Official information British people moving to and living in Romania need to know, including EU Exit guidance, residency, healthcare and driving.
EU exit: what you need to know
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There will be no change to the rights and status of UK nationals living in Romania while the UK remains in the EU.
While the government continues to negotiate Brexit, you should:
Before you go
See our travel advice for Romania and sign up for up-to-date information on local laws and customs, safety and emergencies.
The rules for travel to most countries in Europe will change if the UK leaves the EU with no deal. You can check a passport for travel to Europe.
Entry and residency requirements
See entry requirements for Romania in our travel advice.
If you intend to stay for longer than 3 months, you should apply for a registration certificate from the Romanian Office for Immigration.
The UK and EU have agreed the full legal text of the draft Withdrawal Agreement in principle. The agreement on citizens’ rights will allow UK nationals to stay in their Member State of residence after the UK leaves the EU on 29 March 2019.
In the event of changes to residency rules or registration processes after 29 March 2019, we will update this page as soon as information is available.
See our travel advice for Romania.
The NHS has information about healthcare for British people living in and visiting Romania.
You need a free European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) to get emergency medical treatment during temporary stays in EU countries. You also need comprehensive travel insurance to cover anything not covered by your EHIC.
S1 form – healthcare paid for by the UK
You may be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK if you live in Romania and get an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit.
You need to apply for a S1 form – contact the Department for Work and Pensions’ International Pensions Centre.
Working in Romania
Some jobs may require a UK criminal records check (known as a DBS check).
If you intend to work in Romania, you should register with the Romanian Office for Immigrants - you can also register as self-employed. See General Inspectorate for Immigration.
We recommend you get professional advice on paying tax in Romania.
You may be able to pay National Insurance while abroad in order to protect your State Pension and entitlement to other benefits and allowances.
The UK government will continue to pay state pension, child benefits, and disability benefits to eligible UK nationals in the EU after the UK’s exit from the EU. Find guidance on benefits and pensions in a no deal scenario.
If you haven’t worked in Romania, you should claim your UK state pension by contacting the International Pension Centre.
If you’ve worked in several EU countries, see state pensions abroad.
Life certificates for UK state pensions
If you get a ‘life certificate’ from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible – your payments may be suspended if you don’t.
Find out which UK benefits you might be able to get while you’re abroad and how to claim them.
Many income-related benefits such as Pension Credit and Housing Benefit can’t be paid if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.
You may be eligible to claim some Romanian social security benefits – see Romanian social security benefits.
Driving in Romania
Holders of UK driving licences who are resident in an EU country should exchange their UK licences for a driving licence from the EU country you are living in before 29 March 2019. For more information see driving abroad.
If you’re resident in Romania, you can vote in local municipal and European Parliamentary Elections.
See travelling with pets.
UK nationals will still be able to travel to and from the UK with a pet (cat, dog or ferret) when the UK leaves the EU, but the rules will change. See pet travel to Europe after EU Brexit for more information.
The European emergency number 112 is the only emergency number in Romania. See Romania – emergency numbers.
If you need urgent help, contact your nearest British embassy or consulate.
Accommodation and buying property
Other useful information
- English-speaking lawyers in Romania
- Translators and interpreters in Romania
- Notary services for Romania
Returning to the UK
To move your pension to the UK, contact the International Pension Centre.
Please note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Romanian authorities. The FCO will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.