Guidance

Avian influenza (bird flu)

How to spot avian influenza (bird flu), what to do if you suspect it, and measures to prevent it.

Avian influenza (bird flu) mainly affects birds. It can also affect humans and other mammals.

Avian influenza (bird flu) is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect any type of avian influenza in poultry or captive birds you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77 - please select option 7).

All bird keepers (whether you have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) must keep a close watch on them for signs of disease and maintain good biosecurity at all times. If you have any concerns about the health of your birds, seek prompt advice from your vet.

You should register your poultry, even if only kept as pets, so we can contact you during an outbreak. This is a legal requirement if you have 50 or more birds. Poultry includes chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeon (bred for meat), partridge, quail, guinea fowl and pheasants.

Latest situation

Update 19 January 2021: Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zones the:

  • Protection Zones surrounding both the second and third premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk were revoked on 19 January 2021 and the areas merged with the respective Surveillance Zones
  • Surveillance Zone around a premises near Hawes in North Yorkshire has been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place

Update 17 January 2021: Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zones, the Surveillance Zone declared on 8 January around a premises near Willington in South Derbyshire has been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Update 16 January 2021: Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zones, the Surveillance Zone declared on 9 January around a premises near Attleborough in Norfolk and the Surveillance Zone declared on 10 January around a premises near King’s Lynn in Norfolk have both been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

For details of the measures that apply in these zones, see the movement controls and licences section.

Avian Influenza Prevention Zone

An Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been declared across the whole of England effective from 5pm on 11 November 2020 with additional housing measures in force from 14 December 2020. The AIPZ means all bird keepers in England (whether they have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) are required by law to take a range of biosecurity precautions including from the 14 December 2020 keeping their birds indoors except in very specific circumstances.

Further details of the measures that apply in the AIPZ including housing measures can be found in the AIPZ including housing measures declaration (in force from 00:01am 14 December 2020 until further notice). This declaration revokes and replaces the AIPZ declaration (in force from 11 November 2020 to 14 December 2020).

To assist all bird keepers in complying with the rules we have updated the biosecurity guidance and published a Biosecurity self-assessment checklist (ODT, 22.6KB).

Local Authorities have the responsibility to ensure compliance AIPZ. Failure to comply with the AIPZ Declaration may be an offence under section 73 of the Animal Health Act 1981 and subject to an unlimited fine on summary conviction and up to 3 months’ imprisonment per offence.

The decision to implement the AIPZ on the 11 December 2020 and the additional housing measures from the 14 December 2020 was made in light of evidence from the continent and ongoing high numbers of avian influenza findings in wild bird in England and follows risk assessments containing the latest scientific and ornithological evidence and veterinary advice.

AIPZs have also been declared in Scotland by the Scottish Government (in force from the 11 November 2020), in Wales by the Welsh Government (in force from the 11 November 2020) and in Northern Ireland by DAERA-NI (in force from 1 December 2020). Scotland and Wales have also introduced housing measures on 14 December 2020 as part of their AIPZs.

Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

Bird gatherings are not permitted within the AIPZ and therefore are not currently permitted in England. The general licence for bird gatherings was revoked on 11 November 2020 at 6:30pm. Further information can be found in our guidance for bird gatherings. The collection of wild game birds is not affected by these measures.

Risk level

The risk of incursion of avian influenza has been increased to very high for wild birds and medium for poultry with high biosecurity and high for poultry with poor biosecurity. Further details on the evidence which supported these decisions can be found in our risk assessments.

In response to the increased risk an AIPZ has been declared in England, Scotland and Wales and new additional housing measures announced on the 3 December 2020, which will come into force at on the 14 December 2020, the Chief Vets from England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are urging bird keepers across the UK to maintain and strengthen their biosecurity measures in order to prevent further outbreaks of avian influenza in the UK.

If you keep poultry (including game birds or as pets), you should follow our biosecurity best practice advice. Remain vigilant for any signs of disease in your flock and report any sign of avian influenza to Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301.

Public Health England advises that the risk to the public’s health from all four of the virus strains which have been found in England (H5N2, H5N8, H5N5, H5N1) is very low. Food Standards Agency (FSA) has said that on the basis of the current scientific evidence, avian influenzas pose a very low food safety risk for UK consumers

Avian influenza is unconnected with coronavirus (COVID-19).

You can sign up to our Alerts Service to keep up to date with the latest news. You can also get Defra email alerts or subscribe to Defra’s RSS feed.

Cases in poultry and other captive birds in England

The following 12 cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in poultry have now been confirmed at premises in England:

  • near Frodsham, Cheshire (broiler breeder chickens)
  • near Leominster, in Herefordshire (broiler breeder chickens)
  • near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (poultry and captive birds)
  • near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire (rearing turkeys)
  • second premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire (rearing turkeys)
  • near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (rearing turkeys)
  • near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk (rearing turkeys)
  • near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire (captive birds and poultry)
  • near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset (backyard poultry)
  • near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (breeding ducks)
  • Ickburgh, near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk (rearing ducks)
  • near Exmouth, West Devon, Devon (backyard poultry)

The following case of avian influenza highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in poultry has been confirmed at premises in England:

  • near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire (backyard flock of chickens)

One case of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) H5N2 has been confirmed at a premises in England:

  • near Deal, Kent

Cases in captive birds (non-poultry) in England

The following 3 cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in other captive birds (non-poultry premises) have now been confirmed in England:

  • near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (non-commercial other captive birds, non-poultry premises)
  • near Stroud in Gloucestershire (captive birds at a wetland centre, non-poultry premises)
  • near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire (captive birds at a rescue centre, non-poultry premises)

When avian influenza is confirmed or suspected in poultry or other captive birds disease control zones are put in place around the infected premises. Within these disease control zones a range of restrictions on the movement of poultry and material associated with their keeping can apply.

Check where disease control zone are currently located and if you are in zone on our interactive map

Definitive requirements are set out in the published declarations for each disease control zone currently in force. The declarations together with further information on each of the cases and movement licensing information can be found in the movement controls and licences section.

Cases in Scotland

One case of avian influenza has been confirmed in a small commercial free range laying flock on Sanday Island, Orkney, Scotland. This was confirmed as highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 on 19 December 2020 and a 10km Surveillance zone is in place. See the Scottish Government website for further information.

Wild birds in England

The Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carries out year-round avian influenza surveillance of dead wild birds submitted via public reports and warden patrols. While HPAI H5N1 has been detected in a Canada goose in Devon and a mute swan in Essex, and HPAI H5N5 has been detected in a mute swan in Essex.

Multiple species of wild birds have been found to be positive for HPAI H5N8 in locations across England. For further details see the report (updated weekly) of findings of HPAI in wild birds in Great Britain and our outbreak assessments.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 335577).

We then collect some of these birds and test them to help us understand how the disease is distributed geographically and in different types of bird, not all birds will be collected.

Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find. For further information see our advice to the Public.

Defra and the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) carry out routine surveillance of disease risks in the UK and around the world to help us anticipate future threats to animal health and continue to closely monitor the global situation of avian influenza as part of this work. Further details of the latest avian influenza findings in wild birds in Europe can be found in our outbreak assessments.

Disease control strategy

Cases of avian influenza, if they occur, are controlled by following the contingency plan for exotic notifiable diseases and the notifiable avian disease control strategy. You can read what happens when a notifiable disease is suspected or confirmed.

Legislation on avian influenza

The legislation covering avian influenza includes:

Enforcement

Avian influenza controls are enforced by local authorities.

Compensation

You may be entitled to compensation if healthy poultry are killed under orders from government or APHA in the event of a disease outbreak. Owners are not entitled to compensation solely as a result of the requirements of a disease control zone or for other consequential losses. See our notifiable avian disease control strategy and guidance on compensation for animals culled to control animal diseases for further information.

Biosecurity advice

An Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been declared in England (effective from 5pm on the 11 November 2020) with additional housing measures in force from 14 December 2020. This means all bird keepers in England (whether they have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) are required by law to take a range of biosecurity precautions, including housing their birds (except in very specific circumstances).

If you keep poultry or other captive birds, you must take action to reduce the risk of disease in your flock by following government advice on biosecurity. Further details of the measures that apply in the AIPZ can be found in the AIPZ declaration.

To assist all bird keepers in complying with the new rules we have updated the biosecurity guidance and published a new Biosecurity self-assessment checklist (ODT, 22.6KB).

Good biosecurity improves the overall health and productivity of your flock by helping keep out poultry diseases such as avian influenza and limiting the spread of disease in an outbreak.

This applies just as much if you only have a few birds as pets, or if you have a large commercial flock. An outbreak of avian influenza in back garden chickens results in the same restrictions on movement of birds. It has the same effect on farmers and trade in poultry as an outbreak on a commercial farm.

Biosecurity guidance for all bird keepers

Read the biosecurity guidance which includes details of measures that should be taken in an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone. Complete the biosecurity self-assessment checklist and retain for inspection if requested by representatives from APHA or Local Authorities.

Biosecurity self-assessment checklist

This file is in an OpenDocument format

From 14 December 2020 all bird keepers in England (whether they have pet birds, commercial flocks or just a few birds in a backyard flock) are required by law to take a range of biosecurity precautions including keeping their birds indoors except in very specific circumstances. See our posters below for further information.

Register your birds

We encourage all keepers to register their birds with us, and keep contact details up to date, so we can contact you quickly if there is a disease outbreak in your area and you need to take action.

If you have more than 50 birds, you are legally required to register your flock within one month of their arrival at your premises. If you have less than 50 birds, including pet birds, you are still strongly encouraged to register.

Find out how to register your birds.

Report signs of disease

You must keep a close watch on your birds for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from your vet if you have any concerns. If you suspect any type of avian influenza you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. Failure to do so is an offence.

Pigeons or birds of prey

If your birds are within a disease control zone, make sure you check the restrictions applicable to that zone.

You can exercise and train pigeons or fly birds of prey, including for pest control, but they should avoid direct contact with wild birds. However, following the declaration of an AIPZ bird gatherings are not allowed to take place across GB. One bird (falcon/hawk/pigeon etc.) or multiple birds that already housed together/on the same premises are still permitted to be flown in England under the AIPZ. However, birds that are not already housed together/on the same premises should not be flown together, as this constitutes a bird gathering. Further information can be found in our guidance for bird gatherings.

Due to the heightened risk of avian influenza infection in wild birds we advise against feeding any wild birds, and in particular any wild shot or hunted wildfowl, to any birds of prey. This includes birds that may have been shot or hunted earlier in the autumn and frozen.

Game birds and shoots

If you’re involved with gamebirds you should read the advice published on the Game Farmers Association website (PDF). You need to maintain good biosecurity at your premises. This advice has been put together by seven leading countryside and shooting organisations (BASC, CA, CLA, GFA, GWCT, NGO and SGA) and endorsed by Defra, the Scottish and Welsh Governments and DAERA in Northern Ireland.

If your activity is within a disease control zone, make sure you check the restrictions applicable to that zone.

Once game birds have been released they are classified as wild birds. The person who released the game birds is no longer classed as the ‘keeper’ of the birds.

You can continue to feed and water released game birds but you should make reasonable efforts to minimise the chance of other wild birds accessing their feed and water, for example by placing it under cover. You should use commercial feed and fresh or treated water.

Vaccination

The vaccination of poultry and most captive birds against avian influenza is not currently permitted. Vaccination is not a routine control measure and is a practice restricted by legislation.

Vaccination of zoo birds is only permitted in England subject to meeting eligibility criteria and receiving authorisation. Only zoos or collections holding a current zoo licence can apply for an authorisation to vaccinate. For further information see our avian influenza vaccination guidance.

How to spot avian influenza

There are 2 types of avian influenza.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is the more serious type. It is often fatal in birds. The main clinical signs of HPAI in birds are:

  • swollen head
  • blue discolouration of neck and throat
  • loss of appetite
  • respiratory distress such as gaping beak, coughing, sneezing, gurgling, rattling
  • diarrhoea
  • fewer eggs laid
  • increased mortality

Clinical signs can vary between species of bird and some species (for example ducks and geese) may show minimal clinical signs.

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) is usually less serious. It can cause mild breathing problems, but affected birds will not always show clear signs of infection.

The severity of LPAI depends on the type of bird and whether it has any other illnesses.

Anyone who keeps poultry must keep a close watch on them for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from their vet if they have any concerns.

Photos of clinical signs

We’ve published some photos of clinical signs of avian influenza on Flickr.

How avian influenza is spread

Avian influenza spreads from bird to bird by direct contact or through contaminated body fluids and faeces. It can also be spread by contaminated feed and water or by dirty vehicles, clothing and footwear.

The avian influenza virus changes frequently, creating new strains, and there is a constant risk that one of the new strains may spread easily among people. But there is no evidence that any recent strain of avian influenza has been able to spread directly between people.

Avian influenza isn’t an airborne virus.

Advice for the public

Public health

Public Health England (PHE) has advised that the risk to the public’s health from all four of the virus strains which have been found in England (H5N2, H5N8, H5N5, H5N1) is very low.

The Food Standards Agency has said that on the basis of the current scientific evidence, avian influenza poses a very low food safety risk for UK consumers. Properly cooked poultry and poultry products, including eggs, are safe to eat.

The NHS website has further information and if you employ people who work with poultry or work with poultry yourself, you can also read Health and Safety Executive advice on protecting workers from avian influenza.

Wild birds

Do not touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find.

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77).

We then collect some of these birds and test them to help us understand how the disease is distributed geographically and in different types of bird, not all birds will be collected.

We publish a report (updated regularly) on findings of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) in wild birds in Great Britain and provide further details in our outbreak assessments.

Where dead birds are not required for surveillance purposes it is the landowner’s responsibility to safely dispose of the carcases.

The carcasses of wild animals, other than wild game, are exempt from the animal by-product (ABP) rules in the UK. However, if it is suspected that the animals were infected with a disease which can spread to people or animals such as avian influenza, the carcases must be disposed of as a category 1 ABP. See our guidance on animal by-product disposal.

Disposal of dead wild birds on public land

Where dead birds are on public land it is the local authorities responsibility to safely dispose of the carcases as animal by-products. See our guidance on how to report a dead or injured animal.

Disposal of dead wild birds found at domestic premises

After contacting the Defra Helpline (03459 33 55 77 – select option 7) to report the dead wild birds, if the birds are not required for surveillance purposes, follow the advice below for their disposal.

Disposal in household or municipal waste refuse:

  • if possible, wear disposable protective gloves when picking up and handling dead wild birds (if disposable gloves are not available, a plastic bag can be used as a make-shift glove). When the dead wild bird has been picked up, the bag can be turned back on itself and tied. It should then be placed in a second plastic bag, tied and disposed of in the normal household waste (lidded bin outside)
  • place the dead wild bird in a suitable plastic bag, preferably leak proof. Care should be taken not to contaminate the outside of the bag
  • tie the bag and place it in a second plastic bag
  • remove gloves by turning them inside out and then place them in the second plastic bag. Tie the bag and dispose of it in the normal household refuse bin

Burial:

  • the dead wild bird can be buried, but not in a plastic bag
  • the depth of the burial hole must be sufficient to prevent animals scavenging and gaining access to it – at least 60cm deep is advised
  • location must not be near any watercourses, or likely to contaminate local water supplies

Trade, import and export issues

A collection of guidance and forms for importing and exporting live animals or animal products is available.

Exports and EU trade

Following confirmation of cases of both Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N8 and Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza (LPAI) H5N2 in poultry the UK is no longer free from notifiable avian influenza under the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) rules.

Where disease is confirmed, we put in place measures in accordance with Council Directive 2005/94/EC. The EU will put safeguard measures in place, meaning that no trade with the EU in live poultry or poultry products will be permitted from disease control zones.

Imports from the EU

You can’t import poultry and poultry products into the UK from within disease control zones imposed around confirmed cases of avian influenza within other EU countries.

EU trade relies on strict certification for movement of live poultry, day old chicks and hatching eggs. Products such as poultry meat, table eggs and poultry products are not subject to certification within the EU.

Higher Risk Areas (HRAs)

All areas in Great Britain remain at risk of avian influenza in wild birds.

However, in Great Britain we’ve defined a number of areas as ‘Higher Risk Areas’ (HRAs). These are generally areas near where wild birds (and in particular gulls and wild waterfowl) gather, such as lakes, marshes or estuaries.

Check if your premises is within an HRA on our interactive map.

If all or part of your premises is in a Higher Risk Area you should follow biosecurity advice to protect your birds. We consider that you’re in an HRA even if only part of your premises falls within the HRA.

We have defined HRA’s following our previous experience of avian influenza outbreaks, coupled with the latest scientific and veterinary opinion. This indicates that migratory wild waterfowl (ducks, geese and swans) and gulls pose a continual threat for the introduction of avian influenza into premises where poultry, game birds, pet and other captive birds are kept. EU regulations require that member states identify areas of the country where the risk of avian influenza flu is deemed to be highest. We have published more detail of the rationale and approach behind Higher Risk Areas.

If you are planning a new poultry unit you should take into account the risk of HPAI where the unit is planned.

There are no additional requirements associated with high risk areas (HRAs) in comparison to other areas of England with regard to the current AIPZ or the housing measures due to be introduced on the 14 November 2020.

Movement controls and licences

Where avian influenza is confirmed or suspected, we put in place restrictions on movements of birds in the area around the infected premises.

Check if you are in a disease control zone on our interactive map.

Where general or specific licences are available in relation to movements of poultry or poultry meat, they will be listed in this section.

Avian influenza Temporary Control Zones

No Temporary Control Zones are currently in place

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8 Protection and Surveillance Zones

Premises near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon

Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in backyard poultry at a premises near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon on 29 December 2020.

A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone has been declared around the premises. All birds will be humanely culled. Details of the measures that apply in the Protection and Surveillance Zones can be found in the declaration.

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon (PDF, 1.81MB, 15 pages)

Premises in Ickburgh, near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk

Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in rearing duck at a premises near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk on 28 December.

A 3.4km Protection Zone and 10.4km Surveillance Zone has been declared around premises. All birds will be humanely culled. Details of the measures that apply in the Protection and Surveillance Zones can be found in the declaration.

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Ickburgh, near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.21MB, 15 pages)

Third premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in non-commercial captive birds (non-poultry premises) near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on 26 December. On the 28 December further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Protection Zone was revoked on 19 January 2021 and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

Details of the measures that apply in the Surveillance zone can be found in the declaration.

Declaration ending the Protection Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk made on 28 December 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.2MB, 8 pages)

This revokes and replaces the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.51MB, 15 pages) (declared 28 December 2020).

Second premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in a commercial duck breeding premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on 19 December 2020. Following further testing this was confirmed as highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 on 20 December 2020.

All poultry on the premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Protection Zone was revoked on 19 January 2021 and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

Details of the measures that apply in the Surveillance Zone can be found in the declaration.

Declaration ending the Protection Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk made on 20 December 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone (Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.2MB, 8 pages)

This revokes and replaces the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.21MB, 15 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (H5N8 Avian Influenza) – Near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk (PDF, 1.83MB, 14 pages) (declared on 19 December 2020).

Premises near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in backyard poultry near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset on the 19 December 2020.

All poultry on the premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Protection Zone was revoked on 11 January 2021 and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

Details of the measures that apply in the Surveillance Zone can be found in the declaration.

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Gillingham, North Dorset made at 10.30 on 19 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference ST8073928884 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.44MB, 8 pages)

This revokes and replaces the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (H5N8 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) – Near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset (PDF, 1.37MB, 15 pages)

Premises where Protection and Surveillance Zones no longer apply

Premises near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire

Avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed in a backyard flock of chickens near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire on 17 December 2020. On the 18 December 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N1). Further genetic sequencing has confirmed that this is the same virus that has recently been found in wild birds in Europe and the UK and is not the strain that has previously caused human infections outside of Europe.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked.

Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds and poultry at a premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire on 15 December 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Willington, Derbyshire made at 11.30 on 15 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SK2893437099 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.55MB, 8 pages)

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Willington, South Derbyshire (PDF, 1.73MB, 16 pages)

Premises near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk on the 5 December 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk made at 21.30 on 5 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference TF6971717295 (PDF, 1.21MB, 8 pages).

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near King’s Lynn, Norfolk (PDF, 683KB, 15 pages).

First premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on the 4 December 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

This revokes:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk made at 18.30 on 4 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference TM0047592743 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.28MB, 8 pages).

Which in turn revoked and replaced the:

Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Attleborough, Norfolk (PDF, 1.3MB, 15 pages).

Second premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in poultry at a second premises which rears turkeys near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire on the 1 December 2020. On the 3 December further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 29 December 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire centred on grid reference SE3590888752 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.6KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire made at 6pm on 3 December and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SE3590888752 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.29MB, 8 pages) which revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.21MB, 15 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.21MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 1 December 2020).

First premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in poultry at a premises which rears turkeys near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire on 28 November 2020. On 29 November 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 29 December 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire centred on grid reference SE3526989294 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.6KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone near Northallerton, North Yorkshire made at 16.15 on 29 November and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SE3526989294 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.37MB, 8 pages) which revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.41MB, 15 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire (PDF, 1.41MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 28 November 2020).

Premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire on the 21 November 2020. On the 23 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8). All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled.

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 17 December 2020 is revoked from 2:30pm on 25 December. Local movement restrictions are removed from this date and time, but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone measures remain in place.

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone made at 3:30pm on 23 November 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SK7723021404 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.23MB, 8 pages). This declaration revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (PDF, 1.24MB, 15 pages) which in turn revokes and replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire (PDF, 1.23MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 21 November).

Premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in broiler breeder chickens at a premises near Leominster, in Herefordshire on 11 November 2020. On the 12 November 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 9 December 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone in Herefordshire centred on grid reference SO4442652314 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16.1KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone made at 12pm on 12 November 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SO4442652314 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.5MB, 8 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Protection Zone and a Surveillance Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.52MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 12 November).

Premises near Frodsham, Cheshire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed at a premises near Frodsham in Cheshire which rears broiler breeder chickens on 2 November 2020. On the 3 November further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8).

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 27 November has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SJ4580673106 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 82.8KB, 1 page).

This declaration revokes the:

Declaration of the ending of a Protection Zone made at 6pm on 3 November 2020 and the area that formed that Protection Zone becomes part of the Surveillance Zone centred on grid reference SJ4580673106 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 1.47MB, 8 pages).

Licencing for Protection and Surveillance Zones

Poultry keepers can apply for licences for some low risk movements from any Protection Zone or Surveillance Zones currently in force.

General licences

General licences allow a movement or activity that would otherwise be prohibited in England and Wales. You need to check that you meet and comply with the conditions of the general licence. If you do so, you do not need to apply - you can rely on the general licence as providing authority for the movement or activity.

The following general licences are currently available:

General licences EXD249(HPAI)(EW) (this general licence is also available in Wales) and EXD264(HPAI)(E) are available for food business operators in England – see the ‘Meat from poultry within the Protection Zone’ section below.

Specific licences

If you need to move something that is restricted in any Protection Zone or Surveillance Zones currently in force, you should apply to the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA). Complete the Application requesting exemption from restrictions (EXD100) (MS Word Document, 282KB) form and email to outbreak.licensing@apha.gov.uk.

You should give the licensing team as much notice as possible to process the requests and aim to allow at least 3 days for your licence application to be processed. Complex and high-risk movements will require extra time to assess and process. We will endeavour to clear urgent applications with less than 3 days’ notice but you should make contingency plans in case this is not possible.

If a licence is issued, it will normally allow a one-off movement and will be subject to certain conditions based on disease control risk.

Meat from poultry within a Protection Zone in England

To reduce animal health risks, food business operators have to follow specific rules for any meat produced from poultry or farmed game birds originating within a Protection Zone. Other poultry meat (from poultry not originating within the Protection Zone) is unaffected.

Meat produced from poultry or farmed game birds originating within a Protection Zone can be moved or sold, subject to several conditions. These include a requirement that the health mark is replaced with a specific mark (approved by the Secretary of State in any particular disease outbreak) which must remain with it throughout any processing or repackaging. These conditions are set out in General Licence EXD249.

Under some specific circumstances – set out in General Licence EXD 264 – the recipient of poultry meat is permitted to remove the specific mark temporarily for production, and in some circumstance not to re-apply it.

The legal requirements are set out in each General Licence. See also more detailed explanation of the rules and how they work including production dates for each of the zone(s) where these special measures apply.

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N8 Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zones

No Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zones are currently in place.

Premises where Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zones no longer apply

Premises near Stroud, Gloucestershire

Avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds at a wetland centre (non-poultry premises) near Stroud in Gloucestershire on the 19 November 2020. On the 23 November 2020 further testing confirmed this to be a high pathogenicity strain (HPAI H5N8). This is in addition to previous findings of HPAI H5N8 in wild birds in the area.

Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone declared on 23 November 2020 has now been revoked. Local restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of the avian influenza Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone in Gloucestershire centred on grid reference SO7196404436 (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 16KB, 1 page)

This declaration revokes the Declaration of a Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Stroud, Gloucestershire (PDF, 1.11MB, 5 pages) which in turn revoked and replaced the Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – Near Stroud, Gloucestershire (PDF, 1.51MB, 14 pages) (declared on the 19 November 2020).

Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N2 Control Zones

No low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) Restricted Zones are currently in place.

Premises where Restricted Zones no longer apply

Premises near Deal, Kent

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) of the H5N2 strain was confirmed at a small commercial premises near Deal in Kent on 2 November 2020.

All birds on the infected premises have been humanely culled to limit the spread of the disease. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Restricted Zone declared on 2 November 2020 has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

Revocation of Restricted Zone (Low pathogenic avian influenza) centred on grid reference TR3427354205 (PDF, 16.2KB, 1 page). This declaration revokes the Declaration of a low pathogenic avian influenza restricted zone (PDF, 666KB, 5 pages) which in turn replaces the Declaration of a Temporary Movement Restriction Zone (Avian Influenza) (PDF, 556KB, 5 pages) (declared on the 1 November).

Infected premises without controlled zones

Premises near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire

Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds (non-poultry premises) at a wild bird rescue centre near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire on the 13 December 2020. All birds on the premises will be humanely culled.

Following an initial risk assessment no controlled zones have been declared although keepers of poultry and captive birds located within 3 km of the premises will be contacted to remind them to be vigilant and to comply with the mandatory enhanced biosecurity and housing measures required under the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone measures (in force from 00:01am 14 December 2020 until further notice).

Only the infected premises is subject to additional licensing requirements.

Older cases of avian influenza

A case of low pathogenic avian influenza (H5N3) was confirmed at a commercial chicken farm in Mid Suffolk was confirmed on 10 December 2019. We published an epidemiological report summarising our investigations into the case.

The H5N6 strain of avian influenza was confirmed in 21 wild birds between January and June 2018. There were no cases in poultry.

A number of cases of avian influenza were confirmed between December 2016 and June 2017. The H5N8 strain of avian influenza was confirmed at farms in Suffolk, Lancashire and Lincolnshire, and in backyard flocks in Lancashire, Norfolk, North Yorkshire, Northumberland, and Carmarthenshire. Full details of these cases are now available on the National Archives website. The same strain of the virus was also found in wild birds in England, Scotland and Wales.

We have published two reports setting out our investigations into these cases, covering December 2016 to March 2017, and April to May 2017 - these are known as epidemiological reports.

A case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza was confirmed by the Scottish authorities on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline in January 2016. We published an epidemiological report summarising our investigations into the case.

A case of H7N7 avian influenza was confirmed near Preston, Lancashire in July 2015. A low severity case of H7N7 was confirmed in February 2015 in chickens at a farm in Hampshire. A case of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in November 2014 in ducks on premises in East Yorkshire. We have published reports about the investigations we carried out. Earlier papers about these cases are available on the National Archives website.

Published 26 August 2014
Last updated 19 January 2021 + show all updates
  1. Added the general licence for the movement of horses for the purpose of exercise from a premises in the Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone. The Protection Zones surrounding both the second and third premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk have been revoked and the Surveillance Zone around a premises near Hawes in North Yorkshire has been revoked.

  2. Updated to reflect that the surveillance zone near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire has been revoked.

  3. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zones, the Surveillance Zone declared on 8 January around a premises near Willington in South Derbyshire has been revoked.

  4. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance, the Surveillance Zone declared on 9 January around a premises near Attleborough in Norfolk and the Surveillance Zone declared on 10 January around a premises near King’s Lynn in Norfolk have both been revoked.

  5. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' guidance document.

  6. The Protection Zone declared on 19 December around a premises near Gillingham in Dorset has been revoked and the areas merged with the Surveillance Zone. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guide.

  7. The Protection Zone declared on 22 December around a premises near Hawes in North Yorkshire and the Protection Zone declared on 5 December around a premises near King’s Lynn in Norfolk have been revoked and the areas merged with the Surveillance Zones.

  8. The Protection Zone declared on 4 December 2020 around the first premises near Attleborough in Norfolk has been revoked and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  9. The Protection Zone declared on 15 December 2020 around a premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire was revoked on 8 January 2021 and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  10. Updated the guidance on 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone'.

  11. Updated to reflect that the Surveillance Zones declared around 2 premises near Northallerton in North Yorkshire have been revoked. Local movement restrictions have been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) measures remain in place.

  12. Replaced the 'General licence for the movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD247(HPAI)(EW))'.

  13. Updated rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone.

  14. Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in backyard poultry at a premises near Exmouth, East Devon, Devon. A 3km Protection Zone and 10km Surveillance Zone has been declared around the premises. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Protection Zones declared on 29 November and 3 December around two premises near Northallerton in North Yorkshire has been revoked and the area merged with the Surveillance Zone.

  15. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing ducks at a premises near Watton, Breckland, Norfolk. A 3.4km Protection Zone and 10.4km Surveillance Zone has been declared around the premises. Further testing has also confirmed highly pathogenic strain (HPAI H5N8) in a captive bird (non-poultry) premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk confirmed on 26 December. The Temporary Control Zone has been revoked and a 3km Protection Zone and 10km Temporary Control Surveillance Zone has been declared around the premises.

  16. Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (H5N8 Avian Influenza) – near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk.

  17. Revocation of the avian influenza Surveillance Zone in Leicestershire centred on grid reference SK7723021404.

  18. Updated rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone.

  19. Updated the 'Avian Influenza Prevention Zone' section - added guidance on biosecurity and housing requirements for chicken, turkey, duck, geese and game birds keepers.

  20. Made changes to the 'Wild birds' section.

  21. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance.

  22. Update: Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed in a backyard flock of chickens near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire.

  23. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance.

  24. Updated the latest situation section - Following further testing, highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in a commercial duck breeding premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk.

  25. Updated to reflect that Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in backyard poultry near Gillingham, North Dorset, Dorset and Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) was confirmed in a commercial duck breeding premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk.

  26. Updated to reflect that following successful completion of disease control activities within the zones, the Surveillance Zone near Leominster, Herefordshire declared on 9 December 2020 and the Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone declared on the 23 November 2020 have now been revoked.

  27. Updated to reflect that avian influenza H5N1 was confirmed in a backyard flock of chickens near Hawes, Richmondshire, North Yorkshire.

  28. Updated to reflect that the 3km Protection Zone in Leicestershire declared on the 23 November 2020 has been revoked and the area that formed that Protection Zone has become part of the 10km Surveillance Zone.

  29. Updated to reflect that the Restricted Zone near Deal, Kent declared on 2 November 2020 has now been revoked.

  30. Updated the guidance under the 'Pigeons or birds of prey' heading.

  31. Updated to reflect that Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in captive birds and poultry at a premises near Willington, South Derbyshire, Derbyshire.

  32. Updated to reflect that additional housing measures have come into force.

  33. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' guidance and the 'Biosecurity self-assessment checklist'.

  34. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in captive birds (non-poultry premises) in a wild bird rescue near Droitwich Spa, Wychavon, Worcestershire on the 13 December 2020.

  35. Added Avian Influenza Prevention Zone declaration (includes housing measures) which comes into force from 14 December 2020 until further notice.

  36. Added general licence for the movement of poultry by products and hatching eggs for disposal from premises in a Protection or Surveillance Zone (EXD389 (HPAI)(EW)).

  37. The 3km Protection Zone declared at 12.00 on 12 November 2020 around a premises near Leominster in Herefordshire has been revoked. The area that formed that Protection Zone has now been replaced by a Surveillance Zone.

  38. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone.

  39. Updated the general licence for the movement of table eggs into, within or out of a Protection or Surveillance Zone in England or Wales (EXD243(AI)(EW)) and the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone with details of new IPs and dates.

  40. Following successful completion of disease control activities and surveillance within the zone, the Surveillance Zone declared on 27 November 2020 around the premises near Frodsham in Cheshire has now been revoked. Local movement restrictions have now been removed but the Avian Influenza Prevention Zone measures remain in place.

  41. Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near King’s Lynn, King’s Lynn and West Norfolk, Norfolk. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

  42. Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 was confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Attleborough, Breckland, Norfolk on the 4 December 2020. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

  43. Updates to reflect new housing measures which come into force at 12:01am on the 14 December 2020.

  44. Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire. A 3km Protection and 10km Surveillance Zone has been put in place around the infected premises.

  45. Updated biosecurity guidance.

  46. Updated the general licence for the spreading on premises or movement of used poultry litter, poultry manure and poultry slurry originating from premises in a Protection Zone or a Surveillance Zone in England or Wales (EXD353(HPAI)(EW)).

  47. Declaration of a Temporary Control Zone (Avian Influenza) – near Northallerton, North Yorkshire.

  48. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance with details of the new zones and dates.

  49. Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 has been confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, North Yorkshire .A 3km Protection and 10km Temporary Zone has been put in place around the infected premises

  50. Avian influenza H5N8 confirmed in rearing turkeys at a premises near Northallerton, Hambleton, North Yorkshire.

  51. Updated the content under the 'wild birds' heading.

  52. Updated the general licence for the movement of poultry carcases for disposal from premises in a Protection Zone in England or Wales (EXD339(HPAI)(EW)).

  53. Updated to reflect the 3km Protection Zone in Cheshire declared on the 3 November 2020 has been revoked and has become part of the 10km Surveillance Zone.

  54. Updated the 'Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds' guidance document.

  55. Updated the wild birds list in the latest situation section.

  56. Changed the format of the biosecurity self-assessment checklist.

  57. Updated the 'Rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone' guidance document.

  58. Updated to reflect that further testing has confirmed avian influenza H5N8 in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire as a highly pathogenic strain.

  59. Updated the latest situation section - following confirmation of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 in captive birds at a wetland centre near Stroud in Gloucestershire a 3km Captive Bird (Monitoring) Controlled Zone has been put in place around the site.

  60. Added general licence for the movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD247(HPAI)(EW)).

  61. Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) has been confirmed in poultry and captive birds at a premises near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire.

  62. Updated the biosecurity guidance for bird keepers and published a new biosecurity self-assessment checklist.

  63. Updated the latest news section - Avian influenza H5N8 (pathogenicity to be confirmed) has been confirmed in captive birds at a non-poultry premises near Stroud in Gloucestershire.

  64. Updated the wild birds section following further findings of avian influenza in wild birds.

  65. Added further general licences under the 'Licencing for Protection and Surveillance Zones' heading.

  66. Updated the latest situation section - further wild birds have tested positive for avian influenza H5N8.

  67. Updated the rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed game birds originating in the Protection Zone guidance.

  68. Updated the wild birds paragraph in the latest situation section.

  69. Added the general licence for the movement of samples for salmonella testing from premises in the Protection Zone or Surveillance Zone.

  70. Updated the latest situation and movement controls and licences section: Confirmed the case of avian influenza H5N8 in broiler breeder chickens near Leominster in Herefordshire to be a highly pathogenic strain. 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have now been put in place.

  71. Updated to reflect that bird gatherings are currently not allowed to take place across England.

  72. Updated the latest situation section - an Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) has been declared across the whole of England.

  73. Updated to reflect a further case of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 in broiler breeder chickens near Leominster in Herefordshire.

  74. Updated the latest situation section - avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been found in 3 wild geese (1 Canada Goose and 2 Greylag Geese) near Stroud, Gloucestershire.

  75. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has been found in wild geese (Canada Geese and a Greylag Goose) near Stroud, Gloucestershire.

  76. Updated the movement controls and licences with information on general licences.

  77. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that the risk level for avian influenza incursion in wild birds in GB has been raised to high.

  78. Minor update to the 'Advice for the public' section.

  79. Updated the movement controls and licencing section.

  80. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that a 3km Protection Zone and a 10km Surveillance Zone have now been put in place around the infected premises near Frodsham, Cheshire.

  81. Updated to reflect that avian influenza of the H5N8 strain has been confirmed at a premises near Frodsham in Cheshire.

  82. Updated guidance under the 'Movement controls and licences' heading around movement licences.

  83. Updated the latest situation section. Low pathogenicity avian influenza (LPAI) of the H5N2 strain has been confirmed at a small commercial premises near Deal in Kent.

  84. Updated the information under the movement controls heading.

  85. Added a link to the interactive map.

  86. Updated the latest situation content following testing at a small commercial poultry premises near Deal, Kent.

  87. Updated the latest situation section to reflect there's a medium risk of bird flu occurring in wild birds in the UK.

  88. Updated the latest situation section to reflect that there is an increased risk of AI from migrating birds in winter.

  89. Updated to reflect that the UK has now declared itself free from avian influenza.

  90. Updated the latest situation as it was out of date. The current risk of bird flu occurring in the UK is low.

  91. Updated the Do you keep chickens, ducks, geese… Help protect your birds from the risk of bird flu leaflet as the link on tip 4 was out of date. You should register birds at www.gov.uk/guidance/poultry-registration.

  92. Updated the Biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds document: Minor editorial changes including amendments to general biosecurity subsections and “Protecting your birds” paragraph.

  93. Minor change to latest situation section to indicate that outbreaks of HPAI have been found in poultry and wild birds in several countries across Europe.

  94. Updated the trade and export section after the restrictions on the confirmed case in mid-Suffolk have been lifted.

  95. Updated to include the declaration revoking the restricted zone around a premises in mid-Suffolk.

  96. Updated the case in Mid Suffolk, 10 December 2019 to include contact details for licensing queries on movements into, within or out of the zone.

  97. Updated the guidance under the 'Trade, import and export issues' heading.

  98. Updated as the strain of outbreak has now been confirmed as Low pathogenic avian influenza H5N3.

  99. Minor restructure of the page and updates to content following the outbreak of LPAI in Mid Suffolk. Also minor amendment to the welsh translation of the page and update to reflect that this translation will not be updated during the outbreak.

  100. Updated to reflect that low pathogenic avian influenza has been confirmed in broiler breeder chickens at a commercial farm in Mid Suffolk.

  101. Updated the latest situation to reflect that there is an increased risk of AI from migrating birds in winter.

  102. Link to disease alerts service updated

  103. Amended the Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings sections to clarify the requirement for a signed declaration and latest situation.

  104. Welsh language page now available

  105. Updated the link for the interactive map to https://defra.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=8cb1883eda5547c6b91b5d5e6aeba90d.

  106. Added a link to the rationale for deciding Higher Risk Areas.

  107. Guidance on the Higher Risk Areas in Great Britain added.

  108. Contact details to report a notifiable disease updated

  109. Avian flu Prevention Zone n longer in force - it has been revoked (ended) today.

  110. Added a link to photos of clinical signs of avian influenza.

  111. Prevention Zone now also in force in Wales; we've added a link.

  112. Edited the section, trade, import and export issues: there is no reason why trade should be affected following the findings of bird flu in wild birds in January 2018.

  113. Bird keepers in the whole of England are now required to take specific precautions because a Prevention Zone has now been put in place across the country.

  114. Prevention Zone section updated with a link to the Rapid Risk Assessment on the H5N6 cases in wild birds in Dorset.

  115. We have declared a Prevention Zone in areas of South Dorset - imposing requirements on all bird keepers - after bird flu has been found in wild birds in that area.

  116. Routine editorial update to reflect the current risk of bird flu as winter approaches, also specific advice for keepers of gamebirds.

  117. Updated because the UK has declared itself officially free from highly pathogenic avian influenza. We have also removed legal documents specifically related to the outbreak December 2016 and June 2017.

  118. Biosecurity advice updated, and new one-page leaflet added.

  119. Added link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between between April and May 2017.

  120. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Diss, South Norfolk.

  121. In the case near Diss, South Norfolk, the 3km PZ has now been merged with the 10km SZ.

  122. Added a link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between December 2016 and March 2017 under the 'movement controls and licences' heading.

  123. Updated because the Prevention Zone is no longer in place in certain areas of Lancashire, Cumbria and Merseyside.

  124. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.

  125. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  126. Updated with information about confirmed case near Diss, South Norfolk

  127. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire: in each case the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ. We've also updated the biosecurity advice document.

  128. Updated version of the backyard flocks leaflet published.

  129. Updated advice leaflet for keepers of small 'backyard flocks'.

  130. Updated with details of the new Prevention Zone and bird gathering rules from 15 May 2017.

  131. Updated with plans to lift the Prevention Zone, and ban on gatherings, across England from 15 May, except in certain areas of Lancashire and Cumbria (where controls will remain).

  132. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  133. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  134. Updated with information about a further confirmed case in a backyard flock of poultry near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.

  135. Updated with information about confirmed case near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.

  136. Updated following the announcement that the Prevention Zone, and the ban on poultry gatherings, will be lifted on 15 May 2017.

  137. We have updated the information on the rules from 13 April 2017.

  138. The Prevention Zone rules will change from 13 April 2017: keepers will no longer be required to house poultry or have total range netting in place in Higher Risk Areas of England, but they will continue to be required to follow our detailed requirements on strict biosecurity.

  139. Updated to add a link to advice on the welfare of housed birds, in the 'latest' section.

  140. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.

  141. Updated the advice document, "biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds"

  142. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.

  143. Restrictions have been removed from around a premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk, and the Protection Zone has been merged with the Surveillance Zone for the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.

  144. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  145. The 3km Protection Zone around the poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk has been merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone

  146. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at the third site near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  147. Following investigations into the case of H5N8 near Redgrave in Suffolk, we've detected the virus at a further separate premises and have confirmed that proactive culling of birds will take place. We've also added an updated link to guidance on bird flu and gamebirds.

  148. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  149. Updated the document covering rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed birds originating in PZs, with list of dates

  150. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  151. Letter from Chief Vet to registered poultry keepers about the new rules added.

  152. New rules from 28 February are now in force; we have published an updated leaflet for keepers of backyard flocks and there's an updated legal declaration.

  153. Updated information on free range eggs and poultry.

  154. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  155. Updated with details of a new case confirmed at a farm near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.

  156. Updated rules for all poultry keepers under the Prevention Zone from 28 February.

  157. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 26 January case near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place).

  158. Updated because the remaining Surveillance Zone restrictions around the case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (on which disease was confirmed on 16 January 2017) were removed from 00:01.

  159. We have published information about the background to the proposed Higher Risk Areas from 28 February 2017.

  160. Updated information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone, including one extra general licence.

  161. Updated with declaration confirming the case near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk. We've also added a link to Welsh Government plans from 28 February 2017.

  162. Updated after a 10km Temporary Control Zone was imposed around a poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk.

  163. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 16 January case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place). We've also updated General Licences EXD243 and EXD353.

  164. Added a link to arrangements in Scotland after 28 February 2017.

  165. Updated after removal of the Surveillance Zone restrictions in the Settle, North Yorkshire case.

  166. Updated with guidance about plans for Prevention Zone controls in England from 28 February 2017.

  167. Minor update following lifting of the SZ restrictions on the case in Wales on 4 February (details are available on the Welsh Government website).

  168. Updated to reflect a further proactive cull of about 280 birds at a further linked premises nearby to one of the cases near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.

  169. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the case near Settle, Yorkshire: the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ.

  170. Updated to reflect the 3rd case confirmed near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire. New general licence added for movement of mammals from or to premises in the PZ or SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.

  171. Updated to reflect additional proactive culling of birds at the case identified on 27 January.

  172. Updated to reflect today's case in a flock of pheasants at a farm near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire, together with editorial changes to make it easier to find information about current cases.

  173. Updated to cover the new case Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  174. Updated to reflect a new confirmed case in Lancashire.

  175. We've published an updated version of our detailed advice about how to house your birds and keep them separate from wild birds, and about extra biosecurity measures.

  176. Updated following lifting of the 10km Surveillance Zone (SZ) around the infected premises confirmed on 16 December 2016 near Louth, East Lindsey in Lincolnshire. However, the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone for the new case declared on 16 January, which cover very similar areas, remain in force so anyone affected in this area is likely still to be covered by restrictions and should check our maps.

  177. A minor correction to today's declaration was published, together with minor editorial review of the remainder of this guide.

  178. Updated following the case of avian influenza H5N8 confirmed in a commercial turkey unit in East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.

  179. Updated with link to advice on rearing game birds and shooting whilst the Prevention Zone is in force.

  180. Clarified information around free range status under the Prevention Zone.

  181. Updated to reflect changes in controls around the case in Lincolnshire - the Protection Zone has been lifted, with Surveillance Zone controls remaining in place.

  182. Updated following a new case confirmed in Yorkshire.

  183. Updated Prevention Zone declaration, advice for keepers of backyard flocks, and updated general licences which also cover Wales.

  184. Updated following announcement that the prevention zone will be extended to 28 February 2017.

  185. Latest situation updated following confirmation of avian influenza in a backyard flock of chickens and ducks in Carmarthenshire, Wales.

  186. Routine editorial update, including link to report of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) H5N8 found in wild birds.

  187. Added general licences for movements of poultry carcases, and litter, manure etc.

  188. Updated to reflect latest findings in wild birds.

  189. Latest situation updated following the confirmed case in a wild bird in Wales on 22 December 2016.

  190. Added an additional general licence for movements of table eggs.

  191. The interactive map has now been updated and is available again.

  192. Added a note: interactive map will be unavailable for a short while from 6pm tonight.

  193. Updated following the announcement of a temporary suspension on certain bird gatherings from 20 December 2016.

  194. General licence added for the movement of samples for salmonella testing.

  195. Information added about how to apply for specific movement licences.

  196. Updated information on movement of meat from poultry within the Protection Zone.

  197. Link to interactive map added.

  198. Further information added about controls in the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone in Lincolnshire.

  199. Updated following case in turkeys in Lincolnshire confirmed on 16 December 2016.

  200. We've expanded our advice on flying pigeons or birds of prey.

  201. Information added about birds of prey, game birds and shooting in the Prevention Zones.

  202. Updates to background information, including the reasons for the controls, and bird fairs and gatherings, in the light of queries we've received.

  203. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone, to address the situation in Scotland and Wales; also added information about backyard flocks, and free range status.

  204. Updated to include links to Prevention Zones now in place in Scotland and Wales.

  205. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone,

  206. A Prevention Zone was declared on 6 December, requiring poultry keepers to keep chickens, hens, ducks and turkeys housed indoors or separate from wild birds; other captive birds must be kept separate from wild birds.

  207. Updated version of advice document "Biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds" added - includes new information about the Animal and Plant Health Agency “testing to exclude” scheme, and updated advice on welfare surveillance.

  208. Updated the guidance on what to do if you find dead wild birds.

  209. Latest situation, risk of disease, and biosecurity advice updated.

  210. Link added to epidemiological report into the Dunfermline case; wider editorial review following lifting of all restrictions in recent cases in England.

  211. Updated to reflect the lifting of restrictions on the case in Scotland.

  212. Updated following confirmation by the Scottish authorities of a case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza (bird flu) on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline.

  213. Updated to reflect suspected case in Scotland, 10 January 2016.

  214. Updated following lifting of restrictions in Lancashire.

  215. Additional general licence now available - spreading or movement of used poultry litter, manure and slurry from premises in the Surveillance Zone EXD353.

  216. Updated declaration and licences following ending of the Protection Zone at 00:01 on 7 August.

  217. Minor technical updates to general licences EXD247, EXD293, EXD339, EXD346, EXD341

  218. Added new general licence for movement of mammal carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.

  219. Edited the details of the specific movement licences which are currently available.

  220. 3 new general licences for movements affected by the PZ or SZ have been published.

  221. Updated to note that culling of birds at the affected premises has now been completed.

  222. We have reviewed and slightly re-organised some information to make it easier to find current details.

  223. Added details of a specific licence for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone to a designated premises for scientific, diagnostic, pharmaceutical purposes.

  224. Added information about a specific licence available for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone.

  225. Updated version of the general licence - movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zones.

  226. Added guidance and licences for Food Business Operators.

  227. Updates to information about movement controls and licences, and trade issues, and wider editorial reviews.

  228. Updated following confirmation of a case of H7N7 avian flu in Lancashire.

  229. Added information in the movement licences section about extra general and specific licences.

  230. New information about general and specific movement licences has been added.

  231. Updates to movement controls and further editorial reviews and changes.

  232. Ongoing process of editorial review and further detailed updates.

  233. Updated to reflect a case in Lancashire, July 2015.

  234. Added link to the reports which summarise the investigations carried out into the bird flu outbreaks in Yorkshire and Hampshire in 2014 and 2015.

  235. Edited to cover lifting of the restriction zone in Hampshire.

  236. Updated to reflect that culling has now been completed.

  237. Updated to reflect the start of culling at the farm.

  238. Minor editorial changes throughout this guidance

  239. Updated in the light of the low severity avian flu case confirmed in Hampshire.

  240. Updated to reflect the lifting of the surveillance zone on 21 December 2014.

  241. Updated to reflect the protection zone now being lifted but surveillance zone restrictions remain in force.

  242. Added general licence for the movement of horses (other than in vehicles) to or from premises in the PZ and SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.

  243. Updated general licence for the movement of mammals from or onto premises in the Surveillance Zone or Protection Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD315).

  244. Added general licences on mammals from bird premises in PZ/SZ, and salmonella samples for testing.

  245. Added guidance for the conduct of bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

  246. Published amendment to the general licence on bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings.

  247. Replaced Movement of table eggs within or out of a PZ or SZ - general licence (EXD317) - a minor error has been corrected.

  248. Published general licence for the movement of table eggs within or out of a Protection or Surveillance Zone.

  249. General licence added on bird gatherings.

  250. Added new general licence for the movement of mammal and poultry carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.

  251. Published general licence for the removal of the special meat mark applied to certain poultry meat originating in a Protection Zone.

  252. Added information about specific movement licence for the movement of used poultry manure, litter or slurry.

  253. Published general movement licence for the movement of eggs from a premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone to a designated egg packing centre.

  254. New guidance published "Wild birds: biosecurity measures" in the biosecurity guidance section

  255. Added general licence for the movement of poultry meat from poultry originating in a Protection Zone or originating from an area that subsequently becomes a Protection Zone.

  256. Added guidance for Food Business Operators on the control measures relating to poultry meat and farmed game birds.

  257. Added information about designation of slaughterhouses to accept birds from the restricted zones, under the 'Licences' heading.

  258. Guidance is now available on how to apply for a movement licence: see the 'Licences' heading.

  259. Updated to reflect the end of the cull.

  260. Updated guidance on restrictions in place in Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone.

  261. Updated biosecurity guidance to include specific precautions regarding wild birds.

  262. Minor updates.

  263. Updated because the disease strain has been identified.

  264. Added link to interactive map.

  265. Updated with current guidance.

  266. Added link to the Public Health England news story

  267. Linked to latest press release.

  268. Declaration added in relation to 16 November 2014 case in Yorkshire.

  269. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

  270. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).

  271. First published.