Environmental management – collection

F gas: guidance for users, producers and traders

Requirements of the 2014 EU fluorinated greenhouse gas (F gas) regulation, including the phasing out of HFCs and product bans.

The EU has introduced a new regulation on the use of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F gases) like hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexaflouride (SF6).

The regulation replaces the 2006 regulation. It impacts anyone who:

  • manufactures, uses or services equipment that contains F gases, like refrigeration and air conditioning systems, solvents or aerosols
  • produces or wholesales F gas
  • imports or exports F gas, or equipment containing F gas, to or from the EU

You can contact the Environment Agency on 03708 506 506, or through f-gassupport@environment-agency.gov.uk if you have queries about the content of these guides.

'Operators' (users) of equipment containing F gas

Read guidance in this section if you operate equipment that contains F gas.

You’re the operator of equipment if you’re in charge of its day to day running, including as a service company. You don’t have to own equipment to be the operator.

  1. F gas in refrigeration, air conditioning and fire protection systems

    • Detailed guide
  2. How to dispose of industrial solvents that contain F gas

    • Detailed guide
  3. How to operate or service high voltage switchgear containing SF6

    • Detailed guide
  4. F gas requirements for air conditioners in cars and other vehicles

    • Detailed guide

Operators of equipment containing HCFCs

Read guidance in this section if you operate equipment that contains hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs).

HCFCs are banned in the EU, but refrigeration or air conditioning equipment may contain HCFCs if it was either:

  • manufactured in the EU before 2001
  • imported from outside the EU
  1. HCFCs in refrigeration and air conditioning equipment

    • Detailed guide

Service companies and installers

This section is for companies that install or service equipment that contains F gas.

If you’re in charge of the day to day operation of equipment containing F gas, you also need to read the guides in the section for operators.

  1. Qualifications required to work on equipment containing F gas

    • Detailed guide
  2. Certification for companies working on equipment containing F gas

    • Detailed guide
  3. Recover F gas when disposing of equipment and insulating foam

    • Detailed guide

HFC phase down

The EU is phasing down the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) from 2015. Find out how the phase down will work, and how to get a quota to produce or import HFCs.

  1. HFC phase down in the EU: how it works and exemptions

    • Detailed guide
  2. HFC producers and importers: get and transfer EU quotas

    • Detailed guide

Equipment manufacturers and importers

Find out what records you’ll need to keep and how to label equipment if you manufacture products containing F gas in the EU, or import them to the EU.

Also find out about EU bans on products containing F gas.

  1. Manufacturers of products with F gas: labels and record keeping

    • Detailed guide
  2. Importers of products containing F gas: labels and record keeping

    • Detailed guide
  3. Bans on F gas in new equipment

    • Detailed guide

Semiconductor manufacturers and magnesium smelters

Requirements if you use SF6 in magnesium smelting, or any F gas to manufacture semiconductors.

  1. Semiconductor makers: buy HFCs that are exempt from EU phase down

    • Detailed guide
  2. Magnesium smelting: bans on use of sulphur hexafluoride

    • Detailed guide

Businesses with record keeping requirements

Record keeping requirements if you destroy, export or use the following gases as a feedstock in a chemical process:

  1. Businesses that use F gas as feedstock: record keeping requirements

    • Detailed guide
  2. Businesses that destroy F gas: record keeping requirements

    • Detailed guide
  3. F gas exporters: record keeping and reporting requirements

    • Detailed guide
  4. F gas wholesalers and resellers: record keeping requirements

    • Detailed guide

Regulated gases and supporting guidance

Find a list of F gases covered by the F gas regulation, and a list of gases that aren’t regulated, but which you’ll have to keep records about.

Also find out how to calculate the carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent weight of an F gas. Many requirements in the regulation are based on CO2 equivalent weights.

  1. Fluorinated greenhouse gases (F gases) regulated by the EU

    • Statutory guidance
  2. EU F gas regulation:gases with record keeping requirements

    • Guidance
  3. Calculate the carbon dioxide equivalent quantity of an F gas

    • Detailed guide