How to apply for a traditional herbal registration (THR) to market a herbal medicine (remedy) in the UK.
You must apply for a traditional herbal registration (THR) before you can market a herbal medicine in the UK.
A THR is only granted if the medicine is used for minor health conditions where medical supervision is not required (e.g. a cold).
If your traditional herbal medicine claims to treat major health conditions, you need to apply for a marketing authorisation before you can place it on the market.
How to apply
Complete the application form for a THR and submit it with the required documents below.
You must include scientific evidence with your application relating to the safety, quality and traditional use of the herbal product. This includes:
- a technical dossier covering the quality of herbal ingredients in the electronic Common Technical Document (eCTD) format for traditional herbal medicines
- review of safety with an expert report including clinical and non-clinical safety areas carried out by either:
- a registered doctor
- a registered pharmacist
- a scientifically qualified competent individual (eg toxicologist)
- herbal practitioner who is a member of a professional body and working towards statutory regulation of herbal medicine profession
- draft summary of product characteristics according to the European Commission’s guidelines
- a mock up label and patient information leaflet (PIL): see best practice guidelines on this
- proof of payment
You can request a meeting before you submit your application for advice on whether your product is likely to meet the THR requirement by completing the firstname.lastname@example.org emailing it to
Submit your application
You need to submit your application using the eCTD format. If you can’t use eCTD you can use the Non-eCTD electronic Submissions (NeeS) process.
Email Area1-INITIALSemail@example.com if you have any questions about submitting your application.
MHRA usually takes 210 days to evaluate your application if we receive all the required documents and they are valid .
Submissions through the Common European Submission Portal (CESP)
This system is available from the Heads of Medicines Agencies (HMA) and provides a simple and secure mechanism for exchange of information between applicants and regulatory agencies.
The purpose of the system is to:
- provide a secure method of communicating with regulatory agencies via one platform
- allow submission of an application once to reach all required agencies
- reduce the burden for both industry and regulators of submitting/handling applications on CD-ROM and DVD
If you are a first time CESP user and wish to setup up an organisation/university or trust to manage multiple users on the system, register with CESP here.
If you are a standalone user and wish to upload for Non Commercial Use on your own behalf, register with CESP here.
Once registered you will receive credentials to access the portal to your registered email address.
General CESP training is available to all registered users via CESP’s training menu once logged into the system. Training on demand videos are available and you can also sign up to our free online weekly live demonstrations. CESP encourage all users to attend training before using the system. View FAQs here.
You need to pay for the THR before you submit your application, ensuring you provide proof of payment if you haven’t already.
Herbal medicine: definition
According to the Human Medicines Regulation (2012), a product is a herbal medicine if the active ingredients are herbal substances and or herbal preparations only.
A herbal preparation is when herbal substances are put through specific processes, which include:
The herbal substance being processed can be:
- reduced or powdered
- a tincture
- an extract
- an essential oil
- an expressed juice
- a processed exudate (rich protein oozed out of its source).
Not all herbal products are medicines, some can be classified as food supplements or cosmetics.
Check thebefore applying for a THR.
Eligibility for THRs
You must ensure the indication of the herbal medicine is agreed under legislation. The indication is the medical condition the product has traditionally been used to treat. Check theto see if your herbal product is eligible under the directive on traditional herbal products.
You must also show evidence that the herbal medicinal product has been traditionally used to treat the stated condition for a minimum of 30 years, 15 years of which must have been in the European Union (EU). Seeof the product.
Follow theif you want to use this type of evidence.
Banned or restricted ingredients
Some herbal ingredients are toxic and cannot be used in the manufacture, import and sale of unlicensed medicines in the UK. There are also restrictions on how some herbal ingredients can be used in medicines. Check the list of banned and restricted herbal ingredients before you submit your application to ensure your ingredients are legal.
Exemptions for THR
If you’re a herbal practitioner, you don’t need a licence to supply herbal medicines you create on your premises to patients following one-to-one consultations.
See directive 2004/24/EC on the European Commission’s website for the legislation on traditional herbal medicines.