Guidance

Living in Lithuania

Official information for UK nationals moving to or living in Lithuania, including guidance on residency, healthcare, driving and the Withdrawal Agreement.

What you should do

You should:

Coronavirus

You should follow the advice of the Lithuanian Government and your local authority. You can also read our Lithuania travel advice for our latest guidance.

Stay up to date

You should:

Attend an outreach event

The British Embassy regularly holds events across Lithuania for UK nationals. Attend one of our citizen outreach meetings to keep up to date on working and living in Lithuania.

The Withdrawal Agreement

The Withdrawal Agreement sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU and provides for a deal on citizens’ rights. It sets out a transition period which lasts until 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to live, work and study in the EU broadly as you did before 31 January 2020.

If you are resident in Lithuania at the end of the transition period, you will be covered by the Withdrawal Agreement, and your rights will be protected for as long as you remain resident in Lithuania.

Any rights that are not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement will be the subject of future negotiations. Read this guidance page for more information

In the meantime, make sure you are registered as a resident in Lithuania. We will update this guidance as soon as more information becomes available.

You should also read our guidance on living in Europe.

Visas and residency

Check the entry requirements for Lithuania.

Residency

If you are resident in Lithuania before the transition period ends on 31 December 2020, you will be able to stay.

If you intend to live and work in Lithuania for longer than 3 months between January to June, or July to December, starting from your first day of entry into Lithuania, you must apply for a residence permit from the Migration Department under the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Lithuania.

If there are changes to residency rules or registration processes, we will update this guidance as soon as information is available.

Driving in Lithuania

Driving licence rules will stay the same until 31 December 2020.

If you are a resident in Lithuania you should exchange your UK licence for a Lithuanian licence. You can still use your Lithuanian licence in the UK for short visits or exchange it for a UK licence without taking a test if you return to live in the UK.

Read our guidance on:

Bringing a UK-registered vehicle to Lithuania

Read the EU’s guidance on car registration rules and taxes in Lithuania.

You may be exempt from some of these taxes. If so, you will need certificates of exemption.

Passports and travel

The rules on travel will stay the same until the transition period ends on 31 December 2020. During this time you can continue to travel to countries in the Schengen area or elsewhere in the EU with your UK passport.

You can apply for or renew your British passport from Lithuania.

Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip. Your passport should be valid for the proposed duration of your stay; you do not need any additional period of validity on your passport beyond this.

You’ll need to renew your passport before travelling if you do not have enough time left on your passport.

We will update these pages with details of any changes to the rules as soon as information is available. You should sign up for updates to this guidance.

Healthcare

If you’re living in Lithuania or move there permanently before 31 December 2020, you’ll have life-long healthcare rights in Lithuania as you do now, provided you remain resident.

You must register for healthcare as a resident in Lithuania, and if necessary, for health insurance.

Read our guidance on who can access healthcare in Lithuania and how to register.

State healthcare: S1

If you live in Lithuania and receive an exportable UK pension, contribution-based Employment Support Allowance or another exportable benefit, you may currently be entitled to state healthcare paid for by the UK. You must apply for a certificate of entitlement known as an S1 certificate.

You can apply for an S1 certificate through the Business Services Authority.

European Health Insurance Card (EHIC)

If you are resident in Lithuania, you must not use your EHIC from the UK to access healthcare in Lithuania.

When you travel from Lithuania for a temporary stay in another European Economic Area (EEA) country or Switzerland, you can use an EHIC to access state-provided healthcare in that country.

During that short stay:

  • the EHIC covers treatment that is medically necessary until your planned return home
  • an EHIC is not a replacement for comprehensive travel insurance
  • for more information, read our travel advice pages and advice on foreign travel insurance

There will be no changes to your healthcare access before 31 December 2020. You can also continue to use your EHIC, as you did before, during this time.

You should also read guidance on:

Working and studying in Lithuania

Read our guidance on working in an EU country.

You may need to apply for a UK police certificate.

If you are resident in Lithuania on or before 31 December 2020, your right to work will remain the same, as long as you remain resident in Lithuania.

Studying in Lithuania

If you are resident in Lithuania on or before 31 December 2020, your right to study in Lithuania will remain the same, as long as you remain resident in Lithuania.

Money and tax

The UK has a double taxation agreement with Lithuania to ensure you do not pay tax on the same income in both countries. Ask the relevant tax authority your questions about double taxation relief.

Existing double taxation arrangements for UK nationals living in Lithuania have not changed.

Read guidance on:

You should get professional advice on paying tax in Lithuania. Find an English-speaking lawyer in Lithuania.

National Insurance

Find out if you can pay National Insurance while abroad in order to protect your State Pension and entitlement to other benefits and allowances.

If you are employed or self-employed in the EU or EEA and you have a UK-issued A1/E101 form, you will remain subject to UK legislation until the end date on the form.

Pensions

You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.

If you retire in Lithuania, you can claim:

Life certificates for UK State Pensions

If you get a ‘life certificate’ form from the UK Pension Service, you need to respond as soon as possible. Your payments may be suspended if you don’t.

Pensions after 31 January 2020

There will be no change before 31 December 2020 to the rules on claiming the UK State Pension in the EU, EEA or Switzerland as a result of the UK leaving the EU.

You can continue to receive your UK State Pension if you live in the EU, EEA or Switzerland and you can still claim your UK State Pension.

If you are living in the EU, EEA or Switzerland by 31 December 2020 you will get your UK State Pension uprated every year for as long as you continue to live there. This will happen even if you start claiming your pension on or after 1 January 2021, as long as you meet the qualifying conditions explained in the new State Pension guidance.

If you are living in Lithuania by 31 December 2020, you will be able to count future social security contributions towards meeting the qualifying conditions for your UK State Pension.

If you work and pay social security contributions in Lithuania, you will still be able to add your UK social security contributions towards your Lithuanian pension. This will happen even if you claim your pension after 31 December 2020.

Read our guidance on benefits and pensions in the EU.

Benefits

You will need to tell the UK government offices that deal with your benefits, pension and tax if you are moving or retiring abroad.

You may still be able to claim some UK benefits like child and disability benefits if you live in Lithuania.

Many income-related benefits such as Pension Credit and Housing Benefit can’t be paid if you’re abroad for more than 4 weeks.

You may be eligible to claim some Lithuanian social security benefits.

You can request proof of the time you’ve worked in the UK from HMRC if you are asked for this.

Benefits after 31 January 2020

There will be no changes before 31 December 2020 to the rules on claiming UK benefits in the EU, EEA or Switzerland as a result of the UK leaving the EU.

If you are living in the EU, EEA or Switzerland by 31 December 2020, you will continue to receive any UK benefits you already receive. This will continue for as long as you live there and meet all other eligibility requirements.

If you work and pay social security contributions in Lithuania, your UK social security contributions will be taken into account when applying for Lithuanian contributions-based benefits. This will happen even if you claim contributions-based benefits after 31 December 2020.

Read our guidance on benefits and pensions in the EU.

Voting

If you have been living in Lithuania for more than 5 years and are registered as a permanent resident, you can vote in local municipal elections.

You cannot vote in European Parliament elections.

You may be able to vote in some UK elections.

Births, deaths and getting married

If your child is born in Lithuania, you will need to register the birth abroad.

If someone dies in Lithuania:

Find out how you can get married abroad.

Find out about notarial and documentary services for UK nationals in Lithuania.

You may also need:

Accommodation and buying property

Read guidance on how to buy property abroad.

Pets

Current pet travel rules will stay the same until 31 December 2020.

If you’re travelling with your pet for the first time you must visit your vet to get a pet passport.

Read guidance on bringing your pet to the UK.

Emergencies

You should dial the European emergency number on 112 in Lithuania. See the full list of emergency numbers in Lithuania.

If you’re the victim of crime, have been arrested, or are affected by a crisis abroad, contact the British Embassy Vilnius.

Returning to the UK

Tell the UK and the Lithuanian authorities if you are returning to the UK permanently.

Read the guidance on returning to the UK permanently which includes information on, amongst other things, tax, access to services and bringing family members.

Disclaimer

Please note that this information is provided as a guide only. Definitive information should be obtained from the Lithuanian authorities. The Foreign and Commonwealth Office will not be liable for any inaccuracies in this information.

Published 23 April 2018
Last updated 23 January 2020 + show all updates
  1. Brexit update: includes further details on passport validity, healthcare rights and State Pension uprating if the UK leaves the EU with a deal.

  2. Brexit update: healthcare section updated to reflect transitional arrangements announcement

  3. Brexit update: Pensions section updated to include further details on State Pension uprating.

  4. EU Exit update: added latest information about EU Exit to passports, pensions and returning to the UK sections

  5. EU Exit update: updated information on healthcare, visas and residency, voting and driving licences

  6. We have updated the contact details you need to apply for an S1 form.

  7. Updated information on passports: you must use the checker tool to see if your passport is still valid for your trip

  8. EU Exit update: added in links to the Lithuanian government website

  9. EU Exit update: updated information on access to healthcare

  10. EU Exit update: updated information on pensions and driving.

  11. EU Exit update: New information in residency and visa section on draft withdrawal agreement in principle between the UK and EU. Plus information on travelling with pets in Europe in pet section.

  12. First published.