Guidance

Red, amber and green list rules for entering England

Countries rated as red, amber or green for Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the rules you must follow to enter England.

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Countries and territories can be moved between lists if conditions change. Sign up for an email alert to be notified when this page is updated.

What you must do when you arrive in England from abroad depends on where you have been in the 10 days before you arrive.

This page lists countries and territories as red, amber or green and tells you what you must do if you have been in those countries or territories.

Red list countries and territories

What you must do if you have been in a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red list in the last 10 days you will only be allowed to enter the UK if you are a British or Irish National, or you have residence rights in the UK.

You must follow these rules even if you have been vaccinated.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

On arrival in England you must:

Red list of countries and territories

You should not travel to red list countries or territories.

Red list Upcoming changes to the red list
Afghanistan Moved to red list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the red list rules.  
Angola    
Argentina    
Bahrain Moved to red list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the red list rules.  
Bangladesh    
Bolivia    
Botswana    
Brazil    
Burundi    
Cape Verde    
Chile    
Colombia    
Congo (Democratic Republic)    
Costa Rica Moved to red list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the red list rules.  
Ecuador    
Egypt Moved to red list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the red list rules.  
Eswatini    
Ethiopia    
French Guiana    
Guyana    
India    
Kenya    
Lesotho    
Malawi    
Maldives    
Mozambique    
Namibia    
Nepal    
Oman    
Pakistan    
Panama    
Paraguay    
Peru    
Philippines    
Qatar    
Rwanda    
Seychelles    
Somalia    
South Africa    
Sri Lanka Moved to red list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the red list rules.  
Sudan Moved to red list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the red list rules.  
Suriname    
Tanzania    
Trinidad and Tobago Moved to red list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the red list rules.  
Turkey    
United Arab Emirates (UAE)    
Uruguay    
Venezuela    
Zambia    
Zimbabwe    

Ireland, the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

You do not need to take a COVID-19 test or quarantine on arrival in England if you are travelling within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, (the Common Travel Area), and you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

Amber list countries and territories

What you must do if you have been in an amber country or territory in the 10 days before you arrive in England.

You must follow these rules even if you have been vaccinated.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

On arrival in England you must:

  • quarantine at home or in the place you are staying for 10 days
  • take a COVID-19 test on or before day 2 and on or after day 8

Read about quarantine and taking COVID-19 tests.

Children aged 4 and under do not need to take the day 2 or day 8 test.

You may be able to end quarantine early if you pay for a private COVID-19 test through the Test to Release scheme.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red list

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules.

Read about making a transit stop in a red list country or territory.

Countries moving to the red list

If conditions change in a country or territory, it can be moved from the amber list to the red list. If there is a sudden change in conditions, a country or territory may be moved between lists without warning.

Amber list of countries and territories

You should not travel to amber list countries or territories.

Amber list Upcoming changes to the amber list
Akrotiri and Dhekelia  
Albania  
Algeria  
Andorra  
Anguilla  
Antigua and Barbuda  
Armenia  
Aruba  
Austria  
Azerbaijan  
The Bahamas  
Barbados  
Belarus  
Belgium  
Belize  
Benin  
Bermuda  
Bhutan  
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba  
Bosnia and Herzegovina  
British Antarctic Territory  
British Indian Ocean Territory  
British Virgin Islands  
Bulgaria  
Burkina Faso  
Cambodia  
Cameroon  
Canada  
Cayman Islands  
Central African Republic  
Chad  
China  
Comoros  
Congo  
Cook Islands, Tokelau and Niue  
Côte d’Ivoire  
Croatia  
Cuba  
Curaçao  
Cyprus  
Czech Republic (Czechia)  
Denmark  
Djibouti  
Dominica  
Dominican Republic  
El Salvador  
Equatorial Guinea  
Eritrea  
Estonia  
Fiji  
Finland  
France  
French Polynesia  
Gabon  
The Gambia  
Georgia  
Germany  
Ghana  
Greece (including islands)  
Greenland  
Grenada  
Guadeloupe  
Guatemala  
Guinea  
Guinea-Bissau  
Haiti  
Honduras  
Hong Kong  
Hungary  
Indonesia  
Iran  
Iraq  
Italy  
Jamaica  
Japan  
Jordan  
Kazakhstan  
Kiribati  
Kosovo  
Kuwait  
Kyrgyzstan  
Laos  
Latvia  
Lebanon  
Liberia  
Libya  
Liechtenstein  
Lithuania  
Luxembourg  
Macao  
Madagascar  
Malaysia  
Mali  
Malta  
Marshall Islands  
Martinique  
Mauritania  
Mauritius  
Mayotte  
Mexico  
Micronesia  
Moldova  
Monaco  
Mongolia  
Montenegro  
Montserrat  
Morocco  
Myanmar (Burma)  
Nauru  
Netherlands  
New Caledonia  
Nicaragua  
Niger  
Nigeria  
North Korea  
North Macedonia  
Norway  
The Occupied Palestinian Territories  
Palau  
Papua New Guinea  
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands  
Poland  
Portugal (including the Azores and Madeira) Moved to amber list 4am, Tuesday 8 June. If you arrive in England after then you need to follow the amber list rules.
Réunion  
Romania  
Russia  
Samoa  
San Marino  
Sao Tome and Principe  
Saudi Arabia  
Senegal  
Serbia  
Sierra Leone  
Slovakia  
Slovenia  
Solomon Islands  
South Korea  
South Sudan  
Spain (including the Balearics and Canary Islands)  
St Kitts and Nevis  
St Lucia  
St Maarten  
St Martin and St Barthélemy  
St Pierre and Miquelon  
St Vincent and the Grenadines  
Sweden  
Switzerland  
Syria  
Taiwan  
Tajikistan  
Thailand  
Timor-Leste  
Togo  
Tonga  
Tunisia  
Turkmenistan  
Turks and Caicos Islands  
Tuvalu  
Uganda  
Ukraine  
United States (USA)  
Uzbekistan  
Vanuatu  
Vietnam  
Wallis and Futuna  
Western Sahara  
Yemen  

The amber list is not exhaustive. If a country or territory is not on this list, you should not assume that it is a green or red list country or territory. Countries and territories are only green or red if they appear on the green or red list.

Ireland, the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

You do not need to take a COVID-19 test or quarantine on arrival in England if you are travelling within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, (the Common Travel Area), and you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

Green list countries and territories

This section tells you what you will have to do if you travel to England from a country or territory on the green list. You must only have been in or travelled through a green list country or the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man in the previous 10 days.

You must follow these rules even if you have been vaccinated.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

You must take a COVID-19 test on or before day 2 after you arrive.

Children aged 4 and under do not need to take this test.

You do not need to quarantine unless the test result is positive.

You must quarantine if NHS Test & Trace informs you that you travelled to England with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red or amber list

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules.

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the amber list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, and have not visited a country on the red list, you must follow the amber list rules.

Read about making a transit stop in an amber or red list country or territory.

Countries on the green watchlist or moving to amber

If conditions change in a country or territory, it can be moved from the green list to the amber or red list. If there is a sudden change in conditions, a country or territory may be moved between lists without warning.

Green list of countries and territories

Green list Green watchlist and upcoming changes to the green list
Australia  
Brunei  
Falkland Islands  
Faroe Islands  
Gibraltar  
Iceland  
Israel and Jerusalem  
New Zealand  
Singapore  
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands  
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  

Ireland, the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

You do not need to take a COVID-19 test or quarantine on arrival in England if you are travelling within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, (the Common Travel Area), and you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

Transit stops in amber or red list countries

When you arrive in England you need to follow the rules for the highest risk country or territory that you have been in or passed through in the previous 10 days. That can include transit stops.

A transit stop is a stop where passengers can get on or off the same part of the transport in which you are travelling. It can apply to ships, trains or flights. Your ticket should show if a stop is a transit stop.

The rules of a country or territory that you make a transit stop in could apply if:

  • new passengers get on and are able to mix with you
  • you or other passengers get off the transport you are on and mix with other people, then get on again

Making a transit stop would not affect what you have to do on arrival in England if, during the stop:

  • no new passengers, who are able to mix with you, get on
  • no-one on-board gets off and mixes with people outside
  • passengers get off but do not get back on

Private vehicles or coaches travelling through amber or red list countries and territories

If you are travelling to England in a private vehicle, the rules of the countries and territories you drive through apply. For example, if you drive through an amber list country, then you must follow the amber list rules when you arrive in England.

This applies whether you stop in the country or territory or not. You need to record the countries and territories you drive through on your passenger locator form.

Transiting through airports in England

See what you need to do if you are transiting ‘landside’ or transiting ‘airside’ through England.

Job and medical exemptions

Some people are exempt from some or all of the requirements:

Travelling abroad from England

You should not travel to amber list or red list countries or territories.

Demonstrating your COVID-19 vaccination status when travelling abroad

People in England who have had a full vaccine course (2 doses) can demonstrate their COVID-19 vaccination status for outbound international travel.

Other countries or territories determine their own border health rules, which may include COVID-19 vaccination status. Check the entry requirements for your destination before travelling.

Find out:

The government is working with the devolved administrations to ensure this facility is available to everyone across the UK.

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office travel advice

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) travel advice continues to advise against all non-essential travel to some countries and territories. Many other countries have rules in place about who can enter and what you can do when you are there. These rules are not related to which colour list that country is on. Before you travel, you should read:

Published 7 May 2021
Last updated 8 June 2021 + show all updates
  1. Portugal moved from green to amber list 4am, 8 June. Afghanistan, Bahrain, Costa Rica, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Trinidad and Tobago moved from amber to red list.

  2. Portugal will move from green to amber list 4am, 8 June. Afghanistan, Bahrain, Costa Rica, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Trinidad and Tobago will move from amber to red list.

  3. New green list of countries and territories with Australia, Brunei, Falkland Islands, Faroe Islands, Gibraltar, Iceland, Israel and Jerusalem, New Zealand, Portugal, Singapore, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha moved from the amber list.

  4. Maldives, Nepal and Turkey moved to the red list 4am, Wednesday 12 May.

  5. First published.

  1. Step 1 Plan your trip

  2. Step 2 Get your passport, visas and permits ready

    How much time you need on your passport depends on the country you're visiting. Check the entry requirements for the country you want to travel to.

    1. Check your passport has enough time left on it for the country you're visiting
    2. Renew or replace your passport
    3. Get a passport for your child

    You may also need a visa to enter some countries.

    1. Check if you need a visa or permit
  3. Step 3 Get travel insurance and check if you need vaccinations or inoculations

  4. Step 4 Travel safely and check for travel disruption

  5. Step 5 Going through border control

    You may need to show paperwork such as your passport or visa. You may also need a negative coronavirus (COVID-19) test result or demonstrate your COVID-19 vaccination status at the point of entry.

    1. Check the entry requirements for the country you are travelling to or transiting through
  6. Step 6 When you are abroad

  7. Step 7 Return to the UK

  8. and When you arrive in the UK