Appeal against a visa or immigration decision

2. Appeal from within the UK

You can only appeal to the tribunal if you have the legal right to appeal - you’ll usually be told if you do in your decision letter.

Talk to a solicitor or a immigration adviser if you’re not sure.

Read the guide on representing yourself if you’re not going to have a legal representative.

Your decision letter will tell you if you can apply for an administrative review if you don’t have the right to appeal.

How to appeal

You have 14 days to appeal after the date of your decision.

If you apply after the deadline, you must explain why - the tribunal will decide if it can still hear your appeal.

Apply online if you can - online appeals are quicker than post or fax appeals.

What you’re appealing How you can apply
Your human rights or protection claim has been refused while you’re in the UK Online or by post or fax with form IAFT-5
A decision made under the European Economic Area (EEA) Regulations, for example the Home Office has refused to issue you a residence document Online or by post or fax with form IAFT-5
A decision by the Home Office to deport you (as an EEA National) Online or by post or fax with form IAFT-5
A decision where you’ve been detained in an Immigration detention centre and your decision letter was sent by the Home Office By post or fax with form IAFT-DIA
A decision where you’ve been detained in prison and your decision letter was sent by the Home Office. Online or by post or fax with form IAFT-5
A decision to remove your UK citizenship Online or by post or fax with form IAFT-5
A decision to take away your protection status Online or by post or fax with form IAFT-5
Certain decisions about applications submitted before 6 April 2015 Online or by post or fax with the relevant form

If you’re appealing by post or fax, download and fill in the relevant form. Send or fax it with copies of the documents that support your appeal to the address on the form.

Ask for an oral hearing

You can ask on your appeal form for a decision to be made either:

  • just on the information in your appeal form and any documents supplied to the tribunal
  • at a hearing that you or your representative can attend

The tribunal can decide to have a hearing even if you don’t ask for one. You’ll be told if this is the case and invited to attend.

If the tribunal doesn’t hold a hearing, a judge will decide your case based on your appeal form and the documents.

Hearings are carried out in public. You can ask for it to be held in private or to attend by video link, but you must have a reason, for example a public hearing would put you in danger.

You can ask for a male or female judge if you think there are issues in your appeal that make it appropriate. The tribunal will decide if it can do this.

Special requirements

Contact the Customer Enquiry Unit before your hearing if you need any special help, for example you need wheelchair access.

Customer Enquiry Unit
Telephone: 0300 123 1711
Monday to Friday, 8.30am to 5pm
Find out about call charges

Fees

It costs:

  • £80 without a hearing
  • £140 with a hearing

You may not have to pay if you’re getting:

  • asylum support
  • legal aid
  • services from your local council and you’re under 18

Read the tribunal fees guidance for more information.

Contact the tribunal if you’re unsure if you have to pay a fee.

First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) customer.service@hmcts.gsi.gov.uk
Telephone: 0300 123 1711
Find out about call charges

How to pay

You can pay your fee with a credit or debit card when you make your appeal online or by including your details on your appeal form.

If you’ve already made your appeal you can also pay your fee online.