News story

Bird flu – Latest situation: Chief Vet urges bird keepers to maintain scrupulous biosecurity standards as housing measures lifted

All bird keepers should maintain strict biosecurity measures until further notice to keep their birds safe from avian influenza.

Current situation

The mandatory housing measures for poultry and captive birds, which were introduced across the United Kingdom to help stop the spread of bird flu, have been lifted.

Poultry and other captive birds no longer need to be housed, unless they are in a Protection Zone, and can be kept outside. While the risk of bird flu has been reduced to ‘medium’ for premises with poor biosecurity, the enhanced biosecurity requirements that were brought in as part of the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) will remain in force as infection may still be circulating in the environment for several more weeks. All poultry gatherings will remain banned.

The UK has faced its largest ever outbreak of bird flu with over 100 cases confirmed across the country since late October. Scrupulous biosecurity is the most effective method of disease control available and all bird keepers should apply enhanced measures at all times to prevent the risk of future outbreaks.

Public health advice remains that the risk to human health from the virus is very low and food standards bodies advise that avian influenzas pose a very low food safety risk for UK consumers. Do not touch or pick up any dead or sick birds that you find and instead report them to the relevant helpline below. There is no impact on the consumption of properly cooked poultry products including eggs.

UK Chief Veterinary Officer Christine Middlemiss said:

Whilst the lifting of the mandatory housing measures will be welcome news to bird keepers, scrupulous biosecurity remains the most critical form of defence to help keep your birds safe.

It is thanks to the hard work of all bird keepers and vets, who have played their part in keeping flocks safe this winter, that we are in a position to take this action. However, the recent cases of avian influenza show that it’s vital that bird keepers remain vigilant for signs of disease and maintain stringent standards of biosecurity.

Avian influenza is in no way connected to the COVID-19 pandemic, which is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and is not carried in poultry or captive birds.

Advice to poultry keepers

All bird keepers must keep a close watch on them for signs of disease and maintain good biosecurity at all times. If you have any concerns about the health of your birds, seek prompt advice from your vet.

Poultry keepers must:

  • cleanse and disinfect clothing, footwear, equipment and vehicles before and after contact with poultry and captive birds – if practical, use disposable protective clothing
  • reduce the movement of people, vehicles or equipment to and from areas where poultry and captive birds are kept, to minimise contamination from manure, slurry and other products, and use effective vermin control
  • thoroughly cleanse and disinfect housing on a continuous basis
  • keep fresh disinfectant at the right concentration at all farm and poultry housing entry and exit points
  • minimise direct and indirect contact between poultry and captive birds and wild birds, including making sure all feed and water is not accessible to wild birds

See our biosecurity advice for more information.

Avian influenza (bird flu) is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect any type of avian influenza in poultry or captive birds you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

Cases in England

For details of the current avian influenza H5N1 cases in England and the measures that apply in the disease control zones around these cases, see the avian influenza: cases and disease control zones in England guidance.

Check if you are in a zone on our interactive map.

Wild birds

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77). Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find. For further information see our advice to the public.

The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carries out year-round avian influenza surveillance of dead wild birds submitted via public reports and warden patrols. For further details see the report (updated weekly) of findings of HPAI in wild birds in Great Britain and our outbreak assessments.

Register your birds

You should register your poultry, even if only kept as pets, so we can contact you during an outbreak. This is a legal requirement if you have 50 or more birds. Poultry includes chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeon (bred for meat), partridge, quail, guinea fowl and pheasants.

Further information

For bird flu guidance in:

Published 3 November 2021
Last updated 2 May 2022 + show all updates
  1. Updated to reflect that the housing measures have now been lifted.

  2. Updated to confirm housing measures for poultry and captive birds will be lifted from 00:01 on Monday 2 May 2022

  3. Updated to reflect current situation

  4. Updated to reflect the latest advice from the UK's Chief Veterinary Officer

  5. Updated list of confirmed cases

  6. Updated to include latest confirmed cases.

  7. Updated list of confirmed cases.

  8. Updated list of confirmed cases.

  9. Confirming two new cases at premises near Alford, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  10. Latest figures updated.

  11. Updated the page with the latest cases and removed an outdated sentence.

  12. Updated confirmed lists.

  13. Updated list of confirmed cases.

  14. Updated list of confirmed cases

  15. Number of cases updated.

  16. An increase in case numbers from 25 to 28 has been confirmed.

  17. Added the following new cases: H5N1 (high pathogenic) avian influenza confirmed at a premises near Thirsk, Hambleton, North Yorkshire (6th premises) on 2 December. H5N1 (high pathogenic) avian influenza confirmed at a premises near Tutbury, East Staffordshire, Staffordshire on 2 December. H5N1 (high pathogenic) avian influenza confirmed at a premises near Leominster, North Herefordshire, Herefordshire on 2 December.

  18. Updated from 20 cases currently confirmed in England to 21 cases currently confirmed in England.

  19. Updated from 19 cases currently confirmed in England to 20 cases currently confirmed in England.

  20. Confirmed new case at a premises near Clitheroe, Ribble Valley, Lancashire and at a third premises in Thirsk, Hambleton, North Yorkshire.

  21. Updated the pathogenicity for the Leicestershire case on 25 November. Also confirmed two additional cases in North Yorkshire and Lancashire.

  22. Confirmed pathogenicity for remaining cases and added a new case in Leicestershire.

  23. Updated to confirm that new housing measures have been introduced to protect poultry and captive birds from avian influenza.

  24. Updated to include two further cases confirmed in North Yorkshire overnight.

  25. Added reference to the localised avian influenza prevention zone in parts of North Yorkshire.

  26. Additional cases confirmed

  27. updated list of cases

  28. updated list of cases

  29. Updated to include a new case confirmed near Mouldsworth, Cheshire West & Chester, Cheshire.

  30. Edited H5N1 in Poole bullet point: "pathogenicity to be confirmed" has been changed to "highly pathogenic" Added paragraph and sub-heading on the banning of gatherings of poultry, including bird gatherings guidance

  31. Updated to include a new case confirmed in Pokesdown, Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole.

  32. Updated to include a new case confirmed in South Derbyshire.

  33. Updated to include a new case of H5N1 avian influenza at a premises near Kirkham in Lancashire

  34. Updated to include list of cases in England

  35. First published.