Guidance

Living in Romania

Official information for UK nationals moving to or living in Romania, including guidance on residency, healthcare, driving and the Withdrawal Agreement.

What you should do

You should:

Coronavirus

You should follow the advice of the Romanian Government and your local authority. You can also read our Romania travel advice for our latest guidance.

Stay up to date

You should:

Attend a citizen outreach meeting

The British Embassy holds events across Romania for UK nationals. Attend one of our citizens’ outreach meetings to keep up to date on working and living in Romania. Dates for any new events will be advertised on the embassy’s social media channels, including Facebook and Twitter.

You can also:

The Withdrawal Agreement

The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.

If you are resident in Romania at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Romania.

Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations. Read this guidance page for more information

In the meantime, make sure you are registered as a resident in Romania. We will update this guidance as soon as more information becomes available.

You should also read our guidance on living in Europe.

Visas and residency

Check the entry requirements for Romania.

Residency

If you are resident in Romania before the transition period ends on 31 December 2020, you will be able to stay.

You must register as a Romanian resident if you want to stay in Romania for more than 3 months. You will obtain a certificate from the General Inspectorate for Immigration (Inspectoratul Roman pentru Imigrari).

All UK nationals resident in Romania by 1 January 2021 will need to apply for a new residency card. The Romanian government has not confirmed the process for obtaining the new residency card, but once it is announced you must apply for the new card before 31 December 2021.

Read the Romanian government’s guidance on residency for UK nationals living in Romania

We will update these pages with details of the new system as more information is available. You should sign up for email alerts to this guidance.

Healthcare

If you are living in Romania or move there permanently before 31 December 2020, you’ll have life-long healthcare rights in Romania as you do now, provided you remain resident.

You must register for healthcare as a resident in Romania.

Read our guidance on who can access healthcare in Romania and how to register.

State healthcare: S1

If you live in Romania and receive an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit, you may currently be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK. You will need to apply for a certificate of entitlement known as an S1 certificate.

Read our guidance on how to get an S1 form.

European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)

If you are resident in Romania, you must not use a UK-issued EHIC to access healthcare in Romania.

When you travel from Romania for a temporary stay in another European Economic Area (EEA) country or Switzerland, you may use an EHIC to access state-provided healthcare. During that short stay:

  • the EHIC covers treatment that is medically necessary until your planned return home
  • an EHIC is not a replacement for comprehensive travel insurance
  • for more information you can read our travel advice pages and advice on foreign travel insurance

There will be no changes to your healthcare access before 31 December 2020. You can also continue to use your EHIC, as you did before, during this time.

You should also read guidance on:

Passports and travel

The rules on travel will stay the same until the end of the implementation period on 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to travel to countries in the Schengen area or elsewhere in the EU with your UK passport.

Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip. Your passport should be valid for the proposed duration of your stay.

You can apply for or renew your British passport from Romania.

Passports from 1 January 2021

Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip.

From 1 January 2021, you must have at least 6 months left on an adult or child passport to travel to most countries in Europe (not including Ireland). This requirement does not apply if you are entering or transiting to Romania, and you are in scope of the Withdrawal Agreement.

If you renewed your current passport before the previous one expired, extra months may have been added to its expiry date. Any extra months on your passport over 10 years may not count towards the 6 months needed.

You will need to renew your passport before travelling if you do not have enough time left on your passport.

As a non-EEA national, different border checks will apply when travelling to other EU or Schengen area countries. You may need to show a return or onward ticket and that you have enough money for your stay. You may also have to use separate lanes from EU, EEA and Swiss citizens when queueing. Your passport may be stamped for visits to these countries.

Entry requirements

From 1 January 2021, you will be able to travel to other Schengen area countries for up to 90 days in any 180-day period without a visa for purposes such as tourism. This is a rolling 180-day period.

To stay for longer, to work or study, or for business travel, you will need to meet the entry requirements set out by the country to which you are travelling. This could mean applying for a visa or work permit. You may also need to get a visa if your visit would take you over the 90 days in 180 days limit.

Periods of stay authorised under a visa or permit will not count against the 90-day limit. Travel to the UK and Ireland will not change.

Different rules will apply to EU countries that are not part of the Schengen Area. Check each country’s travel advice page for information on entry requirements.

Working in Romania

If you are registered as a resident in Romania, you have the right to work in Romania. Read our guidance on working in an EU country.

If you intend to work in Romania, you must register with the Romanian Office for Immigrants. You can also register as self-employed. The General Inspectorate for Immigration has more information.

You may need to apply for a:

If you are resident in Romania on or before 31 December 2020, you will maintain your right to work, as long as you remain resident in Romania.

Education and professional qualifications

If you are resident in Romania on or before 31 December 2020, your right to study will stay the same, as long as you remain resident in Romania.

Professional qualifications

If you have already been recognised by an EU country as holding valid professional qualifications, this will remain valid after 31 January 2020.

If you have not had your professional qualifications recognised, you can submit an application under the current rules until 31 December 2020.

Read the Romanian government guidance on how to get your professional qualifications recognised

Money and tax

The UK has a double taxation agreement with Romania to ensure you do not pay tax on the same income in both countries.

Existing double taxation arrangements for UK nationals living in Romania have not changed.

Read guidance about:

You should obtain professional advice on paying tax in Romania. Find an English-speaking lawyer in Romania.

National Insurance

Find out if you can pay National Insurance while abroad so that you protect your State Pension and entitlement to other benefits and allowances.

If you are employed or self-employed in the EU or the EEA and you have a UK-issued A1/E101 form, you will remain subject to UK legislation until the end date on the form.

Banking

Most people living in Europe should not see any change to their banking after 31 December 2020. Your bank or finance provider should contact you if they need to make any changes to your product or the way they provide it. If you have any concerns about whether you might be affected, contact your provider or seek independent financial advice.

Pensions

You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.

If you retire in Romania, you can claim:

Life certificates for UK State Pensions

If you receive a ‘life certificate’ form in the post, you must fill it in promptly otherwise your payments may be suspended.

Pensions after 31 December 2020

There will be no changes before 31 December 2020 to the rules on claiming the UK State Pension in the EU, EEA or Switzerland as a result of the UK leaving the EU.

If you are living in the EU, EEA or Switzerland by 31 December 2020 you will get your UK State Pension uprated every year for as long as you continue to live there. This will happen even if you start claiming your pension on or after 1 January 2021, as long as you meet the qualifying conditions explained in the new State Pension guidance..

If you are living in Romania by 31 December 2020, you will be able to count future social security contributions towards meeting the qualifying conditions for your UK State Pension.

If you work and pay social security contributions in Romania, you will still be able to add your UK social security contributions towards your Romanian pension. This will happen even if you claim your pension after 31 December 2020.

If you are considering moving to Romania on or after 1 January 2021 and you are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, the rules depend on negotiations with the EU and may change. Check our guidance on benefits and pensions in the EU.

You can continue to receive your UK State Pension if you live in the EU, EEA or Switzerland and you can still claim your UK State Pension.

Benefits

You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.

You may still be able to claim some UK benefits like child and disability benefits if you live in Romania. You must:

Many income-related benefits such as pension credit and housing benefit cannot be paid to you if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.

You can request proof of the time you’ve worked in the UK from HMRC if you are asked for this.

Romanian benefits

You may be entitled to Romanian benefits. To find out if you are entitled to Romanian benefits and how to claim, you can:

Benefits after 31 December 2020

There will be no changes before 31 December 2020 to the rules on claiming UK benefits in the EU, EEA or Switzerland as a result of the UK leaving the EU.

If you are living in the EU, EEA or Switzerland by 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive any UK benefits you already receive. This will continue for as long as you live there and meet all other eligibility requirements.

If you work and pay social security contributions in Romania, your UK social security contributions will be taken into account when applying for Romanian contributions-based benefits. This will happen even if you claim contributions-based benefits after 31 December 2020.

If you are considering moving to Romania on or after 1 January 2021 and you are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, the rules depend on negotiations with the EU. and may change. Read our guidance on benefits and pensions in the EU.

Driving in Romania

Driving licence rules will stay the same until 31 December 2020.

If you are resident in Romania, there is currently no requirement to exchange your UK licence for a local one. You can still use your Romanian licence in the UK for short visits or exchange it for a UK licence without taking a test if you return to live in the UK.

If you are in Romania and your UK driving licence is lost, stolen or expires, you will not be able to renew it with the UK Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA). You will need to apply to the DVLA for a certificate of entitlement in Romanian to be able to apply for a Romanian driving licence.

For information on driving in Romania, read the guidance on:

Bringing a UK-registered vehicle to Romania

Read our guidance on taking a vehicle out of the UK.

You must read the EU´s guidance on car registration rules and taxes in Romania. You may be exempt from some of these taxes. If so, you will need certificates of exemption.

Voting

You cannot vote in local municipal, national or European Parliament elections in Romania.

You may be able to vote in some UK elections. You can:

Births, deaths and getting married

If your child is born in Romania, you will need to register a birth abroad.

If someone dies in Romania, you must:

Find out how you can get married abroad.

Find out about notarial and documentary services for UK nationals in Romania.

Accommodation and buying property

Read guidance on how to buy property abroad.

The current rules on buying land in Romania will stay the same until 31 December 2020. We will update these pages with details of any changes to the rules as soon as information is available.

Pets

Current pet travel rules will stay the same until 31 December 2020.

If you’re travelling with your pet for the first time you must visit your vet to get a pet passport.

Read guidance on bringing your pet to the UK.

Emergencies

You can dial the European emergency number 112. It is the only emergency number in Romania.

If you’re the victim of crime, have been arrested, or are affected by a crisis abroad, contact the British Embassy Bucharest.

Returning to the UK

Tell the UK and Romanian authorities if you are returning to the UK permanently.

Read the guidance on returning to the UK permanently which includes information on, amongst other things, tax, access to services and bringing family members.

Disclaimer

Note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information must be obtained from the Romanian authorities. The FCDO will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.

Published 14 May 2013
Last updated 7 September 2020 + show all updates
  1. Passports and travel section updated to include information on passport validity and entry requirements when travelling to other European countries from January 2021

  2. Updated to include additional information on residency and a new section about how to get your professional qualifications recognised

  3. Brexit update: includes further details on passport validity, healthcare rights and State Pension uprating if the UK leaves the EU with a deal.

  4. Brexit update: healthcare section updated to reflect transitional arrangements announcement.

  5. Brexit Update: Pensions section updated to include further details on State Pension uprating.

  6. EU Exit update: we have added new information on returning to the UK, updated the passports and visa section and added the latest on pensions post-Brexit

  7. EU Exit update: Added the latest statement from the Romanian Government on UK Citizens' Rights in Romania in the EU Exit section.

  8. We have added the latest announcement from the Romanian Government.

  9. We have added the registration link for the outreach event aimed at UK nationals in Brasov and the surrounding region.

  10. Registration for Cluj, Bucharest, Iasi and Timisoara outreach events

  11. EU Exit update: added link to citizens outreach meetings in Romania to EU Exit section

  12. We have updated the contact details you need to apply for an S1 form.

  13. EU Exit update - Updated information on access to healthcare

  14. EU Exit update: new information about voting rights added to Voting section

  15. EU Exit update: updated information on pensions and driving.

  16. EU Exit update: New information in residency and visa section on draft withdrawal agreement in principle between the UK and EU. Plus information on travelling with pets in Europe in Pets section.

  17. Updated March 2018

  18. First published.