Personal Independence Payment (PIP)


You must be aged 16 or over and have not reached State Pension age to claim.

You must also have a health condition or disability where you:

  • have had difficulties with daily living or getting around (or both) for 3 months
  • expect these difficulties to continue for at least 9 months (unless you’re terminally ill with less than 6 months to live)

You must have lived in England, Scotland or Wales for at least 2 of the last 3 years, and be in one of these countries when you apply. If you’ve recently returned from living in another EEA country, you might be able to get PIP sooner.

The process is different in Northern Ireland.

You can get PIP whether you’re working or not.

There are additional rules if you live abroad or if you’re not a British citizen.

Living abroad

You might still be able to get PIP if you:

If you’re not a British citizen

You must:

  • normally live in or show that you intend to settle in the UK, the Republic of Ireland, Isle of Man or the Channel Islands
  • not be subject to immigration control (unless you’re a sponsored immigrant)

You might still be able to get PIP if you are a refugee or have humanitarian protection status.

Daily living difficulties

You may get the daily living part of PIP if you need help more than half of the time with things like:

  • preparing or eating food
  • washing, bathing and using the toilet
  • dressing and undressing
  • reading and communicating
  • managing your medicines or treatments
  • making decisions about money
  • engaging with other people

Mobility difficulties

You may get the mobility part of PIP if you need help going out or moving around.

How you’re assessed

You’ll be assessed by an independent healthcare professional to help DWP work out the level of help you need.