Find out if you need a certificate to commercially use endangered species on the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) list.
You must have a commercial use certificate, known as an Article 10 certificate, for any specimen listed by CITES in Annex A that you plan to:
- use for commercial gain in any way
- keep for sale
- offer for sale
- transport for sale
- display to the public for commercial purposes
- breed from to sell individual offspring, even if you do not plan to sell the parents (who must be uniquely and permanently marked according to regulations)
Use the search on Species+ to find out if your animal or plant species, their parts or derivatives are listed in Annex A.
You must apply for a commercial use certificate using form FED1012, known as CITES Article 10. Find out how to apply for the certificate.
You do not need an Article 10 certificate to own or trade in specimens of species listed in Annex B of the CITES regulations. However, if you’re challenged, you must be able to give evidence that you acquired it lawfully.
It is a criminal offence to use commercially :
- any specimen listed under Annex A of the CITES list without a valid certificate
- any specimen listed in Annex B that has been imported illegally
You could get a prison sentence of up to 5 years or an unlimited fine.
Single commercial use: exemption from certificate
If you are applying for an import permit for an Annex A specimen, you can ask APHA for special permission to allow you the first sale of the specimen, without needing a commercial use certificate. You must make sure the specimen is marked according to regulations before it’s imported.
You must return this type of permit to APHA when it expires.
The new owner of the specimens must get an Article 10 certificate if they want to use the specimen commercially.
Special exemptions from certificate
There are specific circumstances where you do not need a commercial use certificate.
- owning or giving away an Annex A CITES specimen
- worked specimens acquired in their finished state before 3 March 1947 only
- specimens of certain animal species (or hybrids of them) born and bred in captivity and listed in Annex X of EC Regulation 865/2006
- artificially propagated specimens of plant species
- dead specimens of crocodile (Crocodylia) species included in Annex A with source code D, as long as they’re legally marked or identified as per the regulation
- caviar of shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum) and its hybrids, with source code D, as long as it’s in a legally marked container
You must mark specimens according to European regulation Article 66 of EC Reg 865/2006. The marking needed depends on what the specimen is.
Most live specimens must have an International Standards Organisation ISO-compliant, uniquely numbered microchip or a uniquely numbered, seamless closed ring for birds.
Contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol for help with marking specimens.
Type of certificate you will get
APHA will give you a Specimen Specific Certificate (SSC) or a Transaction Specific Certificate (TSC). This will depend on APHA’s assessment of your individual case.
Specimen Specific Certificates
APHA issues SSCs for a specimen, not a permit holder, and they stay with the specimen for its life. You must give the SSC to the person buying the specimen at the time of the first sale and all future sales.
You can apply for a SSC for an individual specimen. SSCs are valid for all commercial use in any EU member state for all sales, no matter who owns the specimen, unless the description of the specimen on the certificate changes.
APHA only issues SSCs if:
- the specimen was introduced into the EU before it was listed in Annex A or it was legally imported after that date
- the specimens are captive bred, which means they were born in captivity to 2 generations or beyond (captive breeding involves more than just breeding in a cage, aviary or enclosure so ask APHA if you’re unsure)
- the specimens are worked taxidermy specimens, taken from the wild in the UK according to domestic legislation
- the specimens must be uniquely and permanently marked according to regulations
Transaction Specific Certificates
APHA may issue a TSC certificate for an individual specimen to a specific holder if:
- specimens do not meet the criteria to be issued with a SSC
- specimens are not correctly marked
It’s only valid for the person named on the certificate and for one transaction only.
Unlike SSCs, TSCs do not allow you to use the specimen commercially in another EU member state or from another address in the UK.
You will see a statement on the TSC telling you what you can use it for. This might be for:
- one sale only by the person named on the certificate, from the address shown
- educational display, no sale
- breeding, no sale
The person buying the specimen must then apply for a new certificate if they plan to use the specimen for any commercial purpose.
Returning a certificate when you sell
You must make sure that you must:
- show the new owner your certificate and reference number, or give them a photocopy of your certificate clearly marked with ‘copy for information only’
- return the TSC to APHA immediately after passing the specimen over to another person
When an Article 10 certificate number is not available you can give an invoice quoting the TSC number.
Tigers, bears and rhinos: stricter controls
There are some exceptions to the usual CITES controls. In the UK, stricter measures apply to the following species:
- tigers (Panthera tigris) and any parts or derivatives
- bear (Ursidae) - bile, paws and gall bladders
- rhino (Rhinocerotidae) and rhino horn
If you intend to trade or move specimens from any of these species, you must contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol before you apply.
Contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol if you need help deciding if you need a certificate.
Gifts and donations
You do not need a certificate if you want to:
- give your specimens away
- use or display them for non-commercial purposes
If you receive a specimen as a gift, you must complete the WLRS02 form to confirm a gift or unconditional loan of a specimen, that did not involve a commercial transaction. You may not be allowed to sell a specimen that was a gift if there’s not enough information about how it was gifted.
You should also ask the person who gave it to you for:
- the specimen’s origin
- details on how they came to possess the specimen
- previous certificates and permits or other documentation, including non-CITES paperwork, to show legal origin and previous possession
- their contact details
APHA may need to check this information if the new owner applies for a commercial use certificate.
You will need to apply for a commercial use certificate if:
- the gift involves some other type of exchange or benefit, including a charitable donation
- you’re receiving the gift and plan to use the specimen for commercial purposes
Buying endangered species
When you buy a species that is listed under Annex A in the CITES list, you must make sure that the seller has a valid Article 10 certificate or a FED0172 import permit that allows a single commercial sale before you buy it.
If you want to resell it or use it commercially in any way, including breeding from it, you must apply for a new certificate.
If you’re unsure about your application, contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol.