The symptoms, diagnosis, management, surveillance and epidemiology of measles.
Measles is caused by a morbillivirus of the paramyxovirus family. Early symptoms include the onset of fever, malaise (aches and pains), coryza (head cold), conjunctivitis (red eyes) and cough.
The most common complications of measles include pneumonia, ear infection, diarrhoea and convulsions. Rarely, measles can cause encephalitis and death.
Measles is a notifiable disease in England and Wales. Health professionals must inform local health protection teams of suspected cases.
Measles is vaccine preventable. In the UK children receive 2 doses of the combined measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccine as part of the routine childhood immunisation schedule.
To view notifications (confirmed cases) from 1995 to 2011, view the National Archive website.
Immunisation is the most effective way to protect against measles. Children should receive 2 doses of MMR before the age of 5 years.
In April 2013, Public Health England, NHS England and the Department of Health announced a national catch-up programme to increase MMR vaccination uptake in children and teenagers.
Vaccine uptake data for MMR are available through the Cover of vaccination evaluated rapidly (COVER) programme.
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