Guidance

Living in the Czech Republic

Official information British people moving to and living in the Czech Republic need to know, including residency, healthcare and driving.

EU exit: what you need to know

There will be no change to the rights and status of UK nationals living in the Czech Republic while the UK remains in the EU.

While the government continues to negotiate Brexit, you should:

Before you go

See our travel advice for the Czech Republic and sign up for up-to-date information on local laws and customs, safety and emergencies.

See moving or retiring abroad.

Visas and residency

See entry requirements for the Czech Republic in our travel advice.

See also Czech immigration.

Healthcare

See our travel advice for the Czech Republic.

The NHS has information about healthcare for British people living in and visiting the Czech Republic.

You need a free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) to get emergency medical treatment during temporary stays in EU countries. You also need comprehensive travel insurance to cover anything not covered by your EHIC.

If you’re studying, your UK EHIC card will cover you for the duration of your course. If your course isn’t part of a UK degree (eg postgraduate studies), your EHIC is valid for 12 months. See studying abroad.

Once you’re resident, you must take out health insurance. Both you and your employer will make contributions to your health insurance. See Ministry of Health – health insurance companies.

You will have to show your health insurance card when you visit the doctor – find English-speaking doctors in the Czech Republic.

You should also check your prescriptions are legal in the Czech Republic.

S1 form – healthcare paid for by the UK

You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in the Czech Republic and get an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit.

You need to apply for a S1 form – contact the Department for Work and Pensions’ International Pensions Centre.

Working in the Czech Republic

See working in another EU country.

Some jobs may require a UK criminal records check (known as a DBS check).

If you’re in the Czech Republic, you can also get a criminal records check through the Czech government contact points called CzechPOINT.

See Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs for more information on working in the Czech Republic.

Tax

See tax if you leave the UK to live abroad and tax on your UK income if you live abroad.

The Czech Republic and the UK have a double taxation convention to prevent income being taxed in both countries.

See paying income tax in the Czech Republic.

We recommend you get professional advice on paying tax in the Czech Republic.

All residents must declare assets outside the Czech Republic, including bank accounts, securities, rights, insurance, annuities and property. The declaration is separate to the annual tax return, and there are severe penalties and criminal charges for non-compliance.

You may be able to pay National Insurance while abroad in order to protect your State Pension and entitlement to other benefits and allowances.

Pensions

See State Pension if you retire abroad and new State Pension.

If you have worked in the Czech Republic, you should claim your pension from Czech Social Security Administration (CSSZ). See Czech Republic – old-age pensions.

If you haven’t worked in the Czech Republic, you should claim your UK state pension by contacting the International Pension Centre.

If you’ve worked in several EU countries, see state pensions abroad.

Life certificates for UK state pensions

If you get a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible – your payments may be suspended if you don’t.

Benefits

See claiming benefits if you live, move or travel abroad.

Find out which UK benefits you might be able to get while you’re abroad and how to claim them.

Many income-related benefits such as Pension Credit and Housing Benefit can’t be paid if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.

You may be eligible to claim some Czech social security benefits.

If you’ve worked in the Czech Republic but haven’t paid enough National Insurance contributions, you should get a statement of your UK National Insurance contributions.

Driving in the Czech Republic

See driving abroad and road travel in the Czech Republic.

See driving licence renewal and exchange and taking a vehicle out of the UK.

If you spend more than 185 days in the Czech Republic with your UK-registered car, you must register your vehicle with the Czech authorities. See Ministry of Transport.

Voting

British citizens living abroad can vote in some UK elections – you’ll need to register as an overseas voter.

If you’re resident in the Czech Republic, you can vote in local municipal and European parliamentary elections.

Births

See register a birth abroad.

Deaths

See what to do after someone dies.

See also:

Getting married

See getting married abroad.

You’ll need to make a declaration in the Registration Office (Matrika) where you plan to get married. See notarial and documentary services in the Czech Republic.

Renewing passports

See overseas British passports applications and get an emergency travel document if you need to travel urgently (sometimes called an emergency passport).

Pets

See travelling with pets.

Emergencies

As well as the European emergency number 112, the Czech Republic also has:

  • 150 – fire brigade
  • 155 – rescue/ambulance
  • 156 – metropolitan police
  • 158 – police

See the Czech Republic – emergency numbers.

If you need urgent help, contact the British Embassy Prague.

Accommodation and buying property

See buying a property abroad.

Other useful information

Returning to the UK

To move your pension to the UK, contact the International Pension Centre.

See tax if you return to the UK.

See bringing your pet to the UK.

Disclaimer

Please note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Czech authorities. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.

Published 15 November 2013
Last updated 14 August 2018 + show all updates
  1. Brexit update: added in official recommendation from the Czech Ministry of the Interior
  2. Complete revision of guidance to ensure it's up to date and accurate.
  3. Updated information on Brexit.
  4. Added Brits in the Czech Republic Facebook page to the information on expat communities in the Czech Republic.
  5. First published.