Visit your health professional at least 4 to 6 weeks before your trip to check whether you need any vaccinations or other preventive measures. Country specific information and advice is published by the National Travel Health Network and Centre on the TravelHealthPro website and by NHS (Scotland) on the fitfortravel website. Useful information and advice about healthcare abroad is also available on the NHS Choices website.

Since June 2016, foreign citizens can bring medication for personal use with them, as long as they don’t contain narcotic or psychoactive substances. All these drugs are listed on the Rossiyskaya Gazeta website (in Russian).

If your medication does contain highly potent or narcotic poisonous substances and you wish to bring it with you, you’ll need to provide a prescription in your name which has been translated into Russian, and then notarised (notarisation services in the UK are available from a Notary Public).

If you’re unsure whether you need to provide a prescription and notarised translation to bring your medicines into the country, you should check with the Russian Embassy in London or Consulate General in Edinburgh.

The reciprocal healthcare agreement between the UK and Russia terminated with effect from 1 January 2016. You should make sure you have comprehensive travel insurance.

Air quality in Moscow varies and can worsen in certain weather conditions. You should monitor local media, and the Moscow Emercom website (in Russian) for more information.

112 is the single emergency number for any emergency service in Russia.