Self Assessment is a system HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) uses to collect Income Tax.
Tax is usually deducted automatically from wages, pensions and savings. People and businesses with other income (including COVID-19 grants and support payments) must report it in a tax return.
If you need to send a Self Assessment tax return, fill it in after the end of the tax year (5 April) it applies to.
You may have to pay interest and a penalty if you do not file and pay on time.
This guide is also available in Welsh (Cymraeg).
Sending your return
If you did not send an online return last year, allow extra time (up to 20 working days) as you’ll need to register first. There are different ways to register if you’re:
Because of coronavirus (COVID-19) some of the rules around late penalties have changed. Find out what happens if you’re late sending your return or paying your tax.
Filling in your return
You need to keep records (for example bank statements or receipts) so you can fill in your tax return correctly.
You can get help filling in your return.
Paying your bill
HMRC will calculate what you owe based on what you report.
Pay your Self Assessment bill by 31 January.