Key stage 1: codes for reporting teacher assessment in 2016
Schools should use these codes when reporting teacher assessment or P scale data for pupils at the end of key stage 1.
2016 teacher assessment arrangements
Teacher assessment (TA) or P scale data must be reported to your local authority (LA) by Thursday 30 June for all eligible pupils at the end of key stage 1 (KS1).
TA is the main focus for end of KS1 assessment and reporting. Schools are required to report TA for English reading, English writing, mathematics and science. It is carried out as part of teaching and learning.
TA provides a judgement that is based on knowledge of how the pupil has performed over time and in a variety of contexts.
In 2016, KS1 TA judgements must be submitted using:
- the interim TA frameworks
- the interim pre-key stage standards
- P scales
Each pupil must be assessed across the range of attainment for each subject. For example, a pupil may be assessed as ‘working at the expected standard’ in mathematics but ‘working at foundations for the expected standard’ in English writing, and ‘has not met the expected standard’ in science.
For those pupils working below the standard of the tests but above the P scales, schools need to report the interim pre-key stage standards for both special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) and non-SEND pupils as set out at ‘Pre-key stage 1: pupils working below the test standard’.
Teacher assessment codes
You must use the following codes when submitting TA and P scale data to your LA.
|BLW||Below the standard of the interim pre-key stage (corresponds with P scales or NOTSEN)||Pupils submitted as BLW for English reading, English writing and mathematics must also have either P scales or NOTSEN submitted.|
|PKF||Pre-key stage foundations for the expected standard||To be used for English reading, English writing and mathematics.|
|HNM||Has not met the expected standard (not defined standard, used for those that have not met the criteria for the standard)||For science only. The HNM code is used where pupils have not met the criteria for working at the expected standard. There are no interim pre-key stage standard codes for science.|
|WTS||Working towards the expected standard||To be used for English reading, English writing and mathematics.|
|EXS||Working at the expected standard||To be used for English reading, English writing, mathematics and science.|
|GDS||Working at a greater depth within the expected standard||To be used for English reading, English writing and mathematics.|
|A||Pupil absent||To be used for English reading, English writing, mathematics and science when a pupil is absent or there is not enough information to provide a TA judgement.|
|D||Pupil disapplied||To be used for English reading, English writing, mathematics and science when a pupil has been disapplied from the national curriculum, including statutory assessment requirements.|
P scales are statutory for pupils with SEND who are working below the interim pre-key stage standard defined for KS1.
P scales have been reviewed during the second phase of the Rochford Review and the group’s recommendations will be published in due course. P scales will stay in place for 2016.
When to apply P scales
The performance descriptors for P1i–P3ii are the same across English, mathematics and science. If a pupil is judged to be higher than P3ii in English, then separate descriptors (P4–P8) can be given in reading, writing, speaking or listening and an overall English descriptor is not expected.
This also applies to mathematics, number, using and applying mathematics, and shape, space and measures. For science, a single judgement from P1i–P8 should be given.
If a pupil is assessed as being between P4–P8 for English or mathematics, P scales should be used for the individual attainment targets. For example, if a pupil is working at P4 or above in English, individual P scales should be used for speaking and listening, reading, and writing, not an overall English P scale.
|P scale subject||Reportable scale|
|English||P1i, P1ii, P2i, P2ii, P3i, P3ii, NOTSEN|
|Reading, writing, speaking, listening||P4, P5, P6, P7, P8, NOTSEN|
|Mathematics||P1i, P1ii, P2i, P2ii, P3i, P3ii, NOTSEN|
|Number; using and applying mathematics; shape, space and measures||P4, P5, P6, P7, P8, NOTSEN|
|Science||P1i, P1ii, P2i, P2ii, P3i, P3ii, P4, P5, P6, P7, P8, NOTSEN|
Mixed P scales
There may be exceptional circumstances where a pupil is judged to be at P1i–P3ii in English and / or mathematics but at P4–P8 in a particular element of the subject. In these cases you are able to use a combination of overall and attainment target P scales.
Mixture of P scales and interim pre-key stage standards
Where a pupil is working between the interim pre-key stage standard and P scales, you should make a judgement to decide whether the interim pre-key stage standard can be appropriately applied for the subject.
If the pupil is not working at the standard of the interim pre-key stage standards, the BLW code should be used along with P scales for as many components as applicable, and left blank for those that are not applicable.
P scales for science
There is no BLW code for science. If a pupil is working at P scales for science then HNM must be used and corresponding P scales.
For further information on P scales, see guidance at ‘P scales: attainment targets for pupils with SEN’.
If a pupil is working below the standard of the interim pre-key stage standards but does not have SEND then BLW and NOTSEN must be used.