Find out if your import or export needs a permit under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
It’s a criminal offence to move or trade CITES-controlled species if you don’t have a valid permit. You could get a prison sentence of up to 5 years or an unlimited fine.
You must apply for a permit to import or export any animal or plant species, and their parts or derivatives, that are on the CITES list. Species are listed according to how endangered they are in the wild. Annex A is the most strictly controlled list of species and Annex D the least.
Use Species+ to find out if your import or export is on the CITES list.
You must apply for a permit to import, export or re-export Annex A, B or C specimens.
If you plan to use a specimen for commercial purposes, you must check if you also need an Article 10 certificate for commercial purposes. You may be able to get an exemption for single commercial use.
Apply for a permit using a FED0172 form, the CITES permit application form, except for the import of Annex C specimens. You will need to contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol to get an import notification form for Annex C specimens.
Find out how to apply for CITES permits.
Unless you have the correct permit, you should not:
- enter into contracts over specimens
- make payments for their purchase
- ship specimens
Musical instruments, museums and art exhibitions
In some cases, you may need to move endangered species across international borders on multiple occasions. For example, endangered species that are part of a:
- touring orchestra
- museum exhibit
- art exhibition
If you’re part of a touring orchestra and only plan to travel with a single instrument, you can apply for a FED0172 certificate for your musical instrument. Make sure you state that you’re applying to move a single musical instrument or touring exhibit. There’s no charge for this kind of permit.
However, if you’re travelling with multiple instruments or specimens, you must apply for a CITES travelling exhibition certificate.
Find out how to apply for CITES permits.
Contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol if you’re unsure about which type of permit you need.
Personal and household effects
In some specific circumstances, you do not need a CITES permit to move personal and household effects that contain a controlled species.
Contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol if you think that a personal or household item, which you plan to import or export, includes a CITES-controlled species.
Extra rules about identifying controlled species
CITES rules still apply to items if the:
- packaging lists a controlled item but the packet does not contain a specimen or derivative - such as a traditional Asian medicine listing tiger bone
- actual species is not known and the specimen can only be identified to a higher group that includes controlled species - such as Crocodylia (for all crocodiles, alligators and gharials) and Orchidaceae (for all orchids)
Where the specimen cannot be identified as a specific species in a taxonomic group, APHA treats it as the most protected species of that group.
CITES rules do not apply to:
- coral sand and coral fragments
- naturally excreted urine, faeces and ambergris as these are waste products.
Customs requirements for CITES items
All CITES import, export and re-export permits must be stamped by customs authorities when they enter or leave the UK.
For imports, you must present the import permit on arrival in the UK. The sender must:
- get the appropriate documents to submit to the UK Border Force (UKBF)
- attach CITES documents travelling with the goods to the outside of the parcel in a sealed clear-plastic folder.
Read HMRC’s guidance on what to expect at customs if you have a UK-issued CITES import permit.
If you fail to correctly identify an import as being part of CITES rules, the UKBF could seize the goods and take criminal action against you and anyone else involved.
Export by post
You must present your CITES permit and specimen to the UKBF before you post your items to destinations outside the EU. The white copy of the permit should be securely attached to the outside of the parcel. You should keep the yellow copy. UKBF will keep the green copy.
You must complete a customs declaration form CN22 or CN23. This depends on the value of the item. You can get these forms from any Post Office. The customs declaration must include:
- a description of the goods
- the value
- whether they’re gifts or commercial items
You also need a ‘C&E 83A label: exported by post under customs and excise control’. You can get one by ringing the advice line on 0845 010 9000 21.
Import by post
If you’re importing CITES goods by post, you must make sure that the sender gets and completes customs declaration form CN22 or CN23 and any CITES documents required. They must attach these to any items coming from a non-EU country.
Although the sender is responsible for making a complete and accurate declaration, you should make sure it’s done correctly.
UKBF checks CITES imports before they can enter the UK. You will be asked to provide your CITES UK import permit before UKBF releases the specimen.
You must have the relevant permit before you import, export or re-export a CITES specimen. You can only apply for a retrospective permit under very specific and exceptional circumstances.
Before you apply for a retrospective permit, you must contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol.
If you’re unsure about your application or don’t know what fee to pay, contact APHA Centre for International Trade: Bristol.