Guidance

How HMRC works out trading profits and non-trading income for the Self-Employment Income Support Scheme

Find out how HMRC will work out your trading profits and non-trading income if you're self-employed or a member of a partnership and have been adversely affected by coronavirus (COVID-19).

HMRC will assess if you are eligible for the first Self-Employment Income Support Scheme grant based on your trading profits and non-trading income on your Self Assessment tax returns.

This scheme is being extended. If you’re eligible for the second and final grant, and your business has been adversely affected on or after 14 July 2020 you’ll be able to make a claim in August 2020. You can claim for the second grant even if you did not make a claim for the first grant. Find out more about the extension to the scheme.

You can use this guide to understand how we work out your eligibility for the first grant and how much you may get.

Find out how different circumstances can affect eligibility to the scheme, or amount of grant.

Trading profits

This is shown on your tax calculation as either profits from:

We will work out your total trading profit after deducting any allowable expenses such as:

If your annual gross trading income, from one or more trades or businesses is more than £1,000 you may have used the tax-free allowances, instead of deducting any expenses or other allowances.

We will work out your share of the partnership’s trading profits by taking all partnership income, and then deduct anything that is non-trading income, such as investment income.

We will not deduct from your trading profits:

  • any losses brought forward from previous years
  • your personal allowance

Profits from self-employment

We will work out your trading profit after allowable business expenses by adding any losses brought forward from previous years to the amount shown on your tax return as ‘total taxable profits from this business’.

Profits from partnerships

We will work out your share of the partnership’s profit after adjustments by adding any losses brought forward from previous years to the amount shown as ‘your share of the total taxable profits from the partnership’s business’.

Paper short return

Your trading profit after allowable business expenses is shown on your tax return as ‘profit’.

Trading profit if you have claimed the trading allowance

Example

2016 to 2017 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019
Trading income £21,000 £26,000 £16,000
Trading allowance claimed 0 £1,000 £1,000
Trading profit £21,000 £25,000 £15,000

If you have more than one trade in the same tax year

We will add together all profits and deduct any losses for all these trades to work out your trading profit.

Example

2018 to 2019
Trade 1 profit £60,000
Trade 2 loss £20,000
Trading profit £40,000

If you have traded for all 3 tax years

To work out your average trading profit we add together all profits and losses for all 3 tax years that you’ve had continuous trade, then divide by 3.

Example

2016 to 2017 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019 Average trading profit for the 3 tax years
Trading profit or loss £60,000 £60,000 -£30,000 loss £30,000

If you did not trade in the tax year 2016 to 2017

To work out your average trading profit we add together all profits and losses for the tax years 2017 to 2018 and 2018 to 2019, then divide by 2.

Example

2016 to 2017 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019 Average trading profit for the 2 tax years
Trading profit or loss Did not trade £25,000 £45,000 £35,000

If you did not trade in the tax year 2017 to 2018

We will work out your average trading profit based on the tax year 2018 to 2019 only, even if you traded in the tax year 2016 to 2017.

Example

2016 to 2017 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019 Trading profit
Trading profit or loss £25,000 Did not trade £45,000 £45,000

Non-trading income

This is the amount recorded as ‘total income received’ on your online or paper tax calculation, less your trading income.

HMRC will work out your non-trading income by adding together all your:

  • income from earnings
  • property income
  • dividends
  • savings income
  • pension income
  • overseas income
  • miscellaneous income (including taxable social security income)

Eligibility

If you have traded for all 3 years we will first look at your 2018 to 2019 Self Assessment tax return. Your trading profits must be no more than £50,000 and at least equal to your non-trading income.

If you’re not eligible based on the 2018 to 2019 Self Assessment tax return, we will then look at the tax years 2016 to 2017, 2017 to 2018, and 2018 to 2019.

Example

2016 to 2017 2017 to 2018 2018 to 2019 Average for the 3 tax years Total
Trading profit £50,000 £50,000 -£10,000 - not eligible £30,000 £90,000
Non-trading income £15,000 £15,000 £15,000 N/A £45,000
Eligibility using the tax year 2018 to 2019 only N/A N/A No N/A No
Eligibility using the 3 tax years N/A N/A N/A Yes Yes

So even if you made a loss in the tax year 2018 to 2019, you would still be eligible because:

  • your average trading profit for the 3 tax years is £30,000 - which is less than £50,000
  • the sum of your trading profits for the 3 tax years is (£90,000) - which is at least equal to the sum of your non-trading income of £45,000 for those years

How we work out partnership eligibility

If a partnership made £100,000 in trading profits in tax year 2018 to 2019, and distributed its profits as follows:

Example

Trading profits received Non-trading income
Partner A £25,000 0
Partner B £75,000 0

Partner A would be eligible for the grant, as the trading profits received are no more than £50,000.

Partner B would not be eligible for the grant, as the trading profits received are more than £50,000.

If partnership rules require Partner A to pay the grant into the partnership pot, the partnership should give the full grant back to Partner A.

How we will work out the amount of the first grant

If HMRC have confirmed you are eligible for the first grant and, for example, you made an average trading profit of £42,000 over the 3 tax years, this is how we will work out how much grant you will get.

Example

Average trading profit £42,000
Divide by 12 £3,500
Multiply by 3 £10,500
Work out 80% £8,400

As the maximum amount payable for this grant is £7,500 that is the amount you will receive.

Published 14 April 2020
Last updated 7 May 2020 + show all updates
  1. Welsh translation added.

  2. Additional examples have been added to show how HMRC works out total income and trading profits for different trading circumstances, and examples have been added to show how we work out partnership eligibility and how much grant you will get.

  3. First published.