This Households Below Average Income (HBAI) report presents information on living standards in the United Kingdom year on year from 1994/1995 to 2012/2013. It provides estimates on the number and percentage of people living in low-income households. Figures are also provided for children, pensioners, working-age adults and individuals living in a family where someone is disabled.
Most of the figures in this report come from the Family Resources Survey, a representative survey of around 20,000 households in the UK.
The 2012/13 report is the first to use 2011 Census data to derive grossing factors which are used to weight the survey findings so that they are representative of the whole UK population.
Following consultation with users we have produced a single report, which includes commentary, charts and summary tables.
We have also published all of the publication tables (in Microsoft Excel format), as well as number of trend data files (CSV format). These are available to download above as ‘zip’ files.
Find out how low income is measured.