Guidance for local authorities, owners and operators to support the safe use and management of outdoor public places while the risk of COVID-19 transmission remains.
Applies to England
As of 19 July, this guidance replaced the following pieces of government safer public places guidance:
- COVID-19: safer public places - urban centres and green spaces
- COVID-19: guidance for managing playgrounds and outdoor gyms
- COVID-19: guidance for managing beaches, the countryside and coastal areas
- COVID-19: guidance to support local authority compliance and enforcement activity, including COVID-19 Secure Marshals
This guidance includes key principles and other information local authorities, owners and operators should continue to consider to support the safe use and management of outdoor public places while the risk of COVID-19 transmission remains.
This guidance includes considerations for the following spaces:
- urban centres
- green spaces
- outdoor playgrounds
- outdoor gyms
- tourist hotspots, including beaches, the countryside and coastal areas
This guidance is only applicable in England and should be considered alongside local public health and safety requirements. For advice to local authorities, landowners, commercial landlords responsible for public places and management companies in other parts of the UK, please see guidance for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
This guidance is non-statutory and does not affect any existing legal obligations, such as health and safety requirements.
Principles for individuals
Local authorities, owners and operators should be aware of and should consider advice provided to the public and individuals on how to protect themselves and others during the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. This includes meeting outdoors where possible as airborne transmission is a very significant way that COVID-19 circulates. See more information on the key principles for individuals to help minimise the risk of COVID-19 transmission.
From 19 July, social distancing guidance will no longer apply. This means that local authorities, owners and operators do not need to implement social distancing (2m or 1m+) in outdoor public places, and the public do not need to keep apart from people they don’t live with. However, local authorities, owners and operators may wish to consider that some may make a personal choice and limit their close contact.
Local authorities, owners and operators may also wish to consider that businesses still have a legal duty to manage risks to those affected by their business and will therefore take reasonable steps to mitigate risks they identify and decide which interventions are appropriate to adopt.
See more information on how people can stay safe and help prevent the spread of COVID-19.
The government recommends face coverings should be worn in crowded and enclosed areas, where people come into contact with people they don’t usually meet. For more information please see the guidance on face coverings.
COVID-19 spreads through small droplets, aerosols and direct contact. Surfaces and belongings can be contaminated with COVID-19 when people with the infection touch them or cough, talk or breathe over them.
Viruses on a surface could infect another person if they touch the surface and then touch their eyes, nose and mouth. Cleaning surfaces will reduce the amount of contamination and so reduce the risk of transmission.
The more a surface is cleaned, the more likely you are to remove viruses from an infected surface before you or another person touches it.
Local authorities, owners and operators responsible for outdoor public places should consider implementing or retaining cleaning protocols to limit coronavirus transmission in public places with particular focus on touch points (e.g. handrails and gates).
Washing or sanitising hands removes viruses and other germs, so people are less likely to become infected if they touch their face. Using soap and water is the most effective way to clean hands, especially if they are visibly dirty. Hand sanitiser can be used when soap and water is not available.
Local authorities, owners and operators responsible for public places, for example public toilets, should consider the use of signs and posters to make people aware of the following:
how to wash their hands well
that they should wash their hands frequently
where possible, avoid touching their eyes, nose and mouth. If they do need to touch their face (for example to put on or take off your face covering), wash or sanitise their hands before and after
that they should cough or sneeze into a tissue which is binned safely, or into their arms if a tissue is not available
When providing regular reminders and signage to maintain hygiene standards, local authorities, owners and operators may wish to consider:
addressing different needs of multiple user groups, for example, young people, older people and people with disabilities
using simple, clear and accessible images and messaging to explain guidelines, with consideration for groups whose first language may not be English or where alternative formats may be required
Toilets should be kept open and carefully managed to reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19. Steps should be taken by local authorities, owners and operators to make the use of toilets as safe as possible, such as:
- using signs and posters (see Hygiene above)
- making hand sanitiser available on entry to toilets where safe, practical and accessible
- ensuring suitable handwashing facilities are available. This includes running water and liquid soap and suitable options for drying. Namely paper towels, continuous roller towels or hand dryers. Consideration should be given to the needs of people with disabilities
- setting clear use and cleaning guidance for toilets, with increased frequency of cleaning in line with usage. Normal cleaning products should be used and attention paid to frequently touched surfaces. Disposable cloths or paper roll to clean all hard surfaces should be considered
- keeping facilities well ventilated, for example by ensuring extractor fans work effectively and opening windows and vents where possible
- special care should be taken for cleaning of portable toilets and larger toilet blocks
- following and putting up a cleaning schedule that is kept up to date and visible
- providing more waste facilities and more frequent rubbish collection
Local authorities, owners and operators should also be aware of the COVID-19: ventilation of indoor spaces guidance.
Keeping staff safe
Local authorities, owners and operators should follow the guidance on working safely.
Role of marshals
Local authorities can determine whether to use marshals, stewards or their equivalents for on-going support. These staff can provide in-person advice and support to businesses and to the public. For example, this could be considered as part of local outbreak management planning in areas of higher risk, or where there is demand from businesses or the public locally for this type of intervention.
For events that could take place in or interact with outdoor public settings, local authorities, owners and operators should consult the events and attractions guidance which is included as part of the guidance on working safely. This guide is designed to help organisers reduce the risk from COVID-19 during their events. The guide also aims to assist local authorities in England in ensuring that events are able to go ahead as safely as possible.
The Business and Planning Act 2020 included a temporary streamlined and cheaper route for businesses such as cafes, restaurants and bars to secure a licence to place furniture on the highway. In March 2021 the government announced this would be extended for a further 12 months. This is a streamlined process to allow businesses to secure these licences and where they are deemed to have been granted, allow these licences to remain in place for a year but not beyond 30 September 2022.
Where a pavement licence is granted, clear access routes on the highway will need to be maintained, taking into account the needs of all users, including disabled people. See guidance on pavement licenses:
- Pavement licences: guidance
- Press notice: Extension of pavement licences to help the high street recover
Local authorities, owners and operators of public places are advised to consider protective security advice in a number of settings and scenarios. This applies especially if an area is busy, or if there are temporary or newly implemented measures that impact outdoor public places, such as changes to entrances or exits and queue management systems.
Guidance for crowded places has been developed which covers key forms of protective security – physical, personnel, cyber and personal – and helps give guidance on how owners and operators can act to help make public places safer.
Guidance to support transport operators to assess and address the risks of coronavirus (COVID-19) and for passengers to plan ahead and travel safely can be found below.
It is noted that tourist areas, such as beaches, the countryside and coastal areas, may experience high footfall during the coronavirus pandemic. This section includes information to support local authorities, owners and operators in managing these areas.
Dealing with anti-social behaviour
A high volume of visitors to outdoor public places for exercise and outdoor recreation may create an increase in incidents of anti-social behaviour such as littering, public defecation/urination, drug use and drunk and disorderly behaviour.
Further information can be found within the links below:
- Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014: Anti-social behaviour powers statutory guidance for frontline professionals
- Summary of the powers and links to help and advice in England & Wales
- Core public health guidance
- LGA best practice across local government for anti-social behaviour
See guidance for local authorities on enforcing parking restrictions, to maintain access for emergency services, residents’ vehicles and pedestrians.
Local authorities may wish to consider how temporary changes to permitted development rights can support car parking management in their areas. Government has allowed up to 56 days for the temporary use of land in 2021 through a time-limited permitted development right. This could be useful to alleviate pressure on existing on-street and off-street parking when visitor numbers are expected to be higher than normal.
Local authorities also have duties placed on them through legislation to provide safe movement for all traffic and permitted development rights do not override the need for relevant highways requirements. Further information on the temporary changes can be found below.
- Explanatory memorandum to the Town and Country Planning (Permitted Development and Miscellaneous Amendments) (England) (Coronavirus) Regulations 2020
- When is permission required?
Beach safety and emergency access
The information below will help local authorities, owners and operators in these areas in ensuring safety and emergency access is maintained during the COVID-19 pandemic as well as communicating with visitors on how to keep safe.
- Maritime and Coastguard Agency: Managing beach safety
- National Water Safety Forum
- Maritime and Coastguard Agency: Coastguard safety campaign
- Maritime and Coastguard Agency: Keeping safe at the coast: beach safety advice
- RNLI: Beach safety
Bins should be emptied frequently. Local authorities, owners and may wish to consider providing additional refuse collection bins where high footfall is expected. Further information on disposing of personal or business waste can be found below.
Where to obtain further information
- COVID-19 Response: Autumn and Winter Plan 2021
- Coronavirus: how to stay safe and help prevent the spread
- COVID-19: guidance for local government
- Guidance for people previously considered clinically extremely vulnerable from COVID-19
- Meeting friends and family (COVID-19)
- Face coverings: when to wear one, exemptions, and how to make one
- COVID-19 contain framework: a guide for local decision-makers
- Working safely during coronavirus (COVID-19): Events and attractions
- Guidance on coronavirus (COVID-19) measures for grassroots sport participants, providers and facility operators
- Local authority powers to impose restrictions: Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) (No 3) Regulations 2020
- Welcome Back Fund guidance
- Pavement Licences: Guidance
- The Growth Hub Network
- COVID-19: Business Support
- Get help and support for your business
- HSE: Managing risks and risk assessment at work
- Coronavirus (COVID-19): safer transport guidance for operators
- Coronavirus (COVID-19): transport and travel guidance
- Ventilation of indoor spaces to stop the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19)
- NHS test and trace: workplace guidance
- NHS test and trace: what to do if you are contacted
- COVID-19: cleaning of non-healthcare settings outside the home
- Coronavirus (COVID-19): disposing of waste
- The Countryside Code
- Guidance for DCMS sectors in relation to coronavirus (COVID-19)
- Working safely during coronavirus (COVID-19): Hotels and guest accommodation
- Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance on the phased return of elite sport
- COVID-19: planning update on cultural venues and holiday parks