Official information British people moving to and living in the Czech Republic need to know, including residency, healthcare and driving.
EU exit: what you need to know
There will be no change to the rights and status of UK nationals living in the Czech Republic while the UK remains in the EU.
While the government continues to negotiate Brexit, you should:
- make sure you’re correctly registered as resident in the Czech Republic - Official recommendation by the Czech Ministry of the Interior
- read UK nationals in the EU: essential information
- follow your local British Embassy on Facebook and Twitter
- sign up for email alerts on living in the Czech Republic
Before you go
See our travel advice for the Czech Republic and sign up for up-to-date information on local laws and customs, safety and emergencies.
Visas and residency
See entry requirements for the Czech Republic in our travel advice.
See also Czech immigration.
See our travel advice for the Czech Republic.
The NHS has information about healthcare for British people living in and visiting the Czech Republic.
You need a free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) to get emergency medical treatment during temporary stays in EU countries. You also need comprehensive travel insurance to cover anything not covered by your EHIC.
If you’re studying, your UK EHIC card will cover you for the duration of your course. If your course isn’t part of a UK degree (eg postgraduate studies), your EHIC is valid for 12 months. See studying abroad.
Once you’re resident, you must take out health insurance. Both you and your employer will make contributions to your health insurance. See Ministry of Health – health insurance companies.
You will have to show your health insurance card when you visit the doctor – find English-speaking doctors in the Czech Republic.
You should also check your prescriptions are legal in the Czech Republic.
S1 form – healthcare paid for by the UK
You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in the Czech Republic and get an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit.
You need to apply for a S1 form – contact the Department for Work and Pensions’ International Pensions Centre.
Working in the Czech Republic
Some jobs may require a UK criminal records check (known as a DBS check).
If you’re in the Czech Republic, you can also get a criminal records check through the Czech government contact points called CzechPOINT.
See Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs for more information on working in the Czech Republic.
The Czech Republic and the UK have a double taxation convention to prevent income being taxed in both countries.
We recommend you get professional advice on paying tax in the Czech Republic.
All residents must declare assets outside the Czech Republic, including bank accounts, securities, rights, insurance, annuities and property. The declaration is separate to the annual tax return, and there are severe penalties and criminal charges for non-compliance.
You may be able to pay National Insurance while abroad in order to protect your State Pension and entitlement to other benefits and allowances.
If you haven’t worked in the Czech Republic, you should claim your UK state pension by contacting the International Pension Centre.
If you’ve worked in several EU countries, see state pensions abroad.
Life certificates for UK state pensions
If you get a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible – your payments may be suspended if you don’t.
Find out which UK benefits you might be able to get while you’re abroad and how to claim them.
Many income-related benefits such as Pension Credit and Housing Benefit can’t be paid if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.
You may be eligible to claim some Czech social security benefits.
If you’ve worked in the Czech Republic but haven’t paid enough National Insurance contributions, you should get a statement of your UK National Insurance contributions.
Driving in the Czech Republic
If you spend more than 185 days in the Czech Republic with your UK-registered car, you must register your vehicle with the Czech authorities. See Ministry of Transport.
If you’re resident in the Czech Republic, you can vote in local municipal and European parliamentary elections.
- English-speaking funeral directors in the Czech Republic
- bereavement information for the Czech Republic
You’ll need to make a declaration in the Registration Office (Matrika) where you plan to get married. See notarial and documentary services in the Czech Republic.
See travelling with pets.
As well as the European emergency number 112, the Czech Republic also has:
- 150 – fire brigade
- 155 – rescue/ambulance
- 156 – metropolitan police
- 158 – police
If you need urgent help, contact the British Embassy Prague.
Accommodation and buying property
Other useful information
- English-speaking translators and interpreters in the Czech Republic
- English-speaking lawyers in the Czech Republic
- Notary services in the Czech Republic
Returning to the UK
To move your pension to the UK, contact the International Pension Centre.
Please note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Czech authorities. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.