Guidance

Avian influenza (bird flu)

How to spot avian influenza (bird flu), what to do if you suspect it, and measures to prevent it.

Avian influenza (bird flu) mainly affects birds. It can also affect humans and other mammals.

Avian influenza (bird flu) is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect any type of avian influenza in poultry or captive birds you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77 - please select option 7).

All bird keepers (whether you have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) must keep a close watch on them for signs of disease and maintain good biosecurity at all times. If you have any concerns about the health of your birds, seek prompt advice from your vet.

You should register your poultry, even if only kept as pets, so we can contact you during an outbreak. This is a legal requirement if you have 50 or more birds. Poultry includes chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeon (bred for meat), partridge, quail, guinea fowl and pheasants.

Latest situation

Update 15 May 2021: The risk of avian influenza in poultry with good biosecurity has been reduced to ‘low’ for all poultry. As a result:

  • the mandatory enhanced biosecurity requirements that were brought in as part of the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) were lifted at midday on Saturday 15 May 2021. See the AIPZ section for further information
  • from midday 15 May 2021 all bird gatherings, including poultry gatherings and pigeon gatherings organised for races from mainland Europe, are permitted, provided organisers notify the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) at least 7 days before the event takes place and that they comply with the provisions of the new General Licence. For further information, see our guidance for bird gatherings.

Additional biosecurity measures apply in disease control zones surrounding infected premises. Check if disease control zones are in force and where higher risk areas are located on our interactive map.

Definitive requirements for disease control zones are set out in the published declarations. The declarations together with further information on each of the cases and movement licensing information can be found in the movement controls and licences section.

You can sign up to our Alerts Service to keep up to date with the latest news. You can also get Defra email alerts or subscribe to Defra’s RSS feed.

Avian Influenza Prevention Zone

The risk of avian influenza in poultry with good biosecurity has been reduced to ‘low’ for all poultry. As a result, the mandatory enhanced biosecurity requirements that were brought in as part of the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) have been lifted from midday Saturday 15 May 2021.

Revocation of an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (PDF, 15.2KB, 1 page)

Whilst the AIPZ is being lifted, high standards of biosecurity should be retained as infection may still be present in the environment and good biosecurity should be maintained for the health of your birds. See our biosecurity section for further information.

For further information on the evidence which supported the decision to implement the AIPZ between the 11 December 2020 and the 15 May 2021 including the additional housing measures from the 14 December 2020 to the 31 March 2021. See our risk assessments.

The AIPZs in Scotland and Wales also came to an end at 12:00 15 May 2021, however an AIPZ remains in force in Northern Ireland.

Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

Bird gatherings are only permitted under the Avian Influenza (Preventive Measures) (England) Regulations (S.I. 2006/2701) if licensed. Bird gatherings include (but are not limited to) bird fairs, markets, shows, sales, exhibitions, vehicles used to transport live birds where the birds are brought together from multiple premises and some premises used for dealing or internet sales.

Bird gatherings can take place in GB provided you notify the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) at least 7 days before the event and that you meet the requirements of the Bird Gatherings General Licence. From 12:00 15 May 2021 permitted gatherings have been extended to include gatherings of ducks, geese, chickens, turkeys and game birds. For a full list of what is permitted see our guidance for bird gatherings.

For further information on the evidence which supports the requirements set out in the bird gatherings general license see our risk assessments which contain the latest scientific and ornithological evidence and veterinary advice.

Risk level

The risk of avian influenza infection in wild birds remains low (rare but does occur). The risk of HPAI H5 exposure to poultry and captive birds across the whole GB is has reduced from medium (occurs regularly) to low (rare but does occur) where biosecurity is sub-optimal and remains low (rare but does occur) where stringent biosecurity measures are applied.

Further details on the evidence which supported these risk levels can be found in our risk assessments.

Public Health England (PHE) has reviewed information from the World Health Organisation (WHO) following reports of H5N8 in 7 poultry workers in Russia, and assessed that avian influenza remains an uncommon infection in humans and the risk of the H5N8 strain to the UK population is low. Further information on the evidence which supports this can be found in PHE’s risk assessment. Any persons exposed to confirmed H5N8 in avian species will receive health advice from a local health protection team. PHE also advises that the risk to the public’s health from the other 4 virus strains which have been found in GB during 2020/2021 (H5N2, H5N1, H5N5, H5N3) is very low.

Avian influenza is unconnected with coronavirus (COVID-19).

Cases in poultry and other captive birds in England

During 2020 to 2021, the following 14 cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in poultry have been confirmed at premises in England:

  • near Frodsham, Cheshire (broiler breeder chickens)
  • near Leominster, in Herefordshire (broiler breeder chickens)
  • near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (poultry and captive birds)
  • near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire (rearing turkeys)
  • second premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire (rearing turkeys)
  • near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (rearing turkeys)
  • near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk (rearing turkeys)
  • near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire (captive birds and poultry)
  • near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset (backyard poultry)
  • near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (breeding ducks)
  • near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk (rearing ducks)
  • near Exmouth, West Devon, Devon (backyard poultry)
  • near Redcar, Redcar and Cleveland (laying chickens)
  • near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire (broiler chickens)

During 2020 to 2021, the following case of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in poultry has been confirmed at premises in England:

  • near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire (backyard flock of chickens)

During 2020 to 2021, the following case of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2 has been confirmed at a premises in England:

  • near Deal, Kent

During 2020 to 2021, the following case of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N3 has been confirmed at a premises in England:

  • near Winsford, Cheshire West and Chester

Further details of these cases can be found in the movement controls and licences section.

Cases in captive birds (non-poultry) in England

The following 4 cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in other captive birds (non-poultry premises) have been confirmed in England:

  • near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (non-commercial other captive birds, non-poultry premises)
  • near Stroud in Gloucestershire (captive birds at a wetland centre, non-poultry premises)
  • near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire (captive birds at a rescue centre, non-poultry premises)
  • near Skelmersdale, West Lancashire - captive birds at a private residential premises (non-commercial, non-poultry premises)

Further information on each of the cases can be found in the movement controls and licences section.

Cases in Scotland

Two cases of avian influenza have been confirmed in Scotland:

  • H5N8 was confirmed in a small commercial free range laying flock on Sanday Island, Orkney, Scotland on the 17 December 2020. On the 19 December 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8)
  • H5N1 was confirmed in a flock of kept birds from a gamebird rearing premises in Leven, Glenrothes, Scotland on the 11 February 2021. On the 12 February 2021 further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N1)

See the Scottish Government website for further information.

Cases in Wales

One case of avian influenza has been confirmed in Wales:

  • Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed at a game rearing establishment near Amlwch, Anglesey on the 27 January 2021. On the 28 January 2021 further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8).

See the Welsh Government website for further information.

Cases in Northern Ireland

Two cases of HPAI H5N8 have been confirmed in poultry in Northern Ireland:

  • Clough, County Antrim on 6 January 2021
  • Lisburn, County Antrim on 11 January 2021

See the DAERA-NI website for further information.

Wild birds in England

The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carries out year-round avian influenza surveillance of dead wild birds submitted via public reports and warden patrols.

Through this surveillance, multiple species of wild birds have been found to be positive for HPAI H5N8 in locations across Great Britain. In addition, a smaller number of wild birds have been found to be positive for HPAI H5N1 and HPAI H5N5. For further details see the report (updated weekly) of findings of HPAI in wild birds in Great Britain and our outbreak assessments.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 335577).

We then collect some of these birds and test them to help us understand how the disease is distributed geographically and in different types of bird, not all birds will be collected.

Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find. For further information see our advice to the Public.

Defra and the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carry out routine surveillance of disease risks in the UK and around the world to help us anticipate future threats to animal health and continue to closely monitor the global situation of avian influenza as part of this work. Further details of the latest avian influenza findings in wild birds in Europe can be found in our outbreak assessments.

Other events in England

H5N8 influenza of avian origin was detected as part of routine wildlife surveillance in 3 seals and a fox that died at a wildlife rehabilitation centre in England. Wild birds undergoing rehabilitation in the centre are believed to have been the source of the infection. There was no evidence of spread from the premises.

Disease control strategy

Cases of avian influenza, if they occur, are controlled by following the contingency plan for exotic notifiable diseases and the notifiable avian disease control strategy. You can read what happens when a notifiable disease is suspected or confirmed.

Legislation on avian influenza

The legislation covering avian influenza includes:

Enforcement

Avian influenza controls including the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) are enforced by Local Authorities Animal Health Function (LAAHF), which is normally situated with the Trading Standards or Environmental Health Service of a local authority. See our postcode tool to find details of how to contact your LAAHF with any reports of non-compliance.

Compensation

You may be entitled to compensation if healthy birds are killed under orders from government or APHA in the event of a disease outbreak. Owners are not entitled to compensation solely as a result of the requirements of a disease control zone or for other consequential losses. See our notifiable avian disease control strategy and guidance on compensation for animals culled to control animal diseases for further information.

Biosecurity advice

High standards of biosecurity should be maintained as good practice for the health of your birds. Good biosecurity is an essential defence against diseases such as avian influenza and is key to limiting the spread of avian influenza in an outbreak.

Whether an outbreak of avian influenza occurs in pet birds, a backyard flock, captive birds of prey, pigeons or a commercial flock the same disease control measures apply and the same impacts on bird keepers and trade in poultry occurs.

Bird keepers must read and follow our biosecurity guidance and use our Biosecurity self-assessment checklist (ODT, 21.5KB).

Biosecurity self-assessment checklist

This file is in an OpenDocument format

Register your birds

We encourage all keepers to register their birds with us, and keep contact details up to date, so we can contact you quickly if there is a disease outbreak in your area and you need to take action.

If you have more than 50 birds, you are legally required to register your flock within one month of their arrival at your premises. If you have less than 50 birds, including pet birds, you are still strongly encouraged to register.

Find out how to register your birds.

Report signs of disease

You must keep a close watch on your birds for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from your vet if you have any concerns. If you suspect any type of avian influenza you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. Failure to do so is an offence.

Pigeons or birds of prey

You can exercise and train pigeons or fly birds of prey, including for pest control, but they should avoid direct contact with wild birds. For further information see our biosecurity guidance.

Due to the heightened risk of avian influenza infection in wild birds we advise against feeding any wild birds, and in particular any wild shot or hunted wildfowl, to any birds of prey. This includes birds that may have been shot or hunted earlier in the autumn and frozen since the virus can remain viable in frozen carcases for at least 12 months.

Bird gatherings, including from midday 15 May 2021 poultry gatherings and pigeon gatherings organised for races from mainland Europe, are permitted, provided organisers notify the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) at least 7 days before the event takes place and that they comply with the provisions of the General Licence. For a full list of what is permitted see our guidance for bird gatherings.

Game birds and shoots

If you’re involved with gamebirds you should read the advice published on the Game Farmers Association website (PDF). You need to maintain good biosecurity at your premises. This advice has been put together by seven leading countryside and shooting organisations (BASC, CA, CLA, GFA, GWCT, NGO and SGA) and endorsed by Defra, the Scottish and Welsh Governments and DAERA in Northern Ireland.

Once game birds have been released they are classified as wild birds. The person who released the game birds is no longer classed as the ‘keeper’ of the birds.

You can continue to feed and water released game birds but you should make reasonable efforts to minimise the chance of other wild birds accessing their feed and water, for example by placing it under cover. You should use commercial feed and fresh or treated water.

Additional restrictions apply within disease control zones. Check if and where disease control zones are in force on our interactive map. Definitive requirements for disease control zones are set out in the published declarations in the movement controls and licences section.

Vaccination

The vaccination of poultry and most captive birds against avian influenza is not currently permitted. Vaccination is not a routine control measure and is a practice restricted by legislation.

Vaccination of zoo birds is only permitted in England subject to meeting eligibility criteria and receiving authorisation. Only zoos or collections holding a current zoo licence can apply for an authorisation to vaccinate. For further information see our avian influenza vaccination guidance.

How to spot avian influenza

There are 2 types of avian influenza.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is the more serious type. It is often fatal in birds. The main clinical signs of HPAI in birds are:

  • swollen head
  • blue discolouration of neck and throat
  • loss of appetite
  • respiratory distress such as gaping beak, coughing, sneezing, gurgling, rattling
  • diarrhoea
  • fewer eggs laid
  • increased mortality

Clinical signs can vary between species of bird and some species (for example ducks and geese) may show minimal clinical signs.

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) is usually less serious. It can cause mild breathing problems, but affected birds will not always show clear signs of infection.

The severity of LPAI depends on the type of bird and whether it has any other illnesses.

Anyone who keeps poultry must keep a close watch on them for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from their vet if they have any concerns.

Photos of clinical signs

We’ve published some photos of clinical signs of avian influenza on Flickr.

How avian influenza is spread

Avian influenza spreads from bird to bird by direct contact or through contaminated body fluids and faeces. It can also be spread by contaminated feed and water or by dirty vehicles, clothing and footwear.

The avian influenza virus changes frequently, creating new strains, and there is a constant risk that one of the new strains may spread easily among people. But there is no evidence that any recent strain of avian influenza has been able to spread directly between people.

Avian influenza isn’t an airborne virus.

Advice for the public

Public health

Public Health England (PHE) has reviewed information from the World Health Organisation (WHO) following reports of H5N8 in 7 poultry workers in Russia, and assessed that avian influenza remains an uncommon infection in humans and the risk of the H5N8 strain to the UK population is low. Further information on the evidence which supports this can be found in PHE’s risk assessment. Any persons exposed to confirmed H5N8 in avian species will receive health advice from a local health protection team. PHE also advises that the risk to the public’s health from the other 3 virus strains which have been found in GB during 2020/2021 (H5N2, H5N1, H5N5, H5N3) is very low.

The Food Standards Agency has said that on the basis of the current scientific evidence, avian influenza poses a very low food safety risk for UK consumers. Properly cooked poultry and poultry products, including eggs, are safe to eat.

The NHS website has further information and if you employ people who work with poultry or work with poultry yourself, you can also read Health and Safety Executive advice on protecting workers from avian influenza.

Wild birds

Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77).

We then collect some of these birds and test them to help us understand how the disease is distributed geographically and in different types of bird, not all birds will be collected.

We publish a report (updated regularly) on findings of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) in wild birds in Great Britain and provide further details in our outbreak assessments.

Where dead birds are not required for surveillance purposes it is the landowner’s responsibility to safely dispose of the carcases.

The carcasses of wild animals, other than wild game, are exempt from the animal by-product (ABP) rules in the UK. However, if it is suspected that the animals were infected with a disease which can spread to people or animals such as avian influenza, the carcases must be disposed of as a category 1 ABP. See our guidance on animal by-product disposal.

Disposal of dead wild birds on public land

Where dead birds are on public land it is the local authorities responsibility to safely dispose of the carcases as animal by-products. See our guidance on how to report a dead or injured animal.

Disposal of dead wild birds found at domestic premises

After contacting the Defra Helpline (03459 33 55 77 – select option 7) to report the dead wild birds, if the birds are not required for surveillance purposes, follow the advice below for their disposal.

Disposal in household or municipal waste refuse:

  • if possible, wear disposable protective gloves when picking up and handling dead wild birds (if disposable gloves are not available, a plastic bag can be used as a make-shift glove). When the dead wild bird has been picked up, the bag can be turned back on itself and tied. It should then be placed in a second plastic bag, tied and disposed of in the normal household waste (lidded bin outside)
  • place the dead wild bird in a suitable plastic bag, preferably leak proof. Care should be taken not to contaminate the outside of the bag
  • tie the bag and place it in a second plastic bag
  • remove gloves by turning them inside out and then place them in the second plastic bag. Tie the bag and dispose of it in the normal household refuse bin

Burial:

  • the dead wild bird can be buried, but not in a plastic bag
  • the depth of the burial hole must be sufficient to prevent animals scavenging and gaining access to it – at least 60cm deep is advised
  • location must not be near any watercourses, or likely to contaminate local water supplies

Trade, import and export issues

A collection of guidance and forms for importing and exporting live animals or animal products is available.

Exports and EU trade

Following confirmation of cases of both Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N8 and Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (LPAI) H5N2 in poultry the UK is no longer free from notifiable avian influenza under the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) rules.

Where disease is confirmed, we put in place measures in accordance with Council Directive 2005/94/EC. The EU will put safeguard measures in place, meaning that no trade with the EU in live poultry or poultry products will be permitted from disease control zones.

Imports from the EU

You can’t import poultry and poultry products into the UK from within disease control zones imposed around confirmed cases of avian influenza within other EU countries.

EU trade relies on strict certification for movement of live poultry, day old chicks and hatching eggs. Products such as poultry meat, table eggs and poultry products are not subject to certification within the EU.

Higher Risk Areas (HRAs)

All areas in Great Britain remain at risk of avian influenza in wild birds.

However, in Great Britain we’ve defined a number of areas as ‘Higher Risk Areas’ (HRAs). These are generally areas near where wild birds (and in particular gulls and wild waterfowl) gather, such as lakes, marshes or estuaries.

Check if your premises is within an HRA on our interactive map.

If all or part of your premises is in a Higher Risk Area you should follow biosecurity advice to protect your birds. We consider that you’re in an HRA even if only part of your premises falls within the HRA.

We have defined HRA’s following our previous experience of avian influenza outbreaks, coupled with the latest scientific and veterinary opinion. This indicates that migratory wild waterfowl (ducks, geese and swans) and gulls pose a continual threat for the introduction of avian influenza into premises where poultry, game birds, pet and other captive birds are kept. EU regulations require that member states identify areas of the country where the risk of avian influenza flu is deemed to be highest. We have published more detail of the rationale and approach behind Higher Risk Areas.

If you are planning a new poultry unit you should take into account the risk of HPAI where the unit is planned.

There are no additional requirements associated with high risk areas (HRAs) in comparison to other areas of England with regard to the AIPZ currently in force.

Movement controls and licences

Where avian influenza is confirmed or suspected, we put in place restrictions on movements of birds in the area around the infected premises.

Check if you are in a disease control zone on our interactive map.

Where general or specific licences are available in relation to movements of poultry or poultry meat, they will be listed in this section.

Avian influenza Temporary Control Zones

No avian influenza temporary control zones are currently in force.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8 Protection and Surveillance Zones

No avian influenza Protection or Surveillance zones are currently in force.

Premises where Protection and Surveillance Zones no longer apply

Premises near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in broiler chickens at a commercial premises near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire on 27 March 2021. On the 29 March 2021 further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8). All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled.

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place both in this area and across the whole of England.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire centred on grid reference SK1031943237 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.4KB, 1 page)

This revokes and replaces the Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire made on 29 March 2021 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone (PDF, 1.45MB, 8 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire (PDF, 1.47MB, 15 pages), which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (H5N8 Avian Influenza) – Near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire (PDF, 1.46MB, 14 pages).

Premises near Redcar, Redcar and Cleveland

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in laying chickens at a small commercial premises near Redcar, Redcar and Cleveland on 6 February 2021. On 8 February 2020, further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place both in this area and across the whole of England.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Redcar, Redcar and Cleveland centred on grid reference NZ6009220744 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 101KB, 1 page)

This revokes the:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Redcar, Redcar & Cleveland on 8 February 2021 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone (PDF, 1.11MB, 8 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Redcar, Redcar & Cleveland (PDF, 1.13MB, 15 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced the 3km and 10km Temporary Control Zones which were declared on 6 February 2021.

Premises near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk

Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in rearing duck at a premises near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk on 28 December.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone Ickburgh, near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 16.5KB, 1 page)

This revokes the:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone Ickburgh, near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference TL8060296103 (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) (PDF, 965KB, 8 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Ickburgh, near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.21MB, 15 pages)

Premises near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon

Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in backyard poultry at a premises near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon on 29 December 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Exmouth, West Devon centred on grid reference SY0412490017 (PDF, 16.7KB, 1 page)

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Exmouth, West Devon, Devon made at 9.15pm on 29 December 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SY0412490017 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.53MB, 8 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon (PDF, 1.81MB, 15 pages)

Third premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in non-commercial captive birds (non-poultry premises) near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on 26 December. On the 28 December further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk centred on grid reference TM0074296156 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 84.9KB, 1 page)

This revokes:

Declaration ending the Protection Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk made on 28 December 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.2MB, 8 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.51MB, 15 pages) (declared 28 December 2020).

Second premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in a commercial duck breeding premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on 19 December 2020. Following further testing this was confirmed as highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 on 20 December 2020.

All birds on the premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk centred on grid reference TM0064695759 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 84.1KB, 1 page)

This revokes:

Declaration ending the Protection Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk made on 20 December 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.2MB, 8 pages)

Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.21MB, 15 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (H5N8 Avian Influenza) – Near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.83MB, 14 pages) (declared on 19 December 2020).

Premises near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in backyard poultry near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset on the 19 December 2020.

All poultry on the premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Gillingham, North Dorset centred on grid reference ST8073928884 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.5KB, 1 page)

Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Gillingham, North Dorset made at 10.30 on 19 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference ST8073928884 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.44MB, 8 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset (PDF, 1.37MB, 15 pages)

Premises near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire

Avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed in a backyard flock of chickens near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire on 17 December 2020. On the 18 December 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N1). Further genetic sequencing has confirmed that this is the same virus that has recently been found in wild birds in Europe and the UK and is not the strain that has previously caused human infections outside of Europe.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked.

Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds and poultry at a premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire on 15 December 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Willington, Derbyshire made at 11.30 on 15 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SK2893437099 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.55MB, 8 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Willington, South Derbyshire (PDF, 1.73MB, 16 pages)

Premises near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk on the 5 December 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk made at 21.30 on 5 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference TF6971717295 (PDF, 1.21MB, 8 pages).

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near King’s Lynn, Norfolk (PDF, 683KB, 15 pages).

First premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on the 4 December 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk made at 18.30 on 4 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference TM0047592743 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.28MB, 8 pages).

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Attleborough, Norfolk (PDF, 1.3MB, 15 pages).

Second premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in poultry at a second premises which rears turkeys near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire on the 1 December 2020. On the 3 December further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 29 December 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire centred on grid reference SE3590888752 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.6KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire made at 6pm on 3 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SE3590888752 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.29MB, 8 pages) which revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.21MB, 15 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.21MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 1 December 2020).

First premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in poultry at a premises which rears turkeys near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire on 28 November 2020. On 29 November 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 29 December 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire centred on grid reference SE3526989294 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.6KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire made at 16.15 on 29 November and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SE3526989294 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.37MB, 8 pages) which revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.41MB, 15 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.41MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 28 November 2020).

Premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire on the 21 November 2020. On the 23 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8). All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled.

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 17 December 2020 is revoked from 2:30pm on 25 December. Local movement restrictions are removed from this date and time, but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone measures remain in place.

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone made at 3:30pm on 23 November 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SK7723021404 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.23MB, 8 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (PDF, 1.24MB, 15 pages) which in turn revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (PDF, 1.23MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 21 November).

Premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in broiler breeder chickens at a premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire on 11 November 2020. On the 12 November 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 9 December 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone in Herefordshire centred on grid reference SO4442652314 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.1KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone made at 12pm on 12 November 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SO4442652314 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.5MB, 8 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.52MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 12 November).

Premises near Frodsham, Cheshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed at a premises near Frodsham in Cheshire which rears broiler breeder chickens on 2 November 2020. On the 3 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 27 November has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SJ4580673106 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 82.8KB, 1 page).

This declaration revokes the:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone made at 6pm on 3 November 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SJ4580673106 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.47MB, 8 pages).

Licencing for Protection and Surveillance Zones

Poultry keepers can apply for licences for some low risk movements from any Protection Zone or Surveillance Zones currently in force.

General licences

General licences allow a movement or activity that would otherwise be prohibited in England and Wales. You need to check that you meet and comply with the conditions of the general licence. If you do so, you do not need to apply - you can rely on the general licence as providing authority for the movement or activity.

The following general licences are currently available:

General licences EXD249(HPAI)(EW) (this general licence is also available in Wales) and EXD264(HPAI)(E) are available for food business operators in England – see the ‘Meat from poultry within the Protection Zone’ section below.

Specific licences

If you need to move something that is restricted in any Protection Zone or Surveillance Zones currently in force, you should apply to the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA). Complete the Application requesting exemption from restrictions (EXD100) (MS Word Document, 282KB) form and email to outbreak.licensing@apha.gov.uk.

You should give the licensing team as much notice as possible to process the requests and aim to allow at least 3 days for your licence application to be processed. Complex and high-risk movements will require extra time to assess and process. We will endeavour to clear urgent applications with less than 3 days’ notice but you should make contingency plans in case this is not possible.

If a licence is issued, it will normally allow a one-off movement and will be subject to certain conditions based on disease control risk.

Meat from poultry within a Protection Zone in England

To reduce animal health risks, food business operators have to follow specific rules for any meat produced from poultry or farmed game birds originating within a Protection Zone. Other poultry meat (from poultry not originating within the Protection Zone) is unaffected.

Meat produced from poultry or farmed game birds originating within a Protection Zone can be moved or sold, subject to several conditions. These include a requirement that the health mark is replaced with a specific mark (approved by the Secretary of State in any particular disease outbreak) which must remain with it throughout any processing or repackaging. These conditions are set out in General Licence EXD249.

Under some specific circumstances – set out in General Licence EXD 264 – the recipient of poultry meat is permitted to remove the specific mark temporarily for production, and in some circumstance not to re-apply it.

The legal requirements are set out in each General Licence. See also more detailed explanation of the rules and how they work including production dates for each of the zone(s) where these special measures apply.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8 Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zones

No Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zones are currently in place.

Premises where Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zones no longer apply

Premises near Stroud, Gloucestershire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds at a wetland centre (non-poultry premises) near Stroud in Gloucestershire on the 19 November 2020. On the 23 November 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8). This is in addition to previous findings of HPAI H5N8 in wild birds in the area.

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone declared on 23 November 2020 has now been revoked. Local restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone in Gloucestershire centred on grid reference SO7196404436 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of a Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Stroud, Gloucestershire (PDF, 1.11MB, 5 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Stroud, Gloucestershire (PDF, 1.51MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 19 November 2020).

Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N2 Control Zones

No low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) Restricted Zones are currently in place.

Premises where Restricted Zones no longer apply

Premises near Winsford, Cheshire West and Chester

Avian influenza H5N3 was confirmed in turkey breeders at a commercial premises near Winsford, Cheshire West and Chester on 26 March 2021. On the 28 March 2021 further testing confirmed this to be a low pathogenic strain (LPAI H5N3).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Restricted Zone declared on 28 March 2021 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of Restricted Zone (Low pathogenic avian influenza) centred on grid reference SJ5518462050 (PDF, 16.1KB, 1 page)

This revokes and replaces the Declaration of a low pathogenic avian influenza restricted zone near Winsford, Cheshire West and Chester (PDF, 1.27MB, 5 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Movement Restriction Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.26MB, 5 pages).

Premises near Deal, Kent

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) of the H5N2 strain was confirmed at a small commercial premises near Deal in Kent on 2 November 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Restricted Zone declared on 2 November 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of Restricted Zone (Low pathogenic avian influenza) centred on grid reference TR3427354205 (PDF, 16.2KB, 1 page). This declaration revokes the Declaration of a low pathogenic avian influenza restricted zone (PDF, 666KB, 5 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Movement Restriction Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 556KB, 5 pages) (declared on the 1 November).

Infected premises without controlled zones

Premises near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds (non-poultry premises) at a wild bird rescue centre near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire on the 13 December 2020. All birds on the premises have been humanely culled.

Following an initial risk assessment no controlled zones have been declared although keepers of poultry and captive birds located within 3 km of the premises have been contacted to remind them to be vigilant and to comply with the mandatory enhanced biosecurity required under the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone measures (in force from 00:01am 14 December 2020 until further notice).

Only the infected premises is subject to additional licensing requirements.

Premises near Skelmersdale, West Lancashire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in two captive peregrine falcons at a private residential premises (non-commercial, non-poultry premises) near Skelmersdale, West Lancashire on 31 March 2021. Further testing has confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI H5N8) was confirmed on 2 April 2021. No birds remain on the premises and the premises remains under restriction.

Following an initial risk assessment no disease control zones have been declared although keepers of poultry and captive birds located within 3 km of the premises have been contacted to remind them to be vigilant and to comply with the mandatory enhanced biosecurity required under the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone measures (in force from 00:01am 14 December 2020 until further notice).

Only the infected premises is subject to additional licensing requirements.

Older cases of avian influenza

A case of low pathogenic avian influenza (H5N3) was confirmed at a commercial chicken farm in Mid Suffolk was confirmed on 10 December 2019. We published an epidemiological report summarising our investigations into the case.

The H5N6 strain of avian influenza was confirmed in 21 wild birds between January and June 2018. There were no cases in poultry.

A number of cases of avian influenza were confirmed between December 2016 and June 2017. The H5N8 strain of avian influenza was confirmed at farms in Suffolk, Lancashire and Lincolnshire, and in backyard flocks in Lancashire, Norfolk, North Yorkshire, Northumberland, and Carmarthenshire. Full details of these cases are now available on the National Archives website. The same strain of the virus was also found in wild birds in England, Scotland and Wales.

We have published two reports setting out our investigations into these cases, covering December 2016 to March 2017, and April to May 2017 - these are known as epidemiological reports.

A case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza was confirmed by the Scottish authorities on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline in January 2016. We published an epidemiological report summarising our investigations into the case.

A case of H7N7 avian influenza was confirmed near Preston, Lancashire in July 2015. A low severity case of H7N7 was confirmed in February 2015 in chickens at a farm in Hampshire. A case of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in November 2014 in ducks on premises in East Yorkshire. We have published reports about the investigations we carried out. Earlier papers about these cases are available on the National Archives website.

Published 26 August 2014
Last updated 9 June 2021 + show all updates
  1. Updated Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance document

  2. Updated to reflect that the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been lifted.

  3. Updated to reflect that the risk of avian influenza in poultry has now been reduced to ‘low’.

  4. Updated to reflect that the Surveillance Zone surrounding the premises near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire was revoked. Local movement restrictions have been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

  5. Updated to reflect that the Protection Zone surrounding the premises near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire has been revoked and the area merged with the respective Surveillance Zone.

  6. Updated to reflect that certain bird gatherings can take place in GB provided you notify the APHA and you meet the requirements of the General Licence.

  7. Updated to reflect that avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in 2 captive peregrine falcons at a private residential premises near Skelmersdale, West Lancashire on 31 March 2021. Further testing has confirmed this to be Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI H5N8).

  8. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' publication and biosecurity checklist.

  9. Updated the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) declaration and changes to the avian influenza risk levels.

  10. Replaced the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' document.

  11. Updated the latest situation section to reflect the housing measures component of the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) will still be lifted at 11:59 pm on 31 March 2021.

  12. Updated to reflect that after further laboratory testing, the case of avian influenza H5N8 in broiler chickens at a commercial premises near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire has been confirmed as a highly pathogenic strain. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

  13. Updated to reflect that after further laboratory testing, the case of avian influenza (H5N3) in turkey breeders near Winsford, Cheshire West and Chester, has been confirmed as a low pathogenic strain. A 1km Temporary Movement Restriction Zone has been replaced with a 1km low pathogenic avian influenza Restricted Zone.

  14. Updated to reflect that avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) was confirmed in broiler chickens at a commercial premises near Uttoxeter, East Staffordshire. A 3km and 10km Temporary Control Zone has been declared around the premises.

  15. Updated to reflect that avian influenza H5N3 was confirmed in turkey breeders near Winsford, Cheshire West and Chester. A 1km Temporary Movement Restriction Zone has been declared around the premises.

  16. Updated the 'How to prepare for when your free-range birds can be let outside again' guidance document.

  17. Updated to reflect that the risk of avian influenza has reduced to ‘medium’ and housing restrictions end on 31 March 2021.

  18. Added information around H5N8 influenza of avian origin being detected in 3 seals and a fox that died at a wildlife rehabilitation centre in England.

  19. Updated the Public Health England advice on the 'risk level' and 'advice to the public' sections.

  20. The Surveillance Zone around a premises near Redcar, Redcar and Cleveland has been revoked.

  21. Uploaded General licence for the movement of mammals, except equines, on foot from and returning to the same premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept

  22. Updated to reflect that the Protection Zone surrounding the premises near Redcar has been revoked and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  23. Added general licence EXD 296(HPAI)(E) for the movement of captive birds, other than poultry, from a premises located in an area free of restrictions or in an AIPZ to a premises located within a Surveillance or Protection Zone in England.

  24. Updated the guidance under the 'Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings' and 'Pigeons or birds of prey' headings.

  25. Updated the 'Cases in Scotland' section following confirmation of an additional case of avian influenza in Scotland.

  26. Updated Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance

  27. Updated to reflect that after further laboratory testing, the case of avian influenza near Redcar, Redcar and Cleveland, has been confirmed as a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8). A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone have been declared around the premises.

  28. Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) was confirmed in laying chickens at a small commercial premises near Redcar, Redcar and Cleveland on 6 February 2021.

  29. Updated to reflect that the Surveillance Zone around a premises near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk has been revoked.

  30. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance.

  31. Updated to reflect that following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone around a premises near Exmouth, West Devon, Devonhas been revoked.

  32. Updated to reflect that the Surveillance Zone around a premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk has been revoked. Added section on case in Wales.

  33. Updated to reflect that the Protection Zone surrounding the premises near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk have been revoked and the areas merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  34. Updated to reflect that the Surveillance Zone declared on 19 January around the second premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk has been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

  35. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance.

  36. Updated to reflect that the Protection Zone surrounding the premises near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon have been revoked and the areas merged with the Surveillance Zone. Added section on cases in Northern Ireland.

  37. Updated to reflect that the Surveillance Zone around a premises near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset has been revoked.

  38. Added the general licence for the movement of horses for the purpose of exercise from a premises in the Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone. The Protection Zones surrounding both the second and third premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk have been revoked and the Surveillance Zone around a premises near Hawes in North Yorkshire has been revoked.

  39. Updated to reflect that the surveillance zone near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire has been revoked.

  40. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zones, the Surveillance Zone declared on 8 January around a premises near Willington in South Derbyshire has been revoked.

  41. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance, the Surveillance Zone declared on 9 January around a premises near Attleborough in Norfolk and the Surveillance Zone declared on 10 January around a premises near King’s Lynn in Norfolk have both been revoked.

  42. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' guidance document.

  43. The Protection Zone declared on 19 December around a premises near Gillingham in Dorset has been revoked and the areas merged with the Surveillance Zone. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guide.

  44. The Protection Zone declared on 22 December around a premises near Hawes in North Yorkshire and the Protection Zone declared on 5 December around a premises near King’s Lynn in Norfolk have been revoked and the areas merged with the Surveillance Zones.

  45. The Protection Zone declared on 4 December 2020 around the first premises near Attleborough in Norfolk has been revoked and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  46. The Protection Zone declared on 15 December 2020 around a premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire was revoked on 8 January 2021 and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  47. Updated the guidance on 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone'.

  48. Updated to reflect that the Surveillance Zones declared around 2 premises near Northallerton in North Yorkshire have been revoked. Local movement restrictions have been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

  49. Replaced the 'General licence for the movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD247(HPAI)(EW))'.

  50. Updated rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone.

  51. Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in backyard poultry at a premises near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone has been declared around the premises. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Protection Zones declared on 29 November and 3 December around two premises near Northallerton in North Yorkshire has been revoked and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  52. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing ducks at a premises near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk. A 3.4km Protection Zone and 10.4km Surveillance Zone has been declared around the premises. Further testing has also confirmed highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8) in a captive bird (non-poultry) premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk confirmed on 26 December. The Temporary Control Zone has been revoked and a 3km Protection Zone and 10km Temporary Control Surveillance Zone has been declared around the premises.

  53. Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (H5N8 Avian Influenza) – near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk.

  54. Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone in Leicestershire centred on grid reference SK7723021404.

  55. Updated rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone.

  56. Updated the 'Avian Influenza Prevention Zone' section - added guidance on biosecurity and housing requirements for chicken, turkey, duck, geese and game birds keepers.

  57. Made changes to the 'Wild birds' section.

  58. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance.

  59. Update: Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed in a backyard flock of chickens near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire.

  60. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance.

  61. Updated the latest situation section - Following further testing, highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in a commercial duck breeding premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk.

  62. Updated to reflect that Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in backyard poultry near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset and Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) was confirmed in a commercial duck breeding premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk.

  63. Updated to reflect that following successful completion of disease control activities within the zones, the Surveillance Zone near Leominster, Herefordshire declared on 9 December 2020 and the Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone declared on the 23 November 2020 have now been revoked.

  64. Updated to reflect that avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed in a backyard flock of chickens near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire.

  65. Updated to reflect that the 3km Protection Zone in Leicestershire declared on the 23 November 2020 has been revoked and the area that formed that Protection Zone has become part of the 10km Surveillance Zone.

  66. Updated to reflect that the Restricted Zone near Deal, Kent declared on 2 November 2020 has now been revoked.

  67. Updated the guidance under the 'Pigeons or birds of prey' heading.

  68. Updated to reflect that Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in captive birds and poultry at a premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire.

  69. Updated to reflect that additional housing measures have come into force.

  70. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' guidance and the 'Biosecurity self-assessment checklist'.

  71. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds (non-poultry premises) in a wild bird rescue near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire on the 13 December 2020.

  72. Added Avian Influenza Prevention Zone declaration (includes housing measures) which comes into force from 14 December 2020 until further notice.

  73. Added general licence for the movement of poultry by products and hatching eggs for disposal from premises in a Protection or Surveillance Zone (EXD389 (HPAI)(EW)).

  74. The 3km Protection Zone declared at 12.00 on 12 November 2020 around a premises near Leominster in Herefordshire has been revoked. The area that formed that Protection Zone has now been replaced by a Surveillance Zone.

  75. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone.

  76. Updated the general licence for the movement of table eggs into, within or out of a Protection or Surveillance Zone in England or Wales (EXD243(AI)(EW)) and the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone with details of new IPs and dates.

  77. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 27 November 2020 around the premises near Frodsham in Cheshire has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone measures remain in place.

  78. Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

  79. Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on the 4 December 2020. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

  80. Updates to reflect new housing measures which come into force at 12:01am on the 14 December 2020.

  81. Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

  82. Updated biosecurity guidance.

  83. Updated the general licence for the spreading on premises or movement of used poultry litter, poultry manure and poultry slurry originating from premises in a Protection Zone or a Surveillance Zone in England or Wales (EXD353(HPAI)(EW)).

  84. Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire.

  85. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance with details of the new zones and dates.

  86. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, North Yorkshire .A 3km Protection and 10km Temporary Zone has been put in place around the infected premises

  87. Avian influenza H5N8 confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire.

  88. Updated the content under the 'wild birds' heading.

  89. Updated the general licence for the movement of poultry carcases for disposal from premises in a Protection Zone in England or Wales (EXD339(HPAI)(EW)).

  90. Updated to reflect the 3km Protection Zone in Cheshire declared on the 3 November 2020 has been revoked and has become part of the 10km Surveillance Zone.

  91. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' guidance document.

  92. Updated the wild birds list in the latest situation section.

  93. Changed the format of the biosecurity self-assessment checklist.

  94. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance document.

  95. Updated to reflect that further testing has confirmed avian influenza H5N8 in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire as a highly pathogenic strain.

  96. Updated the latest situation section - following confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in captive birds at a wetland centre near Stroud in Gloucestershire a 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone has been put in place around the site.

  97. Added general licence for the movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD247(HPAI)(EW)).

  98. Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) has been confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire.

  99. Updated the biosecurity guidance for bird keepers and published a new biosecurity self-assessment checklist.

  100. Updated the latest news section - Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) has been confirmed in captive birds at a non-poultry premises near Stroud in Gloucestershire.

  101. Updated the wild birds section following further findings of avian influenza in wild birds.

  102. Added further general licences under the 'Licencing for Protection and Surveillance Zones' heading.

  103. Updated the latest situation section - further wild birds have tested positive for avian influenza H5N8.

  104. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance.

  105. Updated the wild birds paragraph in the latest situation section.

  106. Added the general licence for the movement of samples for salmonella testing from premises in the Protection Zone or Surveillance Zone.

  107. Updated the latest situation and movement controls and licences section: Confirmed the case of avian influenza H5N8 in broiler breeder chickens near Leominster in Herefordshire to be a highly pathogenic strain. 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have now been put in place.

  108. Updated to reflect that bird gatherings are currently not allowed to take place across England.

  109. Updated the latest situation section - an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been declared across the whole of England.

  110. Updated to reflect a further case of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in broiler breeder chickens near Leominster in Herefordshire.

  111. Updated the latest situation section - avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been found in 3 wild geese (1 Canada Goose and 2 Greylag Geese) near Stroud, Gloucestershire.

  112. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been found in wild geese (Canada Geese and a Greylag Goose) near Stroud, Gloucestershire.

  113. Updated the movement controls and licences with information on general licences.

  114. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that the risk level for avian influenza incursion in wild birds in GB has been raised to high.

  115. Minor update to the 'Advice for the public' section.

  116. Updated the movement controls and licencing section.

  117. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that a 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have now been put in place around the infected premises near Frodsham, Cheshire.

  118. Updated to reflect that avian influenza of the H5N8 strain has been confirmed at a premises near Frodsham in Cheshire.

  119. Updated guidance under the 'Movement controls and licences' heading around movement licences.

  120. Updated the latest situation section. Low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) of the H5N2 strain has been confirmed at a small commercial premises near Deal in Kent.

  121. Updated the information under the movement controls heading.

  122. Added a link to the interactive map.

  123. Updated the latest situation content following testing at a small commercial poultry premises near Deal, Kent.

  124. Updated the latest situation section to reflect there's a medium risk of bird flu occurring in wild birds in the UK.

  125. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that there is an increased risk of AI from migrating birds in winter.

  126. Updated to reflect that the UK has now declared itself free from avian influenza.

  127. Updated the latest situation as it was out of date. The current risk of bird flu occurring in the UK is low.

  128. Updated the Do you keep chickens, ducks, geese… Help protect your birds from the risk of bird flu leaflet as the link on tip 4 was out of date. You should register birds at www.gov.uk/guidance/poultry-registration.

  129. Updated the Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds document: Minor editorial changes including amendments to general biosecurity subsections and “Protecting your birds” paragraph.

  130. Minor change to latest situation section to indicate that outbreaks of HPAI have been found in poultry and wild birds in several countries across Europe.

  131. Updated the trade and export section after the restrictions on the confirmed case in mid-Suffolk have been lifted.

  132. Updated to include the declaration revoking the restricted zone around a premises in mid-Suffolk.

  133. Updated the case in Mid Suffolk, 10 December 2019 to include contact details for licensing queries on movements into, within or out of the zone.

  134. Updated the guidance under the 'Trade, import and export issues' heading.

  135. Updated as the strain of outbreak has now been confirmed as Low pathogenic avian influenza H5N3.

  136. Minor restructure of the page and updates to content following the outbreak of LPAI in Mid Suffolk. Also minor amendment to the welsh translation of the page and update to reflect that this translation will not be updated during the outbreak.

  137. Updated to reflect that low pathogenic avian influenza has been confirmed in broiler breeder chickens at a commercial farm in Mid Suffolk.

  138. Updated the latest situation to reflect that there is an increased risk of AI from migrating birds in winter.

  139. Link to disease alerts service updated

  140. Amended the Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings sections to clarify the requirement for a signed declaration and latest situation.

  141. Welsh language page now available

  142. Updated the link for the interactive map to https://defra.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=8cb1883eda5547c6b91b5d5e6aeba90d.

  143. Added a link to the rationale for deciding Higher Risk Areas.

  144. Guidance on the Higher Risk Areas in Great Britain added.

  145. Contact details to report a notifiable disease updated

  146. Avian flu Prevention Zone n longer in force - it has been revoked (ended) today.

  147. Added a link to photos of clinical signs of avian influenza.

  148. Prevention Zone now also in force in Wales; we've added a link.

  149. Edited the section, trade, import and export issues: there is no reason why trade should be affected following the findings of bird flu in wild birds in January 2018.

  150. Bird keepers in the whole of England are now required to take specific precautions because a Prevention Zone has now been put in place across the country.

  151. Prevention Zone section updated with a link to the Rapid Risk Assessment on the H5N6 cases in wild birds in Dorset.

  152. We have declared a Prevention Zone in areas of South Dorset - imposing requirements on all bird keepers - after bird flu has been found in wild birds in that area.

  153. Routine editorial update to reflect the current risk of bird flu as winter approaches, also specific advice for keepers of gamebirds.

  154. Updated because the UK has declared itself officially free from highly pathogenic avian influenza. We have also removed legal documents specifically related to the outbreak December 2016 and June 2017.

  155. Biosecurity advice updated, and new one-page leaflet added.

  156. Added link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between between April and May 2017.

  157. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Diss, South Norfolk.

  158. In the case near Diss, South Norfolk, the 3km PZ has now been merged with the 10km SZ.

  159. Added a link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between December 2016 and March 2017 under the 'movement controls and licences' heading.

  160. Updated because the Prevention Zone is no longer in place in certain areas of Lancashire, Cumbria and Merseyside.

  161. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.

  162. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  163. Updated with information about confirmed case near Diss, South Norfolk

  164. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire: in each case the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ. We've also updated the biosecurity advice document.

  165. Updated version of the backyard flocks leaflet published.

  166. Updated advice leaflet for keepers of small 'backyard flocks'.

  167. Updated with details of the new Prevention Zone and bird gathering rules from 15 May 2017.

  168. Updated with plans to lift the Prevention Zone, and ban on gatherings, across England from 15 May, except in certain areas of Lancashire and Cumbria (where controls will remain).

  169. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  170. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  171. Updated with information about a further confirmed case in a backyard flock of poultry near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.

  172. Updated with information about confirmed case near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.

  173. Updated following the announcement that the Prevention Zone, and the ban on poultry gatherings, will be lifted on 15 May 2017.

  174. We have updated the information on the rules from 13 April 2017.

  175. The Prevention Zone rules will change from 13 April 2017: keepers will no longer be required to house poultry or have total range netting in place in Higher Risk Areas of England, but they will continue to be required to follow our detailed requirements on strict biosecurity.

  176. Updated to add a link to advice on the welfare of housed birds, in the 'latest' section.

  177. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  178. Updated the advice document, "biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds"

  179. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.

  180. Restrictions have been removed from around a premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk, and the Protection Zone has been merged with the Surveillance Zone for the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.

  181. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  182. The 3km Protection Zone around the poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk has been merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone

  183. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at the third site near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  184. Following investigations into the case of H5N8 near Redgrave in Suffolk, we've detected the virus at a further separate premises and have confirmed that proactive culling of birds will take place. We've also added an updated link to guidance on bird flu and gamebirds.

  185. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  186. Updated the document covering rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed birds originating in PZs, with list of dates

  187. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  188. Letter from Chief Vet to registered poultry keepers about the new rules added.

  189. New rules from 28 February are now in force; we have published an updated leaflet for keepers of backyard flocks and there's an updated legal declaration.

  190. Updated information on free range eggs and poultry.

  191. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  192. Updated with details of a new case confirmed at a farm near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.

  193. Updated rules for all poultry keepers under the Prevention Zone from 28 February.

  194. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 26 January case near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place).

  195. Updated because the remaining Surveillance Zone restrictions around the case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (on which disease was confirmed on 16 January 2017) were removed from 00:01.

  196. We have published information about the background to the proposed Higher Risk Areas from 28 February 2017.

  197. Updated information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone, including one extra general licence.

  198. Updated with declaration confirming the case near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk. We've also added a link to Welsh Government plans from 28 February 2017.

  199. Updated after a 10km Temporary Control Zone was imposed around a poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk.

  200. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 16 January case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place). We've also updated General Licences EXD243 and EXD353.

  201. Added a link to arrangements in Scotland after 28 February 2017.

  202. Updated after removal of the Surveillance Zone restrictions in the Settle, North Yorkshire case.

  203. Updated with guidance about plans for Prevention Zone controls in England from 28 February 2017.

  204. Minor update following lifting of the SZ restrictions on the case in Wales on 4 February (details are available on the Welsh Government website).

  205. Updated to reflect a further proactive cull of about 280 birds at a further linked premises nearby to one of the cases near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  206. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the case near Settle, Yorkshire: the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ.

  207. Updated to reflect the 3rd case confirmed near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire. New general licence added for movement of mammals from or to premises in the PZ or SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.

  208. Updated to reflect additional proactive culling of birds at the case identified on 27 January.

  209. Updated to reflect today's case in a flock of pheasants at a farm near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire, together with editorial changes to make it easier to find information about current cases.

  210. Updated to cover the new case Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  211. Updated to reflect a new confirmed case in Lancashire.

  212. We've published an updated version of our detailed advice about how to house your birds and keep them separate from wild birds, and about extra biosecurity measures.

  213. Updated following lifting of the 10km Surveillance Zone (SZ) around the infected premises confirmed on 16 December 2016 near Louth, East Lindsey in Lincolnshire. However, the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone for the new case declared on 16 January, which cover very similar areas, remain in force so anyone affected in this area is likely still to be covered by restrictions and should check our maps.

  214. A minor correction to today's declaration was published, together with minor editorial review of the remainder of this guide.

  215. Updated following the case of avian influenza H5N8 confirmed in a commercial turkey unit in East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  216. Updated with link to advice on rearing game birds and shooting whilst the Prevention Zone is in force.

  217. Clarified information around free range status under the Prevention Zone.

  218. Updated to reflect changes in controls around the case in Lincolnshire - the Protection Zone has been lifted, with Surveillance Zone controls remaining in place.

  219. Updated following a new case confirmed in Yorkshire.

  220. Updated Prevention Zone declaration, advice for keepers of backyard flocks, and updated general licences which also cover Wales.

  221. Updated following announcement that the prevention zone will be extended to 28 February 2017.

  222. Latest situation updated following confirmation of avian influenza in a backyard flock of chickens and ducks in Carmarthenshire, Wales.

  223. Routine editorial update, including link to report of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) H5N8 found in wild birds.

  224. Added general licences for movements of poultry carcases, and litter, manure etc.

  225. Updated to reflect latest findings in wild birds.

  226. Latest situation updated following the confirmed case in a wild bird in Wales on 22 December 2016.

  227. Added an additional general licence for movements of table eggs.

  228. The interactive map has now been updated and is available again.

  229. Added a note: interactive map will be unavailable for a short while from 6pm tonight.

  230. Updated following the announcement of a temporary suspension on certain bird gatherings from 20 December 2016.

  231. General licence added for the movement of samples for salmonella testing.

  232. Information added about how to apply for specific movement licences.

  233. Updated information on movement of meat from poultry within the Protection Zone.

  234. Link to interactive map added.

  235. Further information added about controls in the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone in Lincolnshire.

  236. Updated following case in turkeys in Lincolnshire confirmed on 16 December 2016.

  237. We've expanded our advice on flying pigeons or birds of prey.

  238. Information added about birds of prey, game birds and shooting in the Prevention Zones.

  239. Updates to background information, including the reasons for the controls, and bird fairs and gatherings, in the light of queries we've received.

  240. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone, to address the situation in Scotland and Wales; also added information about backyard flocks, and free range status.

  241. Updated to include links to Prevention Zones now in place in Scotland and Wales.

  242. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone,

  243. A Prevention Zone was declared on 6 December, requiring poultry keepers to keep chickens, hens, ducks and turkeys housed indoors or separate from wild birds; other captive birds must be kept separate from wild birds.

  244. Updated version of advice document "Biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds" added - includes new information about the Animal and Plant Health Agency “testing to exclude” scheme, and updated advice on welfare surveillance.

  245. Updated the guidance on what to do if you find dead wild birds.

  246. Latest situation, risk of disease, and biosecurity advice updated.

  247. Link added to epidemiological report into the Dunfermline case; wider editorial review following lifting of all restrictions in recent cases in England.

  248. Updated to reflect the lifting of restrictions on the case in Scotland.

  249. Updated following confirmation by the Scottish authorities of a case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza (bird flu) on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline.

  250. Updated to reflect suspected case in Scotland, 10 January 2016.

  251. Updated following lifting of restrictions in Lancashire.

  252. Additional general licence now available - spreading or movement of used poultry litter, manure and slurry from premises in the Surveillance Zone EXD353.

  253. Updated declaration and licences following ending of the Protection Zone at 00:01 on 7 August.

  254. Minor technical updates to general licences EXD247, EXD293, EXD339, EXD346, EXD341

  255. Added new general licence for movement of mammal carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.

  256. Edited the details of the specific movement licences which are currently available.

  257. 3 new general licences for movements affected by the PZ or SZ have been published.

  258. Updated to note that culling of birds at the affected premises has now been completed.

  259. We have reviewed and slightly re-organised some information to make it easier to find current details.

  260. Added details of a specific licence for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone to a designated premises for scientific, diagnostic, pharmaceutical purposes.

  261. Added information about a specific licence available for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone.

  262. Updated version of the general licence - movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zones.

  263. Added guidance and licences for Food Business Operators.

  264. Updates to information about movement controls and licences, and trade issues, and wider editorial reviews.

  265. Updated following confirmation of a case of H7N7 avian flu in Lancashire.

  266. Added information in the movement licences section about extra general and specific licences.

  267. New information about general and specific movement licences has been added.

  268. Updates to movement controls and further editorial reviews and changes.

  269. Ongoing process of editorial review and further detailed updates.

  270. Updated to reflect a case in Lancashire, July 2015.

  271. Added link to the reports which summarise the investigations carried out into the bird flu outbreaks in Yorkshire and Hampshire in 2014 and 2015.

  272. Edited to cover lifting of the restriction zone in Hampshire.

  273. Updated to reflect that culling has now been completed.

  274. Updated to reflect the start of culling at the farm.

  275. Minor editorial changes throughout this guidance

  276. Updated in the light of the low severity avian flu case confirmed in Hampshire.

  277. Updated to reflect the lifting of the surveillance zone on 21 December 2014.

  278. Updated to reflect the protection zone now being lifted but surveillance zone restrictions remain in force.

  279. Added general licence for the movement of horses (other than in vehicles) to or from premises in the PZ and SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.

  280. Updated general licence for the movement of mammals from or onto premises in the Surveillance Zone or Protection Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD315).

  281. Added general licences on mammals from bird premises in PZ/SZ, and salmonella samples for testing.

  282. Added guidance for the conduct of bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

  283. Published amendment to the general licence on bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings.

  284. Replaced Movement of table eggs within or out of a PZ or SZ - general licence (EXD317) - a minor error has been corrected.

  285. Published general licence for the movement of table eggs within or out of a Protection or Surveillance Zone.

  286. General licence added on bird gatherings.

  287. Added new general licence for the movement of mammal and poultry carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.

  288. Published general licence for the removal of the special meat mark applied to certain poultry meat originating in a Protection Zone.

  289. Added information about specific movement licence for the movement of used poultry manure, litter or slurry.

  290. Published general movement licence for the movement of eggs from a premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone to a designated egg packing centre.

  291. New guidance published "Wild birds: biosecurity measures" in the biosecurity guidance section

  292. Added general licence for the movement of poultry meat from poultry originating in a Protection Zone or originating from an area that subsequently becomes a Protection Zone.

  293. Added guidance for Food Business Operators on the control measures relating to poultry meat and farmed game birds.

  294. Added information about designation of slaughterhouses to accept birds from the restricted zones, under the 'Licences' heading.

  295. Guidance is now available on how to apply for a movement licence: see the 'Licences' heading.

  296. Updated to reflect the end of the cull.

  297. Updated guidance on restrictions in place in Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone.

  298. Updated biosecurity guidance to include specific precautions regarding wild birds.

  299. Minor updates.

  300. Updated because the disease strain has been identified.

  301. Added link to interactive map.

  302. Updated with current guidance.

  303. Added link to the Public Health England news story

  304. Linked to latest press release.

  305. Declaration added in relation to 16 November 2014 case in Yorkshire.

  306. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

  307. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

  308. First published.