Guidance

Trading and moving endangered species protected by CITES if there's a no-deal Brexit

The rules for trading or moving CITES-listed endangered animals or plants, or their parts or derivatives after Brexit.

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The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) protects species listed in Annexes A to D of the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations. The regulations will be kept in UK law after Brexit, with some changes.

The main change will be that you’ll need CITES documents to move CITES specimens between the UK and the EU for species listed in Annexes A to D.

You’ll also need to use a designated point of entry or exit and present your documents to Border Force for endorsement.

Trading with the EU

You’ll no longer be able to freely move species listed in Annexes B – D between the UK and the EU if there’s a no-deal Brexit.

Species in Annex A will continue to be subject to stricter controls.

You’ll need to check the requirements of the EU country you are importing from (bring in) or exporting to (take out) through their management authority.

The process will depend on the Annex in which the species is listed.

Species in Annex A and B

To import species listed in Annex A and B to the UK from the EU, you’ll need an:

  • export permit (or re-export certificate) from the exporting EU country
  • import permit from the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA)

To export species listed in Annex A and B from the UK to the EU, you’ll need an:

  • export permit (or re-export certificate) from APHA
  • import permit from the exporting EU country

Species in Annex C

To import species listed in Annex C to the UK from the EU, you’ll need an:

  • export permit (or re-export certificate) from the exporting EU country
  • import notification on entry to the UK

To export species listed in Annex C from the UK to the EU, you’ll need an:

  • export permit (or re-export certificate) from APHA
  • import notification on entry to the EU country

Species in Annex D

For species listed in Annex D, you’ll need an import notification on entry for:

  • imports to the UK from the EU
  • exports from the UK to an EU country

Points of entry and exit

You’ll need to use a designated point of entry or exit when trading with the EU.

You should check to make sure your port is suitable to process the following (if appropriate to your shipment):

  • live animals
  • products of animal origin (POAO)
  • products not for human consumption
  • chilled frozen goods
  • forestry materials

Exemptions

In certain circumstances, you may be exempt from needing to comply with CITES regulations. You may find chapter 3.6 in the Reference Guide to the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations useful.

If you think an exemption applies, check with the relevant CITES management authorities. You may then be allowed to follow a simplified process.

Getting and using a CITES permit

All businesses and individuals moving CITES specimens into or out of the UK must present their CITES documents upon arrival or departure. Border Force will, if everything is in order, endorse the permits. This will take place at the customs office.

Read about where to present your documents when trading CITES-listed specimens through UK ports and airports after a no-deal Brexit.

Find out how to apply for a CITES permit in the UK. This includes the current fees for CITES permits.

Read the guidance on Border Inspection Posts (BIPs), which are approved facilities for carrying out checks on animals and animal species entering the UK.

Using a customs agent

You may choose to use an agent. Read about how to appoint someone to deal with customs on your behalf.

Published 16 January 2019
Last updated 4 March 2019 + show all updates
  1. Added Trade agreements section.
  2. First published.