The government needs to protect people and transport infrastructure while allowing transport systems to operate efficiently and effectively. We do this by managing the risk of terrorist attack on our transport systems.
We aim to provide effective, risk-based and proportionate security on our transport systems, including:
- security of passengers, workers and cargo in airports and during transit
- security of ports, shipping and cargo, including counter-piracy measures
- security of passengers and staff on the national rail network, underground and light rail systems, bus and coach networks, and on services using the Channel Tunnel
- security of dangerous goods transported on the road and rail network within Great Britain
- training, monitoring and vetting of transport security personnel
The Department for Transport’s work to manage the risk to transport networks is part of a wider government counter-terrorism strategy. In July 2011, the government issued the latest version of its counter-terrorism strategy, CONTEST.
To shape this policy, we used economic and statistical analysis, appraisal, evaluation, modelling and research.
Bills and legislation
The main laws relating to transport security are:
- Aviation Security Act, 1982
- Aviation and Maritime Security Act, 1990
- Anti-terrorism Crime and Security Act, 2001
- Railways Act 1993
- Channel Tunnel (Security) Order 1994
The EU created a set of common rules for aviation security using Regulation (EC) No 300/2008.
The EU also has a set of common rules on enhancing ship and port facility security, contained in Regulation (EC) No 725/2004.
The International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS) sets out maritime security standards, established by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). These standards are enforced through the Ship and Port Security Regulations (2004).
Who we’ve consulted
In 2010, we ran a public consultation about the use of body scanners at airports after an attempted terrorist attack on a flight from Amsterdam’s Schiphol airport on December 25, 2009.
In July 2011, we ran a consultation with airports and airlines on ways to modernise how we regulate aviation security.
Who we’re working with
We work closely with transport operators, police, security and other organisations in the UK. We also work with European and international organisations, including the European Commission, the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization.
In August 2012, we worked with the Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI) and the British Transport Police (BTP) to produce guidance on security in the design of railway stations.
The principles behind how the Department for Transport works with the transport industry in order to support the delivery of good security outcomes are set out in the compliance framework.