If you're an EU business not established in the UK, check what you'll need to do differently to move goods and services into or out of the UK in a no-deal Brexit.
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The UK is leaving the EU. This page tells you how to prepare for Brexit and will be updated if anything changes.
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Getting goods through customs
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You’ll need to use the same import and export processes that are used for non-EU countries who do not have a trading arrangement with the EU.
This means that when moving goods:
- an export declaration will need to be made in order to remove goods from either the EU or UK customs territory
- an import declaration will need to be made in order to enter goods into either the EU or UK customs territory
- the carrier will need certain information in order to move your goods between the territories
What you need to do will depend on the arrangements that you put in place with your UK trading partner and any customs representatives or carriers.
If your business is not established in the UK it will normally be your UK trading partner who makes the UK declaration. But if you need to do this yourself, you’ll need to get a UK representative.
Find more information about:
- customs procedures for importing to and exporting from the EU from the Europa website
- what your carrier or haulier needs to do to transport goods between the UK and EU
- what your UK trading partner will need to do
- the licences needed for different types of goods
- trading between Ireland and Northern Ireland from Ireland’s revenue website
- UK businesses that move goods between the UK and France from French customs authorities
Food, drink or agricultural products
If you export food, drink or agricultural products to the UK you should check what you need to do including what documents, licenses and certificates are needed (and how to apply for them).
Animals, animal products, high-risk food and feed not of animal origin
If you export animals, animal products, high-risk food and feed in to the UK check what you need to do.
You may need to pre-notify the UK authorities about the goods you export from the EU into the UK border, and your consignment may need to be checked on arrival.
Moving merchandise in baggage or by car
If you are bringing goods into or out of the UK in your baggage or a small motor vehicle for business use, you will need to declare them and pay import duty and VAT.
Bringing cash into the UK
If you’re travelling between the UK and the EU with £10,000 or more in cash, you’ll need to declare it up to 72 hours before arriving in the UK.
Import VAT on parcels
You must pay import VAT on parcels you sell to UK buyers if you:
- are based outside the UK
- sell goods sent in parcels worth £135 or less to UK buyers
Find out more about paying import VAT on parcels.
If you sell goods sent in parcels worth over £135, the import VAT, Customs Duty (and Excise Duty where applicable) should be paid by the UK buyer and collected by the parcel operator.
Changes to VAT IT systems
There will be changes to how you:
- check UK VAT numbers – there will be a new digital service
- pay VAT on sales of digital services provided to UK consumers
- claim VAT refunds on business expenses in the UK
You need to check how services are regulated and professional qualifications obtained if your business:
- has branches or subsidiaries in the UK
- operates in a service sector within the UK
- is planning a merger with a UK company
- sends employees to the UK for business
- has employees that provide services in a regulated profession
Transferring personal data
Your business may need to make some changes to the way you share personal data with businesses in the UK.
Personal data transfers could be:
- customer addresses in delivery details
- personnel files in outsourced HR, accounts, back office functions
- intra-company transfers of customer details
Selling manufactured goods
You’ll need to check what you need to do to continue placing manufactured goods on the UK market including regulatory requirements on labelling, approvals and testing.
Employing UK nationals
UK employees who require a professional qualification to practise in the EU must have had their qualification recognised by the relevant EU regulator.
Check the arrangements for UK nationals with the immigration authorities in your country.
Sending workers to the UK
EU, EEA and Swiss citizens and their families will still be able to move to the UK, but if they wish to stay after 31 December 2020 they will need to apply for European temporary leave to remain.
Irish citizens do not need to apply to stay in the UK, including after 31 December 2020. They’ll continue to have the right to enter, live, work and study in the UK under Common Travel Area arrangements.
Find out about visiting the UK after Brexit.
If you have questions about Brexit readiness for your business or customers, check here for details of upcoming information events or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.