Guidance

Living in Malta

Information British citizens moving to or living in Malta need to know, including guidance on residency, passports and driving.

This guide sets out essential information for British citizens about moving to or living in Malta. Read about how our High Commission in Malta can help.

This information is provided as a guide only. You should obtain definitive information from the Maltese authorities. The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) is not liable for any inaccuracies in this information.

Read general guidance on moving or retiring abroad.

To stay up to date:

If you were living in Malta before 1 January 2021

Some parts of this guide only apply if you were living in Malta since before 1 January 2021. These are indicated with sub-headings.

You should also read our Living in Europe page for detailed guidance about citizens’ rights under the Withdrawal Agreement.

Coronavirus

You should follow the advice of the Maltese Government and your local authority. You can also read our Malta travel advice for our latest guidance.

For information on getting a COVID-19 vaccine as a UK national in Malta see our coronavirus travel advice.

Visas and residency

Check the entry requirements for Malta and read the Maltese government’s:

To register for residency, or if your residence document has expired, contact Identity Malta.

If you were living in Malta before 1 January 2021

If you applied under the Withdrawal Agreement for your residence card by 30 June 2021, your rights are protected by the Withdrawal Agreement, pending a decision on your application. You should continue the process to get your new residence card if you do not have it yet.

Until you get your new Withdrawal Agreement card, your current residence document remains valid if you still hold it. You can also use your receipt of application for the new card as evidence of your legal status in Malta.

If you have not had a response to your Withdrawal Agreement residence card application, contact ID Malta either by calling +356 2590 4800 or email brexit.ima@gov.mt or eresidence-brexit.mgoz@gov.mt (if you live in Gozo).

If your application is refused, you will be notified in writing about how to appeal. You will have 3 days to submit your appeal to:

The Immigration Appeals Board
15, First Floor, City Gate Building
Ordinance Street
Valletta
VLT1020

Email: immigrationappealsboard@gov.mt

Telephone: 25689456

The deadline for applying for a new residence status was 30 June 2021. You can still apply if you have reasonable grounds for missing it. Applications will be considered on a case by case basis. You should apply as soon as possible - do not delay.

You must explain why your application is late and provide documents to support this. Contact ID Malta on brexit.ima@gov.mt to make an in-person appointment to submit your application.

If any of your details on your Withdrawal Agreement residence card change, such as your address or your name, you must get a new Withdrawal Agreement residence card. Contact Identity Malta to make an appointment.

If your Withdrawal Agreement residence card is going to expire, you should contact Identity Malta to renew it by emailing brexit.ima@gov.mt or eresidence-brexit.mgoz@gov.mt (in Gozo).

Your close family members continue to be able to join you and settle in Malta at any point in the future. Find more information on who this applies to on the Living in Europe page.

They must travel to Malta and after 90 days book an appointment with Identity Malta for a Withdrawal Agreement residence card as your family member.

Nationals of certain non-EU countries may need a visa before travel.

Passports and travel

You can apply for or renew your British passport from Malta.

Check the travel advice for Malta for passport validity requirements.

Always carry your passport when travelling within the Schengen area. If you have citizenship of an EU/EFTA country, in addition to your British citizenship, you should enter and leave Malta using your EU/EFTA passport.

If you stay in Malta with a residence card or long stay visa, this does not count towards your 90-day visa-free limit for the Schengen area.

If you visit other Schengen area countries outside Malta, make sure you do not exceed the visa-free 90 days in any 180-day period. You are responsible for counting how long you stay under the Schengen visa waiver, and you must comply with its conditions.

Different rules apply to EU countries that are not part of the Schengen area. Check each country’s travel advice page for information on entry requirements.

If you were living in Malta before 1 January 2021

When you travel, especially within the Schengen area, carry your residence document or frontier worker permit issued under the Withdrawal Agreement, in addition to your valid passport.

You must proactively show your Withdrawal Agreement residence card, or other evidence of residence status, if you are asked to show your passport at border control. If you have applied for, but not yet received your Withdrawal Agreement residence card, carry your certificate of application.

If you cannot prove that you are a resident in Malta, you may be asked additional questions at the border to enter the EU. Your passport may be stamped on entry and exit. This will not affect your rights in the country or countries where you live or work. If a passport is incorrectly stamped, the stamp is considered null and void when you can show evidence of lawful residence.

If you have rights under the Withdrawal Agreement you do not need any extra months on your passport to enter or exit EU countries.

Healthcare

Read our guidance on healthcare in Malta and make sure you are correctly registered for your circumstances.

You should also read our guidance on:

If you plan to travel in other European countries, read our general guidance on healthcare when travelling in Europe, and advice on foreign travel insurance.

Working in Malta

If you are planning to move to Malta and work there, you may need a visa. Read the Maltese government’s guidance on how to get a visa.

To apply for a job you may need to:

Read:

If you were living in Malta before 1 January 2021

You have the right to work if you applied for a Withdrawal Agreement residence card.

If you live in Malta and were regularly commuting to work in another EU or EFTA country before 1 January 2021, read our guidance for frontier workers.

Professional qualifications

You may need to get your professional qualification recognised if you want to work in a profession that is regulated in Malta.

Read guidance on:

If you were living in Malta before 1 January 2021

If the relevant regulator in Malta officially recognised your professional qualification before 1 January 2021, or you started the recognition process by this date, make sure you understand the terms of your recognition decision. Seek advice from the regulator if needed.

Studying in Malta

If you plan to study in Malta, you must meet all visa requirements before you travel.

Contact the relevant higher education provider in Malta to check what fees you may have to pay.

Read our guidance on:

For more information read studying in the European Union.

If you were living in Malta before 1 January 2021

The studying in the European Union guidance includes specific information for those who were already living in Malta before 1 January 2021.

Money, tax and banking

The UK has a double taxation agreement with Malta to ensure people do not pay tax on the same income in both countries. You can ask the relevant tax authority about double taxation relief.

You should get professional advice on paying tax in Malta. Find an English-speaking lawyer in Malta.

You can read guidance about:

National Insurance

Find out if you need to pay National Insurance in the UK or social security contributions in Malta.

UK banking

Whether UK banks can provide services to customers living in the EEA depends on local laws and regulation.

Read the Money and Pension Service guidance on banking, insurance and financial services changes for more information on cross-border banking.

Pensions

Read our guidance on entitlement to UK benefits and pensions while you are living in Malta.

You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.

Read our State Pension guidance if you have lived in Australia, Canada or New Zealand and you are claiming or waiting to claim your UK State Pension.

If you retire in Malta, you can claim:

Read the Money and Pension Service’s MoneyHelper guidance on pension and retirement changes for more information on cross-border pensions.

Life certificates for UK State Pensions

If you get a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible. Your payments may be suspended if you don’t.

Benefits

Read our guidance on entitlement to UK benefits and pensions while you are living in Malta.

If you are moving or retiring abroad, you must tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax.

Check which UK benefits you can claim while abroad and how to claim them.

Many income-related benefits such as Pension Credit and Housing Benefit cannot be paid if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.

You can request proof from HMRC of the time you’ve worked in the UK, and of your UK National Insurance record.

Maltese benefits

You may be eligible to claim some Maltese social security benefits. You should:

Accommodation and buying property

You may need to meet certain eligibility requirements when purchasing property in Malta, including applying for an Acquisition of Immovable Property [AIP] Permit.

Read:

You may also wish to seek legal advice. Read our list of English-speaking lawyers in Malta.

Driving in Malta

You cannot renew or replace your UK licence if you are resident overseas.

If you moved to Malta after 1 January 2021, you can use your valid UK licence for 12 months from the date you moved to Malta. Before the end of the 12 months, you must exchange your licence for a Maltese one. You need to take a driving test.

The UK and Maltese governments are currently negotiating long-term arrangements for exchanging driving licences without the requirement for a test. We will update this page when the new rules are announced Sign up for email alerts, to get notified when we update this page.

For information on driving in Malta, read the guidance on:

If you were living in Malta before 1 January 2021

You can use your valid UK driving licence until 31 December 2021. Before 31 December 2021, you must exchange your licence for a Maltese one. You need to take a driving test.

The UK and Maltese governments are currently negotiating long-term arrangements for exchanging driving licences without the requirement for a test. We will update this page when the new rules are announced Sign up for email alerts to get notified when we update this page.

Bringing a UK-registered vehicle to Malta

Once you’re resident in Malta, if you import your car you must obtain Maltese number plates.

Read:

Driving in the UK with a Maltese licence

You can use your Maltese licence in the UK for short visits, or exchange it for a UK licence without taking a test.

Voting

You can vote in local municipal elections. You cannot vote in general elections in Malta or European Parliament elections.

You may be able to vote in some UK elections. You can:

Births, deaths, marriages and civil partnerships

If your child is born in Malta, you will need to register a birth abroad

If someone dies in Malta read our guidance on:

Find out how you can get married or get a civil partnership abroad.

Pets

If you have a pet passport issued by Malta or another EU member state, you can use it to travel with your pet to Great Britain and elsewhere in the EU.

A GB-issued EU pet passport is not valid for travel to the EU or Northern Ireland. You should speak to your vet before you travel to get the necessary pet travel documents and ensure you’re compliant with the EU Pet Travel Regulations.

Read guidance on:

Check the rules of the country you’re travelling to for any additional restrictions or requirements before you travel.

Emergencies

The emergency number in Malta is 112.

If you need urgent help, are the victim of crime, have been arrested, or are affected by a crisis in Malta, contact the British High Commission Malta.

Returning to the UK

Check the COVID travel guidance for entering the UK.

Tell the Maltese and UK authorities if you are returning to the UK permanently.

Before leaving Malta you must contact:

If you get a UK State Pension, you must tell the International Pension Centre.

Read the guidance on returning to the UK permanently which includes information on, amongst other things, tax, access to services and bringing family members.

If you return to the UK permanently and meet the ordinarily residence test, you’ll be able to access NHS care without charge.

Useful information

Support for British Nationals abroad: a guide sets out how to stay safe abroad, and explains how the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) can support you if you get into difficulty.

Published 28 April 2016
Last updated 9 September 2021 + show all updates
  1. Support from the UK Nationals Support Fund will end on 30 September 2021. You should contact the UK Nationals Support Fund implementing partner before this date if you require additional support. If you are already being assisted via the Fund, you will continue to receive support until you have made your application.

  2. Driving section updated with deadlines for exchanging a UK driving licence for a Maltese one.

  3. Guidance reviewed for people who are moving or moved to Malta after 1 January 2021. Following the residency application deadline, it also includes sub-sections relevant to people living there since before 1 January 2021.

  4. Additional support section updated with link to guidance on UK Nationals Support Fund, healthcare section updated including guidance on the S1 form and applying for EHIC and GHIC cards; working and studying in Malta section updated with information on studying in Malta, and links to Department for International Trade (DIT) guidance on recognition of professional qualifications.

  5. Coronavirus section updated with a link to guidance on vaccines

  6. Visas and residency section updated with information on the UK Nationals Support Fund for those who may find it harder to complete their residency application.

  7. Updated as the transition period ends with new information on driving, pet travel and moving to Malta

  8. Passports and travel section updated on carrying proof of residence when travelling.

  9. Healthcare section updated on how to apply for a new UK EHIC as a student or S1 holder. Working section updated with information on frontier workers.

  10. Passports and travel section updated to include information on passport validity and entry requirements when travelling to other European countries from January 2021

  11. Visas and Residency section updated with information about the new residency registration scheme returning to full service.

  12. Updated 17 April 2020

  13. Updated 23 March 2019

  14. Visas and residency section updated with information on the new residency card that the Maltese government will issue.

  15. Brexit update: includes further details on passport validity, healthcare rights and State Pension uprating if the UK leaves the EU with a deal

  16. Brexit update: healthcare section updated to reflect transitional arrangements announcement

  17. Brexit update: Pensions section updated to include further details on State Pension uprating.

  18. Added new information in Healthcare section about S1 certificates.

  19. EU Exit update: added changes to 'Passport Validity (6 Month Rule) and EU Visa-Free Travel' section

  20. EU Exit update: updated information in pensions, healthcare, passports and returning to the UK sections

  21. We have updated the contact details you need to apply for an S1 form.

  22. Updated information on passports: you must use the checker tool to see if your passport is still valid for your trip

  23. EU Exit update: Added information on double-taxation after EU Exit under the 'Money and Tax' section

  24. EU Exit update: added information about Maltese government helpline for UK nationals in Malta (Freephone 153) and instructions about driving licences

  25. EU Exit update: Added further details of Malta´s offer to UK nationals and existing UK-Malta bilateral healthcare agreement in health section.

  26. EU Exit update - Updated information on access to healthcare

  27. EU Exit update: added latest announcement from the Maltese government to the EU Exit section.

  28. EU Exit update: Added information about outreach meetings for UK nationals living in Malta and Gozo

  29. EU Exit update: updated information on pensions and driving.

  30. EU Exit update: New information in residency and visa section on draft withdrawal agreement in principle between the UK and EU. Plus information on travelling with pets in Europe in pet section.

  31. Complete revision of guidance to ensure it's up to date and accurate.

  32. Updated October 2017

  33. First published.