This page brings together guidance and information relating to Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein (‘EEA EFTA States’), to help people and businesses prepare for our exit from the EU in all scenarios.
The EEA EFTA States are party to the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA) and participate in other EU arrangements. These arrangements are the primary basis for the UK’s current cooperation with these countries in a number of important areas, including on trade and citizens’ rights to reside and work.
The UK is seeking to maintain the relationship and cooperation we currently enjoy with the EEA EFTA States as we exit the EU. The Government has been working with the EEA EFTA States to put in place arrangements across a range of issues to safeguard our important relationships.
If the UK leaves with a deal, the EU has agreed that it will notify treaty partners and third countries that the UK is treated as an EU Member State for the purposes of its international agreements during the implementation period up until 31 December 2020. This includes the EEA Agreement, as well as all other agreements between the EU and the EEA EFTA States. This would provide a basis for continuity until the end of this period. Once the implementation period ends, the UK will no longer be covered by these agreements, including the EEA Agreement.
We have also reached an agreement with Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein on protecting citizens’ rights and resolving separation issues as the UK exits the EU. This will apply if the UK leaves the EU with a deal, and largely mirrors the Withdrawal Agreement agreed with the EU.
Agreements in the event of no deal
In the event that the UK leaves without a deal, the EEA Agreement, and other agreements between the EU and EEA EFTA states, will no longer operate in respect of the UK when we leave the EU.
The Government has been undertaking a significant programme of work to identify which international agreements need to be retained on exit, and to put in place arrangements with international partners to replicate the effects of the current agreements for this eventuality.
As part of this, we have been working with the EEA EFTA states to put in place arrangements across a range of issues to ensure continuity in our relations. We have successfully concluded, or are in the process of concluding, the following agreements with the EEA EFTA states:
- EEA EFTA Citizens’ Rights Agreement
- Norway and Iceland Trading Arrangements
- UK-Switzerland-Liechtenstein Trade Agreement
- Norway Fishing Agreement
- Iceland Air Services Arrangement
- Norway Air Services Arrangement
- Norway Road Transport Agreement
You can view further information on the status of international agreements that the government is seeking to transition here.
Other steps relevant to no deal
We have published extensive advice on the steps businesses and citizens may need to take to prepare for our exit from the EU in all scenarios. A number of these publications provide guidance and advice relevant to Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. These are listed below.
In some cases, these publications also set out measures the UK is taking unilaterally to safeguard our relationships with the EU, EEA EFTA states and Switzerland in the event that the UK leaves without a deal.
Please note that this is a collection of guidance and may therefore not be an exhaustive list of all guidance relevant to you. You should refer to gov.uk/euexit for further information relating to EU exit.
Citizens’ Rights and Migration
Regulations and standards
Communications and telecoms
*Guidance, advice and measures in this publication are only partly relevant to the EEA EFTA states.
**EEA EFTA states do not have fully harmonised legislation regarding plants; this technical notice applies to EEA as it relates to the marketing requirements of fodder seed, cereal seed, beet seed, vegetable seed, and seed of oil and fibre plants only.