidance on living in Europe.
Visas and residency
If you plan to live in Sweden for more than 1 year, you must register with the Swedish Population Register. The Swedish authorities will issue you an ID number (personnummer).
You will not be able to register if you are still looking for a job when you come to Sweden or do not meet other requirements for residency. This does not affect your rights under the Withdrawal Agreement.
If you were legally resident in Sweden before 1 January 2021, you must apply for the new residency permit (uppehållsstatus) by 30 September 2021.
Make sure you read the guidance on supporting documents before you apply. You can submit applications for other family members at the same time as your own.
Read the Swedish Migration Agency’s guidance on residency for UK nationals in Sweden. You can also read the Migration Agency’s guidance on the rights of third country national family members.
Moving to Sweden
Check the entry requirements for Sweden and read the Swedish Migration Agency’s guidance on entry permits.
Passports and travel
You should carry your residence permit, as well as your valid passport when you travel. If you have applied but not yet received your permit, carry your certificate of application.
If you have not yet applied for a residence permit, you should carry evidence that you are resident in Sweden. This could include a tenancy agreement or a utility bill in your name, dating from 2020.
If you cannot show that you are resident in Sweden, you may be asked additional questions at the border to enter the Schengen area, and your passport may be stamped on entry and exit. This will not affect your rights in Sweden.
You must have at least 6 months left on an adult or child passport to travel to most countries in Europe (not including Ireland). This requirement does not apply if you are entering or transiting to Sweden, and you are in scope of the Withdrawal Agreement.
If you renewed your current passport before the previous one expired, extra months may have been added to its expiry date. Any extra months on your passport over 10 years may not count towards the 6 months needed.
Renew your passport before booking your travel if you do not have enough time left on your passport.
As a non-EEA national, different border checks will apply when travelling to other EU or Schengen area countries. You may have to use separate lanes from EU, EEA and Swiss citizens when queueing. You may also need to show a return or onward ticket.
You can travel to other Schengen area countries for up to 90 days in any 180-day period without a visa for purposes such as tourism.
To stay longer than 90 days in any 180 day-period, to work or study, or for business travel, you must meet the entry requirements set out by the country you are travelling to. This could mean applying for a visa or work permit.
Periods of time authorised by a visa or permit will not count towards your 90-day visa-free limit.
Different rules will apply to EU countries that are not part of the Schengen area. Check each country’s travel advice page for information on entry requirements.
Travel to the UK and Ireland has not changed.
Driving in Sweden
For more information on driving in Sweden, read:
- driving licence exchanges and renewals
- what you need to drive abroad
- road travel in Sweden
- taking a vehicle out of the UK
Read our guidance on healthcare in Sweden and make sure you are correctly registered.
You can also find information on the Swedish Social Insurance Agency’s website (Försäkringskassan)
State healthcare: S1
You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in Sweden and you:
- are receiving a UK State Pension
- are receiving some other ‘exportable benefits’
- are a frontier worker who lives in Sweden and commutes to work in the UK
- have been sent to Sweden temporarily by your UK employer
Read our guidance on using an S1 form in Sweden to ensure you are correctly registered for healthcare.
European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) and Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC)
If you are resident in Sweden, you must not use your UK- issued EHIC or GHIC for healthcare in Sweden, unless you are a student or a detached (posted) worker. Current EHICs will remain valid until the expiry date on the card.
If you are living in Sweden you may be eligible for a new UK-issued EHIC or GHIC if you’re:
- a UK student in Sweden
- a UK State Pensioner with a registered S1
- a frontier worker with a registered S1
The card you receive will depend on when you moved to Sweden.
An EHIC is not a replacement for comprehensive travel insurance.
You should also read guidance on:
- finding an English-speaking doctor in Sweden
- checking that your prescriptions are legal in Sweden. Many over-the-counter medicines in the UK are only available by prescription in Sweden. You can only buy medicines at authorised chemists (Apoteket)
Working and studying in Sweden
If you were legally resident in Sweden before 1 January 2021, your have the right to work as long as you remain legally resident there.
Some jobs may require a UK police certificate.
You can find more information on the Swedish Public Employment Service website (Arbetsförmedlingen).
If you are planning to move to Sweden to work, you may need a work permit. Read the Swedish Migration Agency’s guidance on how to apply for a work permit.
Read the Department for International Trade’s guidance on working or providing services in Sweden and sign up for their updates
If you live in Sweden and were regularly commuting to work in another EU or EFTA country, before 1 January 2021 you may need a permit to prove you are a frontier worker. You must also apply for a residency permit in Sweden.
Studying in Sweden
If you were legally resident in Sweden before 1 January 2021, you are eligible for the same tuition fees as Swedish nationals.
You may not be entitled to maintenance grants or loans in Sweden unless you have permanent residence or are a worker in Sweden.
You must apply for a residence permit in Sweden.
Read our guidance on:
- continuing your studies in the EU
- healthcare for students in Sweden
- the Swedish government’s FAQ on student finance
Moving to Sweden to study
If you are planning to study in Sweden, make sure you meet all visa requirements before you travel.
Contact the relevant higher education provider in Sweden to check what fees you may have to pay
Read the Department for International Trade’s guidance on how to get your qualification recognised in Sweden and sign up for their updates.
Money and tax
The UK has a double taxation agreement with Sweden to ensure you do not pay tax on the same income in both countries.
Existing double taxation arrangements for UK nationals living in Sweden have not changed.
Read guidance on:
- telling the HMRC if you leave the UK to live abroad
- tax on your UK income if you live abroad
- paying income tax in Sweden
You should obtain professional advice on paying tax in Sweden.
You can find an English-speaking lawyer.
Find out if you need to pay National Insurance in the UK or social security contributions in Sweden.
Whether UK banks can provide services to customers living in the EEA is a matter of local law and regulation. Your bank or finance provider should contact you if they need to make any changes to your product or the way they provide it. If you have any concerns about whether you might be affected, contact your provider or seek independent financial advice.
Read the Money and Pension Service guidance on banking, insurance and financial services changes for more information on cross-border banking.
Read our guidance on entitlement to UK benefits and pensions while you are living in Sweden
You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your pension if you retire abroad.
If you retire in Sweden, you can claim:
- your pension through the Swedish Pensions Agency, if you have worked in Sweden
- your UK State Pension or new UK State Pension. Contact the International Pension Centre to claim
- pensions from working in other EU countries if you have worked in other EU countries
Read the Money and Pension Service guidance on pension and retirement changes for more information on cross-border pensions.
If you get a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible. Your payments may be suspended if you don’t.
Read our guidance on entitlement to UK benefits and pensions while you are living in Sweden.
Check which UK benefits you can claim while abroad and how to claim them.
Many income-related benefits such as pension credit and housing benefit cannot be paid to you if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.
You can request proof of the time you’ve worked in the UK from HMRC if you are asked for this.
You may be eligible to claim some Swedish benefits. To find out contact:
- the Swedish Social Insurance Agency (Försäkringskassan)
- the National Board of Health and Welfare (Socialstyrelsen)
You can vote in Swedish local elections after 3 years of residency.
You cannot vote in general elections or European Parliament elections.
You can read more information on the Swedish government’s election authority website (Valmyndigheten).
You may be able to vote in some UK elections. You can:
Births, deaths and getting married
If your child is born in Sweden, you need to register the birth abroad.
If someone dies in Sweden you can:
- read our guidance on what to do after someone dies abroad
- find a list of funeral directors in Sweden
- read our bereavement information pack for Sweden
Find out how you can get married abroad.
Accommodation and buying property
If you have a pet passport issued by Sweden or another EU member state, you can use it to travel with your pet to Great Britain and elsewhere in the EU.
A GB-issued EU pet passport is not valid for travel to the EU or Northern Ireland. You should speak to your vet before you travel to get the necessary pet travel documents and ensure you’re compliant with the EU Pet Travel Regulations.
Read guidance on:
- bringing your pet to GB
- travelling with your pet in the EU
- travelling to Northern Ireland with your pet
Check the rules of the country you’re travelling to for any additional restrictions or requirements before you travel.
Other useful information
Returning to the UK
Tell the Swedish and UK authorities if you are planning to return to the UK permanently.
To move your pension to the UK, contact the International Pension Centre.
If you get healthcare in Sweden through the S1 form, you must contact the Overseas Healthcare Team on +44 (0)191 218 1999 to cancel your S1 at the right time.
Read the guidance on returning to the UK permanently which includes information on, amongst other things, tax, access to services and bringing family members.
Please note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Swedish authorities. The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.