Tax if you return to the UK
If you come back to the UK after living abroad, you’ll usually be classed a UK resident again. This means you pay UK tax on:
- your UK income and gains
- any foreign income and gains - although you may not have to if your permanent home (‘domicile’) remains outside the UK
You stayed UK resident if you were abroad less than a full tax year (6 April to 5 April the following year). This means you usually pay UK tax on foreign income for the entire time you were away.
What to do when you’re back
You don’t need to register if you’re an employee and don’t have other untaxed income to report.
If you return to the UK within 5 years
You may have to pay tax on some foreign income or gains you brought into the UK or received while you were non-resident. This doesn’t include wages or other employment income.
Bringing to the UK includes transferring income or gains into a UK bank account. Chapter 9 in HMRC’s guidance on ‘Residence, Domicile and the Remittance Basis’ explains the rules for bringing income or gains to the UK.
These rules (called ‘temporary non-residence’) apply if both:
- you return to the UK within 5 years of moving abroad (or 5 full tax years if you left the UK before 6 April 2013)
- you were a UK resident in at least 4 of the 7 tax years before you moved abroad
Chapter 6 of HMRC’s guidance note to the Statutory Residence Test has more information about:
- temporary non-residence
- what income and gains you’ll need to pay tax on
You’ll usually start paying National Insurance again if you work in the UK.
If you didn’t pay it while you were abroad, you can check your National Insurance record to see how your State Pension might be affected.
Find your National Insurance number if you’ve lost it.
You don’t always need to pay National Insurance if you’re not coming to the UK permanently.
Contact the International Pension Centre if you want to move a pension to the UK.