Waste: environmental permits

How to apply for standard rules and bespoke permits for using, treating, storing and disposing of waste, and check when you do not need a permit.

Applies to England

You may need to apply to the Environment Agency for an environmental permit if your business uses, recycles, treats, stores or disposes of waste or mining waste. This permit can be for activities at one site or for mobile plant that can be used at many sites.

You are breaking the law if you operate without a permit when you should have one.

There is separate guidance on how to register as a waste carrier if you are a waste transporter, buyer, seller, broker or dealer.

Ways you can meet the requirement

If you are carrying out a waste activity, you can meet the permit requirement using one of the following:

  • a ‘regulatory position statement’ – the Environment Agency does not currently require a permit for that activity
  • an ‘exemption’ – you do not need a permit for the activity, but you must still register your exemption with the Environment Agency
  • a ‘standard rules permit’ – a set of fixed rules for common activities
  • a ‘bespoke permit’ – tailored to your business activities

Check if your activity is covered by a regulatory position statement

A regulatory position statement (RPS) means that the Environment Agency will not normally take enforcement action against you if you have not applied for a permit provided:

  • your activity meets the description set out in the RPS
  • you comply with the conditions of the RPS
  • your activity does not, and is not likely to, cause environmental pollution or harm human health

Each RPS has an expiry date. You should check with the Environment Agency before this expiry date to make sure they have not withdrawn the RPS. If they have, you may need to register an exemption or apply for a permit for your activity.

Check for an RPS if you are:

Check if there is an exemption for your activity

Check for an exemption if you are:

If your activity is covered by an exemption you will need to register it as exempt.

Each exemption has specific limits and conditions you need to follow. If you do not, the Environment Agency can cancel or ‘deregister’ your exemption.

Check if you can get a standard rules permit

You can apply for a standard rules permit if your operation meets the relevant description and rules, but:

  • you cannot change (vary) the rules and you have no right of appeal against them
  • if you want to change your operations and so will not meet the criteria of the standard permit anymore, you will have to apply to make it a bespoke permit instead
  • if there is a change in your local environment after your permit has been issued (for example a change in the definition of a groundwater source protection zone) you may need to apply to change your permit

Read the standard rules if your activity involves:

Applying for a standard rules permit is quicker and costs less than a bespoke permit. But if you do not meet the conditions for the standard rules permits you must apply for a bespoke permit.

If you need to apply for more than one standard rule at the same site or add a standard rule to a bespoke permit, you must confirm that each standard rule covers a self-contained and separate activity.

You should not apply for more than one standard rule to split a single operation.

How to apply for a standard rules environmental permit

You can apply online for most standard rules environmental permits.

Before you submit your permit application you:

How to apply for a bespoke permit

You must apply for a bespoke permit if your operation does not fit the conditions of a standard rules permit.

Before you apply you must do all the following:

If you are applying for a waste recovery permit to permanently deposit waste on land, you must also read the guidance on waste recovery plans and deposit for recovery permits.

Bespoke permits: apply online

You can apply online for a bespoke permit for most types of waste operation. But you cannot currently apply online for the following waste operations:

  • onshore oil and gas
  • mining waste
  • inert landfill and deposit for recovery

For these waste operations, you need to download and complete the application forms.

Bespoke permits: application forms

Download and fill in forms:

When you send your application you will need to include:

  • forms part A, part B2, part B4 or part B5, and part F1
  • the summary of your management system
  • your risk assessment
  • any other supporting documents mentioned in the form guidance, for example site maps and plans
  • your fee

Email your completed forms to or post them to:

Permitting and Support Centre
Environmental Permitting Team
Quadrant 2
99 Parkway Avenue
Parkway Business Park
S9 4WF

Get help with your application

Before you apply for a permit, you can contact the Environment Agency’s pre-application advice service to help make sure your application is correct.

Keeping sensitive information confidential

When the Environment Agency consults on your permit application they will let people see the information in your application.

You can ask the Environment Agency not to make public any information that is commercially sensitive for your business (such as financial information). You can do this by including a letter with your application that gives your reasons why you do not want this information made public.

The Environment Agency will email or write to you within 20 days if they agree to your request. They will let you know if they need more time to decide.

If they do not agree to your request they will tell you:

  • how to appeal against the decision
  • how to withdraw your application

Fees and charges

You must pay a fee to apply for a permit.

You must send your fee with your application. If your application is successful, the Environment Agency will charge you an annual ‘subsistence’ fee while you have a permit. This fee depends on your activity and the type of permit you have.

Find out more about fees and charges. You can contact the Environment Agency for help to work out your fee.

After you apply

The Environment Agency may reject your application if, for example you have:

  • not used the right forms
  • forgotten to include the fee or sent the wrong fee
  • not provided important information

Once the Environment Agency has the information they need to start assessing your application, they will contact you and tell you that your application is ‘duly made’. This means they are starting the assessment process. They may still ask for more information if they need it to complete their assessment.

Consultations on bespoke permit applications

The Environment Agency will publish online a notice of your application and instructions for how other people can see and comment on it.

Members of the public and anyone interested in the application have 20 working days to comment.

The Environment Agency may also consult other public bodies, for example local authorities, Public Health England, water companies and Natural England.

If the Environment Agency considers your application to be of high public interest, they may:

  • take longer to give you a decision
  • carry out an extra consultation on the draft decision
  • advertise the application more widely

The Environment Agency’s public participation statement explains how and why they will consult on permit applications.

Decisions about your permit

The Environment Agency will write to you to tell you their decision. They usually make decisions on applications within:

  • 4 months if you are applying for a new permit
  • 3 months if you want to change a permit or cancel it
  • 2 months if you want to transfer a permit

They will tell you if your application will take longer.

You can appeal if the Environment Agency refuses your application.

You can also appeal if you’ve applied for a bespoke permit and you’re not happy with the conditions.

The decision letter will explain how you can appeal.

The Environment Agency will publish the decision on its public register.

When you get your permit

Find out how the Environment Agency will regulate you when you start operating.

If you have been issued a mobile plant permit the Environment Agency must agree to the deployment of the plant before you operate. Deployment forms for standard rules permits are available on the same page as the standard rules themselves.

Apply to deploy mobile plant for bespoke activities using form MPD1.

Change, transfer or cancel your permit

When you have got your permit, you can:

  • change (vary) the details on it
  • transfer it to someone else
  • cancel (surrender) it

Find out how to change, transfer or cancel your permit.

Contact the Environment Agency

Contact the Environment Agency if:

General enquiries

National Customer Contact Centre
PO Box 544
S60 1BY


Telephone 03708 506 506

Telephone from outside the UK (Monday to Friday, 8am to 6pm GMT) +44 (0) 114 282 5312

Monday to Friday, 8am to 6pm.

The impact of COVID-19 means you may experience some delays in responses.

Published 1 February 2016
Last updated 11 August 2021 + show all updates
  1. Updated the 'Get help with your application' to link to the new guidance on the pre-application advice service. Removed a paragraph from the 'Bespoke permits: application forms' section about not getting post, as we are now receiving it.

  2. Before you submit your permit application you must check your site meets the standard rules location criteria. If your site does not meet the criteria we will return your application.

  3. Explained how we are managing postal applications during the coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.

  4. You can now apply online for a bespoke permit for some types of waste operation. The link to the new online service has been added to the guidance.

  5. Added: If you need to apply for more than one standard rule at the same site or add a standard rule to a bespoke permit, you must confirm that each standard rule covers a self-contained and separate activity. You should not apply for more than one standard rule to split a single operation.

  6. You can now apply online for most standard rules environmental permits.

  7. Added information about the new pre-application advice service people can use if they need help with their permit application.

  8. Link provided for forms MPD1 - deployment forms for SR2010No11 and bespoke activities.

  9. First published.