Diphtheria: guidance, data and analysis

The diagnosis, vaccination, surveillance epidemiology of diphtheria.

Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease of humans that affects the upper respiratory tract and occasionally the skin, caused by the action of diphtheria toxin produced by toxigenic Corynebacterium diphtheriae or by Corynebacterium ulcerans.

Diphtheria is a vaccine preventable disease. The routine childhood immunisation schedule includes vaccination against diphtheria.

For symptoms and general information on diphtheria, visit NHS.UK.

It is a notifiable disease in England and Wales. Health professionals must inform local health protection teams of suspected cases.

Diagnosis and management


Data collection

Epidemiology and surveillance

Published 1 April 2014
Last updated 23 November 2018 + show all updates
  1. Added Diphtheria in England annual reports.

  2. First published.