Apply as a partner or spouse
To apply as a partner, you and your partner both need to be 18 or over.
Your partner must also either:
- be a British citizen
- have settled in the UK (they have ‘indefinite leave to remain’ or proof of permanent residence)
- have refugee status or humanitarian protection in the UK
You and your partner must intend to live together permanently in the UK after you apply.
What you’ll need to prove
You must be able to prove one of the following:
- you’re in a civil partnership or marriage that’s recognised in the UK
- you’ve been living together in a relationship for at least 2 years when you apply
- you are a fiancé, fiancée or proposed civil partner and will marry or enter into a civil partnership in the UK within 6 months of arriving
You also need to prove you:
If you do not meet these requirements you may still be able to apply for a visa or extend your permission to stay if:
- you have a child in the UK who is a British citizen or has lived in the UK for 7 years and it would be unreasonable for them to leave the UK
- there would be very significant difficulties for you and your partner if you lived together as a couple outside the UK that could not be overcome
- it would breach your human rights to stop you coming to the UK or make you leave
If you’re applying as a fiancé, fiancée or proposed civil partner
You must prove that:
- any previous marriages or civil partnerships have ended
- you plan to marry or become civil partners within 6 months of arriving in the UK
You will not be able to work during your engagement.
How long you can stay
You’ll get permission to stay for 2.5 years, or for 6 months if you’re applying as a fiancé, fiancée or proposed civil partner.
After this you’ll need to apply to extend your stay.
How to apply
You’ll need to prepare information and send documents with your application.
How you apply depends on whether you’re outside or in the UK.
Outside the UK
There’s a different way to apply in North Korea.
In the UK
You must apply online if you meet all of the following requirements. You:
- can prove your knowledge of English
- meet the minimum income requirement
- currently have permission to be in the UK
If you do not meet all 3 requirements, download and fill in application form FLR(FP). Send it to the address on the form.
Get a same-day decision
You may be able to get a same-day decision at a premium service centre.
Book an appointment either:
- as part of your online application
- using the appointment booking service if you’re applying using application form FLR(FP)
If you cannot pay the fee
You must apply by post.
- do not have a place to live and cannot afford one
- have a place to live but cannot afford essential living costs like food or heating
- have a very low income and paying the fee would harm your child’s wellbeing
Send both documents to the address on form FLR(M).
Get help using a computer to apply online
You can get help with:
- accessing a computer or the internet
- finding the right information on GOV.UK
You cannot get advice on:
- whether you’re eligible to apply
- what information to put in your application
- an application you’ve already made
Applying with your children
You can add children to your application as dependants if they are under 18, or were under 18 when you first applied and do not live an independent life.
Your child is living an independent life if, for example, they’ve left home, got married and had children.
When you can settle permanently
The earliest you can apply to settle in the UK (called ‘indefinite leave to remain’) is after you’ve lived in the country for 5 years continuously with permission to stay (‘leave to remain’) as a partner. You cannot count any permission to stay in the UK as a fiancé, fiancée or proposed civil partner.
The rules are different if you applied before 9 July 2012.
If you applied before 9 July 2012
You can only extend your family visa if all the following are true:
- you were given permission to stay in the UK as a partner before 9 July 2012
- you are not eligible to settle
- you have not been granted or refused another visa
You must also prove that: