Guidance

Benefits and pensions for EU, EEA and Swiss citizens in the UK if there's a no-deal Brexit

This guidance explains the rights of EU, European Economic Area (EEA) and Swiss citizens to UK benefits and pensions if there’s a no-deal Brexit.

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The UK will leave the EU on 31 October 2019. This page tells you how to prepare for Brexit. It will be updated if anything changes, including if a deal is agreed.

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EU, EEA and Swiss citizens and their family members can apply to the EU Settlement Scheme to continue living in the UK after Brexit.

Irish citizens living in the UK

You, and members of your family living in the UK, will be able to claim or continue to receive the UK State Pension and benefits you are entitled to after Brexit. You will also continue to receive any Irish benefits you remain entitled to while living in the UK.

Other EU, EEA and Swiss citizens

Living in the UK before Brexit

You and your family members living in the UK by 31 October 2019 will be able to continue receiving UK benefits on the same terms as now.

Moving to the UK after Brexit

You will be able to enter the UK, as now, after Brexit.

You’ll need to apply for European temporary leave to remain to stay longer than 3 months and before the UK’s proposed new skills-based immigration system begins in 2021.

You’ll be eligible to claim benefits on the same basis as EU citizens who arrived in the UK before Brexit if you have:

  • been in the UK for less than 3 months
  • European temporary leave to remain

Living in the EU, EEA or Switzerland after Brexit

If you live in the EU, EEA or Switzerland and get the UK State Pension or a benefit, you’ll continue to receive it as long as you meet the eligibility conditions.

UK workplace pensions

UK law allows for workplace pensions to be paid overseas. The government does not expect this to change after Brexit.

If you have any questions, contact your pension provider.

If your workplace pension is paid into a UK bank account, your bank should contact you if they need to change the way you receive your pension after Brexit.

Published 18 December 2018
Last updated 16 August 2019 + show all updates
  1. Further improvements to the explanations of the rights of EU, EEA and Swiss citizens in the UK to benefits and pensions if there’s a no-deal Brexit. There is no change to the guidance.
  2. Improved the explanations of the rights of Irish and other EU, EEA and Swiss citizens to UK benefits and pensions if there’s a no-deal Brexit. There is no change to the guidance. Added links to sign up for email updates.
  3. Updated information about claiming benefits for EU citizens wanting to move to the UK after 12 April 2019.
  4. Added information about the UK's agreement with Ireland on social security rights.
  5. Updated the question about private pensions to clarify these are private occupational pensions.
  6. Updated the answer to the question about whether EU citizens wanting to move to the UK after 29 March 2019 will be able to claim benefits.
  7. First published.