Building Digital UK

Building Digital UK (BDUK), part of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & and Sport (DCMS) is delivering broadband networks to the nation

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Building Digital UK (BDUK), part of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS) is delivering broadband networks to the nation.

Most of the UK can now get fast, reliable broadband and the government has a range of programmes that could help to increase speeds and access for homes and businesses.

If you are a resident you could have access to a Superfast scheme in your area. You may also be eligible for a voucher to support the cost of gigabit-capable broadband as part of a group scheme.

If you are a community you may be able to improve your broadband connectivity by creating group schemes with broadband suppliers and using vouchers to support the cost of installation. Read our guide to community-led broadband projects.

If you run a small to medium-sized business (SME) you may be eligible for a voucher to support the cost of gigabit-capable broadband.

If you don’t have access to commercial broadband that is able to deliver a ‘decent broadband service’ (10Mbps download or 1Mbps upload), you may be eligible to request a connection under the Broadband Universal Service Obligation from a provider designated by Ofcom.

Find out how to apply for fast broadband

Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme

Superfast Broadband

Universal Service Obligation

What we’re currently doing:

  • Investment to provide superfast broadband coverage to as many premises as possible beyond the 95% level achieved in December 2017

  • Piloting a way to provide gigabit-capable broadband to the hard-to-reach places in the UK through its Rural Gigabit Connectivity programme that is currently funded through to March 2021

  • Stimulating private investment in gigabit-capable connections through its UK Fibre programme, currently funded through to March 2021

Latest news

19 March 2021

Government launches new £5bn ‘Project Gigabit’

More than one million hard to reach homes and businesses will have next generation gigabit broadband built to them in the first phase of a £5 billion government infrastructure project.

11 March 2021

Government breakthrough on £500 million support package to boost rural mobile coverage

Government publishes its transparency notice for the Shared Rural Network (SRN) to proceed with its investment in better mobile connectivity across the UK.

27 February 2021

£4.5m to help thousands in central Scotland get gigabit speed broadband

Central Scotland will be the first area to benefit from the UK government’s record £5 billion investment in next-generation broadband.

2 February 2021

Broadband speed boost sees home values jump by £3,500

A new report has found our £2.6 billion scheme rolling out superfast broadband sparked a surge in home values, economic benefits and job creation.

22 December 2020

Next steps in government’s £5 billion gigabit broadband plan

The government sets out the next steps in its £5 billion strategy to deliver next generation, gigabit-capable broadband to the entire country.

23 October 2020

Big broadband boost for Scotland

Thousands of rural homes and businesses across Scotland have been given access to more financial help to get top-of-the-range broadband speeds.

12 September 2020

Big broadband boost for rural English shires and counties

A quarter of a million rural homes and businesses across England have been given access to more financial help to get top-of-the-range broadband speeds.

3 September 2020

Government confirms milestone completion of the four-year £350 million major infrastructure programme to clear the 700 MHz spectrum band

The next step in the Prime Minister’s infrastructure revolution has been completed to open up more of the nation’s radio waves to improve rural mobile coverage and deliver the revolutionary new benefits of 5G technology.

The Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review - setting the UK’s broadband targets

In July 2018 the Government published The Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review that set clear, ambitious targets for the availability of full fibre and 5G networks.

The aim is to see 15 million premises connected to full fibre by 2025, with coverage across all parts of the country by 2033 and that the majority of the population will have 5G coverage by 2027.The review addressed key questions about the evolution of the UK’s digital infrastructure such as the convergence between fixed and mobile technologies, and the transition from copper to full fibre (gigabit-capable) networks.

The review also identified that approximately 10% of UK premises, largely in rural and remote locations, would be unlikely to receive gigabit-capable connections by 2033.

Why full fibre?

Full fibre is optic fibre cable connected all the way to your premises, not just the nearest green cabinet, that is capable of delivering gigabit-capable broadband speed. Fibre optic cable is the most reliable way of delivering high speed broadband connectivity.

A gigabit is the same as 1,000 megabits - so it’s a big leap forward in connection speeds that will benefit users into the future, whether at home or work.

Gigabit-capable means that the connection can handle speeds of 1,000 Megabits per second but users only sign up to speeds they can afford. As demand increases, users can choose the option to pay for more speed as required.

An ‘Outside-In’ approach was proposed in the review to ensure that gigabit-capable broadband to premises in the final 10% can be delivered along with the rest of the UK. Since then, the scope of this scheme for the hardest-to-reach premises has increased from the final 10% to 20%.

In May 2019, the Chancellor announced a £5 billion commitment to fund gigabit-capable deployment in the hardest to reach 20% through the ‘Outside-In’ approach.

Current fixed broadband infrastructure projects

Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme

In March 2018 the Local Full Fibre Network programme (now UK Fibre) launched a £67 million Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme.

Gigabit broadband vouchers for the first wave of the scheme were used by small businesses and the local communities around them to contribute to the installation cost of faster connections using gigabit-capable infrastructure. Applications for this part of the scheme are now closed.

The second wave, which launched in May 2019 to support connections in rural areas as part of the £200m Rural Gigabit Connectivity (RGC) programme, remains open for new applications until 31 March 2021 (or until the funding runs out).

The scheme is accessible through broadband service providers who have registered to provide connections through the scheme.

To benefit from the Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme:

  • check whether your home, business or community is eligible for a voucher - details are on the website

  • check whether there are registered suppliers in your area using the postcode search on the website. You can also talk to your existing supplier to see if they are participating in the scheme, or to encourage them to register.

Vouchers are issued to the supplier and can only be used to offset the cost of installing a gigabit-capable broadband connection to your premises.

For full details about whether you are eligible for a voucher and to connect you to a full fibre broadband supplier, go to:

Rural Gigabit Connectivity Programme

As a result of The Future Telecoms Infrastructure Review, the Chancellor announced a £5 billion commitment to fund gigabit capable broadband for the 20% of UK premises that would be unlikely to receive commercial access to gigabit capable broadband. The Rural Gigabit Connectivity (RGC) programme began on 19 May 2019 and will run until the end of March 2021.

If you are a Local Authority or a public sector organisation and interested in expressing an interest to become a future strategic partner for the programme:

The closing date for the first tranche of submissions was 31 October 2019 with a further tranche opening soon.

The RGC programme also features a rural variant of the Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme, where community and small to medium sized businesses can aggregate vouchers together in group schemes to fund the cost of gigabit-capable broadband to their community.

For full details of the rural voucher scheme visit the Gigabit Voucher website.

Superfast Broadband Programme

The government has ensured superfast broadband (speeds of 24Mbps or more) coverage for over 96% of UK premises. The Superfast programme is committed to run until 2026.

You can check whether superfast broadband is available in your area using the superfast broadband postcode checker.

More information on the government’s approach to delivering superfast broadband is available in the UK Next Generation Network Infrastructure Deployment Plan.

Information and take-up data on all procurements on the Superfast Broadband Programme can be found in the table of local broadband projects spreadsheet. The spreadsheet also contains links to gainshare consultations published by local broadband projects.

An independent report is available in our Evaluation of the Economic Impact and Public Value of the Superfast Broadband Programme. This is a report by Ipsos Mori for DCMS evaluating the economic impacts and public value of the Superfast Broadband Programme. Ipsos Mori are currently conducting a pilot survey of households on behalf of DCMS. The survey aims to understand more about how households use the internet and how this is affecting their day to day life and activities. The findings from the survey will form part of the evidence for evaluating the Superfast Broadband Programme, as well as informing government policy more generally.

Further information on State aid is explained on the State Aid Advice web pages.

Local Full Fibre Networks Programme

The Local Full Fibre Networks (LFFN) programme was designed to stimulate commercial investment in full fibre networks in both rural and urban locations across the whole of the UK funded by the National Productivity Investment Fund.

Since 2017 LFFN has initiated three waves of a capital grant programme - called the Challenge Fund - funding public connectivity projects in gigabit-capable connections. Concurrently the programme set up the Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme and a project on rail connectivity run jointly with the 5G.

The BDUK team continues to provide support and guidance to the local bodies leading the Wave 2 and Wave 3 projects to ensure successful delivery by 2021.

Any queries regarding the fund should be directed to

TransPennine Initiative

The Trans-Pennine Initiative (TPI) has delivered gigabit-capable infrastructure along the existing rail route between Manchester and York.

The initiative tests the viability of using the rail corridor to deploy high capacity, cost effective fibre, aiming to stimulate commercial extension of the fibre footprint to line-side businesses and communities along the route.

The project offers a range of connectivity services to telecoms operators and internet service providers seeking to deliver gigabit-capable connectivity to local communities along the route. It also offers connections at data centres in Manchester and Leeds, or breakout from initial points of presence along the route.

For more information about the initiative, please visit Network Rail.

Current mobile infrastructure projects

Shared Rural Network

The Shared Rural Network (SRN) is part of the UK Mobile Programme and will see the government and the four mobile network operators (Vodafone, O2, Three and EE) jointly invest over £1 billion to increase 4G mobile coverage throughout the UK to 95% by the end of programme, underpinned by legally binding coverage commitments.

The £532 million investment by mobile network operators is supported with more than £500 million of government funding to significantly reduce ‘total not-spots’: hard-to-reach areas where there is currently no coverage from any operator. This will provide new digital infrastructure in total not spot areas not commercially viable for the operators.

Furthermore, it will also level up the country by improving mobile coverage for an extra 280,000 premises and 16,000km of roads – giving the UK the world-class digital infrastructure it deserves.

The programme will lead to increases in coverage across all four nations, with the biggest coverage improvements in rural parts of Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales.

The four mobile operators have already commenced work on the first element of the SRN programme which is funded by the industry, and are on track to eliminate the majority of partial not-spots - areas where there is coverage from at least one but not all operators - by mid-2024.

Now that funding has been released for the total not-spot element of the programme the government and the operators remain confident that combined coverage will be delivered to 95% of UK geography by the end of 2025, with areas around the UK starting to see improvements to 4G coverage long before completion.

DCMS has published a transparency notice in compliance with the UK’s subsidy obligations under the UK–EU Trade and Co-operation Agreement (TCA). The notice sets out how the programme meets the TCA’s subsidy control principles. You can read more in the transparency commitment publication.

For more information go to the Shared Rural Network website.

700MHz Clearance Programme

The 700MHz spectrum clearance programme was a government-funded programme to clear airwaves used by Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT) and PMSE (Programme Makers and Special Events) services in order to meet the growing demand for 5G mobile data.

The last phase of the clearance was completed in August 2020. During the course of the programme, 154 grants for TV infrastructure works were awarded at a value of approximately £270m. Work for the programme was finished under budget and on schedule.

Comprehensive support services for TV viewers impacted by the clearance have also been successfully concluded.

The 700 MHz Clearance Programme: how it happened

Programmes closed to new applicants

Broadband competition for event venues – 2019

As part of the Tourism Sector Deal and the UK Government’s International Business Events Action Plan which were both published on 28 June 2019, DCMS launched a £250,000 scheme to improve broadband connectivity in event venues, enabling them to receive full fibre access. Applications closed on 27 September 2019.

Challenge Fund – 2017-2021

As part of the Government’s National Productivity Investment Fund, the £190 million Challenge Fund was launched in November 2017 to deploy gigabit-capable connectivity to public sites through public sector anchor tenancy, public sector asset reuse or public sector building upgrade delivery methods. Over three waves of funding, the Challenge Fund helped inform future programmes through exploration of new potential delivery methods to further increase the commercial deployment of full fibre.

Broadband Connection Voucher Scheme – 2013-2015

The Government’s Broadband Connection Voucher Scheme ran from December 2013 until October 2015. Over 50,000 vouchers for superfast broadband connections were issued to SMEs during the scheme, with 37,000 vouchers issued since April 2015 across 50 UK cities.

Mobile Infrastructure Project – 2011-2016

The government Mobile Infrastructure Project supported investment in mobile infrastructure to improve coverage for voice calls and text messages for the final 0.3-0.4% of UK premises that were unable to receive a service. A detailed review of the Mobile Infrastructure Project is available in our Impacts and Benefits Report.

Market Test Pilots – 2015

The government also supported seven market test pilots to gain a greater understanding of the challenges in rolling out superfast broadband to the hardest-to-reach areas of the UK.

European Funding for Broadband

BDUK acts as the Broadband Competence Office to provide assistance with European funding for broadband projects. This includes the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and European Agriculture Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD). These funds are administered by other government departments but BDUK can provide support to help.

Job opportunities in BDUK

Join BDUK to be a part of the connected future of the UK in any of the new roles that we’ll be featuring on our job opportunities page over the next few months.

Evaluation and analysis information: BDUK Research Portal

Detailed evaluation and analysis of BDUK interventions can be found in reports published on the BDUK Research Portal.

Further information

Broadband State Aid Advice is guidance covering plans to improve the UK’s broadband network, with emphasis on making high-speed broadband available in rural areas.

The Digital Connectivity Portal provides guidance for local authorities and network providers on improving connectivity in local areas.

Community-led broadband schemes has information about establishing community broadband solutions and is illustrated by case studies of different community schemes across the UK.

Public reviews

Building Digital UK will be seeking views from the public and other stakeholders with regard to existing or planned commercial gigabit capable broadband in areas open for public review. All areas currently open for public review can be found on the UK Gigabit Programme: public reviews page. Each public review will take place over a specified time period and will be replicated on the corresponding county council’s broadband web pages.

Published 27 February 2013
Last updated 22 March 2021 + show all updates
  1. Added new story.

  2. Added SRN transparency commitment notice update.

  3. Added news story

  4. Added Public Review section.

  5. Added news item.

  6. Added news story: Next steps in Government’s £5 billion gigabit broadband plan.

  7. Added 700 MHz Clearance Programme video.

  8. Updated 700MHz Clearance Programme section

  9. Updated 700MHz Clearance Programme section

  10. News feed update.

  11. An update to the Superfast section on the pilot survey to be conducted with households by Ipsos Mori.

  12. News update

  13. News added to news feed

  14. Newsfeed update

  15. Changed: Update: The 700MHz Clearance programme has been paused. We’ll restart the clearance event programme as soon as it is operationally viable to do so. to: Update: The 700MHz Clearance programme was paused in March due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) risk. As of 16 July 2020, work will now resume and the last two clearance events will take place on 12th and 19th August 2020.

  16. Added 'Shared Rural Network' section to 'Current mobile infrastructure projects'. Updated news feed.

  17. Updated narrative regarding the 700MHz clearance programme

  18. Reorganised page to reflect current programme priorities.

  19. Narrative changed to reflect Chancellor's recent rural funding announcement.

  20. New section added in for TPI

  21. Users can click the link to go to the Key Information document and Hub Site Submission sheet.

  22. RGC details added to reflect the programme launch.

  23. Change of Broadband Delivery to Building Digital

  24. Additional link to Wales GBVS

  25. Addition of paragraph on Welsh vouchers

  26. Better Broadband Scheme info added

  27. Announcing the deadline to apply for LFFN Challenge Fund Wave 3.

  28. Change in Gigabit Voucher amount available.

  29. Updated to include details and link to guidance for next wave of the Challenge Fund

  30. Link to newly published Evaluation of the Economic Impact and Public Value of the Superfast Broadband Programme added.

  31. Updated information regarding the Local Full Fibre Networks Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme.

  32. Added an update on the next wave of the LFFN Challenge Fund

  33. Updated information on the LFFN Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme.

  34. New information regarding announcement of Gigabit Broadband Voucher Scheme.

  35. New information about the LFFN Challenge Fund

  36. Updated information on Superfast Broadband and LFFN

  37. Updated information on the Local Full Fibre Networks Programme.

  38. Updated to include information on the 700MHz Clearance Programme.

  39. Link added for Gigabit Voucher Scheme Local Body Information.

  40. Adding information about the Local Full Fibre Networks Challenge Fund Workshops.

  41. Local Full Fibre Networks programme has now launched the Challenge Fund.

  42. The Local Full Fibre Networks Gigabit Voucher Scheme Supplier & Package Registration Request site is now live.

  43. The Mobile Infrastructure Project Impact and Benefits report has been published.

  44. Update to include information on Local Full Fibre Networks

  45. Updated link

  46. Update to reflect changes following the end of the SuperConnected Cities Programme and closure of the Broadband Connection Voucher scheme.

  47. Updated project information for the Broadband Delivery UK (BDUK) portfolio.

  48. Removed 'Rural Community Broadband Fund Toolkit' as it is now redundant.

  49. Added updated version of State aid guidance technology guidelines.

  50. state aid documents added

  51. First published.