This Households Below Average Income (HBAI) report presents information on living standards in the United Kingdom year on year from 1994/95 to 2017/18.
It provides estimates on the number and percentage of people living in low-income households based on disposable income. Figures are also provided for children, pensioners, working-age adults and individuals living in a family where someone is disabled.
Use our infographic to find out how low income is measured in HBAI.
Most of the figures in this report come from the Family Resources Survey, a representative survey of around 19,000 households in the UK.
Summary data tables are available on this page, with more detailed analysis available to download as a Zip file.
The directory of tables is a guide to the information in the data tables Zip file.
HBAI data on Stat-Xplore
UK-level HBAI data is available from 1994/95 to 2017/18 on the Stat-Xplore online tool. You can use Stat-Xplore to create your own HBAI analysis.
Note that regional and ethnicity analysis are not available on the database because multiple-year averages cannot currently be produced. These are available in the HBAI tables.
HBAI information is available at:
- an individual level
- a family level (benefit unit level)
- a household level
Read the user guide to HBAI data on Stat-Xplore.
We are seeking feedback from users on this development release of HBAI data on Stat-Xplore – email firstname.lastname@example.org with your comments.