Guidance

Approved COVID-19 vaccines and countries with approved COVID-19 proof of vaccination

Approved vaccines and the list of countries and territories with approved COVID-19 proof of vaccination for travel to England.

Applies to England

What you need to do when you travel to England depends on whether you qualify as fully vaccinated or not.

To qualify under the fully vaccinated rules for travel to England, you must have been fully vaccinated with a full course of an approved vaccine under:

You can still travel to England if you do not qualify as fully vaccinated but you must follow different rules.

There are also different rules if you have been in a red list country or territory in the last 10 days and you may not be allowed to enter England.

Approved vaccines

You must have had a complete course of one of the following vaccines at least 14 days before you arrive in England:

  • Oxford/AstraZeneca
  • Pfizer BioNTech
  • Moderna
  • Janssen

The day you have your final dose does not count as one of the 14 days.

Formulations of these vaccines, such as AstraZeneca Covishield, AstraZeneca Vaxzevria and Moderna Takeda, also qualify as approved vaccines.

2 dose vaccines

If you were vaccinated with a 2 dose vaccine (Moderna, Pfizer BioNTech, Oxford AstraZeneca, or a combination of them), you must have had both doses to be considered fully vaccinated for travel to the UK.

This applies in all cases, even if you’ve recently recovered from COVID-19 and have natural immunity.

Those who have had COVID-19 and have only had one dose of a 2 dose vaccine must follow the rules for unvaccinated arrivals.

Where 2 doses of a vaccine are required for a full course, you can:

  • mix 2 different types of vaccine from the above list, for example Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna
  • have the 2 vaccinations under 2 different approved programmes, for example Australia and Japan, UK and USA, France and Canada

Single dose vaccines

If you had an approved one dose vaccine (the Janssen vaccine), you are fully vaccinated.

Proof of vaccination

You must be able to prove that you’ve been fully vaccinated under a vaccination programme with approved proof of certification.

There are several ways to prove vaccination status:

Vaccine certificates only

If you use a vaccine certificate as proof, it must be issued by a national or state-level public health authority, be in English, French or Spanish, and include as a minimum:

  • your forename and surname(s)
  • your date of birth
  • vaccine brand and manufacturer
  • date of vaccination for every dose
  • country or territory of vaccination and/or certificate issuer

Countries with an approved proof of vaccination and examples of proof required

List of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination for travel to England and examples of proof of vaccination.

If you were vaccinated in a country or territory that is not on this list, or with a vaccine that is not listed, you must follow the rules for people who do not qualify as fully vaccinated.

If you have been in a red list country or territory in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules. You must do this whether you qualify as fully vaccinated or not.

Country or territory Examples of proof that you’ve been fully vaccinated with an approved vaccine
Akrotiri and Dhekelia Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Albania Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Andorra EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Anguilla Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Antarctica/British Antarctic Territory Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Antigua and Barbuda Vaccine certificate.
Australia Vaccine certificate.
Austria EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
The Bahamas Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Bahrain Vaccine certificate.
Bangladesh Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Barbados Vaccine certificate.
Belgium EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Bermuda Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Brazil Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
British Indian Ocean Territory Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
British Virgin Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Brunei Vaccine certificate.
Bulgaria EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Canada Vaccine certificate.
Cayman Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Chile Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Colombia Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
This country is on the red list. If you have been in a red list country or territory (including Colombia) in the 10 days before you arrive in England, you must follow the red list rules.
Croatia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Cyprus EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Czech Republic (Czechia) EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Denmark EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Dominica Vaccine certificate.
Egypt Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Estonia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Falkland Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Finland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
France EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Georgia Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Germany EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Ghana Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Gibraltar Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Greece EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Grenada Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Guernsey Letter of proof from the government of Guernsey showing you’ve been fully vaccinated.
Hong Kong Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Hungary EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Iceland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
India Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Indonesia Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Ireland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Isle of Man NHS COVID Pass or a letter of proof from the government of the Isle of Man showing you’ve been fully vaccinated.
Israel Vaccine certificate.
Italy EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Jamaica Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Japan Vaccine certificate.
Jersey Letter of proof from the government of Jersey showing you’ve been fully vaccinated.
Jordan Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Kenya Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Kosovo Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Kuwait Vaccine certificate.
Latvia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Liechtenstein EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Lithuania EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Luxembourg EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Malaysia Vaccine certificate.
Maldives Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Malta EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Moldova Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Monaco EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Montenegro Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Montserrat Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Morocco Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Namibia Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Netherlands EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
New Zealand Vaccine certificate.
Nigeria Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
North Macedonia Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Norway EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Oman Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Pakistan Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Philippines Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Poland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Portugal EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Qatar Vaccine certificate.
Romania EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
San Marino EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Saudi Arabia Vaccine certificate.
Serbia Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Singapore Vaccine certificate.
Slovakia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Slovenia EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
South Africa Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
South Korea Vaccine certificate.
Spain EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
St Kitts and Nevis Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
St Lucia Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
St Vincent and the Grenadines Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Sweden EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Switzerland EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of a Swissmedic approved vaccine.
Taiwan Vaccine certificate.
Thailand Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Turkey Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
Turks and Caicos Islands Letter of proof from the overseas territory government showing you’ve been fully vaccinated under the UK overseas vaccine programme.
Ukraine Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.
United Arab Emirates (UAE) Vaccine certificate.
USA CDC card showing you’ve had a full course of an FDA-approved vaccine in the USA plus proof that you are a resident of the USA.
Vatican City EU DCC showing you’ve had a full course of an EMA approved vaccine.
Vietnam Added to this list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination 4am Monday 11 October. If you arrived in England before then, you must follow the rules for people who are not fully vaccinated. If you arrive after that, you can use a vaccine certificate to prove your vaccination status.

Red list countries and territories

This page lists the countries and territories with a proof of vaccination that is recognised for travel to the UK. Some of those countries or territories may also be on the red list for travel to the UK.

If you have been in a red list country in the 10 days before you arrive in England the red list rules apply, even if you qualify as fully vaccinated.

Check separate guidance on the red list rules.

Travel to England testing and quarantine rules

Check what COVID-19 tests you need to take and the quarantine rules for travel to England.

Stay up to date

Countries and territories can be added to the list. Sign up for an email alert to be notified when this page is updated.

Published 4 October 2021
Last updated 11 October 2021 + show all updates
  1. 37 countries or territories added to this list at 4am on 11 October 2021.

  2. 37 countries and territories will be added to this list at 4am on 11 October 2021.

  3. Added information about how many doses you need to count as fully vaccinated.

  4. First published.