Antimicrobial resistance arises when the organisms that cause infection evolve ways to survive treatments. The term antimicrobial includes antibiotic, antiprotozoal, antiviral and antifungal medicines.
Resistance is a natural biological phenomenon but is increased and accelerated by various factors such as misuse of medicines, poor infection control practices and global trade and travel.
This is a particular concern with antibiotics. Many of the medical advances in recent years, for example, organ transplantation and cancer chemotherapy need antibiotics to prevent and treat the bacterial infections that can be caused by the treatment. Without effective antibiotics, even minor surgery and routine operations could become high risk procedures if serious infections can’t be treated.
The UK’s 20-year vision and 5-year national action plan on AMR were co-developed across government, its agencies, the health family and administrations in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland with support from a range of stakeholders.
The national action plan builds upon the UK 5-year AMR strategy (2013 to 2018) and sets out the first step towards the UK’s vision for AMR in 2040.
Added: UK one health report: antibiotics use in humans and animals
All sections updated to reflect most recent content on antimicrobial resistance.
Updated links to resource information
Added new UK public health ARA page inserted into 'Clinical or technical guidance and publications' sub-group.
Added 'Progress report on the UK 5 year AMR strategy: 2016' to the 'Strategic publications' section.
Added the following pages to 'Clinical or technical guidance and publication' section:
- Doxycycline as post-exposure prophylaxis for STIs: PHE response
- English surveillance programme for antimicrobial utilisation and resistance (ESPAUR) report
- Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance and Sales Surveillance 2016
VMD UK VARSS 2016 report published
Added news story from November 2016: 'Reducing infections in the NHS'
Guidance added re mg/PCU
Added the news story 'Tackling antibiotics resistance in low income countries'.
Updated the list of resources for healthcare professionals to include the AMR local indicators.
Added news story about UN Declaration on combatting antimicrobial resistance.
Added link to guidelines and guidance under resourses and link to Handling manure guidance page
Updated the Strategic publications sections and added the UK one health report: antibiotics use in humans and animals
Added Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: early detection, management and control toolkit for acute trusts to the collection.
Added the 'Antibiotic use guidance for primary care' publication to the resources.