Collection

Households below average income (HBAI) statistics

Statistics on the number and percentage of people living in low-income households in the UK.

These publications provide statistics and commentary on living standards in UK households, as determined by disposable income. They include the number and percentage of people living in low-income households, and changes in income patterns over time.

Find future households below average income (HBAI) statistics release dates in our statistics release calendar.

There is more about DWP statistics on the Statistics at DWP page.

Email team.hbai@dwp.gsi.gov.uk with any questions or feedback.

Latest release

  1. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2016/17

    • National Statistics

Background information and guidance

  1. Changes to DWP households’ and pensioners’ incomes statistics 2015/16: statistical notice

    • Guidance
  2. Accessing datasets: access arrangements for sensitive versions of DWP data

    • Guidance
  3. How low income is measured in households below average income statistics

    • Guidance
  4. Changes to DWP Family and Household Income Statistics 2014/15: statistical notice

    • Official Statistics
  5. First release: households below average income (HBAI) statistics, June 2013

    • National Statistics
  6. First Release: Households Below Average Income (HBAI) statistics, June 2012

    • National Statistics
  7. Confirmed changes to the 2012/13 Households Below Average Income publication

    • Official Statistics
  8. Proposed changes to the 2012/13 Households Below Average Income publication

    • Official Statistics
  9. Changes to the households below average income (HBAI) statistics 2011/12: statistical note

    • Official Statistics
  10. Households below average income and Pensioners' incomes series: revisions to 2008/09 and 2009/10 results

    • Official Statistics
  11. Re-grossed Households below average income (HBAI) estimates 2002/03 to 2011/12

    • Guidance
  12. Households Below Average Income (HBAI): results of 2009/10 usage survey

    • Official Statistics
  13. DWP Family and Household Income Statistics – adjusting for inflation: statistical notice

    • Guidance
  14. Households Below Average Income: technical note on severe child poverty indicator

    • Official Statistics
  15. Households Below Average Income (HBAI): technical note on pensioner material deprivation

    • Official Statistics
  16. HBAI absolute low income: illustrative figures using CPI to adjust for inflation

    • Official Statistics

Previous releases

Find archived HBAI reports on the National Archives website.

  1. Households Below Average Income: 1994/95 to 2015/16

    • National Statistics
  2. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2014/15

    • National Statistics
  3. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2013/14

    • National Statistics
  4. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2012/13

    • National Statistics
  5. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2011/12

    • National Statistics
  6. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2010/11

    • National Statistics
  7. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2009/10

    • National Statistics
  8. Households below average income: 1994/95 to 2008/09

    • National Statistics
Published 14 June 2013
Last updated 22 March 2018 + show all updates
  1. Added 'Households below average income: 1994/1995 to 2016/2017'.
  2. Published Households below average income: 1994/1995 to 2015/2016.
  3. Published a statistical notice about a change in methodology for the HBAI report, to take effect for the 2015/16 publication.
  4. Published Households below average income: 1994/1995 to 2014/2015.
  5. Added link to background information about a new statistics publication 'Income dynamics' due to be published in February/March 2017.
  6. Published Households below average income: 1994/1995 to 2013/2014.
  7. Published Households below average income (HBAI) stats for 1994/95 to 2012/13.
  8. Added "Re-grossed Households below average income (HBAI) estimates 2002/03 to 2011/12"
  9. Published next release date for these statistics (1 July 2014).
  10. Published new statistical note confirming changes to the 2012/13 HBAI report, provisionally scheduled for publication in June 2014.
  11. Link added to statistical notice about proposed changes to future publications
  12. First published.