Information for academies about their annual revenue funding.
The Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA) funds academies (including free schools, university technical colleges and special academies) on the same basis as maintained schools. We base allocations and payments to academies on an academic year, compared with financial year for maintained schools.
You can read a separate guide about funding for new academies.
A to Z of academies funding terms and acronyms
We explain the main funding terms and acronyms in our A to Z of academies funding.
2019 to 2020 academic year
In July 2018, Minister Gibb set out the schools revenue funding arrangements for 2019 to 2020.
He confirmed the second year of a ‘soft’ national funding formula (NFF) for schools funding and for high needs funding. This means that for 2019 to 2020, we’ll use the NFF to calculate notional school-level allocations, which in turn, we’ll use to set the total funding available for schools in each local authority area. Local authorities continue to set a local formula to distribute that funding, in consultation with local schools forums, to determine individual schools’ budgets in their areas in 2019 to 2020.
You can find detailed information in the pre-16 funding guidance for 2019 to 2020 and in high needs funding guidance for 2019 to 2020. You can also view the detail of the arrangements for the early years NFF for 2019 to 2020.
General annual grant allocation statements for 2019 to 2020 timetable
We’ll upload academy general annual grant allocation statements for 2019 to 2020 academic year for all academies open on 1 January 2019 by 31 March 2019. These will available in Document Exchange. If you’re unsure about your access to Document Exchange there’s guidance available on GOV.UK.
We’ll issue allocation statements for 2019 to 2020 for February and March 2019 opening academies by late April 2019.
2018 to 2019 academic year
You can find detailed information in the pre-16 schools funding guidance for 2018 to 2019, and in the high needs funding arrangements for 2018 to 2019. You can also view our collection of videos about schools funding in 2018 to 2019.
ESG protection arrangements for academies remained the same for 2018 to 2019, which means no academy will see losses of more than 3% of their overall budget as result of the ending of ESG.
General annual grant allocation statements for 2018 to 2019 timetable
We’ve uploaded academy general annual grant (GAG) allocation statements for 2018 to 2019 academic year for all academies open on 1 January 2018. These are available in Document Exchange.
For academies opening in the 2018 to 2019 academic year, see the funding allocation delivery schedule for information about when to expect your GAG statement.
We’ve published academy general annual grant allocation guidance to help academies understand their funding allocation statement.
Academy funding in 2018 to 2019 : an overview of funding for the current academic year
We calculate most of an academy’s revenue funding using the pupil numbers taken from either the autumn census return or an agreed estimate of pupil numbers, as outlined in the academy’s funding agreement.
Academies funded on estimates may be subject to the pupil number adjustment process; visit our academies funded on estimates page for more information.
We used pupil numbers recorded in the October 2017 census to calculate funding for the 2018 to 2019 academic year.
2018 to 2019 is a significant year for the schools funding system. For the first time we have a national funding formula (NFF) for schools and for high needs, which we have used to allocate budgets to local authorities.
It is important to note that the NFF school-level allocations that we published in September 2017 were notional allocations only. In 2018 to 2019, local authorities have continued to set a local formula which has determined individual school and academy budgets in their authority. As in previous years, local authorities submitted this local formula to us so that we could produce and issue academies allocation statements.
The general annual grant (GAG)
Most funding for academies comes from the general annual grant (GAG). This is made up of:
school budget share – calculated on the same basis as for maintained schools in the same local authority. The academy general annual grant allocation guidance for 2018 to 2019 explains how we calculate the school budget share.
education services grant (ESG) protection if applicable
The minimum funding guarantee (MFG) is a protection against changes in per pupil school budget share (SBS) funding between the 2017 to 2018 and 2018 to 2019 academic years. The amount of protection will vary according to the impact of local changes in the funding formula and the effect of these on individual per pupil rates.
In 2018 to 2019, local authorities had the flexibility to set local MFG between +0.5% and -1.5% per pupil in order to offer higher levels of protection locally.
Where appropriate, the GAG may also include funding for high needs places, 16 to 19 students and startup funding for new institutions.
Education services grant (ESG) protection
From September 2017 the ESG general funding rate was removed. We put in place protection arrangements for academies following the removal of the ESG general funding rate. The percentage protection for an academy was determined by its level of ESG per pupil (ESG + ESG protection) in the 2017 to 2018 academic year.
The protection thresholds for 2018 to 2019 are set out in the table below:
|ESG allocation per pupil in 2017 to 2018||ESG protection in 2018 to 2019|
|Up to £77 per pupil||Loss protected at 1% of total funding|
|More than £77 per pupil but less than £87 per pupil||Additional funding above £77 per pupil is protected at 2% of total funding|
|More than £87 per pupil||Additional funding above £87 per pupil is protected at 3% of total funding|
Schools which convert to academy status from September 2017 onwards will not be eligible for ESG funding or ESG protection.
16 to 19 funding
Information about how colleges, schools and academies receive their 16 to 19 allocations is available on our 16 to 19 funding allocations guidance page.
High needs funding
Local authorities commission education provision for pupils that attract high needs funding. This means academies receive high needs funding from both ESFA and local authorities.
We have published information on high needs funding arrangements for 2018 to 2019.
Academies revenue payments
ESFA pays academies’ GAG in 12 equal instalments in accordance with the terms set out in the academy’s funding agreement. A monthly remittance note accompanies each payment. Revenue funding: payments to academies explains how academies are paid and how to change bank details.
Revenue funding outside the general annual grant
Many academies receive funding outside their GAG, including: