Guidance

Avian influenza (bird flu)

How to spot avian influenza (bird flu), what to do if you suspect it, and measures to prevent it.

Avian influenza (bird flu) mainly affects birds. It can also affect humans and other mammals.

Bird flu is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect any type of bird flu you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.

If you keep poultry, whether commercially on a farm, or as pets in your garden, or rearing game birds, you should keep a close watch on them for signs of disease, and maintain good biosecurity at all times. If you have any concerns about the health of your poultry, seek prompt advice from your vet.

Poultry includes chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, pigeon (bred for meat), partridge, quail, guinea fowl and pheasants.

You should register your poultry, even if only kept as pets, so we can contact you during an outbreak. This is a legal requirement if you have 50 or more birds.

Latest situation

As winter approaches there will be an increasing risk from avian influenza in the UK from migrating wild birds (which might infect domestic poultry).

If you keep poultry, even including game birds or as pet birds, you should follow our biosecurity best practice advice. This is especially relevant if your birds are located in a Higher Risk Area (HRA)

Since June 2017, there have been no detections of avian influenza in poultry or kept birds in the UK. The UK has retained its OIE country freedom status since September 2017.

Anyone who finds dead wild birds should report them to the Defra helpline on 03459 33 55 77.

Sign up to our Alerts Service to keep up to date with the latest news.

Higher Risk Areas (HRAs)

All areas in Great Britain remain at risk of bird flu in wild birds.

However, in Great Britain we’ve defined a number of areas as ‘Higher Risk Areas’ (HRAs). These are generally areas near where wild birds (and in particular gulls and wild waterfowl) gather, such as lakes, marshes or estuaries.

Check if your premises is within an HRA on our interactive map.

If all or part of your premises is in a Higher Risk Area you should follow biosecurity advice to protect your birds. We consider that you’re in an HRA even if only part of your premises falls within the HRA.

We have defined HRA’s following our experience over the last 2 winters, coupled with the latest scientific and veterinary opinion. This indicates that migratory wild waterfowl (ducks, geese and swans) and gulls pose a continual threat for the introduction of bird flu into premises where poultry, game birds, pet and other captive birds are kept. EU regulations require that member states identify areas of the country where the risk of bird flu is deemed to be highest. We have published more detail of the rationale and approach behind Higher Risk Areas.

If you are planning a new poultry unit you should take into account the risk of HPAI where the unit is planned.

Biosecurity advice

If you keep poultry or other captive birds, you must take action to reduce the risk of disease in your flock by following government advice on biosecurity. This is especially relevant if your birds are located in a Higher Risk Area (HRA).

Good biosecurity improves the overall health and productivity of your flock by helping keep out poultry diseases such as avian influenza and limiting the spread of disease in an outbreak.

This applies just as much if you only have a few birds as pets, or if you have a large commercial flock. An outbreak of bird flu in back garden chickens results in the same restrictions on movement of birds. It has the same effect on farmers and trade in poultry as an outbreak on a commercial farm.

To ensure good biosecurity, all poultry keepers should:

  • minimise movement in and out of bird enclosures
  • clean footwear before and after visiting birds, using a Defra approved disinfectant at entrances and exits
  • clean and disinfect vehicles and equipment that have come into contact with poultry
  • keep areas where birds live clean and tidy, and regularly disinfect hard surfaces such as paths and walkways
  • humanely control rats and mice
  • place birds’ food and water in fully enclosed areas protected from wild birds, and remove any spilled feed regularly
  • avoid keeping ducks and geese with other poultry species, where possible
  • keep birds separate from wildlife and wild waterfowl by putting suitable fencing around outdoor areas they access
  • keep a close watch on birds for any signs of disease and report any very sick birds or unexplained deaths to your vet

Register your birds

We encourage all keepers to register their birds with us so we can contact you quickly if there is a disease outbreak in your area and you need to take action.

If you have more than 50 birds, you are legally required to register your flock within one month of their arrival at your premises. If you have less than 50 birds, including pet birds, you should still register.

Find out how to register your birds.

Report signs of disease

You must keep a close watch on your birds for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from your vet if you have any concerns. If you suspect any type of avian influenza you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. Failure to do so is an offence.

Small flock keepers and pet bird owners

Simple advice for people keeping just a few birds is available in this poster. If you keep poultry, print this and keep it handy, or put a copy on your noticeboard:

This was put together by Defra and the Scottish and Welsh governments, with support from the National Farmers Union, the British Hen Welfare Trust, the RSPCA and the Poultry Club of Great Britain.

Commercial keepers

If you are a commercial keeper, you should read our detailed information about the biosecurity precautions we recommend you take:

Pigeons or birds of prey

You can exercise, train and race pigeons or fly birds of prey, but you should try to prevent them from making direct contact with wildfowl. Keep a close watch on the health of your birds.

Game birds and shoots

If you’re involved with gamebirds you should read the advice published on the Game Farmers Association website (PDF). You need to maintain good biosecurity at your premises. This advice has been put together by seven leading countryside and shooting organisations (BASC, CA, CLA, GFA, GWCT, NGO and SGA) and endorsed by Defra, the Scottish and Welsh Governments and DAERA in Northern Ireland.

Once game birds have been released they are classified as wild birds. The person who released the game birds is no longer classed as the ‘keeper’ of the birds.

You can continue to feed and water released game birds but you should make reasonable efforts to minimise the chance of other wild birds accessing their feed and water, for example by placing it under cover. You should use commercial feed and fresh or treated water.

Prevention Zone

There is currently no Avian Influenza Prevention Zone (AIPZ) in place. This is being kept under constant review. With the increased risk of Avian Influenza during the winter, the need for a Prevention Zone may arise.

Further disease control measures will be based on the latest scientific evidence and veterinary advice.

How to spot avian influenza

There are 2 types of avian influenza.

Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) is the more serious type. It is often fatal in birds. The main clinical signs of HPAI in birds are:

  • swollen head
  • blue discolouration of neck and throat
  • loss of appetite
  • respiratory distress such as gaping beak, coughing, sneezing, gurgling, rattling
  • diarrhoea
  • fewer eggs laid
  • increased mortality

Clinical signs can vary between species of bird and some species (for example ducks and geese) may show minimal clinical signs.

Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) is usually less serious. It can cause mild breathing problems, but affected birds will not always show clear signs of infection.

The severity of LPAI depends on the type of bird and whether it has any other illnesses.

Anyone who keeps poultry must keep a close watch on them for any signs of disease, and must seek prompt advice from their vet if they have any concerns.

Photos of clinical signs

We’ve published some photos of clinical signs of avian influenza on Flickr.

How avian influenza is spread

The disease spreads from bird to bird by direct contact or through contaminated body fluids and faeces. It can also be spread by contaminated feed and water or by dirty vehicles, clothing and footwear.

The avian influenza virus changes frequently, creating new strains, and there is a constant risk that one of the new strains may spread easily among people. But there is no evidence that any recent strain of avian influenza has been able to spread directly between people.

Avian influenza isn’t an airborne disease.

Advice for the public

Public health

Public Health England advise the risk to public health from the H5N8 and H5N6 strains of bird flu is very low. Some strains of avian influenza can pass to humans, but this is very rare. It usually requires very close contact between the human and infected birds.

The Food Standards Agency has said the disease poses no food safety risk for UK consumers. Properly cooked poultry and poultry products, including eggs, are safe to eat.

If you employ people who work with poultry or work with poultry yourself, you can also read Health and Safety Executive advice on protecting workers from avian influenza.

Wild birds

If you find dead wild waterfowl (swans, geese or ducks) or other dead wild birds, such as gulls or birds of prey, you should report them to the Defra helpline (03459 33 55 77).

We then collect some of these birds and test them to help us understand how the disease is distributed geographically and in different types of bird.

We publish a report (updated regularly) on findings of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) in wild birds in Great Britain.

Movement controls and licences

Where bird flu is confirmed, we put in place restrictions on movements of birds in the area around the infected premises – for highly pathogenic avian influenza they are called Protection Zones and Surveillance Zones.

There are no movement restrictions in place at the moment. Details of older cases are summarised further down this page.

Meat from poultry within a Protection Zone in England

Food business operators have to follow some specific rules for any meat produced from poultry or farmed game birds originating in a Protection Zone. Meat from poultry originating outside the Protection Zone is unaffected. These rules remain in force for any recent Protection Zones. Details are now available on the National Archives website.

Bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings

Bird gatherings can take place across England, subject to identity and health checks and biosecurity measures. Our guidance explains how to follow the general licence conditions for a bird gathering. If you want to hold a market, fair, show, exhibition or other gathering of birds, you should notify your local APHA office at least 7 days in advance of the event.

In the case of an outbreak of avian flu, all markets, fairs, shows, exhibitions or other gatherings of birds (regardless of species) are banned within Protection and Surveillance Zones declared within England.

There may be different arrangements in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The collection of wild game birds is not affected by these measures.

Compensation

You may be entitled to compensation if healthy poultry are killed under orders from government or APHA in the event of a disease outbreak. Owners are not entitled to compensation solely as a result of the requirements of a Prevention Zone or for other consequential losses.

Trade, import and export issues

There is no reason why trade should be affected following the findings of bird flu in wild birds. This is in line with the rules of the World Animal Health Organisation (OIE). There have been no reports of the virus in commercial birds, and the UK has taken swift, precautionary action to help to prevent this happening.

We summarise any current issues for UK poultry and poultry product exports on our topical issues page. We also have a collection of guidance and forms for importing and exporting live animals or animal products.

Exports and EU trade

As soon as disease is confirmed, we put in place measures in accordance with Council Directive 2005/94/EC. For highly pathogenic avian influenza, a Protection Zone of 3 km and Surveillance Zone of 10 km are declared around all infected premises containing poultry. No trade is allowed from the affected premises as soon as they are put under restriction. We trace all recent movements from the infected premises.

On 13 September 2017 the Government Chief Vet announced that the UK has met international requirements to declare itself free from avian influenza.

Imports from the EU

You can’t import poultry and poultry products into the UK from within disease control zones imposed around confirmed cases of avian flu within other EU countries.

EU trade relies on strict certification for movement of live poultry, day old chicks and hatching eggs. Products such as poultry meat, table eggs and poultry products are not subject to certification within the EU.

Older cases of avian flu

The H5N6 strain of avian influenza was confirmed in 21 wild birds between January and June 2018. There were no cases in poultry.

A number of cases of avian influenza were confirmed between December 2016 and June 2017. The H5N8 strain of avian influenza was confirmed at farms in Suffolk, Lancashire and Lincolnshire, and in backyard flocks in Lancashire, Norfolk, North Yorkshire, Northumberland, and Carmarthenshire. Full details of these cases are now available on the National Archives website. The same strain of the virus was also found in wild birds in England, Scotland and Wales.

We have published two reports setting out our investigations into these cases, covering December 2016 to March 2017, and April to May 2017 - these are known as epidemiological reports.

A case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza (bird flu) was confirmed by the Scottish authorities on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline in January 2016. We published an epidemiological report summarising our investigations into the case.

A case of H7N7 avian flu was confirmed near Preston, Lancashire in July 2015. A low severity case of H7N7 was confirmed in February 2015 in chickens at a farm in Hampshire. A case of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 was confirmed in November 2014 in ducks on premises in East Yorkshire. We have published reports about the investigations we carried out. Earlier papers about these cases are available on the National Archives website.

Control strategy

Disease control strategy

Cases of avian influenza, if they occur, are controlled by following the contingency plan for exotic notifiable diseases and the notifiable avian disease control strategy. You can read what happens when a notifiable disease is suspected or confirmed.

Legislation on avian influenza

The legislation covering avian influenza includes:

Enforcement

Avian influenza controls are enforced by local authorities.

Penalties for offences

Breach of controls is an offence, with an unlimited fine on summary conviction and up to 3 months’ imprisonment per offence.

Published 26 August 2014
Last updated 29 November 2018 + show all updates
  1. Updated the link for the interactive map to https://defra.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=8cb1883eda5547c6b91b5d5e6aeba90d.
  2. Added a link to the rationale for deciding Higher Risk Areas.
  3. Guidance on the Higher Risk Areas in Great Britain added.
  4. Contact details to report a notifiable disease updated
  5. Avian flu Prevention Zone n longer in force - it has been revoked (ended) today.
  6. Added a link to photos of clinical signs of avian influenza.
  7. Prevention Zone now also in force in Wales; we've added a link.
  8. Edited the section, trade, import and export issues: there is no reason why trade should be affected following the findings of bird flu in wild birds in January 2018.
  9. Bird keepers in the whole of England are now required to take specific precautions because a Prevention Zone has now been put in place across the country.
  10. Prevention Zone section updated with a link to the Rapid Risk Assessment on the H5N6 cases in wild birds in Dorset.
  11. We have declared a Prevention Zone in areas of South Dorset - imposing requirements on all bird keepers - after bird flu has been found in wild birds in that area.
  12. Routine editorial update to reflect the current risk of bird flu as winter approaches, also specific advice for keepers of gamebirds.
  13. Updated because the UK has declared itself officially free from highly pathogenic avian influenza. We have also removed legal documents specifically related to the outbreak December 2016 and June 2017.
  14. Biosecurity advice updated, and new one-page leaflet added.
  15. Added link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between between April and May 2017.
  16. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Diss, South Norfolk.
  17. In the case near Diss, South Norfolk, the 3km PZ has now been merged with the 10km SZ.
  18. Added a link to national epidemiology report on cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N8 between December 2016 and March 2017 under the 'movement controls and licences' heading.
  19. Updated because the Prevention Zone is no longer in place in certain areas of Lancashire, Cumbria and Merseyside.
  20. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.
  21. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.
  22. Updated with information about confirmed case near Diss, South Norfolk
  23. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the 2 cases near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire: in each case the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ. We've also updated the biosecurity advice document.
  24. Updated version of the backyard flocks leaflet published.
  25. Updated advice leaflet for keepers of small 'backyard flocks'.
  26. Updated with details of the new Prevention Zone and bird gathering rules from 15 May 2017.
  27. Updated with plans to lift the Prevention Zone, and ban on gatherings, across England from 15 May, except in certain areas of Lancashire and Cumbria (where controls will remain).
  28. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.
  29. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.
  30. Updated with information about a further confirmed case in a backyard flock of poultry near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.
  31. Updated with information about confirmed case near Thornton, Wyre, Lancashire.
  32. Updated following the announcement that the Prevention Zone, and the ban on poultry gatherings, will be lifted on 15 May 2017.
  33. We have updated the information on the rules from 13 April 2017.
  34. The Prevention Zone rules will change from 13 April 2017: keepers will no longer be required to house poultry or have total range netting in place in Higher Risk Areas of England, but they will continue to be required to follow our detailed requirements on strict biosecurity.
  35. Updated to add a link to advice on the welfare of housed birds, in the 'latest' section.
  36. Routine update of information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone.
  37. Updated the advice document, "biosecurity and preventing welfare impacts in poultry and captive birds"
  38. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland. Prevention Zone restrictions remain in force across GB.
  39. Restrictions have been removed from around a premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk, and the Protection Zone has been merged with the Surveillance Zone for the case near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.
  40. Final Surveillance Zone restrictions removed in the case near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.
  41. The 3km Protection Zone around the poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk has been merged with the 10km Surveillance Zone
  42. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at the third site near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.
  43. Following investigations into the case of H5N8 near Redgrave in Suffolk, we've detected the virus at a further separate premises and have confirmed that proactive culling of birds will take place. We've also added an updated link to guidance on bird flu and gamebirds.
  44. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.
  45. Updated the document covering rules on meat produced from poultry and farmed birds originating in PZs, with list of dates
  46. Updated because of removal of the final Surveillance Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.
  47. Letter from Chief Vet to registered poultry keepers about the new rules added.
  48. New rules from 28 February are now in force; we have published an updated leaflet for keepers of backyard flocks and there's an updated legal declaration.
  49. Updated information on free range eggs and poultry.
  50. Updated because of removal of the Protection Zone restrictions at two of the sites near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.
  51. Updated with details of a new case confirmed at a farm near Haltwhistle, Northumberland.
  52. Updated rules for all poultry keepers under the Prevention Zone from 28 February.
  53. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 26 January case near Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place).
  54. Updated because the remaining Surveillance Zone restrictions around the case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (on which disease was confirmed on 16 January 2017) were removed from 00:01.
  55. We have published information about the background to the proposed Higher Risk Areas from 28 February 2017.
  56. Updated information about meat from poultry within a Protection Zone, including one extra general licence.
  57. Updated with declaration confirming the case near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk. We've also added a link to Welsh Government plans from 28 February 2017.
  58. Updated after a 10km Temporary Control Zone was imposed around a poultry premises near Redgrave, mid-Suffolk.
  59. Updated as the PZ restrictions have now been lifted on the 16 January case near Louth, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire (SZ restrictions remain in place). We've also updated General Licences EXD243 and EXD353.
  60. Added a link to arrangements in Scotland after 28 February 2017.
  61. Updated after removal of the Surveillance Zone restrictions in the Settle, North Yorkshire case.
  62. Updated with guidance about plans for Prevention Zone controls in England from 28 February 2017.
  63. Minor update following lifting of the SZ restrictions on the case in Wales on 4 February (details are available on the Welsh Government website).
  64. Updated to reflect a further proactive cull of about 280 birds at a further linked premises nearby to one of the cases near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire.
  65. Updated to reflect changes in relation to the case near Settle, Yorkshire: the 3km PZ has been merged with the 10km SZ.
  66. Updated to reflect the 3rd case confirmed near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire. New general licence added for movement of mammals from or to premises in the PZ or SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.
  67. Updated to reflect additional proactive culling of birds at the case identified on 27 January.
  68. Updated to reflect today's case in a flock of pheasants at a farm near Pilling, Wyre, Lancashire, together with editorial changes to make it easier to find information about current cases.
  69. Updated to cover the new case Boston, East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.
  70. Updated to reflect a new confirmed case in Lancashire.
  71. We've published an updated version of our detailed advice about how to house your birds and keep them separate from wild birds, and about extra biosecurity measures.
  72. Updated following lifting of the 10km Surveillance Zone (SZ) around the infected premises confirmed on 16 December 2016 near Louth, East Lindsey in Lincolnshire. However, the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone for the new case declared on 16 January, which cover very similar areas, remain in force so anyone affected in this area is likely still to be covered by restrictions and should check our maps.
  73. A minor correction to today's declaration was published, together with minor editorial review of the remainder of this guide.
  74. Updated following the case of avian influenza H5N8 confirmed in a commercial turkey unit in East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.
  75. Updated with link to advice on rearing game birds and shooting whilst the Prevention Zone is in force.
  76. Clarified information around free range status under the Prevention Zone.
  77. Updated to reflect changes in controls around the case in Lincolnshire - the Protection Zone has been lifted, with Surveillance Zone controls remaining in place.
  78. Updated following a new case confirmed in Yorkshire.
  79. Updated Prevention Zone declaration, advice for keepers of backyard flocks, and updated general licences which also cover Wales.
  80. Updated following announcement that the prevention zone will be extended to 28 February 2017.
  81. Latest situation updated following confirmation of avian influenza in a backyard flock of chickens and ducks in Carmarthenshire, Wales.
  82. Routine editorial update, including link to report of highly pathogenic avian influenza (bird flu) H5N8 found in wild birds.
  83. Added general licences for movements of poultry carcases, and litter, manure etc.
  84. Updated to reflect latest findings in wild birds.
  85. Latest situation updated following the confirmed case in a wild bird in Wales on 22 December 2016.
  86. Added an additional general licence for movements of table eggs.
  87. The interactive map has now been updated and is available again.
  88. Added a note: interactive map will be unavailable for a short while from 6pm tonight.
  89. Updated following the announcement of a temporary suspension on certain bird gatherings from 20 December 2016.
  90. General licence added for the movement of samples for salmonella testing.
  91. Information added about how to apply for specific movement licences.
  92. Updated information on movement of meat from poultry within the Protection Zone.
  93. Link to interactive map added.
  94. Further information added about controls in the Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone in Lincolnshire.
  95. Updated following case in turkeys in Lincolnshire confirmed on 16 December 2016.
  96. We've expanded our advice on flying pigeons or birds of prey.
  97. Information added about birds of prey, game birds and shooting in the Prevention Zones.
  98. Updates to background information, including the reasons for the controls, and bird fairs and gatherings, in the light of queries we've received.
  99. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone, to address the situation in Scotland and Wales; also added information about backyard flocks, and free range status.
  100. Updated to include links to Prevention Zones now in place in Scotland and Wales.
  101. Updated information document on biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds within a Prevention Zone,
  102. A Prevention Zone was declared on 6 December, requiring poultry keepers to keep chickens, hens, ducks and turkeys housed indoors or separate from wild birds; other captive birds must be kept separate from wild birds.
  103. Updated version of advice document "Biosecurity and preventing disease in captive birds" added - includes new information about the Animal and Plant Health Agency “testing to exclude” scheme, and updated advice on welfare surveillance.
  104. Updated the guidance on what to do if you find dead wild birds.
  105. Latest situation, risk of disease, and biosecurity advice updated.
  106. Link added to epidemiological report into the Dunfermline case; wider editorial review following lifting of all restrictions in recent cases in England.
  107. Updated to reflect the lifting of restrictions on the case in Scotland.
  108. Updated following confirmation by the Scottish authorities of a case of low severity (H5N1) avian influenza (bird flu) on a poultry breeding farm in Dunfermline.
  109. Updated to reflect suspected case in Scotland, 10 January 2016.
  110. Updated following lifting of restrictions in Lancashire.
  111. Additional general licence now available - spreading or movement of used poultry litter, manure and slurry from premises in the Surveillance Zone EXD353.
  112. Updated declaration and licences following ending of the Protection Zone at 00:01 on 7 August.
  113. Minor technical updates to general licences EXD247, EXD293, EXD339, EXD346, EXD341
  114. Added new general licence for movement of mammal carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.
  115. Edited the details of the specific movement licences which are currently available.
  116. 3 new general licences for movements affected by the PZ or SZ have been published.
  117. Updated to note that culling of birds at the affected premises has now been completed.
  118. We have reviewed and slightly re-organised some information to make it easier to find current details.
  119. Added details of a specific licence for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone to a designated premises for scientific, diagnostic, pharmaceutical purposes.
  120. Added information about a specific licence available for the movement of hatching eggs from the Surveillance Zone.
  121. Updated version of the general licence - movement of mammals from or to premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zones.
  122. Added guidance and licences for Food Business Operators.
  123. Updates to information about movement controls and licences, and trade issues, and wider editorial reviews.
  124. Updated following confirmation of a case of H7N7 avian flu in Lancashire.
  125. Added information in the movement licences section about extra general and specific licences.
  126. New information about general and specific movement licences has been added.
  127. Updates to movement controls and further editorial reviews and changes.
  128. Ongoing process of editorial review and further detailed updates.
  129. Updated to reflect a case in Lancashire, July 2015.
  130. Added link to the reports which summarise the investigations carried out into the bird flu outbreaks in Yorkshire and Hampshire in 2014 and 2015.
  131. Edited to cover lifting of the restriction zone in Hampshire.
  132. Updated to reflect that culling has now been completed.
  133. Updated to reflect the start of culling at the farm.
  134. Minor editorial changes throughout this guidance
  135. Updated in the light of the low severity avian flu case confirmed in Hampshire.
  136. Updated to reflect the lifting of the surveillance zone on 21 December 2014.
  137. Updated to reflect the protection zone now being lifted but surveillance zone restrictions remain in force.
  138. Added general licence for the movement of horses (other than in vehicles) to or from premises in the PZ and SZ where poultry or other captive birds are kept.
  139. Updated general licence for the movement of mammals from or onto premises in the Surveillance Zone or Protection Zone where poultry or other captive birds are kept (EXD315).
  140. Added general licences on mammals from bird premises in PZ/SZ, and salmonella samples for testing.
  141. Added guidance for the conduct of bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings
  142. Published amendment to the general licence on bird fairs, markets, shows and other gatherings.
  143. Replaced Movement of table eggs within or out of a PZ or SZ - general licence (EXD317) - a minor error has been corrected.
  144. Published general licence for the movement of table eggs within or out of a Protection or Surveillance Zone.
  145. General licence added on bird gatherings.
  146. Added new general licence for the movement of mammal and poultry carcases from premises in the Protection Zone.
  147. Published general licence for the removal of the special meat mark applied to certain poultry meat originating in a Protection Zone.
  148. Added information about specific movement licence for the movement of used poultry manure, litter or slurry.
  149. Published general movement licence for the movement of eggs from a premises in the Protection or Surveillance Zone to a designated egg packing centre.
  150. New guidance published "Wild birds: biosecurity measures" in the biosecurity guidance section
  151. Added general licence for the movement of poultry meat from poultry originating in a Protection Zone or originating from an area that subsequently becomes a Protection Zone.
  152. Added guidance for Food Business Operators on the control measures relating to poultry meat and farmed game birds.
  153. Added information about designation of slaughterhouses to accept birds from the restricted zones, under the 'Licences' heading.
  154. Guidance is now available on how to apply for a movement licence: see the 'Licences' heading.
  155. Updated to reflect the end of the cull.
  156. Updated guidance on restrictions in place in Protection Zone and Surveillance Zone.
  157. Updated biosecurity guidance to include specific precautions regarding wild birds.
  158. Minor updates.
  159. Updated because the disease strain has been identified.
  160. Added link to interactive map.
  161. Updated with current guidance.
  162. Added link to the Public Health England news story
  163. Linked to latest press release.
  164. Declaration added in relation to 16 November 2014 case in Yorkshire.
  165. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).
  166. AHVLA documents have been re-assigned to the new Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA).
  167. First published.