The term antimicrobial includes: antibiotic, antiprotozoal, antiviral and antifungal medicines. Antimicrobial Resistance arises when the micro-organisms that cause infection survive exposure to a medicine that would normally kill them or stop their growth.
Resistance is a natural biological phenomenon but is increased and accelerated by various factors such as misuse of medicines, poor infection control practices and global trade and travel.
This is a particular concern with antibiotics. Many of the medical advances in recent years, for example organ transplantation and cancer chemotherapy, need antibiotics to prevent and treat the bacterial infections that can be caused by the treatment. Without effective antibiotics, even minor surgery and routine operations could become high risk procedures if serious infections can’t be treated.
The Department of Health, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), Public Health England (PHE) and NHS England are leading the implementation of the UK 5 year Antimicrobial Resistance strategy.
A cross government steering group is overseeing implementation of the strategy. The group works with a range of partners across the human and animal health, research, industry and academic sectors.
For more information about the steering group and the UK AMR strategy contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
PHE, working with their equivalent organisations in the devolved administrations, is responsible for coordinating cross government activity on the human health aspects of the AMR programme for the UK.
Added 'Progress report on the UK 5 year AMR strategy: 2016' to the 'Strategic publications' section.
Added the following pages to 'Clinical or technical guidance and publication' section:
- Doxycycline as post-exposure prophylaxis for STIs: PHE response
- English surveillance programme for antimicrobial utilisation and resistance (ESPAUR) report
- Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance and Sales Surveillance 2016
VMD UK VARSS 2016 report published
Added news story from November 2016: 'Reducing infections in the NHS'
Guidance added re mg/PCU
Added the news story 'Tackling antibiotics resistance in low income countries'.
Updated the list of resources for healthcare professionals to include the AMR local indicators.
Added news story about UN Declaration on combatting antimicrobial resistance.
Added link to guidelines and guidance under resourses and link to Handling manure guidance page
Updated the Strategic publications sections and added the UK one health report: antibiotics use in humans and animals
Added Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: early detection, management and control toolkit for acute trusts to the collection.
Added the 'Antibiotic use guidance for primary care' publication to the resources.