Guidance

Red, amber and green list rules for entering England

Countries rated as red, amber or green for Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the rules you must follow to enter England.

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Countries and territories can be moved between lists if conditions change. Sign up for an email alert to be notified when this page is updated.

What you must do when you arrive in England from abroad depends on where you have been in the 10 days before you arrive.

This page lists countries and territories as either red or amber and tells you what you must do if you have been in those countries or territories.

New rules for a green list of countries will come into force 17 May.

Red list countries and territories

What you must do if you have been in a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red list in the last 10 days you will only be allowed to enter the UK if you are a British or Irish National, or you have residence rights in the UK.

You should not travel to red list countries or territories for leisure purposes.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

On arrival in England you must:

You must follow these rules even if you have been vaccinated.

Red list of countries and territories

Red list Red watchlist - moves from or to green or amber list
Angola    
Argentina    
Bangladesh    
Bolivia    
Botswana    
Brazil    
Burundi    
Cape Verde    
Chile    
Colombia    
Congo (Democratic Republic)    
Ecuador    
Eswatini    
Ethiopia    
French Guiana    
Guyana    
India    
Kenya    
Lesotho    
Malawi    
Maldives Moved to the red list 4am, Wednesday 12 May. If you arrive in England after then, you need to follow the red list rules.  
Mozambique    
Namibia    
Nepal Moved to the red list 4am, Wednesday 12 May. If you arrive in England after then, you need to follow the red list rules.  
Oman    
Pakistan    
Panama    
Paraguay    
Peru    
Philippines    
Qatar    
Rwanda    
Seychelles    
Somalia    
South Africa    
Suriname    
Tanzania    
Turkey Moved to the red list 4am, Wednesday 12 May. If you arrive in England after then, you need to follow the red list rules.  
United Arab Emirates (UAE)    
Uruguay    
Venezuela    
Zambia    
Zimbabwe    

Amber list countries and territories

What you must do if you have been in an amber country or territory in the 10 days before you arrive in England.

You should not travel to amber list countries or territories for leisure purposes.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

On arrival in England you must:

  • quarantine at home or in the place you are staying for 10 days
  • take a COVID-19 test on or before day 2 and on or after day 8

Read about quarantine and taking COVID-19 tests.

You must follow these rules even if you have been vaccinated.

You may be able to end quarantine early if you pay for a private COVID-19 test through the ‘Test to Release’ scheme.

Travel within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

You do not need to take a COVID-19 test or quarantine on arrival in England if you are travelling within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, (the Common Travel Area), and you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red list

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules.

Read more about making a transit stop in a red list country or territory.

Countries on the watchlist or moving to red

If conditions change in a country or territory, it can be moved from the amber list to the red list. If that is likely to happen, this will normally be flagged in the Amber watchlist column in the table below. If there is a sudden change in conditions, a country or territory may be moved between lists without warning.

Amber list of countries and territories

Amber list Amber watchlist - moves from or to green or red list
Afghanistan  
Akrotiri and Dhekelia  
Albania  
Algeria  
Andorra  
Anguilla  
Antigua and Barbuda  
Armenia  
Aruba  
Australia Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Austria  
Azerbaijan  
The Bahamas  
Bahrain  
Barbados  
Belarus  
Belgium  
Belize  
Benin  
Bermuda  
Bhutan  
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba  
Bosnia and Herzegovina  
British Antarctic Territory  
British Indian Ocean Territory  
British Virgin Islands  
Brunei Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Bulgaria  
Burkina Faso  
Cambodia  
Cameroon  
Canada  
Cayman Islands  
Central African Republic  
Chad  
China  
Comoros  
Congo  
Cook Islands  
Costa Rica  
Côte d’Ivoire  
Croatia  
Cuba  
Curaçao  
Cyprus  
Czech Republic (Czechia)  
Denmark  
Djibouti  
Dominica  
Dominican Republic  
Egypt  
El Salvador  
Equatorial Guinea  
Eritrea  
Estonia  
Falkland Islands Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Faroe Islands Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Fiji  
Finland  
France  
French Polynesia  
Gabon  
The Gambia  
Georgia  
Germany  
Ghana  
Gibraltar Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Greece (including islands)  
Greenland  
Grenada  
Guadeloupe  
Guatemala  
Guinea  
Guinea-Bissau  
Haiti  
Honduras  
Hong Kong  
Hungary  
Iceland Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Indonesia  
Iran  
Iraq  
Israel and Jerusalem Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Italy  
Jamaica  
Japan  
Jordan  
Kazakhstan  
Kiribati  
Kosovo  
Kuwait  
Kyrgyzstan  
Laos  
Latvia  
Lebanon  
Liberia  
Libya  
Liechtenstein  
Lithuania  
Luxembourg  
Macao  
Madagascar  
Malaysia  
Mali  
Malta  
Marshall Islands  
Martinique  
Mauritania  
Mauritius  
Mayotte  
Mexico  
Micronesia  
Moldova  
Monaco  
Mongolia  
Montenegro  
Montserrat  
Morocco  
Myanmar (Burma)  
Nauru  
Netherlands  
New Caledonia  
New Zealand Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Nicaragua  
Niger  
Nigeria  
North Korea  
North Macedonia  
Norway  
The Occupied Palestinian Territories  
Palau  
Papua New Guinea  
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands  
Poland  
Portugal (including the Azores and Madeira) Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Réunion  
Romania  
Russia  
Samoa  
San Marino  
Sao Tome and Principe  
Saudi Arabia  
Senegal  
Serbia  
Sierra Leone  
Singapore Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Slovakia  
Slovenia  
Solomon Islands  
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
South Korea  
South Sudan  
Spain (including the Balearics and Canary Islands)  
Sri Lanka  
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Will move from amber to green list 4am, Monday 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
St Kitts and Nevis  
St Lucia  
St Martin and St Barthélemy  
St Vincent and the Grenadines  
Sudan  
Sweden  
Switzerland  
Syria  
Taiwan  
Tajikistan  
Thailand  
Timor-Leste  
Togo  
Tonga  
Trinidad and Tobago  
Tunisia  
Turkmenistan  
Turks and Caicos Islands  
Tuvalu  
Uganda  
Ukraine  
United States (USA)  
Uzbekistan  
Vanuatu  
Vietnam  
Wallis and Futuna  
Western Sahara  
Yemen  

The amber list is not exhaustive. If a country or territory is not on this list, you should not assume that it is a green or red list country or territory. Countries and territories are only green or red if they appear on the green or red list.

Green list countries and territories - from 17 May

From 17 May there will be a new green list of countries and territories. Until 17 May all countries and territories outside of the Common Travel Area are either red list or amber list countries or territories. If you travel to England before 17 May you must follow the relevant amber list or red list rules.

This section tells you what you will have to do if you travel to England from a country or territory on the green list from 17 May. You must only have been in or travelled through a green list country or the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

You must take a COVID-19 test on or before day 2 after you arrive.

You do not need to quarantine unless the test result is positive.

You must follow these rules even if you have been vaccinated.

You must self-isolate if NHS Test & Trace informs you that you travelled to England with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red or amber list

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules.

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the amber list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, and have not visited a country on the red list, you must follow the amber list rules.

Read more about making a transit stop in an amber or red list country or territory.

Countries on the watchlist or moving to amber

If conditions change in a country or territory, it can be moved from the green list to the amber or red list. If that is likely to happen, this will normally be flagged in the green watchlist column in the table below. If there is a sudden change in conditions, a country or territory may be moved between lists without warning.

Green list of countries and territories - from 17 May

Green list Green watchlist - moves from or to amber or red list
Australia Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Brunei Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Falkland Islands Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Faroe Islands Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Gibraltar Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Iceland Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Israel and Jerusalem Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
New Zealand Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Portugal (including the Azores and Madeira) Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
Singapore Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Will move to green from the amber list at 4am, 17 May. If you arrive in England before then, you need to follow the amber list rules.

Transit stops in amber or red list countries

When you arrive in England you need to follow the rules for the highest risk country or territory that you have been in or passed through in the previous 10 days. That can include transit stops.

A transit stop is a stop where passengers can get on or off the same part of the transport in which you are travelling. It can apply to ships, trains or flights. Your ticket should show if a stop is a transit stop.

The rules of a country or territory that you make a transit stop in could apply if:

  • new passengers get on and are able to mix with you
  • you or other passengers get off the transport you are on and mix with other people, then get on again

Making a transit stop would not affect what you have to do on arrival in England if, during the stop:

  • no new passengers, who are able to mix with you, get on
  • no-one on-board gets off and mixes with people outside
  • passengers get off but do not get back on

Private vehicles or coaches travelling through amber or red list countries and territories

If you are travelling to England in a private vehicle, the rules of the countries and territories you drive through apply. For example, if you drive through an amber list country, then you must follow the amber list rules when you arrive in England.

This applies whether you stop in the country or territory or not. You need to record the countries and territories you drive through on your passenger locator form.

Transiting through airports in England

See what you need to do if you are transiting ‘landside’ or transiting ‘airside’ through England.

Travel within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

You do not need to take a COVID-19 test or quarantine on arrival in England if you are travelling within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, (the Common Travel Area), and you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

Job and medical exemptions

Some people are exempt from some or all of the requirements:

Travelling abroad from England

Until 17 May, you can only travel abroad from England if you have a legally permitted reason to do so. You must complete a declaration form for international travel.

From 17 May you will not need to complete a declaration form to travel abroad.

You should not travel to amber list or red list countries or territories for leisure purposes.

Demonstrating your COVID-19 vaccination status when travelling abroad

From 17 May, people in England who have had a full vaccine course (2 doses), will be able to demonstrate their COVID-19 vaccination status for outbound international travel.

Other countries or territories determine their own border health rules, which may include COVID-19 vaccination status. Check the entry requirements for your destination before travelling.

Find out:

The government is working with the devolved administrations to ensure this facility is available to everyone across the UK, and continues to work to ensure that every UK citizen is kept safe.

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office travel advice

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) travel advice continues to advise against all non-essential travel to some countries and territories. Many other countries have rules in place about who can enter and what you can do when you are there. These rules are not related to which colour list that country is on. Before you travel, you should read:

Published 7 May 2021
Last updated 12 May 2021 + show all updates
  1. Maldives, Nepal and Turkey moved to the red list 4am, Wednesday 12 May.

  2. First published.

  1. Step 1 Plan your trip

  2. Step 2 Get your passport, visas and permits ready

    How much time you need on your passport depends on the country you're visiting. Check the entry requirements for the country you want to travel to.

    1. Check your passport has enough time left on it for the country you're visiting
    2. Renew or replace your passport
    3. Get a passport for your child

    You may also need a visa to enter some countries.

    1. Check if you need a visa or permit
  3. Step 3 Get travel insurance and check if you need vaccinations or inoculations

  4. Step 4 Travel safely and check for travel disruption

  5. Step 5 Going through border control

    You may need to show paperwork such as your passport or visa, or a negative coronavirus test result at the point of entry.

    1. Check the entry requirements for the country you are travelling to or transiting through
  6. Step 6 When you are abroad

  7. Step 7 Return to the UK

  8. and When you arrive in the UK