Conservation of historic buildings and monuments


The historic environment is made up of the buildings, monuments, sites and landscapes that reflect our history.

If we did not have measures in place to protect and conserve the historic environment, important places would risk being changed and losing what makes them special, or being destroyed and lost forever.

We are responsible for protecting and conserving England’s historic environment for the benefit of present and future generations, and for helping people access and enjoy these ‘heritage assets’.


We look after the historic environment by:

Bills and legislation

The Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 sets out the rules for listed buildings.

The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 sets out the rules for scheduled monuments.

The Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 sets out the rules for protected wreck sites.