Guidance

Avian influenza (bird flu)

How to spot avian influenza (bird flu), what to do if you suspect it, and measures to prevent it.

Avian influenza (bird flu) mainly affects birds. It can also affect humans and other mammals.

Bird flu is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect any type of bird flu in poultry or captive birds you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77 - please select option 7).

If you keep poultry, whether commercially on a farm, or as pets in your garden, or rearing game birds, you should keep a close watch on them for signs of disease and maintain good biosecurity at all times. If you have any concerns about the health of your poultry, seek prompt advice from your vet.

Poultry includes chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeon (bred for meat), partridge, quail, guinea fowl and pheasants.

You should register your poultry, even if only kept as pets, so we can contact you during an outbreak. This is a legal requirement if you have 50 or more birds.

Latest situation

Poultry and other captive birds

Update 1 December 2020: Following suspicion of avian influenza at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km and 10km Temporary Control Zone has been put in place around the premises pending further testing. For further information on the measures that apply in the zones see the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.21MB, 14 pages).

Update 29 November 2020: Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises. These zones replace the Temporary Control Zones put in place on the 28 November 2020. For further information on the measures that apply in the zones see the declaration.

Update 27 November 2020: The 3km Protection Zone in Cheshire declared on the 3 November 2020 has been revoked and the area that formed that Protection Zone has become part of the 10km Surveillance Zone. Details of the measures that apply in this Surveillance Zone can be found in the declaration.

Update 20 November 2020: We’ve updated the biosecurity guidance and published a new self-assessment biosecurity checklist for all bird keepers. The Avian Influenza Prevention Zone means it is a legal requirement for all bird keepers in GB (whether you’ve pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) to follow strict biosecurity measures. You should use the biosecurity guidance and self-assessment checklist to help enhance and maintain robust biosecurity measures and reduce the risk of incursion of avian influenza into their birds.

An Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (PDF, 39.1KB, 6 pages) (AIPZ) has been declared across the whole of England effective from 5pm on 11 November 2020. Declarations for an AIPZ in Scotland and Wales have also been made by the Scottish Government and Welsh Government.

The decision to implement this AIPZ follows a risk assessment containing the latest scientific and ornithological evidence and veterinary advice.

The AIPZ means a bird keeper in England (whether they have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) are required by law to take a range of biosecurity precautions. Further details of the measures that apply in the AIPZ can be found in the AIPZ declaration and our biosecurity guidance.

Bird gatherings are not permitted within the AIPZ. The general licence for bird gatherings was revoked on 11 November 2020.

Cases in England

The following 6 cases of avian influenza in poultry or other captive birds have now been confirmed:

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km Protection and 10km Temporary Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds at a wetland centre (non-poultry premises) near Stroud in Gloucestershire. Following a risk assessment a 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone has been put in place around the premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed on the 10 November in broiler breeder chickens at a premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone have been put in place around the infected premises.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed on the 2 November at a premises near Frodsham, Cheshire. A 10km Surveillance Zone is in place around the infected premises.

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2 was confirmed on the 2 November at a premises near Deal, Kent. A 1km low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) Restricted Zone has been put around the premises.

We have published an outbreak assessment for these cases and both LPAI and HPAI detections in UK and Europe.

Check if you are in a disease control zone on our interactive map.

You can find out more about these cases on the movement controls and licences section including specific legal restrictions.

Wild birds

The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carries out year-round avian influenza surveillance of dead wild birds submitted via public reports and warden patrols.

As part of this surveillance, wild birds at the following locations have all tested positive for high pathogenicity avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8:

  • near Stroud, Gloucestershire (geese)
  • near Dawlish, Devon (swans)
  • near Weymouth, Dorset (a goose and swans)
  • near Ormskirk, Lancashire (a goose and a buzzard)
  • near Boston, Lincolnshire (geese and ducks)
  • near Poole, Dorset (a swan)
  • near Godmanchester, Cambridgeshire (a gull)
  • near Rochford, Essex (swans)

In addition, wild birds at the following locations have also tested positive for avian influenza H5N8, however the pathotype of the strain is yet to be confirmed:

  • near Oxford, Oxfordshire (a goose)
  • near Godalming, Surrey (a goose)
  • near March, Cambridgeshire (a swan)
  • near Nuneaton, Warwickshire (a buzzard)
  • near Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland (geese)
  • near Ulverston, Cumbria (swans)
  • near Blackpool, Lancashire (Swans)

For further details, see the report (updated weekly) on findings of HPAI in wild birds in Great Britain.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 335577).

Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find. For further information see our advice to the Public.

Risk level

Following confirmed cases of avian influenza in England and increasing reports of avian influenza affecting flocks in mainland Europe, the risk level for avian influenza incursion in wild birds in GB was been raised from ‘medium’ to ‘high’ on the 6 November 2020.

The risk level for the disease being introduced to poultry premises in GB was also raised from ‘low’ to ‘medium’ on the 6 November. It should be noted that the risk of introduction to individual premises depends upon the level of biosecurity implemented on a premises to prevent direct or indirect contact with wild birds.

In response to the increased risk an AIPZ has been declared in England, Scotland and Wales and the Chief Vets from England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are urging bird keepers across the UK to maintain and strengthen their biosecurity measures in order to prevent further outbreaks of avian influenza in the UK.

If you keep poultry (including game birds or as pets), you should follow our biosecurity best practice advice. Remain vigilant for any signs of disease in your flock and report any sign of avian influenza to Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301.

Public Health England advises that the risk to the public’s health is very low. Food Standards Agency (FSA) has said that on the basis of the current scientific evidence, avian influenzas pose a very low food safety risk for UK consumers

Avian influenza is unconnected with coronavirus (COVID-19).

You can sign up to our Alerts Service to keep up to date with the latest news. You can also get Defra email alerts or subscribe to Defra’s RSS feed.

Biosecurity advice

An Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been declared in England (effective from 17:00 on the 11 November 2020). This means all bird keepers in England (whether they have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) are required by law to take a range of biosecurity precautions.

If you keep poultry or other captive birds, you must take action to reduce the risk of disease in your flock by following government advice on biosecurity. Further details of the measures that apply in the AIPZ can be found in the AIPZ declaration and our biosecurity guidance.

Good biosecurity improves the overall health and productivity of your flock by helping keep out poultry diseases such as avian influenza and limiting the spread of disease in an outbreak.

This applies just as much if you only have a few birds as pets, or if you have a large commercial flock. An outbreak of bird flu in back garden chickens results in the same restrictions on movement of birds. It has the same effect on farmers and trade in poultry as an outbreak on a commercial farm.

To ensure good biosecurity, all poultry keepers should:

  • minimise movement in and out of bird enclosures
  • clean footwear before and after visiting birds, using a Defra approved disinfectant at entrances and exits
  • clean and disinfect vehicles and equipment that have come into contact with poultry
  • keep areas where birds live clean and tidy, and regularly disinfect hard surfaces such as paths and walkways
  • humanely control rats and mice
  • place birds’ food and water in fully enclosed areas protected from wild birds, and remove any spilled feed regularly
  • make sure there is no direct contact with poultry or other captive birds on other neighbouring premises
  • avoid keeping ducks and geese with other poultry species, where possible
  • keep birds separate from wildlife and wild waterfowl by putting suitable fencing around outdoor areas they access
  • keep a close watch on birds for any signs of disease and report any very sick birds or unexplained deaths to your vet • keep records (other than in a zoo) of all vehicles that enter any part of the premises where poultry are kept and of all people who come into any direct contact with the poultry. • keep records of all poultry, captive bird and egg movements, have these available to an inspector or veterinary inspector on demand

If you keeps more than 500 birds you must take some extra biosecurity measures. They include:

  • identifying clearly defined areas where access by non-essential people and vehicles are restricted
  • cleaning and disinfecting vehicles, equipment and footwear
  • keeping records of vehicles and personnel entering and leaving the live-bird part

Register your birds

We encourage all keepers to register their birds with us so we can contact you quickly if there is a disease outbreak in your area and you need to take action.

If you have more than 50 birds, you are legally required to register your flock within one month of their arrival at your premises. If you have less than 50 birds, including pet birds, you are still strongly encouraged to register.

Find out how to register your birds.

Report signs of disease

You must keep a close watch on your birds for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from your vet if you have any concerns. If you suspect any type of avian influenza you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. Failure to do so is an offence.

Biosecurity guidance for all bird keepers

Read the biosecurity guidance which includes details of measures that should be taken in an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone. Complete the biosecurity self-assessment checklist and retain for inspection if requested by representatives from APHA or Local Authorities.

Biosecurity self-assessment checklist

This file is in an OpenDocument format

Simple advice for people keeping just a few birds is also available in this poster. If you keep poultry, print this and keep it handy, or put a copy on your noticeboard:

This was put together by Defra and the Scottish and Welsh governments, with support from the National Farmers Union, the British Hen Welfare Trust, the RSPCA and the Poultry Club of Great Britain.

Pigeons or birds of prey

If your birds are within a disease control zone, make sure you check the restrictions applicable to that zone.

You can exercise, train and race pigeons or fly birds of prey, but you should try to prevent them from making direct contact with wildfowl.

Keep a close watch on the health of your birds.

Game birds and shoots

If you’re involved with gamebirds you should read the advice published on the Game Farmers Association website (PDF). You need to maintain good biosecurity at your premises. This advice has been put together by seven leading countryside and shooting organisations (BASC, CA, CLA, GFA, GWCT, NGO and SGA) and endorsed by Defra, the Scottish and Welsh Governments and DAERA in Northern Ireland.

If your activity is within a disease control zone, make sure you check the restrictions applicable to that zone.

Once game birds have been released they are classified as wild birds. The person who released the game birds is no longer classed as the ‘keeper’ of the birds.

You can continue to feed and water released game birds but you should make reasonable efforts to minimise the chance of other wild birds accessing their feed and water, for example by placing it under cover. You should use commercial feed and fresh or treated water.

How to spot avian influenza

There are 2 types of avian influenza.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is the more serious type. It is often fatal in birds. The main clinical signs of HPAI in birds are:

  • swollen head
  • blue discolouration of neck and throat
  • loss of appetite
  • respiratory distress such as gaping beak, coughing, sneezing, gurgling, rattling
  • diarrhoea
  • fewer eggs laid
  • increased mortality

Clinical signs can vary between species of bird and some species (for example ducks and geese) may show minimal clinical signs.

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) is usually less serious. It can cause mild breathing problems, but affected birds will not always show clear signs of infection.

The severity of LPAI depends on the type of bird and whether it has any other illnesses.

Anyone who keeps poultry must keep a close watch on them for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from their vet if they have any concerns.

Photos of clinical signs

We’ve published some photos of clinical signs of avian influenza on Flickr.

How avian influenza is spread

The disease spreads from bird to bird by direct contact or through contaminated body fluids and faeces. It can also be spread by contaminated feed and water or by dirty vehicles, clothing and footwear.

The avian influenza virus changes frequently, creating new strains, and there is a constant risk that one of the new strains may spread easily among people. But there is no evidence that any recent strain of avian influenza has been able to spread directly between people.

Avian influenza isn’t an airborne disease.

Advice for the public

Public health

Public Health England advise the risk to public health from the H5N8 and H5N2 strains of bird flu is very low. Some strains of avian influenza can pass to humans, but this is very rare. It usually requires very close contact between the human and infected birds.

The Food Standards Agency has said that on the basis of the current scientific evidence, avian influenza poses a very low food safety risk for UK consumers. Properly cooked poultry and poultry products, including eggs, are safe to eat.

If you employ people who work with poultry or work with poultry yourself, you can also read Health and Safety Executive advice on protecting workers from avian influenza.

Wild birds

Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77).

We then collect some of these birds and test them to help us understand how the disease is distributed geographically and in different types of bird.

We publish a report (updated regularly) on findings of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) in wild birds in Great Britain.

Movement controls and licences

Where avian influenza is confirmed or suspected, we put in place restrictions on movements of birds in the area around the infected premises.

Check if you are in a disease control zone on our interactive map.

Where general or specific licences are available in relation to movements of poultry or poultry meat, they will be listed in this section.

Avian influenza Temporary Control Zones

Following suspicion of Avian influenza at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km and 10km Temporary Control Zone has been put in place around the premises pending further testing. For further information on the measures that apply in the zones see the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.21MB, 14 pages).

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8 Protection and Surveillance Zones

Premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire

Avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in poultry at a premises which rears turkeys near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire on the 28 November 2020. On the 29 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises will be humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. A 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have been put in place around the infected premises to limit the risk of the disease spreading. These zones replace the Temporary Control Zones put in place on the 28 November 2020.

Details of the measures that apply in the Protection Zone and the Surveillance Zone can be found in the declaration.

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.41MB, 15 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.41MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 28 November 2020).

Premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire

Avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire on the 21 November 2020. On the 23 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. A 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have been put in place around the infected premises to limit the risk of the disease spreading. These zones replace the Temporary Control Zones put in place on the 21 November 2020.

Details of the measures that apply in the Protection Zone and the Surveillance Zone can be found in the declaration.

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (PDF, 1.24MB, 15 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (PDF, 1.23MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 21 November).

Premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire

Avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in broiler breeder chickens at a premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire on 11 November 2020. On the 12 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. A 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have been put in place around the infected premises to limit the risk of the disease spreading. These zones replace the Temporary Control Zones put in place on the 11 November 2020.

Details of the measures that apply in the Protection Zone and the Surveillance Zone in Herefordshire can be found in the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.52MB, 14 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 797KB, 14 pages) (declared on the 11 November).

Premises near Frodsham, Cheshire

Avian influenza (HPAI) of the H5N8 strain was confirmed at a premises near Frodsham in Cheshire which rears broiler breeder chickens on 2 November 2020. On the 3 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. A 10km Surveillance Zone is in place around the infected premises to limit the risk of the disease spreading. This zone replaces the Temporary Control Zone put in place on the 2 November 2020. On the 27 November the Protection zone (made at 18.00 on 3 November 2020) was revoked and the area that formed that Protection Zone has become part of the Surveillance Zone.

Details of the measures that apply in the Surveillance Zone can be found in the declaration.

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone made at 18.00 on 3 November 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SJ4580673106 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.47MB, 8 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.62MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 2 November) and the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.64MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 3 November).

Licencing for Protection and Surveillance Zones

Poultry keepers can apply for licences for some low risk movements from any Protection Zone or Surveillance Zones currently in force.

General licences

General licences allow a movement or activity that would otherwise be prohibited in England and Wales. You need to check that you meet and comply with the conditions of the general licence. If you do so, you do not need to apply - you can rely on the general licence as providing authority for the movement or activity.

The following general licences are currently available:

General licences EXD249(HPAI)(EW) (this general licence is also available in Wales) and EXD264(HPAI)(E) are available for food business operators in England – see the ‘Meat from poultry within the Protection Zone’ section below.

Specific licences

If you need to move something that is restricted in any Protection Zone or Surveillance Zones currently in force, you should apply to the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA). Complete the Application requesting exemption from restrictions (EXD100) (MS Word Document, 282KB) form and email to outbreak.licensing@apha.gov.uk.

You should give the licensing team as much notice as possible to process the requests. Complex and high-risk movements will require extra time to assess and process.

If a licence is issued, it will normally allow a one-off movement and will be subject to certain conditions based on disease control risk.

Meat from poultry within a Protection Zone in England

To reduce animal health risks, food business operators have to follow specific rules for any meat produced from poultry or farmed game birds originating within a Protection Zone. Other poultry meat (from poultry not originating within the Protection Zone) is unaffected.

Meat produced from poultry or farmed game birds originating within a Protection Zone can be moved or sold, subject to several conditions. These include a requirement that the health mark is replaced with a specific mark (approved by the Secretary of State in any particular disease outbreak) which must remain with it throughout any processing or repackaging. These conditions are set out in General Licence EXD249.

Under some specific circumstances – set out in General Licence EXD 264 – the recipient of poultry meat is permitted to remove the specific mark temporarily for production, and in some circumstance not to re-apply it.

The legal requirements are set out in each General Licence. See also more detailed explanation of the rules and how they work including production dates for each of the zone(s) where these special measures apply.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8 Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zones

Premises near Stroud, Gloucestershire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds at a wetland centre (non-poultry premises) near Stroud in Gloucestershire on the 19 November 2020. On the 23 November 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8). This is in addition to previous findings of HPAI H5N8 in wild birds in the area.

Following a risk assessment a 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone has been put in place around the premises to limit the risk of the disease spreading. This zone replace the Temporary Control Zones put in place on the 19 November 2020.

Details of the measures that apply in the 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone in Gloucestershire can be found in the Declaration of a Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Stroud, Gloucestershire (PDF, 1.11MB, 5 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Stroud, Gloucestershire (PDF, 1.51MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 19 November 2020).

Licencing for 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone

Licenses for the movement of poultry and poultry products are not required within the 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone.

Details of the biosecurity measures that apply in the 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone in Gloucestershire can be found in the Declaration of a Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Stroud, Gloucestershire (PDF, 1.11MB, 5 pages).

Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N2 Control Zones

Premises near Deal, Kent

Low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) of the H5N2 strain has been confirmed at a small commercial premises near Deal in Kent on 2 November 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. A 1km low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) Restricted Zone has been put in place around the infected farm to limit the risk of the disease spreading.

Details of the measures that apply in the Restricted Zone can be found in the declaration.

Declaration of a low pathogenic avian influenza restricted zone (PDF, 666KB, 5 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Movement Restriction Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 556KB, 5 pages) (declared on the 1 November).

Licencing for Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Restricted Zone (Kent)

No general licences have been published for this incident. Poultry keepers can apply for licences for some low risk movements from the Restricted Zone.

For licensing queries in England, contact APHA. Telephone: 03000 200 301, email: outbreak.licensing@apha.gov.uk.

You should give the licensing team as much notice as possible to process the requests. Complex and high-risk movements will require extra time to assess and process.

Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

An Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been declared across the whole of England effective from 5pm on 11 November 2020

Bird gatherings are not permitted within the AIPZ and hence are not currently permitted in England. The general licence for bird gatherings was revoked on 11 November 2020 at 18:30.

The collection of wild game birds is not affected by these measures.

There may be different arrangements in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Compensation

You may be entitled to compensation if healthy poultry are killed under orders from government or APHA in the event of a disease outbreak. Owners are not entitled to compensation solely as a result of the requirements of a disease control zone or for other consequential losses.

Trade, import and export issues

A collection of guidance and forms for importing and exporting live animals or animal products is available.

Exports and EU trade

Following confirmation of one Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N8 outbreak in ‘Cheshire West and Chester’ district of England and one Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (LPAI) H5N2 outbreak near Dover District, England the UK is no longer free from notifiable avian influenza under the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) rules.

Where disease is confirmed, we put in place measures in accordance with Council Directive 2005/94/EC. The EU will put safeguard measures in place, meaning that no trade with the EU in live poultry or poultry products will be permitted from either the Restricted Zone in Kent or the Protection or Surveillance Zone in Cheshire and Herefordshire.

Imports from the EU

You can’t import poultry and poultry products into the UK from within disease control zones imposed around confirmed cases of avian flu within other EU countries.

EU trade relies on strict certification for movement of live poultry, day old chicks and hatching eggs. Products such as poultry meat, table eggs and poultry products are not subject to certification within the EU.

Higher Risk Areas (HRAs)

All areas in Great Britain remain at risk of bird flu in wild birds.

However, in Great Britain we’ve defined a number of areas as ‘Higher Risk Areas’ (HRAs). These are generally areas near where wild birds (and in particular gulls and wild waterfowl) gather, such as lakes, marshes or estuaries.

Check if your premises is within an HRA on our interactive map.

If all or part of your premises is in a Higher Risk Area you should follow biosecurity advice to protect your birds. We consider that you’re in an HRA even if only part of your premises falls within the HRA.

We have defined HRA’s following our experience over the last 2 winters, coupled with the latest scientific and veterinary opinion. This indicates that migratory wild waterfowl (ducks, geese and swans) and gulls pose a continual threat for the introduction of bird flu into premises where poultry, game birds, pet and other captive birds are kept. EU regulations require that member states identify areas of the country where the risk of bird flu is deemed to be highest. We have published more detail of the rationale and approach behind Higher Risk Areas.

If you are planning a new poultry unit you should take into account the risk of HPAI where the unit is planned.

Prevention Zone

An Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (PDF, 39.1KB, 6 pages) (AIPZ) has been declared across the whole of England effective from 5pm on 11 November 2020.

Declarations for an AIPZ in Scotland and Wales have also been made by the Scottish Government and Welsh Government. The decision to implement this AIPZ follows a risk assessment containing the latest scientific and ornithological evidence and veterinary advice.

All poultry keepers in England (whether they have commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) are required by law to take a range of biosecurity precautions. The AIPZ means extra biosecurity measures must be done by all bird keepers (including game birds and pet birds) to protect them from the risk of avian influenza from wild birds.

Older cases of avian flu

A case of low pathogenic avian influenza (H5N3) was confirmed at a commercial chicken farm in Mid Suffolk was confirmed on 10 December 2019. We published an epidemiological report summarising our investigations into the case.

The H5N6 strain of avian influenza was confirmed in 21 wild birds between January and June 2018. There were no cases in poultry.

A number of cases of avian influenza were confirmed between December 2016 and June 2017. The H5N8 strain of avian influenza was confirmed at farms in Suffolk, Lancashire and Lincolnshire, and in backyard flocks in Lancashire, Norfolk, North Yorkshire, Northumberland, and Carmarthenshire. Full details of these cases are now available on the National Archives website. The same strain of the virus was also found in wild birds in England, Scotland and Wales.

We have published two reports setting out our investigations into these cases, covering December 2016 to March 2017, and April to May 2017 - these are known as epidemiological reports.

A case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza (bird flu) was confirmed by the Scottish authorities on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline in January 2016. We published an epidemiological report summarising our investigations into the case.

A case of H7N7 avian flu was confirmed near Preston, Lancashire in July 2015. A low severity case of H7N7 was confirmed in February 2015 in chickens at a farm in Hampshire. A case of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in November 2014 in ducks on premises in East Yorkshire. We have published reports about the investigations we carried out. Earlier papers about these cases are available on the National Archives website.

Control strategy

Disease control strategy

Cases of avian influenza, if they occur, are controlled by following the contingency plan for exotic notifiable diseases and the notifiable avian disease control strategy. You can read what happens when a notifiable disease is suspected or confirmed.

Legislation on avian influenza

The legislation covering avian influenza includes:

Enforcement

Avian influenza controls are enforced by local authorities.

Penalties for offences

Breach of controls is an offence, with an unlimited fine on summary conviction and up to 3 months’ imprisonment per offence.

Published 26 August 2014
Last updated 1 December 2020 + show all updates
  1. Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire.

  2. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance with details of the new zones and dates.

  3. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, North Yorkshire .A 3km Protection and 10km Temporary Zone has been put in place around the infected premises

  4. Avian influenza H5N8 confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire.

  5. Updated the content under the 'wild birds' heading.

  6. Updated the general licence for the movement of poultry carcases for disposal from premises in a Protection Zone in England or Wales (EXD339(HPAI)(EW)).

  7. Updated to reflect the 3km Protection Zone in Cheshire declared on the 3 November 2020 has been revoked and has become part of the 10km Surveillance Zone.

  8. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' guidance document.

  9. Updated the wild birds list in the latest situation section.

  10. Changed the format of the biosecurity self-assessment checklist.

  11. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance document.

  12. Updated to reflect that further testing has confirmed avian influenza H5N8 in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire as a highly pathogenic strain.

  13. Updated the latest situation section - following confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in captive birds at a wetland centre near Stroud in Gloucestershire a 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone has been put in place around the site.

  14. Added general licence for the movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD247(HPAI)(EW)).

  15. Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) has been confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire.

  16. Updated the biosecurity guidance for bird keepers and published a new biosecurity self-assessment checklist.

  17. Updated the latest news section - Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) has been confirmed in captive birds at a non-poultry premises near Stroud in Gloucestershire.

  18. Updated the wild birds section following further findings of avian influenza in wild birds.

  19. Added further general licences under the 'Licencing for Protection and Surveillance Zones' heading.

  20. Updated the latest situation section - further wild birds have tested positive for avian influenza H5N8.

  21. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance.

  22. Updated the wild birds paragraph in the latest situation section.

  23. Added the general licence for the movement of samples for salmonella testing from premises in the Protection Zone or Surveillance Zone.

  24. Updated the latest situation and movement controls and licences section: Confirmed the case of avian influenza H5N8 in broiler breeder chickens near Leominster in Herefordshire to be a highly pathogenic strain. 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have now been put in place.

  25. Updated to reflect that bird gatherings are currently not allowed to take place across England.

  26. Updated the latest situation section - an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been declared across the whole of England.

  27. Updated to reflect a further case of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in broiler breeder chickens near Leominster in Herefordshire.

  28. Updated the latest situation section - avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been found in 3 wild geese (1 Canada Goose and 2 Greylag Geese) near Stroud, Gloucestershire.

  29. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been found in wild geese (Canada Geese and a Greylag Goose) near Stroud, Gloucestershire.

  30. Updated the movement controls and licences with information on general licences.

  31. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that the risk level for avian influenza incursion in wild birds in GB has been raised to high.

  32. Minor update to the 'Advice for the public' section.

  33. Updated the movement controls and licencing section.

  34. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that a 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have now been put in place around the infected premises near Frodsham, Cheshire.

  35. Updated to reflect that avian influenza of the H5N8 strain has been confirmed at a premises near Frodsham in Cheshire.

  36. Updated guidance under the 'Movement controls and licences' heading around movement licences.

  37. Updated the latest situation section. Low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) of the H5N2 strain has been confirmed at a small commercial premises near Deal in Kent.

  38. Updated the information under the movement controls heading.

  39. Added a link to the interactive map.

  40. Updated the latest situation content following testing at a small commercial poultry premises near Deal, Kent.

  41. Updated the latest situation section to reflect there's a medium risk of bird flu occurring in wild birds in the UK.

  42. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that there is an increased risk of AI from migrating birds in winter.

  43. Updated to reflect that the UK has now declared itself free from avian influenza.

  44. Updated the latest situation as it was out of date. The current risk of bird flu occurring in the UK is low.

  45. Updated the Do you keep chickens, ducks, geese… Help protect your birds from the risk of bird flu leaflet as the link on tip 4 was out of date. You should register birds at www.gov.uk/guidance/poultry-registration.

  46. Updated the Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds document: Minor editorial changes including amendments to general biosecurity subsections and “Protecting your birds” paragraph.

  47. Minor change to latest situation section to indicate that outbreaks of HPAI have been found in poultry and wild birds in several countries across Europe.

  48. Updated the trade and export section after the restrictions on the confirmed case in mid-Suffolk have been lifted.

  49. Updated to include the declaration revoking the restricted zone around a premises in mid-Suffolk.

  50. Updated the case in Mid Suffolk, 10 December 2019 to include contact details for licensing queries on movements into, within or out of the zone.

  51. Updated the guidance under the 'Trade, import and export issues' heading.

  52. Updated as the strain of outbreak has now been confirmed as Low pathogenic avian influenza H5N3.

  53. Minor restructure of the page and updates to content following the outbreak of LPAI in Mid Suffolk. Also minor amendment to the welsh translation of the page and update to reflect that this translation will not be updated during the outbreak.

  54. Updated to reflect that low pathogenic avian influenza has been confirmed in broiler breeder chickens at a commercial farm in Mid Suffolk.

  55. Updated the latest situation to reflect that there is an increased risk of AI from migrating birds in winter.

  56. Link to disease alerts service updated

  57. Amended the Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings sections to clarify the requirement for a signed declaration and latest situation.

  58. Welsh language page now available

  59. Updated the link for the interactive map to https://defra.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=8cb1883eda5547c6b91b5d5e6aeba90d.

  60. Added a link to the rationale for deciding Higher Risk Areas.

  61. Guidance on the Higher Risk Areas in Great Britain added.

  62. Contact details to report a notifiable disease updated

  63. Avian flu Prevention Zone n longer in force - it has been revoked (ended) today.

  64. Added a link to photos of clinical signs of avian influenza.

  65. Prevention Zone now also in force in Wales; we've added a link.

  66. Edited the section, trade, import and export issues: there is no reason why trade should be affected following the findings of bird flu in wild birds in January 2018.

  67. Bird keepers in the whole of England are now required to take specific precautions because a Prevention Zone has now been put in place across the country.

  68. Prevention Zone section updated with a link to the Rapid Risk Assessment on the H5N6 cases in wild birds in Dorset.

  69. We have declared a Prevention Zone in areas of South Dorset - imposing requirements on all bird keepers - after bird flu has been found in wild birds in that area.

  70. Routine editorial update to reflect the current risk of bird flu as winter approaches, also specific advice for keepers of gamebirds.

  71. Updated because the UK has declared itself officially free from highly pathogenic avian influenza. We have also removed legal documents specifically related to the outbreak December 2016 and June 2017.

  72. Biosecurity advice updated, and new one-page leaflet added.

  73. Added link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between between April and May 2017.

  74. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Diss, South Norfolk.

  75. In the case near Diss, South Norfolk, the 3km PZ has now been merged with the 10km SZ.

  76. Added a link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between December 2016 and March 2017 under the 'movement controls and licences' heading.

  77. Updated because the Prevention Zone is no longer in place in certain areas of Lancashire, Cumbria and Merseyside.

  78. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.

  79. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  80. Updated with information about confirmed case near Diss, South Norfolk

  81. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire: in each case the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ. We've also updated the biosecurity advice document.

  82. Updated version of the backyard flocks leaflet published.

  83. Updated advice leaflet for keepers of small 'backyard flocks'.

  84. Updated with details of the new Prevention Zone and bird gathering rules from 15 May 2017.

  85. Updated with plans to lift the Prevention Zone, and ban on gatherings, across England from 15 May, except in certain areas of Lancashire and Cumbria (where controls will remain).

  86. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  87. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  88. Updated with information about a further confirmed case in a backyard flock of poultry near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.

  89. Updated with information about confirmed case near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.

  90. Updated following the announcement that the Prevention Zone, and the ban on poultry gatherings, will be lifted on 15 May 2017.

  91. We have updated the information on the rules from 13 April 2017.

  92. The Prevention Zone rules will change from 13 April 2017: keepers will no longer be required to house poultry or have total range netting in place in Higher Risk Areas of England, but they will continue to be required to follow our detailed requirements on strict biosecurity.

  93. Updated to add a link to advice on the welfare of housed birds, in the 'latest' section.

  94. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  95. Updated the advice document, "biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds"

  96. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.

  97. Restrictions have been removed from around a premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk, and the Protection Zone has been merged with the Surveillance Zone for the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.

  98. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  99. The 3km Protection Zone around the poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk has been merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone

  100. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at the third site near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  101. Following investigations into the case of H5N8 near Redgrave in Suffolk, we've detected the virus at a further separate premises and have confirmed that proactive culling of birds will take place. We've also added an updated link to guidance on bird flu and gamebirds.

  102. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  103. Updated the document covering rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed birds originating in PZs, with list of dates

  104. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  105. Letter from Chief Vet to registered poultry keepers about the new rules added.

  106. New rules from 28 February are now in force; we have published an updated leaflet for keepers of backyard flocks and there's an updated legal declaration.

  107. Updated information on free range eggs and poultry.

  108. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  109. Updated with details of a new case confirmed at a farm near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.

  110. Updated rules for all poultry keepers under the Prevention Zone from 28 February.

  111. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 26 January case near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place).

  112. Updated because the remaining Surveillance Zone restrictions around the case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (on which disease was confirmed on 16 January 2017) were removed from 00:01.

  113. We have published information about the background to the proposed Higher Risk Areas from 28 February 2017.

  114. Updated information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone, including one extra general licence.

  115. Updated with declaration confirming the case near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk. We've also added a link to Welsh Government plans from 28 February 2017.

  116. Updated after a 10km Temporary Control Zone was imposed around a poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk.

  117. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 16 January case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place). We've also updated General Licences EXD243 and EXD353.

  118. Added a link to arrangements in Scotland after 28 February 2017.

  119. Updated after removal of the Surveillance Zone restrictions in the Settle, North Yorkshire case.

  120. Updated with guidance about plans for Prevention Zone controls in England from 28 February 2017.

  121. Minor update following lifting of the SZ restrictions on the case in Wales on 4 February (details are available on the Welsh Government website).

  122. Updated to reflect a further proactive cull of about 280 birds at a further linked premises nearby to one of the cases near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  123. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the case near Settle, Yorkshire: the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ.

  124. Updated to reflect the 3rd case confirmed near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire. New general licence added for movement of mammals from or to premises in the PZ or SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.

  125. Updated to reflect additional proactive culling of birds at the case identified on 27 January.

  126. Updated to reflect today's case in a flock of pheasants at a farm near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire, together with editorial changes to make it easier to find information about current cases.

  127. Updated to cover the new case Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  128. Updated to reflect a new confirmed case in Lancashire.

  129. We've published an updated version of our detailed advice about how to house your birds and keep them separate from wild birds, and about extra biosecurity measures.

  130. Updated following lifting of the 10km Surveillance Zone (SZ) around the infected premises confirmed on 16 December 2016 near Louth, East Lindsey in Lincolnshire. However, the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone for the new case declared on 16 January, which cover very similar areas, remain in force so anyone affected in this area is likely still to be covered by restrictions and should check our maps.

  131. A minor correction to today's declaration was published, together with minor editorial review of the remainder of this guide.

  132. Updated following the case of avian influenza H5N8 confirmed in a commercial turkey unit in East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  133. Updated with link to advice on rearing game birds and shooting whilst the Prevention Zone is in force.

  134. Clarified information around free range status under the Prevention Zone.

  135. Updated to reflect changes in controls around the case in Lincolnshire - the Protection Zone has been lifted, with Surveillance Zone controls remaining in place.

  136. Updated following a new case confirmed in Yorkshire.

  137. Updated Prevention Zone declaration, advice for keepers of backyard flocks, and updated general licences which also cover Wales.

  138. Updated following announcement that the prevention zone will be extended to 28 February 2017.

  139. Latest situation updated following confirmation of avian influenza in a backyard flock of chickens and ducks in Carmarthenshire, Wales.

  140. Routine editorial update, including link to report of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) H5N8 found in wild birds.

  141. Added general licences for movements of poultry carcases, and litter, manure etc.

  142. Updated to reflect latest findings in wild birds.

  143. Latest situation updated following the confirmed case in a wild bird in Wales on 22 December 2016.

  144. Added an additional general licence for movements of table eggs.

  145. The interactive map has now been updated and is available again.

  146. Added a note: interactive map will be unavailable for a short while from 6pm tonight.

  147. Updated following the announcement of a temporary suspension on certain bird gatherings from 20 December 2016.

  148. General licence added for the movement of samples for salmonella testing.

  149. Information added about how to apply for specific movement licences.

  150. Updated information on movement of meat from poultry within the Protection Zone.

  151. Link to interactive map added.

  152. Further information added about controls in the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone in Lincolnshire.

  153. Updated following case in turkeys in Lincolnshire confirmed on 16 December 2016.

  154. We've expanded our advice on flying pigeons or birds of prey.

  155. Information added about birds of prey, game birds and shooting in the Prevention Zones.

  156. Updates to background information, including the reasons for the controls, and bird fairs and gatherings, in the light of queries we've received.

  157. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone, to address the situation in Scotland and Wales; also added information about backyard flocks, and free range status.

  158. Updated to include links to Prevention Zones now in place in Scotland and Wales.

  159. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone,

  160. A Prevention Zone was declared on 6 December, requiring poultry keepers to keep chickens, hens, ducks and turkeys housed indoors or separate from wild birds; other captive birds must be kept separate from wild birds.

  161. Updated version of advice document "Biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds" added - includes new information about the Animal and Plant Health Agency “testing to exclude” scheme, and updated advice on welfare surveillance.

  162. Updated the guidance on what to do if you find dead wild birds.

  163. Latest situation, risk of disease, and biosecurity advice updated.

  164. Link added to epidemiological report into the Dunfermline case; wider editorial review following lifting of all restrictions in recent cases in England.

  165. Updated to reflect the lifting of restrictions on the case in Scotland.

  166. Updated following confirmation by the Scottish authorities of a case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza (bird flu) on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline.

  167. Updated to reflect suspected case in Scotland, 10 January 2016.

  168. Updated following lifting of restrictions in Lancashire.

  169. Additional general licence now available - spreading or movement of used poultry litter, manure and slurry from premises in the Surveillance Zone EXD353.

  170. Updated declaration and licences following ending of the Protection Zone at 00:01 on 7 August.

  171. Minor technical updates to general licences EXD247, EXD293, EXD339, EXD346, EXD341

  172. Added new general licence for movement of mammal carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.

  173. Edited the details of the specific movement licences which are currently available.

  174. 3 new general licences for movements affected by the PZ or SZ have been published.

  175. Updated to note that culling of birds at the affected premises has now been completed.

  176. We have reviewed and slightly re-organised some information to make it easier to find current details.

  177. Added details of a specific licence for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone to a designated premises for scientific, diagnostic, pharmaceutical purposes.

  178. Added information about a specific licence available for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone.

  179. Updated version of the general licence - movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zones.

  180. Added guidance and licences for Food Business Operators.

  181. Updates to information about movement controls and licences, and trade issues, and wider editorial reviews.

  182. Updated following confirmation of a case of H7N7 avian flu in Lancashire.

  183. Added information in the movement licences section about extra general and specific licences.

  184. New information about general and specific movement licences has been added.

  185. Updates to movement controls and further editorial reviews and changes.

  186. Ongoing process of editorial review and further detailed updates.

  187. Updated to reflect a case in Lancashire, July 2015.

  188. Added link to the reports which summarise the investigations carried out into the bird flu outbreaks in Yorkshire and Hampshire in 2014 and 2015.

  189. Edited to cover lifting of the restriction zone in Hampshire.

  190. Updated to reflect that culling has now been completed.

  191. Updated to reflect the start of culling at the farm.

  192. Minor editorial changes throughout this guidance

  193. Updated in the light of the low severity avian flu case confirmed in Hampshire.

  194. Updated to reflect the lifting of the surveillance zone on 21 December 2014.

  195. Updated to reflect the protection zone now being lifted but surveillance zone restrictions remain in force.

  196. Added general licence for the movement of horses (other than in vehicles) to or from premises in the PZ and SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.

  197. Updated general licence for the movement of mammals from or onto premises in the Surveillance Zone or Protection Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD315).

  198. Added general licences on mammals from bird premises in PZ/SZ, and salmonella samples for testing.

  199. Added guidance for the conduct of bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

  200. Published amendment to the general licence on bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings.

  201. Replaced Movement of table eggs within or out of a PZ or SZ - general licence (EXD317) - a minor error has been corrected.

  202. Published general licence for the movement of table eggs within or out of a Protection or Surveillance Zone.

  203. General licence added on bird gatherings.

  204. Added new general licence for the movement of mammal and poultry carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.

  205. Published general licence for the removal of the special meat mark applied to certain poultry meat originating in a Protection Zone.

  206. Added information about specific movement licence for the movement of used poultry manure, litter or slurry.

  207. Published general movement licence for the movement of eggs from a premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone to a designated egg packing centre.

  208. New guidance published "Wild birds: biosecurity measures" in the biosecurity guidance section

  209. Added general licence for the movement of poultry meat from poultry originating in a Protection Zone or originating from an area that subsequently becomes a Protection Zone.

  210. Added guidance for Food Business Operators on the control measures relating to poultry meat and farmed game birds.

  211. Added information about designation of slaughterhouses to accept birds from the restricted zones, under the 'Licences' heading.

  212. Guidance is now available on how to apply for a movement licence: see the 'Licences' heading.

  213. Updated to reflect the end of the cull.

  214. Updated guidance on restrictions in place in Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone.

  215. Updated biosecurity guidance to include specific precautions regarding wild birds.

  216. Minor updates.

  217. Updated because the disease strain has been identified.

  218. Added link to interactive map.

  219. Updated with current guidance.

  220. Added link to the Public Health England news story

  221. Linked to latest press release.

  222. Declaration added in relation to 16 November 2014 case in Yorkshire.

  223. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

  224. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

  225. First published.