This is the 23rd edition of the households below average income (HBAI) series.
This section includes an overview of the background, changes over time and shows:
- summary of key findings
- distribution of disposable income
- how different client groups (children, working-age adults and pensioners) are distributed across income quintiles
- the percentage of each client group below various fractions of median income
- the composition by client group of the total number of people below these thresholds
- material deprivation (children and pensioner chapters only)
- decile medians and quintile medians in real terms
- population estimates for key groups
- measures of income inequality
- percentages of groups with income below various fractions of contemporary median income
- percentages of groups with income below various fractions of base-year median income
- persistent low income statistics
This section includes the glossary and definitions of the terms used in the report, and more detail on HBAI methodology.
Find out how low income is measured.