What all drivers from the UK may need to do to drive in the EU and EEA if the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019.
What you will need to do to drive abroad legally
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019, you will need extra documentation to drive in the EU and EEA.
If you drive for work in the EU, see also:
- Prepare to drive in the EU after Brexit: bus and coach drivers
- Prepare to drive in the EU after Brexit: lorry and goods vehicle drivers
Some of these requirements may change depending on the terms that the UK leaves the EU. Bookmark and revisit this web page or sign up for email alerts to stay up to date.
Driving licence exchange for UK nationals living in the EU
If you are a UK licence holder living in the EU or EEA you should exchange your UK driving licence for a local EU driving licence before the UK leaves the EU. If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019, you may have to pass a driving test in the EU country you live in to be able to carry on driving there.
You should consider exchanging your UK driving licence for an EU driving licence as soon as possible. Increased demand may lead to longer processing times and delays.
You can drive on your EU licence when visiting the UK.
If you return to live in the UK, provided you passed your driving test in the UK or another specified country, you can exchange your EU licence for a UK licence without taking another test.
Prepare for driving licence exchange
Driving licences and international driving permits
On 28 March 2019, the type of international driving permit (IDP) that some countries outside the EU and EEA recognise changed.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019, you may need IDPs in addition to your UK driving licence to drive when visiting EU and EEA countries.
If you hold a UK driving licence you will not need an IDP to drive when visiting Ireland when the UK leaves the EU as Ireland does not require IDPs to be held by driving licence holders from non-EU countries.
If you are currently using a UK driving licence and live in an EU or EEA country, when the UK leaves the EU, you will not be able to use an IDP to guarantee that your UK licence will be recognised in that country. If you wish to continue to drive, you should exchange your UK licence with a local licence, where this option exists.
Number plates and national identifiers
Under international conventions, GB is the distinguishing sign to display on UK-registered vehicles when driving outside of the UK.
Following the UK’s exit from the EU, it is recommended that you display a GB sticker on the rear of your vehicle, whether you currently have a number plate which includes the GB identifier or not.
Vehicle registration documents
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019, you should continue to carry your vehicle registration documents with you when driving abroad for less than 12 months. This can be either:
- your vehicle log book (V5C), if you have one
- a VE103 to show you’re allowed to use your hired or leased vehicle abroad
UK vehicle safety and roadworthiness (MOT)
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, EU and EEA countries will not recognise UK MOT test certificates.
If you live in, or are planning to move to an EU or EEA country with a UK-registered vehicle, you will need to have your vehicle retested in the EU country you live in.
You will not need to retest your vehicle to drive it on a visit to an EU or EEA country.
Vehicle insurance for UK registered vehicles, caravans and trailers in the EU
A motor insurance Green Card is evidence of motor insurance cover when driving abroad.
The EU, EEA, Andorra, Serbia and Switzerland are part of a Green Card-free circulation area. Currently, you do not need a motor insurance Green Card to drive a UK registered-vehicle in these countries.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019 and the European Commission does not make a decision ensuring that UK registered vehicles will not be checked for proof of insurance, you will need to carry a motor insurance Green Card when driving in the EU and EEA.
Some EU and EEA countries may also require a separate Green Card as proof of insurance for caravans and trailers. If you are travelling with a caravan or trailer, you will need 2 Green Cards: one for the towing vehicle, and one for the caravan or trailer.
Contact your vehicle insurance provider to obtain motor insurance Green Cards for your vehicle, caravan or trailer.
More about vehicle insurance.
Road traffic accidents in the EU if the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019
If you are involved in a road traffic accident in an EU or EEA country should not expect to be able to make a claim via a UK-based claims representative or the UK Motor Insurers’ Bureau (MIB).
Instead, you may need to bring a claim against either the driver or the insurer of the vehicle in the EU or EEA country where the accident happened. This may involve bringing the claim in the local language.
In the event of an accident in an EU or EEA country caused by an uninsured or an untraced driver, you may not receive compensation if there is no EU exit deal. This will vary from country to country.
If involved in a road traffic accident in an EU or EEA country before the UK leaves the EU, you may need to bring legal proceedings in the UK against either the insurer or the MIB. After the UK leaves the EU, you may need to bring legal proceedings against either the responsible driver or the insurer of the vehicle in the EU or EEA instead. If you need more information about this, you should seek legal advice.
You must register commercial trailers weighing over 750kg and non-commercial trailers weighing over 3,500kg before towing them to or through most EU and EEA countries.
You can voluntarily register non-commercial trailers that weigh over 750kg but there is no legal requirement to do this.
Driving to the Port of Dover or Eurotunnel
There are plans to manage freight traffic on the major roads leading to the Port of Dover and Eurotunnel. These plans, activated in times of cross-Channel disruption, are known as Operation Brock. If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019, Operation Brock may be activated if there are significant delays at the border between Dover and Calais.
Before you travel, check if delays are possible at the Port of Dover and Eurotunnel and check if Operation Brock is active. If Operation Brock is active, check online for advice and look out for road signs telling you where to go.
Plan ahead if you travel during Operation Brock.
EU drivers visiting or living in the UK after EU Exit
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 31 October 2019, arrangements for EU and EEA licence holders who are visiting or living in the UK will not change.
Visitors with EU and EEA driving licences will not need an IDP to drive in the UK.
EU and EEA licence holders visiting the UK can continue to drive on valid EU and EEA licences.
EU and EEA car or motorcycle licence holders who are (or become) UK residents can drive in the UK using EU and EEA licences until they are 70 or for up until 3 years after they become resident, whichever date is the later. At this point an application would need to be made for a UK licence.
Different restrictions apply to EU and EEA lorry or bus licence holders who are (or become) UK residents.
For EU licence holders who passed their test in the EU or EEA, the UK will continue to exchange their licence.
EU licence holders who passed their test outside the EU or EEA have restrictions on licence exchange. As such, they may need to take a test to obtain a UK licence.
The UK expects drivers coming from the EU into the UK to carry an insurance Green Card, or evidence of their insurance cover.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal, the UK will continue to recognise EU roadworthiness certificates. There will be no immediate change from the current rules for imported vehicles.