Gaps in your National Insurance record
You may get gaps in your record if you do not pay National Insurance or do not get National Insurance credits. This could be because you were:
- employed but had low earnings
- unemployed and were not claiming benefits
- self-employed but did not pay contributions because of small profits
- living or working outside the UK
Gaps can mean you will not have enough years of National Insurance contributions to either:
You may be able to pay voluntary contributions to fill any gaps if you’re eligible.
Check your record for gaps
Check your National Insurance record to find out:
- if you have any gaps
- if you’re eligible to pay voluntary contributions
- how much it will cost
You may also be eligible for National Insurance credits if you claim benefits because you cannot work, are unemployed or caring for someone full time.
Contact HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) if you think your National Insurance record is wrong.
Decide if you want to pay voluntary contributions
Voluntary contributions do not always increase your State Pension.
If you’re below State Pension age, contact the Future Pension Centre to find out if you’ll benefit from voluntary contributions.
If you’ve reached State Pension age, contact the Pension Service to find out if you’ll benefit from voluntary contributions.
You may also want to get financial advice before you decide to make voluntary contributions.
Why you might want to pay voluntary contributions
You may want to pay voluntary contributions because:
- you’re close to State Pension age and do not have enough qualifying years to get the full State Pension
- you know you will not be able to get the qualifying years you need to get the full State Pension during your working life
- you’re self-employed, file Self Assessment tax returns and do not have to pay Class 2 contributions because you have low profits
- you live outside the UK, but you want to qualify for some benefits
Self-employed people with specific jobs
Some people do not pay Class 2 contributions through Self Assessment, but may want to pay voluntary contributions. These are:
- examiners, moderators, invigilators and people who set exam questions
- people who run businesses involving land or property
- ministers of religion who do not receive a salary or stipend
- people who make investments for themselves or others - but not as a business and without getting a fee or commission