Statistics - national statistics

Households below average income (HBAI): 1994/95 to 2010/11

Data on potential living standards as determined by disposable income in 2010/11, changes in income patterns over time and income mobility.

Documents

Households Below Average Income: full publication

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Contents

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Chapter 1

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Chapter 2: The income distribution

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Tables 2.1tr, 2.1db and 2.2db

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Chart 2.1

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Tables 2.1ts-2.4ts (time series)

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Chapter 3: Whole population

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Tables 3.1tr-3.4tr (trends)

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Tables 3.1db-3.2db (quintiles)

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Tables 3.3db-3.4db (composition)

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Tables 3.5db-3.6db (risk)

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Tables 3.1ts-3.3ts (populations time series)

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Tables 3.4ts-3.9ts (composition time series)

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Tables 3.10ts-3.15ts (risk time series)

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Chapter 4: Children

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Tables 4.1tr-4.5tr (trends)

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Tables 4.1db -4.2db (quintiles)

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Tables 4.3db -4.4db (composition)

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Tables 4.5db-4.6db (risk)

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Tables 4.7db-4.8db (material deprivation)

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Tables 4.1ts-4.5ts (populations time series)

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Tables 4.6ts-4.13ts (composition time series)

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Tables 4.14ts-4.25ts (risk time series)

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Chapter 5: Working-age adults

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Tables 5.1tr-5.6tr (trends)

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Tables 5.1db-5.3db (quintiles)

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Tables 5.4db-5.6db (composition)

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Tables 5.7db-5.9db (risk)

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Tables 5.1ts-5.3ts (populations time series)

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Tables 5.4ts-5.9ts (composition time series)

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Tables 5.10ts-5.15ts (risk time series)

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Chapter 6: Pensioners

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Tables 6.1tr-6.7tr (trends)

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Tables 6.1db-6.2db (quintiles)

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Tables 6.3db-6.4db (composition)

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Tables 6.5db-6.6db (risk)

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Tables 6.7db-6.8db (material deprivation composition)

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Tables 6.9db-6.10db (material deprivation risk)

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Table 6.11db (material deprivation)

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Tables 6.1ts-6.4ts (populations time series)

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Table 6.5ts-6.7ts (composition time series)

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Tables 6.8ts-6.17ts (risk time series)

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Chapter 7: Low-income dynamics

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Table 7.1tr

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Appendix 1: glossary and definitions of concepts and technical terms

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Appendix 2: methodology

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Tables A2.1-A2.6

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Appendix 3: child material deprivation

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Tables A3.1-A3.2

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Detail

This is the 23rd edition of the households below average income (HBAI) series.

Chapters

This section includes an overview of the background, changes over time and shows:

  • summary of key findings
  • distribution of disposable income
  • how different client groups (children, working-age adults and pensioners) are distributed across income quintiles
  • the percentage of each client group below various fractions of median income
  • the composition by client group of the total number of people below these thresholds
  • material deprivation (children and pensioner chapters only)
  • decile medians and quintile medians in real terms
  • population estimates for key groups
  • measures of income inequality
  • percentages of groups with income below various fractions of contemporary median income
  • percentages of groups with income below various fractions of base-year median income
  • persistent low income statistics

Appendices

This section includes the glossary and definitions of the terms used in the report, and more detail on HBAI methodology.