Guidance

Red, amber and green list rules for entering England

Countries rated as red, amber or green for Coronavirus (COVID-19) and the rules you must follow to enter England.

Stay up-to-date

The risk posed by individual countries and territories is continuously monitored and the green, amber and red lists are reviewed every 3 weeks.

Countries and territories can be moved between lists if conditions change. Sign up for an email alert to be notified when this page is updated.

What you must do when you arrive in England from abroad depends on where you have been in the 10 days before you arrive.

This page lists countries and territories as red, amber or green and tells you what you must do if you have been in those countries or territories.

You can also read an overview of all the things you need to do to:

Red list of countries and territories

Read the rules for red list countries and territories.

You should not travel to red list countries or territories.

Red list Upcoming changes to the red list
Afghanistan  
Angola  
Argentina  
Bahrain  
Bangladesh  
Bolivia  
Botswana  
Brazil  
Burundi  
Cape Verde  
Chile  
Colombia  
Congo (Democratic Republic)  
Costa Rica  
Cuba  
Dominican Republic  
Ecuador  
Egypt  
Eritrea  
Eswatini  
Ethiopia  
French Guiana  
Guyana  
Haiti  
India  
Indonesia  
Kenya  
Lesotho  
Malawi  
Maldives  
Mongolia  
Mozambique  
Myanmar  
Namibia  
Nepal  
Oman  
Pakistan  
Panama  
Paraguay  
Peru  
Philippines  
Qatar  
Rwanda  
Seychelles  
Sierra Leone  
Somalia  
South Africa  
Sri Lanka  
Sudan  
Suriname  
Tanzania  
Trinidad and Tobago  
Tunisia  
Turkey  
Uganda  
United Arab Emirates (UAE)  
Uruguay  
Venezuela  
Zambia  
Zimbabwe  

Red list rules

What you must do if you have been in a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red list in the last 10 days you will only be allowed to enter the UK if you are a British or Irish National, or you have residence rights in the UK.

You must follow these rules even if you have been fully vaccinated.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

On arrival in England you must:

Amber list of countries and territories

Read the rules for amber list countries and territories.

Amber list Upcoming changes to the amber list
Akrotiri and Dhekelia  
Albania  
Algeria  
Andorra  
Armenia  
Aruba  
Austria  
Azerbaijan  
The Bahamas  
Belarus  
Belgium  
Belize  
Benin  
Bhutan  
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba  
Bosnia and Herzegovina  
British Virgin Islands  
Burkina Faso  
Cambodia  
Cameroon  
Canada  
Central African Republic  
Chad  
China  
Comoros  
Congo  
Cook Islands, Tokelau and Niue  
Côte d’Ivoire  
Curaçao  
Cyprus  
Czech Republic (Czechia)  
Denmark  
Djibouti  
El Salvador  
Equatorial Guinea  
Estonia  
Fiji  
Finland  
France  
French Polynesia  
Gabon  
The Gambia  
Georgia  
Germany  
Ghana  
Greece (including islands)  
Greenland  
Guadeloupe  
Guatemala  
Guinea  
Guinea-Bissau  
Honduras  
Hungary  
Iran  
Iraq  
Italy  
Jamaica  
Japan  
Jordan  
Kazakhstan  
Kiribati  
Kosovo  
Kuwait  
Kyrgyzstan  
Laos  
Latvia  
Lebanon  
Liberia  
Libya  
Liechtenstein  
Lithuania  
Luxembourg  
Macao  
Madagascar  
Malaysia  
Mali  
Marshall Islands  
Martinique  
Mauritania  
Mauritius  
Mayotte  
Mexico  
Micronesia  
Moldova  
Monaco  
Montenegro  
Morocco  
Nauru  
Netherlands  
New Caledonia  
Nicaragua  
Niger  
Nigeria  
North Korea  
North Macedonia  
Norway  
The Occupied Palestinian Territories  
Palau  
Papua New Guinea  
Poland  
Portugal (including the Azores) Madeira is on the green watchlist.
Réunion  
Romania  
Russia  
Samoa  
San Marino  
Sao Tome and Principe  
Saudi Arabia  
Senegal  
Serbia  
Slovakia  
Slovenia  
Solomon Islands  
South Korea  
South Sudan  
Spain, including the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands (Formentera, Ibiza, Mallorca, Menorca)  
St Kitts and Nevis  
St Lucia  
St Maarten  
St Martin and St Barthélemy  
St Pierre and Miquelon  
St Vincent and the Grenadines  
Sweden  
Switzerland  
Syria  
Tajikistan  
Thailand  
Timor-Leste  
Togo  
Tonga  
Turkmenistan  
Tuvalu  
Ukraine  
United States (USA)  
Uzbekistan  
Vanuatu  
Vietnam  
Wallis and Futuna  
Western Sahara  
Yemen  

The amber list is not exhaustive. If a country or territory is not on this list, you should not assume that it is a green or red list country or territory. Countries and territories are only green or red if they appear on the green or red list.

Countries moving to the red list

If conditions change in a country or territory, it can be moved from the amber list to the red list. If there is a sudden change in conditions, a country or territory may be moved between lists without warning.

Amber list rules

What you must do if you have been in a country or territory on the amber list in the 10 days before you arrive in England.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

On arrival in England you must:

  • quarantine at home or in the place you are staying for 10 days
  • take a COVID-19 test on or before day 2 and on or after day 8

Read about quarantine and taking COVID-19 tests after arrival in England.

Fully UK vaccinated and people under the age of 18 – amber rules

You do not need to quarantine or take a day 8 test after you arrive in England if you are either:

  • fully vaccinated in the UK or under the UK vaccine programme overseas
  • under 18 on the day you arrive in England and resident in the UK or in a country with a vaccination programme approved by the UK
  • part of a UK-approved vaccine trial

You must have had your final dose of the vaccine at least 14 whole days before the date you arrive in England. You still need to book and take a day 2 test.

Read more about the being fully vaccinated and the amber list rules for children and young people.

France

If you have been in France in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the standard amber list rules, even if you have been fully UK vaccinated. You must quarantine for 10 days and take both the day 2 and day 8 tests.

New amber list rules if vaccinated in Europe or the USA

From 2 August, if you’ve been fully vaccinated in the USA or many European countries, you will not need to quarantine when you arrive in England or take a day 8 test. You still need to book and take a day 2 test.

Find out more about the new amber list rules for Europe and the USA.

If you will be in England for less than 10 days

If you’re travelling to England for less than 10 days, you will need to quarantine for the whole of your stay.

You must still book your day 2 and day 8 travel tests, even if you will no longer be in England on the dates of the tests. You only need to take the tests if you’re still in the country on those dates.

Test to Release scheme

You may be able to end quarantine early if you pay for a private COVID-19 test through the Test to Release scheme.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red list

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules.

Read about making a transit stop in a red list country or territory.

Green list countries and territories

Read the rules for green list countries and territories.

Green list Green watchlist and upcoming changes to the green list
Anguilla Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Antarctica/British Antarctic Territory Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Antigua and Barbuda Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Australia  
Barbados Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Bermuda Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
British Indian Ocean Territory Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Brunei  
Bulgaria  
Cayman Islands Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Croatia Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Dominica Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Falkland Islands  
Faroe Islands  
Gibraltar  
Grenada Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Hong Kong .
Iceland  
Israel and Jerusalem Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Madeira Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Mainland Portugal and the Azores are on the amber list.
Malta  
Montserrat Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
New Zealand  
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Singapore  
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands  
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha  
Taiwan Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.
Turks and Caicos Islands Green watchlist – at risk of moving from green to amber.

Countries on the green watchlist or moving to amber

If conditions change in a country or territory, it can be moved from the green list to the amber or red list.

If a country or territory on the green list is at risk of moving to amber it will also be listed on the green watchlist.

If there is a sudden change in conditions, a country or territory may be moved between lists without warning.

Green list rules

What you have to do if you travel to England from a country or territory on the green list. You must only have been in or travelled through a green list country or the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man in the previous 10 days.

You must follow these rules even if you have been fully vaccinated.

Before travel to England

Before you travel to England you must:

On arrival in England

You must take a COVID-19 test on or before day 2 after you arrive.

Children aged 4 and under do not need to take this test.

You do not need to quarantine unless the test result is positive.

You must quarantine if NHS Test & Trace informs you that you travelled to England with someone who has tested positive for COVID-19.

If you have been in a country or territory on the red or amber list

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules.

If you have also been in or through a country or territory on the amber list in the 10 days before you arrive in England, and have not visited a country on the red list, you must follow the amber list rules.

Read about making a transit stop in an amber or red list country or territory.

Ireland, the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man

You do not need to take a COVID-19 test or quarantine on arrival in England if you are travelling within the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, (the Common Travel Area), and you have not been outside of the Common Travel Area in the previous 10 days.

Transit stops in amber or red list countries

When you arrive in England you need to follow the rules for the highest risk country or territory that you have been in or passed through in the previous 10 days. That can include transit stops.

A transit stop is a stop where passengers can get on or off the same part of the transport in which you are travelling. It can apply to ships, trains or flights. Your ticket should show if a stop is a transit stop.

The rules of a country or territory that you make a transit stop in could apply if:

  • new passengers get on and are able to mix with you
  • you or other passengers get off the transport you are on and mix with other people, then get on again

Making a transit stop would not affect what you have to do on arrival in England if, during the stop:

  • no new passengers, who are able to mix with you, get on
  • no-one on-board gets off and mixes with people outside
  • passengers get off but do not get back on

Private vehicles or coaches travelling through amber or red list countries and territories

If you are travelling to England in a private vehicle, the rules of the countries and territories you drive through apply. For example, if you drive through an amber list country, then you must follow the amber list rules when you arrive in England.

This applies whether you stop in the country or territory or not. You need to record the countries and territories you drive through on your passenger locator form.

Transiting through airports in England

See what you need to do if you are transiting ‘landside’ or transiting ‘airside’ through England.

Job and medical exemptions

Some people are exempt from some or all of the requirements:

Travelling abroad from England

Read an overview of all the things you need to do to:

You should not travel to red list countries or territories.

Demonstrating your COVID-19 vaccination status when travelling abroad

An NHS COVID Pass shows your coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccination details or test results. This is your COVID-19 vaccination status.

You can use the NHS COVID Pass to prove your vaccination status when you:

  • enter another country while travelling abroad
  • return to England if you have been in an amber list country or territory

Find out:

The UK government is working with the British overseas territory governments to agree what form the proof of vaccination should take.

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office travel advice

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) travel advice continues to advise against all non-essential travel to some countries and territories. Many other countries have rules in place about who can enter and what you can do when you are there. These rules are not related to which colour list that country is on. Before you travel, you should read FCDO travel advice for the countries you will visit.

Published 7 May 2021
Last updated 28 July 2021 + show all updates
  1. From 2 August, people who have been fully vaccinated in many European countries or the USA will not need to quarantine on arrival in England or take a day 8 test.

  2. Changes to amber list rules on quarantine and testing.

  3. France will not be included in the amber list country exemption for people who are fully UK vaccinated.

  4. Bulgaria and Hong Kong will move to the green list plus Croatia and Taiwan will move to the green watchlist 4am, Monday 19 July. Balearic Islands and British Virgin Islands will move from green to amber list. Cuba, Indonesia, Myanmar and Sierra Leone will move from amber to red list.

  5. The rules for amber list countries and territories will change Monday 19 July.

  6. Anguilla, Antarctica/British Antarctic Territory, Antigua and Barbuda, Balearic islands, Barbados, Bermuda, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Madeira, Malta, Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands moved from amber to green list 4am, 30 June. Dominican Republic, Eritrea, Haiti, Mongolia, Tunisia and Uganda moved from amber to red list.

  7. Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Balearic islands, Barbados, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Madeira, Malta, Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands and Turks and Caicos Islands will move from amber to green list 4am, 30 June. Dominican Republic, Eritrea, Haiti, Mongolia, Tunisia and Uganda will move from amber to red list.

  8. Portugal moved from green to amber list 4am, 8 June. Afghanistan, Bahrain, Costa Rica, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Trinidad and Tobago moved from amber to red list.

  9. Portugal will move from green to amber list 4am, 8 June. Afghanistan, Bahrain, Costa Rica, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Trinidad and Tobago will move from amber to red list.

  10. New green list of countries and territories with Australia, Brunei, Falkland Islands, Faroe Islands, Gibraltar, Iceland, Israel and Jerusalem, New Zealand, Portugal, Singapore, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha moved from the amber list.

  11. Maldives, Nepal and Turkey moved to the red list 4am, Wednesday 12 May.

  12. First published.