Collection

Employment and Support Allowance: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments

Work Capability Assessment (WCA) outcomes, appeals and mandatory reconsiderations for Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) claims.

This collection brings together statistics on:

  • ESA WCA outcomes
  • appeals decisions and mandatory reconsiderations for ESA claims (including re-assessed Incapacity Benefit claims)
  • monthly median ESA WCA mandatory reconsiderations clearance times
  • experimental cohort statistics covering the ESA WCA process
  • ESA WCA clearance times for initial claims.

Data is released on a quarterly basis via Stat-Xplore.

Medical condition and ICD codes

DWP have improved the methodology for the publication of statistics on the international Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes. This is sometimes referred to in DWP statistics as medical condition codes.

This information was previously removed from the ESA WCA National Statistics due to the discovery of a discrepancy with the methodology. Some administrative codes were no longer being used or were assigned to other conditions. Approximately 18% of the DWP medical codes were incorrectly mapped to the wrong statistical medical condition groups.

Example

If revised mappings were applied to data as at September 2017 then 91% of the high level medical codes would remain the same. The largest effect would be for the following 4 high level groups:

  • mental and behavioural disorders – increase of 1,000 (3%)
  • certain infectious and parasitic diseases – decrease of 800 (67%)
  • injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes – decrease of 2,400 (42%)
  • factors influencing health status and contact with health services – increase of 2,200 (200%)

The mappings have now been revised based on advice by DWP doctors, and figures for ESA WCA will be available on Stat-Xplore.

More information

Statistics on appeal outcomes are available on Stat-Xplore for the first time. This data covers appeal WCA outcomes as well as new lower-level geography breakdowns by region, local authority and Westminster parliamentary constituency.

New tables showing changes to WCA. In September 2017 DWP introduced changes to the WCA. This means some claimants in the support group will no longer need to be reassessed. We have included data on these claimants for the first time in our published tables.

We will continue to look to expand the information we publish geographies for WCA outcomes and the data released on Stat-Xplore in future releases.

There is contact information and more about DWP statistics on the Statistics at DWP page.

Latest release

User views questionnaire

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DWP publish historic and forecast benefit expenditure and caseload data which is usually consistent with the annual Budget and Autumn Statement.

Previous releases

  1. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: June 2018
  2. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: March 2018
  3. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: December 2017
  4. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: September 2017
  5. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: June 2017
  6. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: March 2017
  7. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: December 2016
  8. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: September 2016
  9. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Sep 2015 and appeals to Mar 2016
  10. ESA Work Capability Assessment mandatory reconsiderations: data to April 2016
  11. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Jun 2015 and appeals to Dec 2015
  12. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Mar 2015 and appeals to Sept 2015
  13. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Dec 2014 and appeals to Jun 2015
  14. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Sep 2014 and appeals to Mar 2015
  15. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to June 2014 and appeals to Dec 2014
  16. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Mar 2014 and appeals to Sept 2014
  17. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments September 2014
  18. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments June 2014
  19. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments March 2014
  20. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments January 2014
  21. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments October 2013
  22. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments July 2013
  23. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments April 2013
  24. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, January 2013
  25. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment outcomes made on paper evidence
  26. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment outcomes by physical and mental health condition
  27. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, October 2012
  28. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, July 2012
  29. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, April 2012
  30. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, January 2012
  31. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, October 2011
  32. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, July 2011
  33. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, April 2011
  34. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, January 2011
  35. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, October 2010
  36. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment by health condition and functional impairment
  37. Employment and Support Allowance: work capability assessment, July 2010
Published 25 July 2013
Last updated 13 September 2018 + show all updates
  1. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: September 2018' to the latest release section.
  2. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: June 2018' to the latest release section.
  3. Added information about planned improvements to the Work Capability Assessment statistics.
  4. Added a note stating that DWP is investigating a discrepancy with the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes for Employment and Support Allowance and Incapacity Benefit.
  5. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including Mandatory Reconsiderations and Appeals: March 2018'.
  6. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including Mandatory Reconsiderations and Appeals: December 2017'.
  7. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including Mandatory Reconsiderations and Appeals: September 2017'.
  8. Published a note that the next release of these statistics on 14 September 2017 will also include information on ESA WCA clearance times for initial claims.
  9. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: June 2017'.
  10. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: March 2017'.
  11. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: December 2016'.
  12. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments including mandatory reconsiderations and appeals: September 2016'.
  13. Added statistics on 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Sep 2015 and appeals to Mar 2016'.
  14. Updated message about the delay to the 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments' statistics, which will now be published on 6 July 2016.
  15. Published 'ESA Work Capability Assessment mandatory reconsiderations: data to April 2016' and message about a delay to 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments' which were due to be published on 9 June 2016.
  16. Added - ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to June 2015 and appeals to December 2015.
  17. Published 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Mar 2015 and appeals to Sept 2015'.
  18. Added - ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to Dec 2014 and appeals to Jun 2015.
  19. Published latest statistics on the outcomes of Work Capability Assessments for Employment and Support Allowance claims made to September 2014 and appeals to March 2015.
  20. Added statistics on 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments: claims made to June 2014 and appeals to Dec 2014'.
  21. Updated date of next statistical release to 12 March 2015.
  22. Added 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessment: claims made to March 2014 and appeals to Sept 2014'.
  23. Published statistics on Work Capability Assessments for claims started October to December 2013, and appeals data to June 2014.
  24. Published ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments June 2014. Updated advice on processing error.
  25. Removed old guidance on future DWP publications being aligned with Ministry of Justice release schedule.
  26. Published note regarding a processing error with Appeal data for the period June to December 2013.
  27. Published ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments March 2014
  28. Specific policies and statements related to the DWP Employment and Support Allowance: outcomes of Work Capability Assessment statisticspublished and link added to the page.
  29. ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments January 2014 statistics published
  30. Update added regarding future statistical releases
  31. Updated information regarding appeals and release of statistics.
  32. Published 'ESA: outcomes of Work Capability Assessments October 2013' statistics and user views questionnaire.
  33. First published.