Advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients for healthcare practitioners.
Ensure that non-UK born children are brought up to date with the UK immunisation schedule.
Follow national guidelines to prevent the spread of infection in schools and other childcare settings, and report statutorily notifiable diseases.
Most childhood infections are vaccine preventable. The range of childhood infections that occur in children born in the UK may also occur in non-UK born children.
Some diseases may be more common in children born abroad, especially vaccine preventable diseases if they have not been fully immunised. Immunisation coverage and incidence of childhood diseases is highly variable throughout the world; see WHO for country specific information.
Many of the descriptions and images used to describe and demonstrate typical rashes associated with childhood infections are based on their appearance in white skin. Be aware that they may look different in pigmented skin.
Help to prevent the spread of infection by giving advice in accordance with infection control guidelines for schools and childcare facilities.
Be aware that many childhood infections are statutorily notifiable.
See Public Health England pages for further information about individual childhood diseases:
Covered by UK immunisation schedule
- Meningococcal disease
- Haemophilus influenza type B
- Pneumococcal disease
- Polio (gov.uk); Polio (migrant health guide)
- Pertussis (Whooping cough)
- Scarlet fever
- Slapped cheek syndrome (Parvovirus)
- Fungal infections
- Head lice
- Respiratory syncytial virus
- Streptococcal infections
PHE have produced national guidance: